E.g., 06/16/2021
E.g., 06/16/2021
State Language Data - GA
 

Georgia

Language & Education
2019
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,085,782
Speak only English 20.3%
Speak English "very well" 38.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 41.3%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 54.0%
% change: 1990-2000 381.8%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 502,120
Speak only English 29.1%
Speak English "very well" 44.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26.4%
Noncitizens 583,662
Speak only English 12.8%
Speak English "very well" 33.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 54.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,891,928
Speak only English 93.6%
Speak English ""very well"" 5.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 12.3%
% change: 1990-2000 72.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 567,081
Speak only English 18.6%
"Speak English ""very well"" 30.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 51.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 7,027,395
Speak only English 95.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 170,192
Speak only English 28.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,803,738
Speak only English 97.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,863,316
Speak only English 1,557,997
Speak language other than English 305,319
Speak English "very well"
239,883
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
65,436
Speak Spanish 216,261
Speak English "very well"
167,096
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
49,165
Ages 18-64 6,591,202
Speak only English 5,570,434
Speak language other than English 1,020,768
Speak English "very well"
604,845
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
415,923
Speak Spanish 554,730
Speak English "very well"
280,380
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
274,350
65 and Older 1,523,192
Speak only English 1,413,498
Speak language other than English 109,694
Speak English "very well"
49,485
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
60,209
Speak Spanish 36,531
Speak English "very well"
16,387
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
20,144
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 83.6%
Speak language other than English 16.4%
Speak English "very well" 12.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.5%
Speak Spanish 11.6%
Speak English "very well" 9.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.6%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 84.5%
Speak language other than English 15.5%
Speak English "very well" 9.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.3%
Speak Spanish 8.4%
Speak English "very well" 4.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.2%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 92.8%
Speak language other than English 7.2%
Speak English "very well" 3.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.0%
Speak Spanish 2.4%
Speak English "very well" 1.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 9,977,710
Speak only English 8,541,929
Speak language other than English 1,435,781
Spanish 807,522
Speak English "very well" 463,863
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 343,659
French (Including Cajun) 37,861
Speak English "very well" 30,023
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,838
Haitian 17,814
Speak English "very well" 13,105
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,709
Italian 5,338
Speak English "very well" 4,339
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 999
Portuguese 19,469
Speak English "very well" 13,423
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,046
German 24,127
Speak English "very well" 20,296
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,831
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 4,449
Speak English "very well" 4,114
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 335
Russian 16,387
Speak English "very well" 12,893
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,494
Polish 3,486
Speak English "very well" 2,981
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 505
Other Slavic Languages 15,139
Speak English "very well" 11,371
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,768
Armenian 598
Speak English "very well" 551
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 47
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 9,285
Speak English "very well" 6,756
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,529
Gujarati 25,729
Speak English "very well" 16,795
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,934
Hindi 36,795
Speak English "very well" 31,092
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,703
Urdu 11,741
Speak English "very well" 9,447
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,294
Punjabi 3,593
Speak English "very well" 3,402
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 191
Bengali 10,209
Speak English "very well" 6,634
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,575
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 14,696
Speak English "very well" 8,199
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,497
Other Indo-European Languages 15,947
Speak English "very well" 12,812
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,135
Telugu 17,469
Speak English "very well" 15,695
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,774
Tamil 12,573
Speak English "very well" 11,115
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,458
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 7,436
Speak English "very well" 6,152
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,284
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 52,962
Speak English "very well" 29,810
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 23,152
Japanese 8,516
Speak English "very well" 4,359
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,157
Korean 42,362
Speak English "very well" 23,108
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 19,254
Hmong 1,916
Speak English "very well" 1,351
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 565
Vietnamese 64,718
Speak English "very well" 26,199
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38,519
Khmer 2,199
Speak English "very well" 613
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,586
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 9,978
Speak English "very well" 4,918
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,060
Other Languages of Asia 7,018
Speak English "very well" 2,596
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,422
Tagalog (including Filipino) 13,472
Speak English "very well" 9,813
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,659
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 7,296
Speak English "very well" 4,148
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,148
Arabic 21,247
Speak English "very well" 15,045
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,202
Hebrew 3,394
Speak English "very well" 2,298
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,096
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 16,413
Speak English "very well" 8,783
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,630
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 36,839
Speak English "very well" 32,716
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,123
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 14,125
Speak English "very well" 10,529
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,596
Native Languages of North America 901
Speak English "very well" 834
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 67
Other and Unspecified Languages 14,762
Speak English "very well" 12,035
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,727
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 85.6%
Field 308 14.4%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 57.4%
Field 310 42.6%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 79.3%
Field 315 20.7%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 73.6%
Field 316 26.4%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 81.3%
Field 319 18.7%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 68.9%
Field 322 31.1%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 84.1%
Field 325 15.9%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 92.5%
Field 328 7.5%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 78.7%
Field 331 21.3%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 85.5%
Field 334 14.5%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 75.1%
Field 337 24.9%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 92.1%
Field 340 7.9%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 72.8%
Field 343 27.2%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 65.3%
Field 346 34.7%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 84.5%
Field 349 15.5%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 80.5%
Field 352 19.5%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 94.7%
Field 355 5.3%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 65.0%
Field 358 35.0%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 55.8%
Field 361 44.2%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 80.3%
Field 364 19.7%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 89.8%
Field 367 10.2%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 88.4%
Field 370 11.6%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 82.7%
Field 373 17.3%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 56.3%
Field 376 43.7%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 51.2%
Field 379 48.8%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 54.5%
Field 382 45.5%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 70.5%
Field 385 29.5%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 40.5%
Field 388 59.5%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 27.9%
Field 391 72.1%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 49.3%
Field 394 50.7%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 37.0%
Field 397 63.0%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 72.8%
Field 400 27.2%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 56.9%
Field 403 43.1%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 70.8%
Field 406 29.2%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 67.7%
Field 409 32.3%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 53.5%
Field 412 46.5%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 88.8%
Field 415 11.2%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 74.5%
Field 418 25.5%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 92.6%
Field 421 7.4%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 81.5%
Field 424 18.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 939,031
Less than high school diploma 24.7%
High school diploma or GED 20.5%
Some college or associate's degree 18.4%
Bachelor's degree 19.8%
Graduate or professional degree 16.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 27.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 14.8%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2019 68.8%
% change: 1990-2000 346.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2019 189.4%
% change: 1990-2000 189.6%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 464,213
Less than high school diploma 12.9%
High school diploma or GED 19.9%
Some college or associate's degree 23.7%
Bachelor's degree 23.8%
Graduate or professional degree 19.7%
Noncitizens (%) 474,818
Less than high school diploma 36.3%
High school diploma or GED 21.2%
Some college or associate's degree 13.2%
Bachelor's degree 15.9%
Graduate or professional degree 13.4%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 6,141,191
Less than high school diploma 10.2%
High school diploma or GED 28.5%
Some college or associate's degree 29.5%
Bachelor's degree 19.9%
Graduate or professional degree 12.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -35.7%
% change: 1990-2000 -14.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 71.1%
% change: 1990-2000 56.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 410,449
Less than high school diploma 33.5%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.4%
Bachelor's degree 17.1%
Graduate or professional degree 11.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 12.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 9.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,779,828
Less than high school diploma 20.3%
High school diploma or GED 29.4%
Some college or associate's degree 26.3%
Bachelor's degree 16.0%
Graduate or professional degree 8.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 130,933
Less than high school diploma 23.5%
High school diploma or GED 22.5%
Some college or associate's degree 22.8%
Bachelor's degree 17.8%
Graduate or professional degree 13.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,882,814
Less than high school diploma 29.2%
High school diploma or GED 30.1%
Some college or associate's degree 21.8%
Bachelor's degree 12.7%
Graduate or professional degree 6.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.