E.g., 11/24/2020
E.g., 11/24/2020

State Language Data - GA

Georgia

Language & Education
2018
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,054,526
Speak only English 21.1%
Speak English "very well" 37.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 41.4%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 49.8%
% change: 1990-2000 381.8%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 479,551
Speak only English 29.8%
Speak English "very well" 43.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26.7%
Noncitizens 574,975
Speak only English 13.8%
Speak English "very well" 32.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 53.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,819,461
Speak only English 93.7%
Speak English ""very well"" 5.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 18.1%
% change: 1990-2000 72.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 567,081
Speak only English 18.6%
"Speak English ""very well"" 30.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 51.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 7,027,395
Speak only English 95.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 170,192
Speak only English 28.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,803,738
Speak only English 97.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,857,805
Speak only English 1,557,426
Speak language other than English 300,379
Speak English "very well"
238,493
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
61,886
Speak Spanish 215,773
Speak English "very well"
170,935
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
44,838
Ages 18-64 6,559,754
Speak only English 5,576,046
Speak language other than English 983,708
Speak English "very well"
569,521
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
414,187
Speak Spanish 538,867
Speak English "very well"
273,714
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
265,153
65 and Older 1,456,428
Speak only English 1,355,104
Speak language other than English 101,324
Speak English "very well"
43,065
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
58,259
Speak Spanish 38,050
Speak English "very well"
14,343
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
23,707
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 83.8%
Speak language other than English 16.2%
Speak English "very well" 12.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.3%
Speak Spanish 11.6%
Speak English "very well" 9.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.4%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 85.0%
Speak language other than English 15.0%
Speak English "very well" 8.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.3%
Speak Spanish 8.2%
Speak English "very well" 4.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.0%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 93.0%
Speak language other than English 7.0%
Speak English "very well" 3.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.0%
Speak Spanish 2.6%
Speak English "very well" 1.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 9,873,987
Speak only English 8,488,576
Speak language other than English 1,385,411
Spanish 792,690
Speak English "very well" 458,992
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 333,698
French (Including Cajun) 36,825
Speak English "very well" 29,716
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,109
Haitian 15,827
Speak English "very well" 13,150
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,677
Italian 4,983
Speak English "very well" 4,116
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 867
Portuguese 15,930
Speak English "very well" 10,367
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,563
German 20,943
Speak English "very well" 18,705
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,238
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 3,958
Speak English "very well" 2,988
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 970
Russian 13,030
Speak English "very well" 8,860
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,170
Polish 2,497
Speak English "very well" 1,403
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,094
Other Slavic Languages 12,650
Speak English "very well" 9,896
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,754
Armenian 241
Speak English "very well" 241
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 9,497
Speak English "very well" 5,775
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,722
Gujarati 21,312
Speak English "very well" 14,006
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,306
Hindi 28,993
Speak English "very well" 22,270
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,723
Urdu 16,869
Speak English "very well" 13,123
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,746
Punjabi 2,025
Speak English "very well" 1,805
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 220
Bengali 10,799
Speak English "very well" 6,488
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,311
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 17,982
Speak English "very well" 10,216
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,766
Other Indo-European Languages 12,870
Speak English "very well" 10,315
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,555
Telugu 15,967
Speak English "very well" 14,013
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,954
Tamil 13,677
Speak English "very well" 11,183
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,494
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 6,229
Speak English "very well" 5,343
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 886
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 53,208
Speak English "very well" 26,337
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26,871
Japanese 9,077
Speak English "very well" 5,997
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,080
Korean 44,896
Speak English "very well" 18,312
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26,584
Hmong 4,345
Speak English "very well" 2,389
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,956
Vietnamese 52,789
Speak English "very well" 24,004
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28,785
Khmer 3,380
Speak English "very well" 1,918
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,462
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 6,844
Speak English "very well" 4,176
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,668
Other Languages of Asia 10,625
Speak English "very well" 4,213
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,412
Tagalog (including Filipino) 14,204
Speak English "very well" 10,486
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,718
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 5,678
Speak English "very well" 3,746
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,932
Arabic 18,436
Speak English "very well" 14,233
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,203
Hebrew 4,855
Speak English "very well" 4,125
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 730
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 22,704
Speak English "very well" 12,780
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,924
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 38,064
Speak English "very well" 31,363
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,701
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 7,731
Speak English "very well" 5,779
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,952
Native Languages of North America 822
Speak English "very well" 822
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other and Unspecified Languages 11,959
Speak English "very well" 7,428
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,531
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 86.0%
Field 308 14.0%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 57.9%
Field 310 42.1%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 80.7%
Field 315 19.3%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 83.1%
Field 316 16.9%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 82.6%
Field 319 17.4%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 65.1%
Field 322 34.9%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 89.3%
Field 325 10.7%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 75.5%
Field 328 24.5%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 68.0%
Field 331 32.0%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 56.2%
Field 334 43.8%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 78.2%
Field 337 21.8%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 100.0%
Field 340 N
Field 343 100%
Field 343 60.8%
Field 343 39.2%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 65.7%
Field 346 34.3%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 76.8%
Field 349 23.2%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 77.8%
Field 352 22.2%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 89.1%
Field 355 10.9%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 60.1%
Field 358 39.9%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 56.8%
Field 361 43.2%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 80.1%
Field 364 19.9%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 87.8%
Field 367 12.2%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 81.8%
Field 370 18.2%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 85.8%
Field 373 14.2%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 49.5%
Field 376 50.5%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 66.1%
Field 379 33.9%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 40.8%
Field 382 59.2%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 55.0%
Field 385 45.0%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 45.5%
Field 388 54.5%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 56.7%
Field 391 43.3%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 61.0%
Field 394 39.0%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 39.7%
Field 397 60.3%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 73.8%
Field 400 26.2%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 66.0%
Field 403 34.0%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 77.2%
Field 406 22.8%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 85.0%
Field 409 15.0%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 56.3%
Field 412 43.7%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 82.4%
Field 415 17.6%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 74.8%
Field 418 25.2%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 100.0%
Field 421 N
Field 424 100%
Field 424 62.1%
Field 424 37.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 912,476
Less than high school diploma 25.2%
High school diploma or GED 21.6%
Some college or associate's degree 18.1%
Bachelor's degree 20.6%
Graduate or professional degree 14.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 26.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 14.4%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2018 67.1%
% change: 1990-2000 346.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2018 172.3%
% change: 1990-2000 189.6%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 441,122
Less than high school diploma 13.9%
High school diploma or GED 20%
Some college or associate's degree 23.1%
Bachelor's degree 24.8%
Graduate or professional degree 18.2%
Noncitizens (%) 471,354
Less than high school diploma 35.7%
High school diploma or GED 23%
Some college or associate's degree 13.4%
Bachelor's degree 16.8%
Graduate or professional degree 11.2%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 6,065,696
Less than high school diploma 10.5%
High school diploma or GED 28.8%
Some college or associate's degree 29.4%
Bachelor's degree 19.4%
Graduate or professional degree 12.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -34.5%
% change: 1990-2000 -14.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 66.1%
% change: 1990-2000 56.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 410,449
Less than high school diploma 33.5%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.4%
Bachelor's degree 17.1%
Graduate or professional degree 11.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 12.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 9.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,779,828
Less than high school diploma 20.3%
High school diploma or GED 29.4%
Some college or associate's degree 26.3%
Bachelor's degree 16.0%
Graduate or professional degree 8.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 130,933
Less than high school diploma 23.5%
High school diploma or GED 22.5%
Some college or associate's degree 22.8%
Bachelor's degree 17.8%
Graduate or professional degree 13.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,882,814
Less than high school diploma 29.2%
High school diploma or GED 30.1%
Some college or associate's degree 21.8%
Bachelor's degree 12.7%
Graduate or professional degree 6.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.