E.g., 04/23/2019
E.g., 04/23/2019

State Language Data - GA

Georgia

Language & Education
2017
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,059,489
Speak only English 20.3%
Speak English "very well" 36.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 43.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 56.4%
% change: 1990-2000 381.8%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 463,810
Speak only English 29.5%
Speak English "very well" 42.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 27.7%
Noncitizens 595,679
Speak only English 13.1%
Speak English "very well" 32%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 54.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 8,714,667
Speak only English 93.9%
Speak English ""very well"" 5.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -5.9%
% change: 1990-2000 72.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 567,081
Speak only English 18.6%
"Speak English ""very well"" 30.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 51.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 7,027,395
Speak only English 95.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 170,192
Speak only English 28.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,803,738
Speak only English 97.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,859,542
Speak only English 1,563,681
Speak language other than English 295,861
Speak English "very well"
238,665
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
57,196
Speak Spanish 213,874
Speak English "very well"
172,638
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
41,236
Ages 18-64 6,512,764
Speak only English 5,526,918
Speak language other than English 985,846
Speak English "very well"
561,583
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
424,263
Speak Spanish 544,057
Speak English "very well"
274,396
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
269,661
65 and Older 1,401,850
Speak only English 1,307,339
Speak language other than English 94,511
Speak English "very well"
42,311
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
52,200
Speak Spanish 33,587
Speak English "very well"
15,409
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
18,178
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 84.1%
Speak language other than English 15.9%
Speak English "very well" 12.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.1%
Speak Spanish 11.5%
Speak English "very well" 9.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.2%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 84.9%
Speak language other than English 15.1%
Speak English "very well" 8.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.5%
Speak Spanish 8.4%
Speak English "very well" 4.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.1%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 93.3%
Speak language other than English 6.7%
Speak English "very well" 3.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.7%
Speak Spanish 2.4%
Speak English "very well" 1.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 9,774,156
Speak only English 8,397,938
Speak language other than English 1,376,218
Spanish 791,518
Speak English "very well" 462,443
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 329,075
French (Including Cajun) 35,488
Speak English "very well" 27,857
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,631
Haitian 12,767
Speak English "very well" 9,462
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,305
Italian 4,121
Speak English "very well" 3,343
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 778
Portuguese 17,740
Speak English "very well" 11,712
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,028
German 23,775
Speak English "very well" 22,107
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,668
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 3,635
Speak English "very well" 3,359
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 276
Russian 13,541
Speak English "very well" 8,166
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,375
Polish 2,299
Speak English "very well" 1,631
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 668
Other Slavic Languages 11,406
Speak English "very well" 7,265
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,141
Armenian 738
Speak English "very well" 687
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 51
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 10,502
Speak English "very well" 7,398
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,104
Gujarati 24,122
Speak English "very well" 14,889
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,233
Hindi 32,899
Speak English "very well" 25,781
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,118
Urdu 11,107
Speak English "very well" 7,859
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,248
Punjabi 2,491
Speak English "very well" 1,560
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 931
Bengali 9,430
Speak English "very well" 5,367
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,063
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 13,445
Speak English "very well" 8,284
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,161
Other Indo-European Languages 16,549
Speak English "very well" 12,703
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,846
Telugu 19,599
Speak English "very well" 15,662
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,937
Tamil 12,652
Speak English "very well" 10,499
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,153
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 7,548
Speak English "very well" 5,660
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,888
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 45,853
Speak English "very well" 22,286
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 23,567
Japanese 8,560
Speak English "very well" 4,933
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,627
Korean 50,674
Speak English "very well" 26,706
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 23,968
Hmong 3,093
Speak English "very well" 1,838
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,255
Vietnamese 50,165
Speak English "very well" 17,204
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 32,961
Khmer 2,219
Speak English "very well" 753
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,466
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 6,555
Speak English "very well" 3,605
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,950
Other Languages of Asia 12,576
Speak English "very well" 5,559
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,017
Tagalog (including Filipino) 12,506
Speak English "very well" 9,896
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,610
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 5,445
Speak English "very well" 3,724
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,721
Arabic 19,761
Speak English "very well" 11,585
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,176
Hebrew 6,886
Speak English "very well" 6,413
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 473
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 17,693
Speak English "very well" 11,179
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,514
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 30,780
Speak English "very well" 25,592
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,188
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 15,065
Speak English "very well" 9,522
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,543
Native Languages of North America 982
Speak English "very well" 859
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 123
Other and Unspecified Languages 10,033
Speak English "very well" 7,211
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,822
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 85.9%
Field 308 14.1%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 58.4%
Field 310 41.6%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 78.5%
Field 315 21.5%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 74.1%
Field 316 25.9%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 81.1%
Field 319 18.9%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 66.0%
Field 322 34.0%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 93.0%
Field 325 7.0%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 92.4%
Field 328 7.6%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 60.3%
Field 331 39.7%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 70.9%
Field 334 29.1%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 63.7%
Field 337 36.3%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 93.1%
Field 340 6.9%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 70.4%
Field 343 29.6%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 61.7%
Field 346 38.3%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 78.4%
Field 349 21.6%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 70.8%
Field 352 29.2%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 62.6%
Field 355 37.4%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 56.9%
Field 358 43.1%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 61.6%
Field 361 38.4%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 76.8%
Field 364 23.2%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 79.9%
Field 367 20.1%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 83.0%
Field 370 17.0%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 75.0%
Field 373 25.0%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 48.6%
Field 376 51.4%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 57.6%
Field 379 42.4%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 52.7%
Field 382 47.3%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 59.4%
Field 385 40.6%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 34.3%
Field 388 65.7%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 33.9%
Field 391 66.1%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 55.0%
Field 394 45.0%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 44.2%
Field 397 55.8%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 79.1%
Field 400 20.9%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 68.4%
Field 403 31.6%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 58.6%
Field 406 41.4%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 93.1%
Field 409 6.9%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 63.2%
Field 412 36.8%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 83.1%
Field 415 16.9%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 63.2%
Field 418 36.8%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 87.5%
Field 421 12.5%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 71.9%
Field 424 28.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 918,945
Less than high school diploma 25.8%
High school diploma or GED 23.2%
Some college or associate's degree 16.9%
Bachelor's degree 19.7%
Graduate or professional degree 14.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 26.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 14.7%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2017 72.6%
% change: 1990-2000 346.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2017 165.9%
% change: 1990-2000 189.6%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 426,282
Less than high school diploma 13%
High school diploma or GED 21.5%
Some college or associate's degree 23.5%
Bachelor's degree 24.1%
Graduate or professional degree 17.9%
Noncitizens (%) 492,663
Less than high school diploma 36.9%
High school diploma or GED 24.6%
Some college or associate's degree 11.2%
Bachelor's degree 16%
Graduate or professional degree 11.3%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 5,977,081
Less than high school diploma 11.0%
High school diploma or GED 28.8%
Some college or associate's degree 29.8%
Bachelor's degree 18.9%
Graduate or professional degree 11.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -32.4%
% change: 1990-2000 -14.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 58.6%
% change: 1990-2000 56.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 410,449
Less than high school diploma 33.5%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.4%
Bachelor's degree 17.1%
Graduate or professional degree 11.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 12.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 9.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,779,828
Less than high school diploma 20.3%
High school diploma or GED 29.4%
Some college or associate's degree 26.3%
Bachelor's degree 16.0%
Graduate or professional degree 8.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 130,933
Less than high school diploma 23.5%
High school diploma or GED 22.5%
Some college or associate's degree 22.8%
Bachelor's degree 17.8%
Graduate or professional degree 13.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,882,814
Less than high school diploma 29.2%
High school diploma or GED 30.1%
Some college or associate's degree 21.8%
Bachelor's degree 12.7%
Graduate or professional degree 6.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.