E.g., 10/04/2023
E.g., 10/04/2023
State Demographics Data - GA
 

Georgia

Demographics & Social
2021
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 1,082,965
% Foreign Born 10.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2021 87.6%
% change: 1990-2000 233.4%
Race (%)  
One race 81.2%
White
16.6%
Black or African American
18.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native
1.8%
Asian
29.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
14.9%
Two or more races 18.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 393,209
% Latino 36.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.5%
5-17 5.5%
18-64 81.5%
65 and older 12.5%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2017-2021 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2021 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

44.4
Gender (% female) 52.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 22.0%
Married 62.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 9,716,601
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 27.7%
% change: 1990-2000 20.7%
Race (%)  
One race 92.4%
White 55.8%
Black or African American 32.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.4%
Asian 1.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 2.5%
Two or more races 7.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 690,315
% Latino 7.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.4%
5-17 18.9%
18-64 59.8%
65 and older 14.9%
Median Age 36
Gender (% female) 51.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 37.0%
Married 44.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.7%
Foreign Born
Number 577,273
% Foreign Born 7.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 7,609,180
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 173,126
% Foreign Born 2.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 6,305,090
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

1,082,965
Born in Africa 116,309
Born in Asia 341,018
Born in Europe 99,925
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 507,230
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 15,028
Born in Oceania 3,455
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

1,082,965
Europe 99,925
Northern Europe 22,801
United Kingdom
19,782
Ireland
688
Other Northern Europe
2,331
Western Europe 30,874
France
4,507
Germany
21,819
Other Western Europe
4,548
Southern Europe 8,036
Italy
2,862
Portugal
766
Other Southern Europe
4,408
Eastern Europe 38,014
Poland
2,562
Russia
6,660
Other Eastern Europe
28,792
Other Europe (no country specified) 200
Asia 341,018
Eastern Asia 102,148
China
50,352

China, excluding Taiwan

43,312

Taiwan

7,040
Japan
7,372
Korea
44,380
Other Eastern Asia
44
South Central Asia 131,954
India
98,228
Iran
7,001
Other South Central Asia
26,725
Southeastern Asia 92,341
Philippines
24,935
Vietnam
46,643
Other Southeastern Asia
20,763
Western Asia 13,683
Israel
919
Lebanon
1,156
Other Western Asia
11,608
Other Asia (no country specified) 892
Africa 116,309
Eastern Africa 37,123
Northern Africa
7,453
Western Africa
52,910
Middle and Southern Africa
16,156
Other Africa (no country specified)
2,667
Oceania 3,455
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,519
Oceania (no country specified) 936
Americas 522,258
Latin America 507,230
Caribbean
107,902

Cuba

10,952

Jamaica

47,817

Other Caribbean

49,133
Central America
311,485

Mexico

204,677

El Salvador

30,543

Other Central America

76,265
South America
87,843

Brazil

14,882

Colombia

24,212

Other South America

48,749
Northern America 15,028
Canada
14,480
Other Northern America
548
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 225,105
1990-1999 245,878
2000-2009 291,632
Since 2010 320,350
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 10.7%
Born in Asia 31.5%
Born in Europe 9.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 46.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.4%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 9.2%
Northern Europe 2.1%
United Kingdom 1.8%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 2.9%
France 0.4%
Germany 2.0%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 0.7%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.4%
Eastern Europe 3.5%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.6%
Other Eastern Europe 2.7%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 31.5%
Eastern Asia 9.4%
China 4.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.0%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 0.7%
Korea 4.1%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 12.2%
India 9.1%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 2.5%
Southeastern Asia 8.5%
Philippines 2.3%
Vietnam 4.3%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.9%
Western Asia 1.3%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 10.7%
Eastern Africa 3.4%
Northern Africa 0.7%
Western Africa 4.9%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.5%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.2%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 48.2%
Latin America 46.8%
Caribbean 10.0%
Cuba 1.0%
Jamaica 4.4%
Other Caribbean 4.5%
Central America 28.8%
Mexico 18.9%
El Salvador 2.8%
Other Central America 7.0%
South America 8.1%
Brazil 1.4%
Colombia 2.2%
Other South America 4.5%
Northern America 1.4%
Canada 1.3%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 20.8%
1980-1989 22.7%
1990-1999 26.9%
Since 2000 29.6%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 577,273
Born in Africa 40,423
Born in Asia 145,696
Born in Europe 74,257
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 300,357
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 14,519
Cat28 2,021
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 7.0%
Born in Asia 25.2%
Born in Europe 12.9%
Born in Latin America 52.0%
Born in Northern America 2.5%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 165,481
Born in Africa 10,973
Born in Asia 58,708
Born in Europe 39,704
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 47,396
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,681
Cat21 1,019
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 6.6%
Born in Asia 35.5%
Born in Europe 24.0%
Born in Latin America 28.6%
Born in Northern America 4.6%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,082,965
Naturalized citizens 541,613
Noncitizens 541,352
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 541,613
Before 1990 78,185
1990-1999 82,991
2000-2009 158,510
2010-2014 88,442
Since 2015 133,485
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 50.0%
Noncitizens 50.0%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 14.4%
1980-1989 15.3%
1990-1999 29.3%
2000-2009 16.3%
Since 2010 24.6%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 577,273
Naturalized citizens 169,232
Noncitizens 408,041
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 29.3%
Noncitizens 70.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 173,126
Naturalized citizens 67,390
Noncitizens 105,736
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 38.9%
Noncitizens 61.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 344,058
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 19,965
% married among women who gave birth
84.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
15.8%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,315,093
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 118,128
% married among women who gave birth 59.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 40.6%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2017-2021 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2021 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.24
Average family size 3.67
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.56
Average family size 3.16
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,371,032
Only native parent(s)
1,860,080
One or more foreign-born parents
510,952

Child is native

455,228

Child is foreign born

55,724
Children under age 6 with 728,314
Only native parent(s)
584,196
One or more foreign-born parents
144,118

Child is native

136,403

Child is foreign born

7,715
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,642,718
Only native parent(s)
1,275,884
One or more foreign-born parents
366,834

Child is native

318,825

Child is foreign born

48,009
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

936,935
Only native parents 711,519
One or more foreign-born parents 225,416
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 78.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 21.5%
Child is native 19.2%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.8%
Child is native 18.7%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.3%
Child is native 19.4%
Child is foreign born 2.9%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 75.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,031,476
Only native parent(s) 1,809,465
One or more foreign-born parents 222,011
Child is native 163,798
Child is foreign born 58,213
Children under age 6 with 671,916
Only native parent(s) 586,617
One or more foreign-born parents 85,299
Child is native 75,000
Child is foreign born 10,299
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,359,560
Only native parent(s) 1,222,848
One or more foreign-born parents 136,712
Child is native 88,798
Child is foreign born 47,914
Children in Low-Income Families* 761,335
Only native parents 665,589
One or more foreign-born parents 95,746
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.9%
Child is native 8.1%
Child is foreign born 2.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.7%
Child is native 11.2%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.1%
Child is native 6.5%
Child is foreign born 3.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 87.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.6%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,642,977
Only native parent(s) 1,567,422
One or more foreign-born parents 75,555
Child is native 58,246
Child is foreign born 17,309
Children under age 6 with 568,349
Only native parent(s) 539,647
One or more foreign-born parents 28,702
Child is native 25,176
Child is foreign born 3,526
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,074,628
Only native parent(s) 1,027,775
One or more foreign-born parents 46,853
Child is native 33,070
Child is foreign born 13,783
Children in Low-Income Families* 673,313
Only native parents 646,135
One or more foreign-born parents 27,178
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.1%
Child is native 4.4%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.4%
Child is native 3.1%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2021 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Megan Schouweiler and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 12.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2022. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V12.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • Race and Hispanic origin: The Census Bureau made some improvements and changes in how respondents were asked about their race and Hispanic origin on the 2020 decennial Census form. The goal was to achieve a more accurate portrait of how U.S. residents self-identify. The same changes were implemented in the subsequent ACS as well. Note that the racial composition of the U.S. population in the 2021 ACS looks different from prior ACS years. For instance, the proportion reporting “two or more races” has increased, while the proportion of “white alone” decreased, reflecting both the growth of a more racially diverse population and the changes in questionnaire design. Race and Hispanic origin comparisons between the 2021 ACS and earlier ACS years or pre-2020 decennial Censuses should be made with caution. For more details, visit the Census Bureau’s Resource Library.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2017-2021 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2021 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children: The data here include children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau has included children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.