E.g., 06/17/2024
E.g., 06/17/2024
State Demographics Data - GA
 

Georgia

Demographics & Social
2022
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 1,168,022
% Foreign Born 10.7%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 102.3%
% change: 1990-2000 233.4%
Race (%)  
One race 82.9%
White
14.5%
Black or African American
20.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native
2.1%
Asian
28.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.3%
Other race
17.8%
Two or more races 17.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 432,169
% Latino 37.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.6%
5-17 6.0%
18-64 80.9%
65 and older 12.5%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

44
Gender (% female) 50.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.0%
Married 61.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 9,744,854
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 28.1%
% change: 1990-2000 20.7%
Race (%)  
One race 92.7%
White 55.7%
Black or African American 32.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 1.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 2.8%
Two or more races 7.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 700,435
% Latino 7.2%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.3%
5-17 18.6%
18-64 59.7%
65 and older 15.4%
Median Age 36.2
Gender (% female) 51.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 36.3%
Married 44.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.8%
Foreign Born
Number 577,273
% Foreign Born 7.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 7,609,180
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 173,126
% Foreign Born 2.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 6,305,090
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

1,168,022
Born in Africa 136,599
Born in Asia 355,907
Born in Europe 88,427
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 565,246
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 16,978
Born in Oceania 4,865
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

1,168,022
Europe 88,427
Northern Europe 24,730
United Kingdom
20,272
Ireland
1,620
Other Northern Europe
2,838
Western Europe 22,226
France
4,094
Germany
15,348
Other Western Europe
2,784
Southern Europe 8,395
Italy
2,414
Portugal
1,440
Other Southern Europe
4,541
Eastern Europe 32,682
Poland
3,309
Russia
4,029
Other Eastern Europe
25,344
Other Europe (no country specified) 394
Asia 355,907
Eastern Asia 109,232
China
53,497

China, excluding Taiwan

47,691

Taiwan

5,806
Japan
7,610
Korea
47,902
Other Eastern Asia
223
South Central Asia 139,673
India
106,136
Iran
6,989
Other South Central Asia
26,548
Southeastern Asia 89,420
Philippines
20,513
Vietnam
49,270
Other Southeastern Asia
19,637
Western Asia 17,328
Israel
2,663
Lebanon
2,176
Other Western Asia
12,489
Other Asia (no country specified) 254
Africa 136,599
Eastern Africa 44,206
Northern Africa 8,691
Western Africa 66,379
Middle and Southern Africa 14,339
Other Africa (no country specified) 2,984
Oceania 4,865
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,801
Oceania (no country specified) 2,064
Americas 582,224
Latin America 565,246
Caribbean
134,088

Cuba

12,512

Jamaica

57,328

Other Caribbean

64,248
Central America
331,667

Mexico

218,893

El Salvador

30,278

Other Central America

82,496
South America
99,491

Brazil

17,117

Colombia

22,823

Other South America

59,551
Northern America 16,978
Canada
16,450
Other Northern America
528
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 212,899
1990-1999 242,426
2000-2009 311,694
Since 2010 401,003
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 11.7%
Born in Asia 30.5%
Born in Europe 7.6%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 48.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.5%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 7.6%
Northern Europe 2.1%
United Kingdom 1.7%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 1.9%
France 0.4%
Germany 1.3%
Other Western Europe 0.2%
Southern Europe 0.7%
Italy 0.2%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.4%
Eastern Europe 2.8%
Poland 0.3%
Russia 0.3%
Other Eastern Europe 2.2%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 30.5%
Eastern Asia 9.4%
China 4.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.1%
Taiwan 0.5%
Japan 0.7%
Korea 4.1%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 12.0%
India 9.1%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 2.3%
Southeastern Asia 7.7%
Philippines 1.8%
Vietnam 4.2%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.7%
Western Asia 1.5%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) N
Africa 11.7%
Eastern Africa 3.8%
Northern Africa 0.7%
Western Africa 5.7%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.2%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.2%
Americas 49.8%
Latin America 48.4%
Caribbean 11.5%
Cuba 1.1%
Jamaica 4.9%
Other Caribbean 5.5%
Central America 28.4%
Mexico 18.7%
El Salvador 2.6%
Other Central America 7.1%
South America 8.5%
Brazil 1.5%
Colombia 2.0%
Other South America 5.1%
Northern America 1.5%
Canada 1.4%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 18.2%
1980-1989 20.8%
1990-1999 26.7%
Since 2000 34.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 577,273
Born in Africa 40,423
Born in Asia 145,696
Born in Europe 74,257
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 300,357
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 14,519
Cat28 2,021
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 7.0%
Born in Asia 25.2%
Born in Europe 12.9%
Born in Latin America 52.0%
Born in Northern America 2.5%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 165,481
Born in Africa 10,973
Born in Asia 58,708
Born in Europe 39,704
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 47,396
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,681
Cat21 1,019
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 6.6%
Born in Asia 35.5%
Born in Europe 24.0%
Born in Latin America 28.6%
Born in Northern America 4.6%
Born in Oceania 0.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,168,022
Naturalized citizens 589,710
Noncitizens 578,312
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 589,710
Before 1990 69,243
1990-1999 83,942
2000-2009 162,822
2010-2014 101,303
Since 2015 172,400
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 50.5%
Noncitizens 49.5%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 11.7%
1980-1989 14.2%
1990-1999 27.6%
2000-2009 17.2%
Since 2010 29.2%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 577,273
Naturalized citizens 169,232
Noncitizens 408,041
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 29.3%
Noncitizens 70.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 173,126
Naturalized citizens 67,390
Noncitizens 105,736
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 38.9%
Noncitizens 61.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 349,848
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 25,761
% married among women who gave birth
74.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
25.1%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,325,491
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 125,367
% married among women who gave birth 61.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 38.2%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.22
Average family size 3.63
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.52
Average family size 3.12
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.

 
Children under age 18 with 2,360,548
Only native parent(s)
1,830,019
One or more foreign-born parents
530,529

Child is native

460,428

Child is foreign born

70,101
Children under age 6 with 711,914
Only native parent(s)
565,204
One or more foreign-born parents
146,710

Child is native

137,165

Child is foreign born

9,545
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,648,634
Only native parent(s)
1,264,815
One or more foreign-born parents
383,819

Child is native

323,263

Child is foreign born

60,556
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

904,516
Only native parents 669,471
One or more foreign-born parents 235,045
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.5%
Child is native 19.5%
Child is foreign born 3.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 79.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.6%
Child is native 19.3%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 76.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.3%
Child is native 19.6%
Child is foreign born 3.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 74.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,031,476
Only native parent(s) 1,809,465
One or more foreign-born parents 222,011
Child is native 163,798
Child is foreign born 58,213
Children under age 6 with 671,916
Only native parent(s) 586,617
One or more foreign-born parents 85,299
Child is native 75,000
Child is foreign born 10,299
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,359,560
Only native parent(s) 1,222,848
One or more foreign-born parents 136,712
Child is native 88,798
Child is foreign born 47,914
Children in Low-Income Families* 761,335
Only native parents 665,589
One or more foreign-born parents 95,746
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.9%
Child is native 8.1%
Child is foreign born 2.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.7%
Child is native 11.2%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.1%
Child is native 6.5%
Child is foreign born 3.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 87.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.6%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,642,977
Only native parent(s) 1,567,422
One or more foreign-born parents 75,555
Child is native 58,246
Child is foreign born 17,309
Children under age 6 with 568,349
Only native parent(s) 539,647
One or more foreign-born parents 28,702
Child is native 25,176
Child is foreign born 3,526
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,074,628
Only native parent(s) 1,027,775
One or more foreign-born parents 46,853
Child is native 33,070
Child is foreign born 13,783
Children in Low-Income Families* 673,313
Only native parents 646,135
One or more foreign-born parents 27,178
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.6%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.1%
Child is native 4.4%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.4%
Child is native 3.1%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 96.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • Race and Hispanic origin: In preparation for the 2020 Decennial Census, the Census Bureau has made some improvements and changes in how the respondents were asked about their race and Hispanic origin on the 2020 decennial Census form. The goal was to achieve a more accurate portrait of how U.S. residents self-identify. The same changes in the questionnaire design were implemented in the subsequent ACS as well. Note that the racial composition of the U.S. population in the current ACS looks different from pre-2020 data. For instance, the proportion of people who reported “two or more races” has increased, while the proportion of “white alone” decreased, reflecting both the growth of a more racially diverse population and the changes in the questionnaire design. Race and Hispanic origin comparisons between the current ACS and pre-2020 data should be made with caution, taking into account the changes in the questionnaire design. For more details, visit the Census Bureau’s Resource Library.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children: The data here include children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau has included children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.