E.g., 06/30/2022
E.g., 06/30/2022
State Language Data - AK
 

Alaska

Language & Education
2019
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 57,836
Speak only English 23.4%
Speak English "very well" 40.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 36.6%
% change: 1990-2000 96.6%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 32,940
Speak only English 26.2%
Speak English "very well" 41.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 32%
Noncitizens 24,389
Speak only English 15.1%
Speak English "very well" 37.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 47.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 622,818
Speak only English 89.3%
Speak English ""very well"" 9.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.4%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -43.3%
% change: 1990-2000 14.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 36,660
Speak only English 25.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 33.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 41.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 543,080
Speak only English 89.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 7.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 22,789
Speak only English 33.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 32.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 34.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 472,759
Speak only English 90.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 6.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 128,858
Speak only English 111,575
Speak language other than English 17,283
Speak English "very well"
14,655
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
2,628
Speak Spanish 4,410
Speak English "very well"
3,874
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
536
Ages 18-64 461,208
Speak only English 381,610
Speak language other than English 79,598
Speak English "very well"
58,208
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
21,390
Speak Spanish 20,612
Speak English "very well"
15,124
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
5,488
65 and Older 90,588
Speak only English 76,745
Speak language other than English 13,843
Speak English "very well"
8,210
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
5,633
Speak Spanish 2,116
Speak English "very well"
1,444
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
672
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 86.6%
Speak language other than English 13.4%
Speak English "very well" 11.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.0%
Speak Spanish 3.4%
Speak English "very well" 3.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.4%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 82.7%
Speak language other than English 17.3%
Speak English "very well" 12.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.6%
Speak Spanish 4.5%
Speak English "very well" 3.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.2%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 84.7%
Speak language other than English 15.3%
Speak English "very well" 9.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.2%
Speak Spanish 2.3%
Speak English "very well" 1.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.7%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 683,831
Speak only English 573,897
Speak language other than English 109,934
Spanish 25,099
Speak English "very well" 18,921
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,178
French (Including Cajun) 1,664
Speak English "very well" 1,532
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 132
Haitian 174
Speak English "very well" 154
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20
Italian 379
Speak English "very well" 327
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 52
Portuguese 172
Speak English "very well" 169
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3
German 3,144
Speak English "very well" 2,876
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 268
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 281
Speak English "very well" 242
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 39
Russian 5,097
Speak English "very well" 3,560
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,537
Polish 321
Speak English "very well" 251
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 70
Other Slavic Languages 1,099
Speak English "very well" 813
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 286
Armenian 16
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 16
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 122
Speak English "very well" 98
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24
Gujarati 39
Speak English "very well" 39
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Hindi 115
Speak English "very well" 101
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 14
Urdu 163
Speak English "very well" 129
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 34
Punjabi 79
Speak English "very well" 53
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26
Bengali 66
Speak English "very well" 59
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 242
Speak English "very well" 64
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 178
Other Indo-European Languages 1,280
Speak English "very well" 1,039
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 241
Telugu 13
Speak English "very well" 4
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9
Tamil 54
Speak English "very well" 46
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 26
Speak English "very well" 14
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 1,382
Speak English "very well" 844
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 538
Japanese 1,281
Speak English "very well" 958
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 323
Korean 3,858
Speak English "very well" 1,801
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,057
Hmong 4,029
Speak English "very well" 2,201
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,828
Vietnamese 974
Speak English "very well" 351
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 623
Khmer 82
Speak English "very well" 47
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 2,035
Speak English "very well" 1,052
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 983
Other Languages of Asia 664
Speak English "very well" 525
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 139
Tagalog (including Filipino) 18,719
Speak English "very well" 9,754
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,965
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 5,410
Speak English "very well" 3,704
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,706
Arabic 397
Speak English "very well" 332
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 65
Hebrew 160
Speak English "very well" 160
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 549
Speak English "very well" 314
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 235
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 794
Speak English "very well" 507
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 287
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 484
Speak English "very well" 301
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 183
Native Languages of North America 28,911
Speak English "very well" 24,040
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,871
Other and Unspecified Languages 560
Speak English "very well" 456
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 104
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 83.9%
Field 308 16.1%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 75.4%
Field 310 24.6%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 92.1%
Field 315 7.9%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 88.5%
Field 316 11.5%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 86.3%
Field 319 13.7%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 98.3%
Field 322 1.7%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 91.5%
Field 325 8.5%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 86.1%
Field 328 13.9%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 69.8%
Field 331 30.2%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 78.2%
Field 334 21.8%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 74.0%
Field 337 26.0%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 N
Field 340 100.0%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 80.3%
Field 343 19.7%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 100.0%
Field 346 N
Field 349 100%
Field 349 87.8%
Field 349 12.2%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 79.1%
Field 352 20.9%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 67.1%
Field 355 32.9%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 89.4%
Field 358 10.6%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 26.4%
Field 361 73.6%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 81.2%
Field 364 18.8%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 30.8%
Field 367 69.2%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 85.2%
Field 370 14.8%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 53.8%
Field 373 46.2%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 61.1%
Field 376 38.9%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 74.8%
Field 379 25.2%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 46.7%
Field 382 53.3%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 54.6%
Field 385 45.4%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 36.0%
Field 388 64.0%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 57.3%
Field 391 42.7%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 51.7%
Field 394 48.3%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 79.1%
Field 397 20.9%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 52.1%
Field 400 47.9%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 68.5%
Field 403 31.5%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 83.6%
Field 406 16.4%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 100.0%
Field 409 N
Field 412 100%
Field 412 57.2%
Field 412 42.8%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 63.9%
Field 415 36.1%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 62.2%
Field 418 37.8%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 83.2%
Field 421 16.8%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 81.4%
Field 424 18.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 49,881
Less than high school diploma 10.9%
High school diploma or GED 32.1%
Some college or associate's degree 28.7%
Bachelor's degree 17.3%
Graduate or professional degree 11.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 17.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 9.7%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2019 -26.2%
% change: 1990-2000 44.4%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2019 109.7%
% change: 1990-2000 95.0%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 29,693
Less than high school diploma 13%
High school diploma or GED 26.1%
Some college or associate's degree 31.7%
Bachelor's degree 18.8%
Graduate or professional degree 10.4%
Noncitizens (%) 19,306
Less than high school diploma 19.8%
High school diploma or GED 30.6%
Some college or associate's degree 24%
Bachelor's degree 17.1%
Graduate or professional degree 8.5%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 434,177
Less than high school diploma 5.9%
High school diploma or GED 28.4%
Some college or associate's degree 35.3%
Bachelor's degree 18.6%
Graduate or professional degree 11.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -30.1%
% change: 1990-2000 -3.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 52.6%
% change: 1990-2000 22.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 30,397
Less than high school diploma 24.2%
High school diploma or GED 28.2%
Some college or associate's degree 25.4%
Bachelor's degree 14.1%
Graduate or professional degree 8.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 16.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher 7.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 347,942
Less than high school diploma 10.6%
High school diploma or GED 27.9%
Some college or associate's degree 36.7%
Bachelor's degree 15.9%
Graduate or professional degree 9.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 19,763
Less than high school diploma 25.8%
High school diploma or GED 27.0%
Some college or associate's degree 29.7%
Bachelor's degree 11.7%
Graduate or professional degree 5.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 11.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 305,002
Less than high school diploma 12.5%
High school diploma or GED 29.5%
Some college or associate's degree 34.8%
Bachelor's degree 15.1%
Graduate or professional degree 8.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.