E.g., 04/05/2020
E.g., 04/05/2020

State Demographics Data - AK

Alaska

Demographics & Social
2018
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 60,784
% Foreign Born 8.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 63.5%
% change: 1990-2000 49.8%
Race (%)  
One race 97.4%
White
28.5%
Black or African American
6.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native
1.5%
Asian
50.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
5.0%
Other race
6.3%
Two or more races 2.6%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 10,598
% Latino 17.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.6%
5-17 6.3%
18-64 78.2%
65 and older 14.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

44.7
Gender (% female) 54.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 18.4%
Married 67.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 676,654
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 14.7%
% change: 1990-2000 12.3%
Race (%)  
One race 91.0%
White 67.6%
Black or African American 3.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 16.3%
Asian 2.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.7%
Other race 0.9%
Two or more races 9.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 42,471
% Latino 6.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.7%
5-17 18.8%
18-64 61.8%
65 and older 11.7%
Median Age 32.9
Gender (% female) 47.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 35.2%
Married 47.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.0%
Foreign Born
Number 37,170
% Foreign Born 5.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 589,762
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 24,814
% Foreign Born 4.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 525,229
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

60,784
Born in Africa 2,315
Born in Asia 32,940
Born in Europe 7,134
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 10,808
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,851
Born in Oceania 3,736
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

60,784
Europe 7,134
Northern Europe 1,745
United Kingdom
1,013
Ireland
71
Other Northern Europe
661
Western Europe 1,983
France
244
Germany
1,485
Other Western Europe
254
Southern Europe 705
Italy
519
Portugal
43
Other Southern Europe
143
Eastern Europe 2,701
Poland
98
Russia
1,151
Other Eastern Europe
1,452
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 32,940
Eastern Asia 4,999
China
1,910

China, excluding Taiwan

1,626

Taiwan

284
Japan
409
Korea
2,680
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 2,213
India
859
Iran
427
Other South Central Asia
927
Southeastern Asia 25,434
Philippines
21,222
Vietnam
873
Other Southeastern Asia
3,339
Western Asia 294
Israel
45
Lebanon
0
Other Western Asia
249
Other Asia (no country specified) 0
Africa 2,315
Eastern Africa 262
Northern Africa
317
Western Africa
1,032
Middle and Southern Africa
433
Other Africa (no country specified)
271
Oceania 3,736
Australia and New Zealand subregion 380
Oceania (no country specified) 3,356
Americas 14,659
Latin America 10,808
Caribbean
1,754

Cuba

583

Jamaica

258

Other Caribbean

913
Central America
6,734

Mexico

5,717

El Salvador

573

Other Central America

444
South America
2,320

Brazil

292

Colombia

732

Other South America

1,296
Northern America 3,851
Canada
3,823
Other Northern America
28
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 17,415
1990-1999 12,003
2000-2009 16,080
Since 2010 15,286
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 3.8%
Born in Asia 54.2%
Born in Europe 11.7%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 17.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 6.3%
Born in Oceania 6.1%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 11.7%
Northern Europe 2.9%
United Kingdom 1.7%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 1.1%
Western Europe 3.3%
France 0.4%
Germany 2.4%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 1.2%
Italy 0.9%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.2%
Eastern Europe 4.4%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 1.9%
Other Eastern Europe 2.4%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 54.2%
Eastern Asia 8.2%
China 3.1%
China, excluding Taiwan 2.7%
Taiwan 0.5%
Japan 0.7%
Korea 4.4%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 3.6%
India 1.4%
Iran 0.7%
Other South Central Asia 1.5%
Southeastern Asia 41.8%
Philippines 34.9%
Vietnam 1.4%
Other Southeastern Asia 5.5%
Western Asia 0.5%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.0%
Other Western Asia 0.4%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 3.8%
Eastern Africa 0.4%
Northern Africa 0.5%
Western Africa 1.7%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.7%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.4%
Oceania 6.1%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.6%
Oceania (no country specified) 5.5%
Americas 24.1%
Latin America 17.8%
Caribbean 2.9%
Cuba 1.0%
Jamaica 0.4%
Other Caribbean 1.5%
Central America 11.1%
Mexico 9.4%
El Salvador 0.9%
Other Central America 0.7%
South America 3.8%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 1.2%
Other South America 2.1%
Northern America 6.3%
Canada 6.3%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 28.7%
1980-1989 19.7%
1990-1999 26.5%
Since 2000 25.1%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 37,170
Born in Africa 369
Born in Asia 18,826
Born in Europe 7,425
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 6,658
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,895
Cat28 997
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.0%
Born in Asia 50.6%
Born in Europe 20.0%
Born in Latin America 17.9%
Born in Northern America 7.8%
Born in Oceania 2.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 23,860
Born in Africa 226
Born in Asia 11,375
Born in Europe 5,846
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,380
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,584
Cat21 449
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.9%
Born in Asia 47.7%
Born in Europe 24.5%
Born in Latin America 14.2%
Born in Northern America 10.8%
Born in Oceania 1.9%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 60,784
Naturalized citizens 36,275
Noncitizens 24,509
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 36,275
Before 1990 6,833
1990-1999 9,001
2000-2009 9,072
2010-2014 6,047
Since 2015 5,322
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 59.7%
Noncitizens 40.3%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 18.8%
1980-1989 24.8%
1990-1999 25.0%
2000-2009 16.7%
Since 2010 14.7%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 37,170
Naturalized citizens 20,011
Noncitizens 17,159
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 53.8%
Noncitizens 46.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 24,814
Naturalized citizens 13,365
Noncitizens 11,449
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 53.9%
Noncitizens 46.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 18,406
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 1,285
% married among women who gave birth
80.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
19.5%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 153,584
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 9,462
% married among women who gave birth 59.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 40.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 4
U.S. Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 3
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 172,603
Only native parent(s)
146,888
One or more foreign-born parents
25,715

Child is native

22,159

Child is foreign born

3,556
Children under age 6 with 60,207
Only native parent(s)
52,792
One or more foreign-born parents
7,415

Child is native

6,977

Child is foreign born

438
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 112,396
Only native parent(s)
94,096
One or more foreign-born parents
18,300

Child is native

15,182

Child is foreign born

3,118
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

49,982
Only native parents 40,553
One or more foreign-born parents 9,429
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.9%
Child is native 12.8%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.3%
Child is native 11.6%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 83.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.3%
Child is native 13.5%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 81.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 180,509
Only native parent(s) 160,891
One or more foreign-born parents 19,618
Child is native 16,486
Child is foreign born 3,132
Children under age 6 with 57,106
Only native parent(s) 50,666
One or more foreign-born parents 6,440
Child is native 6,244
Child is foreign born 196
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 123,403
Only native parent(s) 110,225
One or more foreign-born parents 13,178
Child is native 10,242
Child is foreign born 2,936
Children in Low-Income Families* 58,105
Only native parents 50,160
One or more foreign-born parents 7,945
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.9%
Child is native 9.1%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.3%
Child is native 10.9%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.7%
Child is native 8.3%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 86.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 166,867
Only native parent(s) 153,847
One or more foreign-born parents 13,020
Child is native 11,730
Child is foreign born 1,290
Children under age 6 with 64,291
Only native parent(s) 58,886
One or more foreign-born parents 5,405
Child is native 5,163
Child is foreign born 242
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 102,576
Only native parent(s) 94,961
One or more foreign-born parents 7,615
Child is native 6,567
Child is foreign born 1,048
Children in Low-Income Families* 46,934
Only native parents 43,797
One or more foreign-born parents 3,137
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.8%
Child is native 7.0%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.4%
Child is native 8.0%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.4%
Child is native 6.4%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 93.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.7%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.