E.g., 12/17/2018
E.g., 12/17/2018

State Demographics Data - AK

Alaska

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 57,364
% Foreign Born 7.7%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 54.3%
% change: 1990-2000 49.8%
Race (%)  
One race 97.9%
White
26.0%
Black or African American
4.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native
1.1%
Asian
54.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
2.0%
Other race
10.1%
Two or more races 2.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 10,500
% Latino 18.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 7.5%
18-64 79.9%
65 and older 11.9%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

44.2
Gender (% female) 51.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 25.5%
Married 56.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.8%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 684,530
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 16.1%
% change: 1990-2000 12.3%
Race (%)  
One race 90.8%
White 67.6%
Black or African American 3.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native 15.7%
Asian 2.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 1.3%
Other race 1.0%
Two or more races 9.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 40,804
% Latino 6.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.6%
5-17 19.1%
18-64 63.2%
65 and older 10.1%
Median Age 32.6
Gender (% female) 47.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 37.1%
Married 46.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.3%
Foreign Born
Number 37,170
% Foreign Born 5.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 589,762
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 24,814
% Foreign Born 4.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 525,229
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

57,364
Born in Africa 1,513
Born in Asia 33,156
Born in Europe 7,711
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 11,375
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,266
Born in Oceania 1,343
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Philippines
Country #2 Mexico
Country #3 Korea
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

57,364
Europe 7,711
Northern Europe 1,528
United Kingdom
1,137
Ireland
194
Other Northern Europe
197
Western Europe 1,519
France
408
Germany
792
Other Western Europe
319
Southern Europe 920
Italy
41
Portugal
18
Other Southern Europe
861
Eastern Europe 3,744
Poland
576
Russia
2,037
Other Eastern Europe
1,131
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 33,156
Eastern Asia 5,867
China
1,809

China, excluding Taiwan

1,654

Taiwan

155
Japan
856
Korea
3,202
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 1,268
India
736
Iran
0
Other South Central Asia
532
Southeastern Asia 25,502
Philippines
21,488
Vietnam
529
Other Southeastern Asia
3,485
Western Asia 519
Israel
0
Lebanon
35
Other Western Asia
484
Other Asia (no country specified) 0
Africa 1,513
Eastern Africa 394
Northern Africa
77
Western Africa
453
Middle and Southern Africa
379
Other Africa (no country specified)
210
Oceania 1,343
Australia and New Zealand subregion 341
Oceania (no country specified) 1,002
Americas 13,641
Latin America 11,375
Caribbean
3,353

Cuba

451

Jamaica

33

Other Caribbean

2,869
Central America
5,332

Mexico

3,202

El Salvador

1,710

Other Central America

420
South America
2,690

Brazil

224

Colombia

310

Other South America

2,156
Northern America 2,266
Canada
2,266
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 17,426
1990-1999 11,863
2000-2009 14,230
Since 2010 13,845
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 2.6%
Born in Asia 57.8%
Born in Europe 13.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 19.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4.0%
Born in Oceania 2.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 34.50
Country #2 9.10%
Country #3 5.00
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 13.4%
Northern Europe 2.7%
United Kingdom 2.0%
Ireland 0.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.6%
France 0.7%
Germany 1.4%
Other Western Europe 0.6%
Southern Europe 1.6%
Italy 0.1%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 1.5%
Eastern Europe 6.5%
Poland 1.0%
Russia 3.6%
Other Eastern Europe 2.0%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 57.8%
Eastern Asia 10.2%
China 3.2%
China, excluding Taiwan 2.9%
Taiwan 0.3%
Japan 1.5%
Korea 5.6%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 2.2%
India 1.3%
Iran 0.0%
Other South Central Asia 0.9%
Southeastern Asia 44.5%
Philippines 37.5%
Vietnam 0.9%
Other Southeastern Asia 6.1%
Western Asia 0.9%
Israel 0.0%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 0.8%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 2.6%
Eastern Africa 0.7%
Northern Africa 0.1%
Western Africa 0.8%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.7%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.4%
Oceania 2.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.6%
Oceania (no country specified) 1.7%
Americas 23.8%
Latin America 19.8%
Caribbean 5.8%
Cuba 0.8%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 5.0%
Central America 9.3%
Mexico 5.6%
El Salvador 3.0%
Other Central America 0.7%
South America 4.7%
Brazil 0.4%
Colombia 0.5%
Other South America 3.8%
Northern America 4.0%
Canada 4.0%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 30.4%
1980-1989 20.7%
1990-1999 24.8%
Since 2000 24.1%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 37,170
Born in Africa 369
Born in Asia 18,826
Born in Europe 7,425
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 6,658
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,895
Cat28 997
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Philippines
Country #2 Korea
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.0%
Born in Asia 50.6%
Born in Europe 20.0%
Born in Latin America 17.9%
Born in Northern America 7.8%
Born in Oceania 2.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 23.90
Country #2 10.90
Country #3 7.80
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 23,860
Born in Africa 226
Born in Asia 11,375
Born in Europe 5,846
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,380
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,584
Cat21 449
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Philippines
Country #2 Korea
Country #3 Canada
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.9%
Born in Asia 47.7%
Born in Europe 24.5%
Born in Latin America 14.2%
Born in Northern America 10.8%
Born in Oceania 1.9%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 22.00
Country #2 11.20
Country #3 10.80
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 57,364
Naturalized citizens 32,772
Noncitizens 24,592
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 32,772
Before 1980 3,781
1980-1989 3,077
1990-1999 7,106
2000-2009 10,752
Since 2010 8,056
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 57.1%
Noncitizens 42.9%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 11.5%
1980-1989 9.4%
1990-1999 21.7%
2000-2009 32.8%
Since 2010 24.6%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 37,170
Naturalized citizens 20,011
Noncitizens 17,159
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 53.8%
Noncitizens 46.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 24,814
Naturalized citizens 13,365
Noncitizens 11,449
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 53.9%
Noncitizens 46.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 16,621
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 814
% married among women who gave birth
52.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
47.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 159,326
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 8,914
% married among women who gave birth 66.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 33.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.51
Average family size 4.22
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.78
Average family size 3.36
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 176,049
Only native parent(s)
155,622
One or more foreign-born parents
20,427

Child is native

17,055

Child is foreign born

3,372
Children under age 6 with 60,162
Only native parent(s)
53,830
One or more foreign-born parents
6,332

Child is native

5,747

Child is foreign born

585
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 115,887
Only native parent(s)
101,792
One or more foreign-born parents
14,095

Child is native

11,308

Child is foreign born

2,787
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

56,367
Only native parents 52,367
One or more foreign-born parents 4,000
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.6%
Child is native 9.7%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.5%
Child is native 9.6%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.2%
Child is native 9.8%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 180,509
Only native parent(s) 160,891
One or more foreign-born parents 19,618
Child is native 16,486
Child is foreign born 3,132
Children under age 6 with 57,106
Only native parent(s) 50,666
One or more foreign-born parents 6,440
Child is native 6,244
Child is foreign born 196
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 123,403
Only native parent(s) 110,225
One or more foreign-born parents 13,178
Child is native 10,242
Child is foreign born 2,936
Children in Low-Income Families* 58,105
Only native parents 50,160
One or more foreign-born parents 7,945
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.9%
Child is native 9.1%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.3%
Child is native 10.9%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.7%
Child is native 8.3%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 86.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 166,867
Only native parent(s) 153,847
One or more foreign-born parents 13,020
Child is native 11,730
Child is foreign born 1,290
Children under age 6 with 64,291
Only native parent(s) 58,886
One or more foreign-born parents 5,405
Child is native 5,163
Child is foreign born 242
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 102,576
Only native parent(s) 94,961
One or more foreign-born parents 7,615
Child is native 6,567
Child is foreign born 1,048
Children in Low-Income Families* 46,934
Only native parents 43,797
One or more foreign-born parents 3,137
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.8%
Child is native 7.0%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.4%
Child is native 8.0%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.4%
Child is native 6.4%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 93.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.7%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.