E.g., 02/15/2019
E.g., 02/15/2019

State Demographics Data - AK

Alaska

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 58,187
% Foreign Born 7.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 56.5%
% change: 1990-2000 49.8%
Race (%)  
One race 99.1%
White
26.2%
Black or African American
8.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.7%
Asian
55.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
3.6%
Other race
4.3%
Two or more races 0.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 7,511
% Latino 12.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.8%
5-17 7.7%
18-64 76.0%
65 and older 15.5%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

44.3
Gender (% female) 55.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 22.8%
Married 59.0%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 681,608
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 15.6%
% change: 1990-2000 12.3%
Race (%)  
One race 90.8%
White 67.4%
Black or African American 2.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native 16.1%
Asian 2.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 1.0%
Other race 1.3%
Two or more races 9.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 44,201
% Latino 6.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.7%
5-17 18.8%
18-64 62.7%
65 and older 10.9%
Median Age 32.8
Gender (% female) 47.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 35.2%
Married 47.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.7%
Foreign Born
Number 37,170
% Foreign Born 5.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 589,762
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 24,814
% Foreign Born 4.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 525,229
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

58,187
Born in Africa 3,856
Born in Asia 33,471
Born in Europe 7,350
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 8,662
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,514
Born in Oceania 2,334
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

58,187
Europe 58,187
Northern Europe 7,350
United Kingdom
1,120
Ireland
809
Other Northern Europe
13
Western Europe 298
France
2,888
Germany
531
Other Western Europe
1,638
Southern Europe 719
Italy
170
Portugal
111
Other Southern Europe
0
Eastern Europe 59
Poland
3,065
Russia
109
Other Eastern Europe
739
Other Europe (no country specified) 2,217
Asia 107
Eastern Asia 33,471
China
5,098

China, excluding Taiwan

1,218

Taiwan

1,037
Japan
181
Korea
838
Other Eastern Asia
3,042
South Central Asia 0
India
1,417
Iran
180
Other South Central Asia
335
Southeastern Asia 902
Philippines
26,594
Vietnam
18,891
Other Southeastern Asia
1,054
Western Asia 6,649
Israel
147
Lebanon
0
Other Western Asia
46
Other Asia (no country specified) 101
Africa 215
Eastern Africa 3,856
Northern Africa
1,321
Western Africa
1,037
Middle and Southern Africa
1,472
Other Africa (no country specified)
0
Oceania 26
Australia and New Zealand subregion 2,334
Oceania (no country specified) 204
Americas 2,130
Latin America 11,176
Caribbean
8,662

Cuba

1,841

Jamaica

115

Other Caribbean

222
Central America
1,504

Mexico

4,747

El Salvador

3,792

Other Central America

661
South America
294

Brazil

2,074

Colombia

141

Other South America

596
Northern America 1,337
Canada
2,514
Other Northern America
2,514
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 17,108
1990-1999 12,316
2000-2009 13,857
Since 2010 14,906
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 6.6%
Born in Asia 57.5%
Born in Europe 12.6%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 14.9%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4.3%
Born in Oceania 4.0%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 100.0%
Northern Europe 12.6%
United Kingdom 1.9%
Ireland 1.4%
Other Northern Europe 0.0%
Western Europe 0.5%
France 5.0%
Germany 0.9%
Other Western Europe 2.8%
Southern Europe 1.2%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.0%
Eastern Europe 0.1%
Poland 5.3%
Russia 0.2%
Other Eastern Europe 1.3%
Other Europe (no country specified) 3.8%
Asia 0.2%
Eastern Asia 57.5%
China 8.8%
China, excluding Taiwan 2.1%
Taiwan 1.8%
Japan 0.3%
Korea 1.4%
Other Eastern Asia 5.2%
South Central Asia 0.0%
India 2.4%
Iran 0.3%
Other South Central Asia 0.6%
Southeastern Asia 1.6%
Philippines 45.7%
Vietnam 32.5%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.8%
Western Asia 11.4%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.0%
Other Western Asia 0.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 0.4%
Eastern Africa 6.6%
Northern Africa 2.3%
Western Africa 1.8%
Middle and Southern Africa 2.5%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.0%
Oceania 0.0%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 4.0%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.4%
Americas 3.7%
Latin America 19.2%
Caribbean 14.9%
Cuba 3.2%
Jamaica 0.2%
Other Caribbean 0.4%
Central America 2.6%
Mexico 8.2%
El Salvador 6.5%
Other Central America 1.1%
South America 0.5%
Brazil 3.6%
Colombia 0.2%
Other South America 1.0%
Northern America 2.3%
Canada 4.3%
Other Northern America 4.3%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 29.4%
1980-1989 21.2%
1990-1999 23.8%
Since 2000 25.6%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 37,170
Born in Africa 369
Born in Asia 18,826
Born in Europe 7,425
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 6,658
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,895
Cat28 997
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.0%
Born in Asia 50.6%
Born in Europe 20.0%
Born in Latin America 17.9%
Born in Northern America 7.8%
Born in Oceania 2.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 23,860
Born in Africa 226
Born in Asia 11,375
Born in Europe 5,846
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,380
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,584
Cat21 449
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 0
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.9%
Born in Asia 47.7%
Born in Europe 24.5%
Born in Latin America 14.2%
Born in Northern America 10.8%
Born in Oceania 1.9%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 58,187
Naturalized citizens 31,164
Noncitizens 27,023
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 31,164
Before 1980 4,612
1980-1989 4,298
1990-1999 6,836
2000-2009 7,705
Since 2010 7,713
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 53.6%
Noncitizens 46.4%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 14.8%
1980-1989 13.8%
1990-1999 21.9%
2000-2009 24.7%
Since 2010 24.7%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 37,170
Naturalized citizens 20,011
Noncitizens 17,159
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 53.8%
Noncitizens 46.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 24,814
Naturalized citizens 13,365
Noncitizens 11,449
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 53.9%
Noncitizens 46.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 17,886
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 2,117
% married among women who gave birth
90.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
9.7%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 153,565
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 7,844
% married among women who gave birth 76.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 23.9%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.37
Average family size 4.01
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.77
Average family size 3.33
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 172,645
Only native parent(s)
149,135
One or more foreign-born parents
23,510

Child is native

19,652

Child is foreign born

3,858
Children under age 6 with 60,763
Only native parent(s)
52,462
One or more foreign-born parents
8,301

Child is native

7,820

Child is foreign born

481
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 111,882
Only native parent(s)
96,673
One or more foreign-born parents
15,209

Child is native

11,832

Child is foreign born

3,377
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

57,413
Only native parents 46,652
One or more foreign-born parents 10,761
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.6%
Child is native 11.4%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.7%
Child is native 12.9%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.6%
Child is native 10.6%
Child is foreign born 3.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 81.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 180,509
Only native parent(s) 160,891
One or more foreign-born parents 19,618
Child is native 16,486
Child is foreign born 3,132
Children under age 6 with 57,106
Only native parent(s) 50,666
One or more foreign-born parents 6,440
Child is native 6,244
Child is foreign born 196
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 123,403
Only native parent(s) 110,225
One or more foreign-born parents 13,178
Child is native 10,242
Child is foreign born 2,936
Children in Low-Income Families* 58,105
Only native parents 50,160
One or more foreign-born parents 7,945
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.9%
Child is native 9.1%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.3%
Child is native 10.9%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.7%
Child is native 8.3%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 86.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 166,867
Only native parent(s) 153,847
One or more foreign-born parents 13,020
Child is native 11,730
Child is foreign born 1,290
Children under age 6 with 64,291
Only native parent(s) 58,886
One or more foreign-born parents 5,405
Child is native 5,163
Child is foreign born 242
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 102,576
Only native parent(s) 94,961
One or more foreign-born parents 7,615
Child is native 6,567
Child is foreign born 1,048
Children in Low-Income Families* 46,934
Only native parents 43,797
One or more foreign-born parents 3,137
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.8%
Child is native 7.0%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.4%
Child is native 8.0%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.4%
Child is native 6.4%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 93.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.7%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.