E.g., 07/27/2021
E.g., 07/27/2021
State Demographics Data - AK
 

Alaska

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 58,378
% Foreign Born 8.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 57.1%
% change: 1990-2000 49.8%
Race (%)  
One race 98.2%
White
30.1%
Black or African American
6.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native
1.7%
Asian
51.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
4.2%
Other race
4.7%
Two or more races 1.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 9,619
% Latino 16.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.9%
5-17 5.4%
18-64 78.6%
65 and older 15.1%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

44.3
Gender (% female) 55.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 20.0%
Married 60.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 673,167
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 14.1%
% change: 1990-2000 12.3%
Race (%)  
One race 91.6%
White 67.2%
Black or African American 2.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native 17.0%
Asian 2.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 1.1%
Other race 1.5%
Two or more races 8.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 42,929
% Latino 6.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.5%
5-17 18.7%
18-64 61.7%
65 and older 12.1%
Median Age 33.2
Gender (% female) 47.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 34.7%
Married 48.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.1%
Foreign Born
Number 37,170
% Foreign Born 5.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 589,762
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 24,814
% Foreign Born 4.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 525,229
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

58,378
Born in Africa 2,303
Born in Asia 31,391
Born in Europe 7,549
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 10,924
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,539
Born in Oceania 2,672
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

58,378
Europe 7,549
Northern Europe 2,024
United Kingdom
937
Ireland
212
Other Northern Europe
875
Western Europe 2,250
France
432
Germany
1,358
Other Western Europe
460
Southern Europe 260
Italy
224
Portugal
20
Other Southern Europe
16
Eastern Europe 3,015
Poland
96
Russia
771
Other Eastern Europe
2,148
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 31,391
Eastern Asia 6,895
China
1,360

China, excluding Taiwan

1,199

Taiwan

161
Japan
1,471
Korea
4,064
Other Eastern Asia
N
South Central Asia 729
India
578
Iran
79
Other South Central Asia
72
Southeastern Asia 23,216
Philippines
19,474
Vietnam
930
Other Southeastern Asia
2,812
Western Asia 551
Israel
N
Lebanon
N
Other Western Asia
551
Other Asia (no country specified) N
Africa 2,303
Eastern Africa 608
Northern Africa
407
Western Africa
1,043
Middle and Southern Africa
236
Other Africa (no country specified)
9
Oceania 2,672
Australia and New Zealand subregion 327
Oceania (no country specified) 2,345
Americas 14,463
Latin America 10,924
Caribbean
1,479

Cuba

30

Jamaica

73

Other Caribbean

1,376
Central America
7,120

Mexico

5,588

El Salvador

996

Other Central America

536
South America
2,325

Brazil

209

Colombia

1,163

Other South America

953
Northern America 3,539
Canada
3,539
Other Northern America
N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 17,210
1990-1999 9,633
2000-2009 13,261
Since 2010 18,274
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 3.9%
Born in Asia 53.8%
Born in Europe 12.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 18.7%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 6.1%
Born in Oceania 4.6%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 12.9%
Northern Europe 3.5%
United Kingdom 1.6%
Ireland 0.4%
Other Northern Europe 1.5%
Western Europe 3.9%
France 0.7%
Germany 2.3%
Other Western Europe 0.8%
Southern Europe 0.4%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal N
Other Southern Europe N
Eastern Europe 5.2%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 1.3%
Other Eastern Europe 3.7%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 53.8%
Eastern Asia 11.8%
China 2.3%
China, excluding Taiwan 2.1%
Taiwan 0.3%
Japan 2.5%
Korea 7.0%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 1.2%
India 1.0%
Iran 0.1%
Other South Central Asia 0.1%
Southeastern Asia 39.8%
Philippines 33.4%
Vietnam 1.6%
Other Southeastern Asia 4.8%
Western Asia 0.9%
Israel N
Lebanon N
Other Western Asia 0.9%
Other Asia (no country specified) N
Africa 3.9%
Eastern Africa 1.0%
Northern Africa 0.7%
Western Africa 1.8%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.4%
Other Africa (no country specified) N
Oceania 4.6%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.6%
Oceania (no country specified) 4.0%
Americas 24.8%
Latin America 18.7%
Caribbean 2.5%
Cuba 0.1%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 2.4%
Central America 12.2%
Mexico 9.6%
El Salvador 1.7%
Other Central America 0.9%
South America 4.0%
Brazil 0.4%
Colombia 2.0%
Other South America 1.6%
Northern America 6.1%
Canada 6.1%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 29.5%
1980-1989 16.5%
1990-1999 22.7%
Since 2000 31.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 37,170
Born in Africa 369
Born in Asia 18,826
Born in Europe 7,425
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 6,658
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,895
Cat28 997
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.0%
Born in Asia 50.6%
Born in Europe 20.0%
Born in Latin America 17.9%
Born in Northern America 7.8%
Born in Oceania 2.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 23,860
Born in Africa 226
Born in Asia 11,375
Born in Europe 5,846
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,380
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2,584
Cat21 449
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.9%
Born in Asia 47.7%
Born in Europe 24.5%
Born in Latin America 14.2%
Born in Northern America 10.8%
Born in Oceania 1.9%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 58,378
Naturalized citizens 37,209
Noncitizens 21,169
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 37,209
Before 1990 7,526
1990-1999 7,956
2000-2009 8,677
2010-2014 5,028
Since 2015 8,022
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 63.7%
Noncitizens 36.3%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 20.2%
1980-1989 21.4%
1990-1999 23.3%
2000-2009 13.5%
Since 2010 21.6%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 37,170
Naturalized citizens 20,011
Noncitizens 17,159
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 53.8%
Noncitizens 46.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 24,814
Naturalized citizens 13,365
Noncitizens 11,449
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 53.9%
Noncitizens 46.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 16,468
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 1,038
% married among women who gave birth
100.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
0.0%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 150,844
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 9,464
% married among women who gave birth 68.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 32.0%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.30
Average family size 3.97
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.76
Average family size 3.35
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 169,648
Only native parent(s)
144,532
One or more foreign-born parents
25,116

Child is native

21,976

Child is foreign born

3,140
Children under age 6 with 58,881
Only native parent(s)
50,230
One or more foreign-born parents
8,651

Child is native

7,999

Child is foreign born

652
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 110,767
Only native parent(s)
94,302
One or more foreign-born parents
16,465

Child is native

13,977

Child is foreign born

2,488
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

52,802
Only native parents 44,045
One or more foreign-born parents 8,757
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.8%
Child is native 13.0%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.7%
Child is native 13.6%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.9%
Child is native 12.6%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 83.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.6%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 180,509
Only native parent(s) 160,891
One or more foreign-born parents 19,618
Child is native 16,486
Child is foreign born 3,132
Children under age 6 with 57,106
Only native parent(s) 50,666
One or more foreign-born parents 6,440
Child is native 6,244
Child is foreign born 196
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 123,403
Only native parent(s) 110,225
One or more foreign-born parents 13,178
Child is native 10,242
Child is foreign born 2,936
Children in Low-Income Families* 58,105
Only native parents 50,160
One or more foreign-born parents 7,945
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.9%
Child is native 9.1%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.3%
Child is native 10.9%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.7%
Child is native 8.3%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 86.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 166,867
Only native parent(s) 153,847
One or more foreign-born parents 13,020
Child is native 11,730
Child is foreign born 1,290
Children under age 6 with 64,291
Only native parent(s) 58,886
One or more foreign-born parents 5,405
Child is native 5,163
Child is foreign born 242
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 102,576
Only native parent(s) 94,961
One or more foreign-born parents 7,615
Child is native 6,567
Child is foreign born 1,048
Children in Low-Income Families* 46,934
Only native parents 43,797
One or more foreign-born parents 3,137
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.8%
Child is native 7.0%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.4%
Child is native 8.0%
Child is foreign born 0.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.4%
Child is native 6.4%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 93.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.7%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.