E.g., 01/18/2021
E.g., 01/18/2021

State Income Data - IL

Illinois

Income & Poverty
2018
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

1,771,695
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 68.3%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 9.4%
% change: 1990-2000 57.9%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 10.7%
With related children under age 18
14.5%
With related children under age 5
13.5%
Married-couple families 7.9%
With related children under age 18
10.2%
With related children under age 5
9.3%
Families with female householder, no husband present 23.9%
With related children under age 18
33.0%
With related children under age 5
38.2%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 919,812
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.0%
100-199% of the poverty level
15.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
75.1%
Noncitizens 851,883
Below 100% of the poverty level
15.5%
100-199% of the poverty level
23.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
61.0%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 567,011
Below 100% of the poverty level
13.5%
Born in Europe 358,813
Below 100% of the poverty level
8.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 759,870
Below 100% of the poverty level
12.5%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 10,675,576
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 72.5%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 17.2%
% change: 1990-2000 -6.6%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 8.0%
With related children under age 18
13.0%
With related children under age 5
12.5%
Married-couple families 2.8%
With related children under age 18
3.3%
With related children under age 5
2.8%
Families with female householder, no husband present 25.2%
With related children under age 18
34.3%
With related children under age 5
39.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 1,519,369
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 66.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 10,596,673
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 13.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 75.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 926,304
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 21.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 65.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 10,171,329
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 14.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 73.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 11,698,211
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,376,472
Speaks only English
8,924,774
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,010,951
Speaks Spanish
1,617,630
Below 100% of the poverty level 228,713
Speaks other Indo-European languages
666,260
Below 100% of the poverty level 63,662
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
357,635
Below 100% of the poverty level 45,392
Speaks other languages
131,912
Below 100% of the poverty level 27,754
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.8%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.3%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.1%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.6%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.7%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 21.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 834,859
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.2%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 15.0%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 18.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 19.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 18.9%
Earned $75,000 or more 24.5%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 430,270
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
1.7%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
9.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
14.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
20.3%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
21.9%
Earned $75,000 or more
30.3%
Noncitizens (%) 404,589
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.1%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
20.4%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
21.6%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
19.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
15.7%
Earned $75,000 or more
18.4%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $46,736
Female $37,648
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$54,296
Female
$45,838
Noncitizens  
Male
$40,446
Female
$30,486
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 3,645,501
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 9.3%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 13.2%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 18.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 24.5%
Earned $75,000 or more 30.8%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $60,544
Female $47,209
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $61,501
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $69,815
Noncitizens $52,230
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $65,687
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 59.5%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 74.3%
Noncitizens 39.1%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 67.2%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 1,782,096
With health insurance 81.4%
With private health insurance
61.6%
With public coverage
26.6%
No health insurance coverage 18.6%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 921,573
With health insurance 92.1%
With private health insurance
68.6%
With public coverage
34.6%
No health insurance coverage 7.9%
Noncitizens (%) 860,523
With health insurance 69.9%
With private health insurance
54.0%
With public coverage
18.1%
No health insurance coverage 30.1%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 10,781,812
With health insurance 95.0%
With private health insurance
71.6%
With public coverage
35.1%
No health insurance coverage 5.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.