E.g., 06/21/2024
E.g., 06/21/2024
State Income Data - IL
 

Illinois

Income & Poverty
2022
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

1,791,204
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 70.6%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 6.9%
% change: 1990-2000 57.9%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 9.5%
With related children under age 18
13.1%
With related children under age 5
7.4%
Married-couple families 7.1%
With related children under age 18
8.9%
With related children under age 5
5.0%
Families with female householder, no husband present 20.1%
With related children under age 18
31.3%
With related children under age 5
23.2%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 958,516
Below 100% of the poverty level
8.7%
100-199% of the poverty level
14.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
76.4%
Noncitizens 832,688
Below 100% of the poverty level
15.1%
100-199% of the poverty level
20.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
64.0%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 553,599
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.6%
Born in Europe 361,591
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.5%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 780,079
Below 100% of the poverty level
12.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 10,514,815
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.0%
100-199% of the poverty level 13.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 74.3%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 14.5%
% change: 1990-2000 -6.6%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 8.0%
With related children under age 18
13.0%
With related children under age 5
11.2%
Married-couple families 3.1%
With related children under age 18
3.8%
With related children under age 5
3.0%
Families with female householder, no husband present 24.3%
With related children under age 18
32.7%
With related children under age 5
36.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 1,519,369
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 66.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 10,596,673
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 13.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 75.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 926,304
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 21.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 65.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 10,171,329
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 14.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 73.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 11,643,218
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,358,163
Speaks only English
8,843,447
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,017,737
Speaks Spanish
1,615,186
Below 100% of the poverty level 206,919
Speaks other Indo-European languages
679,446
Below 100% of the poverty level 73,947
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
365,171
Below 100% of the poverty level 35,308
Speaks other languages
139,968
Below 100% of the poverty level 24,252
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.7%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.5%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.8%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.9%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.7%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 852,892
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.4%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 6.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 14.6%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 20.7%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 22.1%
Earned $75,000 or more 32.6%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 453,733
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.2%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
1.7%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
4.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
10.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
18.8%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
22.5%
Earned $75,000 or more
40.4%
Noncitizens (%) 399,159
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.7%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
8.6%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
19.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
22.8%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
21.6%
Earned $75,000 or more
23.8%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $56,476
Female $48,225
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$68,664
Female
$53,807
Noncitizens  
Male
$49,559
Female
$39,999
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 3,735,472
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 1.6%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 5.0%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 10.8%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 18.2%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 24.8%
Earned $75,000 or more 38.1%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $68,434
Female $54,190
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $76,733
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $84,593
Noncitizens $67,891
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $76,703
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 64.1%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 76.9%
Noncitizens 45.2%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 67.7%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 1,800,396
With health insurance 81.7%
With private health insurance
59.7%
With public coverage
29.9%
No health insurance coverage 18.3%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 959,501
With health insurance 92.9%
With private health insurance
66.0%
With public coverage
39.1%
No health insurance coverage 7.1%
Noncitizens (%) 840,895
With health insurance 69.0%
With private health insurance
52.4%
With public coverage
19.4%
No health insurance coverage 31.0%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 10,613,010
With health insurance 95.4%
With private health insurance
71.0%
With public coverage
36.8%
No health insurance coverage 4.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.