E.g., 04/17/2021
E.g., 04/17/2021
State Income Data - ID
 

Idaho

Income & Poverty
2019
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

102,064
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 25.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 58.0%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 25.8%
% change: 1990-2000 108.1%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 15.7%
With related children under age 18
20.2%
With related children under age 5
18.4%
Married-couple families 13.9%
With related children under age 18
17.3%
With related children under age 5
23.1%
Families with female householder, no husband present 23.0%
With related children under age 18
32.7%
With related children under age 5
N
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 43,953
Below 100% of the poverty level
14.3%
100-199% of the poverty level
15.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
69.8%
Noncitizens 58,111
Below 100% of the poverty level
18.2%
100-199% of the poverty level
32.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
49.0%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Europe 11,945
Below 100% of the poverty level
12.8%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 1,651,882
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 69.2%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 36.1%
% change: 1990-2000 12.1%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 6.7%
With related children under age 18
10.6%
With related children under age 5
16.3%
Married-couple families 4.1%
With related children under age 18
5.8%
With related children under age 5
7.3%
Families with female householder, no husband present 19.7%
With related children under age 18
27.1%
With related children under age 5
50.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 62,868
Below 100% of the poverty level 21.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 33.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 45.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 1,202,948
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 21.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 67.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 26,700
Below 100% of the poverty level 24.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 32.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 43.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 942,904
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 25.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 62.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 1,640,027
Below 100% of the poverty level 175,716
Speaks only English
1,462,215
Below 100% of the poverty level 145,974
Speaks Spanish
131,895
Below 100% of the poverty level 20,431
Speaks other Indo-European languages
21,701
Below 100% of the poverty level 2,908
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
14,607
Below 100% of the poverty level 2,997
Speaks other languages
9,609
Below 100% of the poverty level 3,406
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.7%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.0%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.5%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.4%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 20.5%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 35.4%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 48,809
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.2%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.5%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 18.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 23.9%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 23.3%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 14.0%
Earned $75,000 or more 15.4%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 19,590
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
1.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
16.1%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
24.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
20.3%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
17.8%
Earned $75,000 or more
18.6%
Noncitizens (%) 29,219
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.8%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
20.4%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
23.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
25.3%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
11.5%
Earned $75,000 or more
13.2%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $40,094
Female $30,341
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$43,185
Female
$30,967
Noncitizens  
Male
$36,855
Female
$29,764
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 525,522
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 12.3%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 17.5%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 22.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 22.2%
Earned $75,000 or more 20.9%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $50,126
Female $37,265
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $52,782
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $57,371
Noncitizens $50,488
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $61,672
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 60.7%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 76.2%
Noncitizens 46.6%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 72.4%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 102,428
With health insurance 72.2%
With private health insurance
58.8%
With public coverage
20.5%
No health insurance coverage 27.8%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 44,013
With health insurance 85.4%
With private health insurance
66.1%
With public coverage
33.0%
No health insurance coverage 14.6%
Noncitizens (%) 58,415
With health insurance 62.3%
With private health insurance
53.3%
With public coverage
11.2%
No health insurance coverage 37.7%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 1,662,483
With health insurance 90.2%
With private health insurance
70.7%
With public coverage
33.2%
No health insurance coverage 9.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.