E.g., 12/18/2018
E.g., 12/18/2018

State Demographics Data - ID

Idaho

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 97,953
% Foreign Born 5.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 52.9%
% change: 1990-2000 121.7%
Race (%)  
One race 96.9%
White
57.3%
Black or African American
1.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
15.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.5%
Other race
22.0%
Two or more races 3.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 56,167
% Latino 57.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.3%
5-17 7.2%
18-64 80.4%
65 and older 12.1%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

40.5
Gender (% female) 51.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.0%
Married 62.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 1,585,187
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 28.9%
% change: 1990-2000 25.8%
Race (%)  
One race 97.5%
White 91.7%
Black or African American 0.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.7%
Asian 0.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 2.8%
Two or more races 2.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 151,081
% Latino 9.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.2%
5-17 19.9%
18-64 57.5%
65 and older 15.4%
Median Age 35.6
Gender (% female) 49.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 27.8%
Married 53.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.9%
Foreign Born
Number 64,080
% Foreign Born 5.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 1,229,873
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 28,905
% Foreign Born 2.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 977,844
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

97,953
Born in Africa 1,882
Born in Asia 20,710
Born in Europe 13,585
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 56,938
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,951
Born in Oceania 887
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Philippines
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

97,953
Europe 13,585
Northern Europe 2,445
United Kingdom
1,909
Ireland
340
Other Northern Europe
196
Western Europe 4,799
France
432
Germany
3,237
Other Western Europe
1,130
Southern Europe 535
Italy
73
Portugal
65
Other Southern Europe
397
Eastern Europe 5,806
Poland
54
Russia
903
Other Eastern Europe
4,849
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 20,710
Eastern Asia 7,206
China
4,860

China, excluding Taiwan

4,111

Taiwan

749
Japan
1,110
Korea
1,155
Other Eastern Asia
81
South Central Asia 5,564
India
2,190
Iran
234
Other South Central Asia
3,140
Southeastern Asia 4,672
Philippines
2,433
Vietnam
653
Other Southeastern Asia
1,586
Western Asia 3,268
Israel
174
Lebanon
0
Other Western Asia
3,094
Other Asia (no country specified) 0
Africa 1,882
Eastern Africa 187
Northern Africa
276
Western Africa
237
Middle and Southern Africa
705
Other Africa (no country specified)
477
Oceania 887
Australia and New Zealand subregion 512
Oceania (no country specified) 375
Americas 60,889
Latin America 56,938
Caribbean
726

Cuba

86

Jamaica

350

Other Caribbean

290
Central America
51,809

Mexico

49,492

El Salvador

1,047

Other Central America

1,270
South America
4,403

Brazil

719

Colombia

387

Other South America

3,297
Northern America 3,951
Canada
3,951
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 28,527
1990-1999 21,209
2000-2009 29,254
Since 2010 18,963
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 1.9%
Born in Asia 21.1%
Born in Europe 13.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 58.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4.0%
Born in Oceania 0.9%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 51.40
Country #2 4.80%
Country #3 3.50
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 13.9%
Northern Europe 2.5%
United Kingdom 1.9%
Ireland 0.3%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 4.9%
France 0.4%
Germany 3.3%
Other Western Europe 1.2%
Southern Europe 0.5%
Italy 0.1%
Portugal 0.1%
Other Southern Europe 0.4%
Eastern Europe 5.9%
Poland 0.1%
Russia 0.9%
Other Eastern Europe 5.0%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 21.1%
Eastern Asia 7.4%
China 5.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.2%
Taiwan 0.8%
Japan 1.1%
Korea 1.2%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 5.7%
India 2.2%
Iran 0.2%
Other South Central Asia 3.2%
Southeastern Asia 4.8%
Philippines 2.5%
Vietnam 0.7%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.6%
Western Asia 3.3%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.0%
Other Western Asia 3.2%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 1.9%
Eastern Africa 0.2%
Northern Africa 0.3%
Western Africa 0.2%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.7%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.5%
Oceania 0.9%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.5%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.4%
Americas 62.2%
Latin America 58.1%
Caribbean 0.7%
Cuba 0.1%
Jamaica 0.4%
Other Caribbean 0.3%
Central America 52.9%
Mexico 50.5%
El Salvador 1.1%
Other Central America 1.3%
South America 4.5%
Brazil 0.7%
Colombia 0.4%
Other South America 3.4%
Northern America 4.0%
Canada 4.0%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 29.1%
1980-1989 21.7%
1990-1999 29.9%
Since 2000 19.4%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 64,080
Born in Africa 545
Born in Asia 8,073
Born in Europe 12,064
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 38,344
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4,542
Cat28 512
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 United Kingdom
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.9%
Born in Asia 12.6%
Born in Europe 18.8%
Born in Latin America 59.8%
Born in Northern America 7.1%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 55.30
Country #2 7.10%
Country #3 3.50
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 28,131
Born in Africa 235
Born in Asia 4,403
Born in Europe 6,454
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 13,350
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,355
Cat21 334
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.8%
Born in Asia 15.7%
Born in Europe 22.9%
Born in Latin America 47.5%
Born in Northern America 11.9%
Born in Oceania 1.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 41.10
Country #2 12.10
Country #3 5.90%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 97,953
Naturalized citizens 37,899
Noncitizens 60,054
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 37,899
Before 1980 3,959
1980-1989 4,213
1990-1999 6,271
2000-2009 13,036
Since 2010 10,420
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 38.7%
Noncitizens 61.3%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 10.4%
1980-1989 11.1%
1990-1999 16.5%
2000-2009 34.4%
Since 2010 27.5%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 64,080
Naturalized citizens 21,203
Noncitizens 42,877
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 33.1%
Noncitizens 66.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 28,905
Naturalized citizens 11,856
Noncitizens 17,049
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 41.0%
Noncitizens 59.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 33,541
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 2,658
% married among women who gave birth
67.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
32.7%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 349,495
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 20,552
% married among women who gave birth 71.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 28.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.46
Average family size 3.93
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.65
Average family size 3.24
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 421,469
Only native parent(s)
363,263
One or more foreign-born parents
58,206

Child is native

53,295

Child is foreign born

4,911
Children under age 6 with 133,275
Only native parent(s)
115,048
One or more foreign-born parents
18,227

Child is native

17,867

Child is foreign born

360
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 288,194
Only native parent(s)
248,215
One or more foreign-born parents
39,979

Child is native

35,428

Child is foreign born

4,551
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

185,599
Only native parents 149,490
One or more foreign-born parents 36,109
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.8%
Child is native 12.6%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.7%
Child is native 13.4%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.9%
Child is native 12.3%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 80.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 355,649
Only native parent(s) 319,415
One or more foreign-born parents 36,234
Child is native 28,671
Child is foreign born 7,563
Children under age 6 with 114,461
Only native parent(s) 101,247
One or more foreign-born parents 13,214
Child is native 12,053
Child is foreign born 1,161
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 241,188
Only native parent(s) 218,168
One or more foreign-born parents 23,020
Child is native 16,618
Child is foreign born 6,402
Children in Low-Income Families* 146,004
Only native parents 122,689
One or more foreign-born parents 23,315
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.2%
Child is native 8.1%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.5%
Child is native 10.5%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.5%
Child is native 6.9%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 292,516
Only native parent(s) 275,900
One or more foreign-born parents 16,616
Child is native 13,756
Child is foreign born 2,860
Children under age 6 with 90,872
Only native parent(s) 85,580
One or more foreign-born parents 5,292
Child is native 4,572
Child is foreign born 720
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 201,644
Only native parent(s) 190,320
One or more foreign-born parents 11,324
Child is native 9,184
Child is foreign born 2,140
Children in Low-Income Families* 136,268
Only native parents 126,348
One or more foreign-born parents 9,920
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.7%
Child is native 4.7%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.8%
Child is native 5.0%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.6%
Child is native 4.6%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.3%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.