E.g., 11/20/2019
E.g., 11/20/2019

State Demographics Data - ID

Idaho

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 101,140
% Foreign Born 5.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 57.8%
% change: 1990-2000 121.7%
Race (%)  
One race 98.5%
White
55.2%
Black or African American
3.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.9%
Asian
15.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.4%
Other race
23.1%
Two or more races 1.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 57,713
% Latino 57.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.6%
5-17 6.1%
18-64 80.6%
65 and older 11.6%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

41.9
Gender (% female) 51.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.1%
Married 60.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.3%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 1,615,803
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 31.4%
% change: 1990-2000 25.8%
Race (%)  
One race 96.8%
White 92.2%
Black or African American 0.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.3%
Asian 0.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.2%
Other race 2.2%
Two or more races 3.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 155,906
% Latino 9.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.1%
5-17 19.9%
18-64 57.5%
65 and older 15.5%
Median Age 35.8
Gender (% female) 49.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 28.0%
Married 53.0%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.0%
Foreign Born
Number 64,080
% Foreign Born 5.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 1,229,873
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 28,905
% Foreign Born 2.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 977,844
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

101,140
Born in Africa 3,705
Born in Asia 18,831
Born in Europe 14,354
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 58,093
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 5,276
Born in Oceania 881
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Philippines
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

101,140
Europe 14,354
Northern Europe 3,168
United Kingdom
2,582
Ireland
210
Other Northern Europe
376
Western Europe 4,538
France
93
Germany
3,271
Other Western Europe
1,174
Southern Europe 1,040
Italy
362
Portugal
12
Other Southern Europe
666
Eastern Europe 5,608
Poland
613
Russia
396
Other Eastern Europe
4,599
Other Europe (no country specified) 0
Asia 18,831
Eastern Asia 6,097
China
4,062

China, excluding Taiwan

3,813

Taiwan

249
Japan
1,100
Korea
935
Other Eastern Asia
0
South Central Asia 3,576
India
1,957
Iran
506
Other South Central Asia
1,113
Southeastern Asia 7,594
Philippines
3,271
Vietnam
732
Other Southeastern Asia
3,591
Western Asia 1,564
Israel
0
Lebanon
0
Other Western Asia
1,564
Other Asia (no country specified) 0
Africa 3,705
Eastern Africa 1,507
Northern Africa
31
Western Africa
149
Middle and Southern Africa
2,018
Other Africa (no country specified)
0
Oceania 881
Australia and New Zealand subregion 393
Oceania (no country specified) 488
Americas 63,369
Latin America 58,093
Caribbean
531

Cuba

0

Jamaica

214

Other Caribbean

317
Central America
54,072

Mexico

52,197

El Salvador

825

Other Central America

1,050
South America
3,490

Brazil

870

Colombia

160

Other South America

2,460
Northern America 5,276
Canada
5,276
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 30,028
1990-1999 20,966
2000-2009 26,949
Since 2010 23,197
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 3.7%
Born in Asia 18.6%
Born in Europe 14.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 57.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 5.2%
Born in Oceania 0.9%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 51.4
Country #2 4.80%
Country #3 3.5
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 14.2%
Northern Europe 3.1%
United Kingdom 2.6%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 4.5%
France 0.1%
Germany 3.2%
Other Western Europe 1.2%
Southern Europe 1.0%
Italy 0.4%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.7%
Eastern Europe 5.5%
Poland 0.6%
Russia 0.4%
Other Eastern Europe 4.5%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 18.6%
Eastern Asia 6.0%
China 4.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 3.8%
Taiwan 0.2%
Japan 1.1%
Korea 0.9%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 3.5%
India 1.9%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 1.1%
Southeastern Asia 7.5%
Philippines 3.2%
Vietnam 0.7%
Other Southeastern Asia 3.6%
Western Asia 1.5%
Israel 0.0%
Lebanon 0.0%
Other Western Asia 1.5%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 3.7%
Eastern Africa 1.5%
Northern Africa 0.0%
Western Africa 0.1%
Middle and Southern Africa 2.0%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.0%
Oceania 0.9%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.4%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.5%
Americas 62.7%
Latin America 57.4%
Caribbean 0.5%
Cuba 0.0%
Jamaica 0.2%
Other Caribbean 0.3%
Central America 53.5%
Mexico 51.6%
El Salvador 0.8%
Other Central America 1.0%
South America 3.5%
Brazil 0.9%
Colombia 0.2%
Other South America 2.4%
Northern America 5.2%
Canada 5.2%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 29.7%
1980-1989 20.7%
1990-1999 26.6%
Since 2000 22.9%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 64,080
Born in Africa 545
Born in Asia 8,073
Born in Europe 12,064
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 38,344
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4,542
Cat28 512
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 United Kingdom
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.9%
Born in Asia 12.6%
Born in Europe 18.8%
Born in Latin America 59.8%
Born in Northern America 7.1%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 55.3
Country #2 7.10%
Country #3 3.5
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 28,131
Born in Africa 235
Born in Asia 4,403
Born in Europe 6,454
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 13,350
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 3,355
Cat21 334
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 0
Country #2 Canada
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.8%
Born in Asia 15.7%
Born in Europe 22.9%
Born in Latin America 47.5%
Born in Northern America 11.9%
Born in Oceania 1.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 41.1
Country #2 12.1
Country #3 5.90%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 101,140
Naturalized citizens 40,197
Noncitizens 60,943
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 40,197
Before 1980 4,848
1980-1989 3,862
1990-1999 6,875
2000-2009 12,081
Since 2010 12,531
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.7%
Noncitizens 60.3%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 12.1%
1980-1989 9.6%
1990-1999 17.1%
2000-2009 30.1%
Since 2010 31.2%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 64,080
Naturalized citizens 21,203
Noncitizens 42,877
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 33.1%
Noncitizens 66.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 28,905
Naturalized citizens 11,856
Noncitizens 17,049
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 41.0%
Noncitizens 59.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 33,374
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 2,397
% married among women who gave birth
85.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
14.9%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 357,255
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 22,326
% married among women who gave birth 74.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 25.7%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.32
Average family size 3.74
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.65
Average family size 3.25
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 426,375
Only native parent(s)
370,120
One or more foreign-born parents
56,255

Child is native

49,685

Child is foreign born

6,570
Children under age 6 with 134,263
Only native parent(s)
114,937
One or more foreign-born parents
19,326

Child is native

17,795

Child is foreign born

1,531
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 292,112
Only native parent(s)
255,183
One or more foreign-born parents
36,929

Child is native

31,890

Child is foreign born

5,039
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

176,768
Only native parents 139,848
One or more foreign-born parents 36,920
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 86.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 13.2%
Child is native 11.7%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 85.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 14.4%
Child is native 13.3%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.6%
Child is native 10.9%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 79.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 20.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 355,649
Only native parent(s) 319,415
One or more foreign-born parents 36,234
Child is native 28,671
Child is foreign born 7,563
Children under age 6 with 114,461
Only native parent(s) 101,247
One or more foreign-born parents 13,214
Child is native 12,053
Child is foreign born 1,161
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 241,188
Only native parent(s) 218,168
One or more foreign-born parents 23,020
Child is native 16,618
Child is foreign born 6,402
Children in Low-Income Families* 146,004
Only native parents 122,689
One or more foreign-born parents 23,315
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.2%
Child is native 8.1%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.5%
Child is native 10.5%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.5%
Child is native 6.9%
Child is foreign born 2.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 292,516
Only native parent(s) 275,900
One or more foreign-born parents 16,616
Child is native 13,756
Child is foreign born 2,860
Children under age 6 with 90,872
Only native parent(s) 85,580
One or more foreign-born parents 5,292
Child is native 4,572
Child is foreign born 720
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 201,644
Only native parent(s) 190,320
One or more foreign-born parents 11,324
Child is native 9,184
Child is foreign born 2,140
Children in Low-Income Families* 136,268
Only native parents 126,348
One or more foreign-born parents 9,920
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.7%
Child is native 4.7%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.8%
Child is native 5.0%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.6%
Child is native 4.6%
Child is foreign born 1.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 92.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.3%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.