E.g., 01/21/2020
E.g., 01/21/2020

State Income Data - CA

California

Income & Poverty
2017
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

10,560,230
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 21.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 64.1%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 -8.2%
% change: 1990-2000 35.4%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 13.1%
With related children under age 18
18.1%
With related children under age 5
12.3%
Married-couple families 9.5%
With related children under age 18
12.3%
With related children under age 5
8.1%
Families with female householder, no husband present 27.1%
With related children under age 18
39.2%
With related children under age 5
34.5%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 5,466,728
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.6%
100-199% of the poverty level
16.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
73.8%
Noncitizens 5,093,502
Below 100% of the poverty level
19.7%
100-199% of the poverty level
26.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
53.6%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa 184,239
Below 100% of the poverty level
15.7%
Born in Asia 4,196,830
Below 100% of the poverty level
12.0%
Born in Europe 679,755
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.6%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,278,550
Below 100% of the poverty level
17.2%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 130,170
Below 100% of the poverty level
8.1%
Born in Oceania 90,686
Below 100% of the poverty level
6.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 28,232,797
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 70.9%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 20.6%
% change: 1990-2000 32.3%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 7.5%
With related children under age 18
11.8%
With related children under age 5
11.4%
Married-couple families 3.5%
With related children under age 18
4.6%
With related children under age 5
3.6%
Families with female householder, no husband present 20.4%
With related children under age 18
29.1%
With related children under age 5
35.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 8,827,024
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 25.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 55.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 24,360,815
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 71.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 6,318,742
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 26.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 54.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 22,607,323
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 74.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 36,371,531
Below 100% of the poverty level 4,705,518
Speaks only English
20,124,287
Below 100% of the poverty level 2,153,865
Speaks Spanish
10,543,398
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,859,836
Speaks other Indo-European languages
1,680,198
Below 100% of the poverty level 200,277
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
3,653,575
Below 100% of the poverty level 420,507
Speaks other languages
370,073
Below 100% of the poverty level 71,033
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.9%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.7%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.6%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.9%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.5%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 4,522,404
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.8%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 17.1%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 17.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 17.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 17.0%
Earned $75,000 or more 25.8%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 2,411,960
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
10.8%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
13.4%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
18.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
21.0%
Earned $75,000 or more
32.6%
Noncitizens (%) 2,110,444
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.8%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
5.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
24.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
21.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
17.2%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
12.4%
Earned $75,000 or more
18.0%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $44,220
Female $40,104
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$56,941
Female
$47,374
Noncitizens  
Male
$35,420
Female
$29,543
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 8,457,288
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.5%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 10.3%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 12.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 17.3%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 21.8%
Earned $75,000 or more 34.3%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $60,422
Female $50,529
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $62,491
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $74,047
Noncitizens $50,031
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $76,584
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 49.1%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 62.8%
Noncitizens 29.0%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 57.6%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 10,587,433
With health insurance 86.5%
With private health insurance
54.4%
With public coverage
38.6%
No health insurance coverage 13.5%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 5,467,573
With health insurance 95.1%
With private health insurance
64.1%
With public coverage
41.2%
No health insurance coverage 4.9%
Noncitizens (%) 5,119,860
With health insurance 77.3%
With private health insurance
44.1%
With public coverage
35.9%
No health insurance coverage 22.7%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 28,459,402
With health insurance 95.2%
With private health insurance
67.0%
With public coverage
38.3%
No health insurance coverage 4.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.