E.g., 10/16/2019
E.g., 10/16/2019

State Demographics Data - CA

California

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 10,653,414
% Foreign Born 26.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 20.2%
% change: 1990-2000 37.2%
Race (%)  
One race 98.0%
White
39.0%
Black or African American
1.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
34.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.4%
Other race
22.1%
Two or more races 2.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 5,221,268
% Latino 49.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.5%
5-17 3.4%
18-64 78.4%
65 and older 17.6%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

47.4
Gender (% female) 52.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 23.0%
Married 60.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 28,883,239
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 15.5%
% change: 1990-2000 7.3%
Race (%)  
One race 94.0%
White 65.9%
Black or African American 7.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.9%
Asian 7.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.4%
Other race 12.3%
Two or more races 6.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 10,256,038
% Latino 35.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 8.3%
5-17 21.6%
18-64 57.5%
65 and older 12.6%
Median Age 30.2
Gender (% female) 49.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 44.0%
Married 39.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.2%
Foreign Born
Number 8,864,255
% Foreign Born 26.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 25,007,393
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 6,458,825
% Foreign Born 21.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 23,301,196
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

10,653,414
Born in Africa 186,194
Born in Asia 4,234,036
Born in Europe 686,493
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,323,840
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 131,647
Born in Oceania 91,204
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

10,653,414
Europe 686,493
Northern Europe 172,528
United Kingdom
131,692
Ireland
14,209
Other Northern Europe
26,627
Western Europe 160,417
France
42,063
Germany
78,126
Other Western Europe
40,228
Southern Europe 88,519
Italy
32,962
Portugal
27,693
Other Southern Europe
27,864
Eastern Europe 262,871
Poland
21,134
Russia
69,886
Other Eastern Europe
171,851
Other Europe (no country specified) 2,158
Asia 4,234,036
Eastern Asia 1,408,397
China
968,777

China, excluding Taiwan

783,305

Taiwan

185,472
Japan
106,439
Korea
327,266
Other Eastern Asia
5,915
South Central Asia 880,049
India
506,971
Iran
219,170
Other South Central Asia
153,908
Southeastern Asia 1,647,350
Philippines
857,414
Vietnam
523,561
Other Southeastern Asia
266,375
Western Asia 287,599
Israel
37,531
Lebanon
31,924
Other Western Asia
218,144
Other Asia (no country specified) 10,641
Africa 186,194
Eastern Africa 57,071
Northern Africa
50,674
Western Africa
38,720
Middle and Southern Africa
30,791
Other Africa (no country specified)
8,938
Oceania 91,204
Australia and New Zealand subregion 34,784
Oceania (no country specified) 56,420
Americas 5,455,487
Latin America 5,323,840
Caribbean
71,612

Cuba

35,364

Jamaica

13,755

Other Caribbean

22,493
Central America
4,973,654

Mexico

4,098,291

El Salvador

431,748

Other Central America

443,615
South America
278,574

Brazil

46,653

Colombia

45,919

Other South America

186,002
Northern America 131,647
Canada
131,279
Other Northern America
368
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 4,175,272
1990-1999 2,468,525
2000-2009 2,368,287
Since 2010 1,641,330
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 1.7%
Born in Asia 39.7%
Born in Europe 6.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 50.0%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.2%
Born in Oceania 0.9%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 41.4
Country #2 8.10%
Country #3 5.9
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 6.4%
Northern Europe 1.6%
United Kingdom 1.2%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 1.5%
France 0.4%
Germany 0.7%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 0.8%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.3%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 2.5%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.7%
Other Eastern Europe 1.6%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 39.7%
Eastern Asia 13.2%
China 9.1%
China, excluding Taiwan 7.4%
Taiwan 1.7%
Japan 1.0%
Korea 3.1%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 8.3%
India 4.8%
Iran 2.1%
Other South Central Asia 1.4%
Southeastern Asia 15.5%
Philippines 8.0%
Vietnam 4.9%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.5%
Western Asia 2.7%
Israel 0.4%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 2.0%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 1.7%
Eastern Africa 0.5%
Northern Africa 0.5%
Western Africa 0.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 0.9%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.5%
Americas 51.2%
Latin America 50.0%
Caribbean 0.7%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 0.2%
Central America 46.7%
Mexico 38.5%
El Salvador 4.1%
Other Central America 4.2%
South America 2.6%
Brazil 0.4%
Colombia 0.4%
Other South America 1.7%
Northern America 1.2%
Canada 1.2%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 39.2%
1980-1989 23.2%
1990-1999 22.2%
Since 2000 15.4%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 8,864,255
Born in Africa 113,255
Born in Asia 2,918,642
Born in Europe 696,578
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,926,803
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 141,779
Cat28 67,131
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.3%
Born in Asia 32.9%
Born in Europe 7.9%
Born in Latin America 55.6%
Born in Northern America 1.6%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 44.3
Country #2 7.50%
Country #3 4.7
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 6,194,042
Born in Africa 65,864
Born in Asia 2,000,601
Born in Europe 672,264
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,259,414
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 151,023
Cat21 44,876
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 368
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 El Salvador
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.1%
Born in Asia 32.3%
Born in Europe 10.9%
Born in Latin America 52.6%
Born in Northern America 2.4%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 38
Country #2 7.50%
Country #3 4.40%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 10,653,414
Naturalized citizens 5,500,685
Noncitizens 5,152,729
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 5,500,685
Before 1980 492,288
1980-1989 719,752
1990-1999 1,337,199
2000-2009 1,690,912
Since 2010 1,260,534
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 51.6%
Noncitizens 48.4%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 8.9%
1980-1989 13.1%
1990-1999 24.3%
2000-2009 30.7%
Since 2010 22.9%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 8,864,255
Naturalized citizens 3,473,266
Noncitizens 5,390,989
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.2%
Noncitizens 60.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 6,458,825
Naturalized citizens 2,017,610
Noncitizens 4,441,215
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 31.2%
Noncitizens 68.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,972,038
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 161,762
% married among women who gave birth
78.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
21.9%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 6,714,697
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 307,195
% married among women who gave birth 62.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 37.5%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.6
Average family size 4.01
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.67
Average family size 3.3
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 8,636,131
Only native parent(s)
4,498,253
One or more foreign-born parents
4,137,878

Child is native

3,768,912

Child is foreign born

368,966
Children under age 6 with 2,824,448
Only native parent(s)
1,620,494
One or more foreign-born parents
1,203,954

Child is native

1,142,167

Child is foreign born

61,787
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 5,811,683
Only native parent(s)
2,877,759
One or more foreign-born parents
2,933,924

Child is native

2,626,745

Child is foreign born

307,179
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

3,409,414
Only native parents 1,446,796
One or more foreign-born parents 1,962,618
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 52.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 47.9%
Child is native 43.6%
Child is foreign born 4.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 57.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 42.6%
Child is native 40.4%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 49.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 50.5%
Child is native 45.2%
Child is foreign born 5.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 42.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 57.6%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 8,665,495
Only native parent(s) 4,562,505
One or more foreign-born parents 4,102,990
Child is native 3,350,480
Child is foreign born 752,510
Children under age 6 with 2,802,560
Only native parent(s) 1,451,874
One or more foreign-born parents 1,350,686
Child is native 1,246,648
Child is foreign born 104,038
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 5,862,935
Only native parent(s) 3,110,631
One or more foreign-born parents 2,752,304
Child is native 2,103,832
Child is foreign born 648,472
Children in Low-Income Families* 3,618,200
Only native parents 1,391,962
One or more foreign-born parents 2,226,238
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 52.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 47.3%
Child is native 38.7%
Child is foreign born 8.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 51.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 48.2%
Child is native 44.5%
Child is foreign born 3.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 53.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 46.9%
Child is native 35.9%
Child is foreign born 11.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 38.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 61.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 7,339,599
Only native parent(s) 4,518,986
One or more foreign-born parents 2,820,613
Child is native 2,065,919
Child is foreign born 754,694
Children under age 6 with 2,721,307
Only native parent(s) 1,688,217
One or more foreign-born parents 1,033,090
Child is native 901,882
Child is foreign born 131,208
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 4,618,292
Only native parent(s) 2,830,769
One or more foreign-born parents 1,787,523
Child is native 1,164,037
Child is foreign born 623,486
Children in Low-Income Families* 2,844,587
Only native parents 1,333,615
One or more foreign-born parents 1,510,972
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 61.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.4%
Child is native 28.1%
Child is foreign born 10.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 62.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.0%
Child is native 33.1%
Child is foreign born 4.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 61.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.7%
Child is native 25.2%
Child is foreign born 13.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 46.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 53.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.