E.g., 02/20/2018
E.g., 02/20/2018

State Demographics Data - CA

California

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 10,677,663
% Foreign Born 27.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 20.5%
% change: 1990-2000 37.2%
Race (%)  
One race 98.0%
White
40.7%
Black or African American
1.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
33.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.4%
Other race
21.5%
Two or more races 2.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 5,352,883
% Latino 50.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.6%
5-17 3.7%
18-64 79.0%
65 and older 16.7%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

46.7
Gender (% female) 51.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 23.5%
Married 60.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 28,572,354
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 14.3%
% change: 1990-2000 7.3%
Race (%)  
One race 94.2%
White 66.8%
Black or African American 7.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.9%
Asian 7.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.4%
Other race 11.7%
Two or more races 5.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 9,927,893
% Latino 34.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 8.5%
5-17 21.8%
18-64 57.3%
65 and older 12.5%
Median Age 30.1
Gender (% female) 49.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 43.6%
Married 39.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.7%
Foreign Born
Number 8,864,255
% Foreign Born 26.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 25,007,393
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 6,458,825
% Foreign Born 21.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 23,301,196
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

10,677,502
Born in Africa 190,592
Born in Asia 4,150,537
Born in Europe 673,351
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,459,801
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 120,745
Born in Oceania 82,476
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

10,677,502
Europe 673,351
Northern Europe 177,276
United Kingdom
128,100
Ireland
19,376
Other Northern Europe
29,800
Western Europe 153,208
France
37,814
Germany
74,662
Other Western Europe
40,732
Southern Europe 81,799
Italy
29,737
Portugal
27,358
Other Southern Europe
24,704
Eastern Europe 259,423
Poland
24,767
Russia
67,880
Other Eastern Europe
166,776
Other Europe (no country specified) 1,645
Asia 4,150,537
Eastern Asia 1,363,775
China
929,142

China, excluding Taiwan

748,626

Taiwan

180,516
Japan
105,897
Korea
324,102
Other Eastern Asia
4,634
South Central Asia 837,962
India
479,604
Iran
212,211
Other South Central Asia
146,147
Southeastern Asia 1,643,098
Philippines
833,164
Vietnam
536,089
Other Southeastern Asia
273,845
Western Asia 295,403
Israel
32,304
Lebanon
32,930
Other Western Asia
230,169
Other Asia (no country specified) 10,299
Africa 190,592
Eastern Africa 61,820
Northern Africa
50,415
Western Africa
43,220
Middle and Southern Africa
27,567
Other Africa (no country specified)
7,570
Oceania 82,476
Australia and New Zealand subregion 29,305
Oceania (no country specified) 53,171
Americas 5,580,546
Latin America 5,459,801
Caribbean
67,924

Cuba

30,658

Jamaica

15,683

Other Caribbean

21,583
Central America
5,134,527

Mexico

4,235,643

El Salvador

457,385

Other Central America

441,499
South America
257,350

Brazil

46,723

Colombia

39,417

Other South America

171,210
Northern America 120,745
Canada
119,971
Other Northern America
774
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 4,252,360
1990-1999 2,521,009
2000-2009 2,456,710
Since 2010 1,447,584
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 1.8%
Born in Asia 38.9%
Born in Europe 6.3%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 51.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.1%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 41.40
Country #2 8.10%
Country #3 5.90
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 6.3%
Northern Europe 1.7%
United Kingdom 1.2%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 1.4%
France 0.4%
Germany 0.7%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 0.8%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.3%
Other Southern Europe 0.2%
Eastern Europe 2.4%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.6%
Other Eastern Europe 1.6%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 38.9%
Eastern Asia 12.8%
China 8.7%
China, excluding Taiwan 7.0%
Taiwan 1.7%
Japan 1.0%
Korea 3.0%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 7.8%
India 4.5%
Iran 2.0%
Other South Central Asia 1.4%
Southeastern Asia 15.4%
Philippines 7.8%
Vietnam 5.0%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.6%
Western Asia 2.8%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 2.2%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 1.8%
Eastern Africa 0.6%
Northern Africa 0.5%
Western Africa 0.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 0.8%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.5%
Americas 52.3%
Latin America 51.1%
Caribbean 0.6%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 0.2%
Central America 48.1%
Mexico 39.7%
El Salvador 4.3%
Other Central America 4.1%
South America 2.4%
Brazil 0.4%
Colombia 0.4%
Other South America 1.6%
Northern America 1.1%
Canada 1.1%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 39.8%
1980-1989 23.6%
1990-1999 23.0%
Since 2000 13.6%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 8,864,255
Born in Africa 113,255
Born in Asia 2,918,642
Born in Europe 696,578
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,926,803
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 141,779
Cat28 67,131
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.3%
Born in Asia 32.9%
Born in Europe 7.9%
Born in Latin America 55.6%
Born in Northern America 1.6%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 44.30
Country #2 7.50%
Country #3 4.70
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 6,194,042
Born in Africa 65,864
Born in Asia 2,000,601
Born in Europe 672,264
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,259,414
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 151,023
Cat21 44,876
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Philippines
Country #3 El Salvador
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.1%
Born in Asia 32.3%
Born in Europe 10.9%
Born in Latin America 52.6%
Born in Northern America 2.4%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 38.00
Country #2 7.50%
Country #3 4.40%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 10,677,663
Naturalized citizens 5,369,508
Noncitizens 5,308,155
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 5,369,508
Before 1980 484,878
1980-1989 730,833
1990-1999 1,355,786
2000-2009 1,700,094
Since 2010 1,097,917
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 50.3%
Noncitizens 49.7%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 9.0%
1980-1989 13.6%
1990-1999 25.2%
2000-2009 31.7%
Since 2010 20.4%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 8,864,255
Naturalized citizens 3,473,266
Noncitizens 5,390,989
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.2%
Noncitizens 60.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 6,458,825
Naturalized citizens 2,017,610
Noncitizens 4,441,215
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 31.2%
Noncitizens 68.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 3,021,069
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 162,536
% married among women who gave birth
77.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
22.9%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 6,625,557
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 309,293
% married among women who gave birth 63.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 36.8%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.62
Average family size 4.00
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.65
Average family size 3.27
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 8,675,154
Only native parent(s)
4,415,623
One or more foreign-born parents
4,259,531

Child is native

3,857,313

Child is foreign born

402,218
Children under age 6 with 2,872,763
Only native parent(s)
1,599,221
One or more foreign-born parents
1,273,542

Child is native

1,202,948

Child is foreign born

70,594
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 5,802,391
Only native parent(s)
2,816,402
One or more foreign-born parents
2,985,989

Child is native

2,654,365

Child is foreign born

331,624
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

3,672,672
Only native parents 1,480,651
One or more foreign-born parents 2,192,021
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 50.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 49.1%
Child is native 44.5%
Child is foreign born 4.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 55.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 44.3%
Child is native 41.9%
Child is foreign born 2.5%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 48.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 51.5%
Child is native 45.7%
Child is foreign born 5.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 40.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 59.7%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 8,665,495
Only native parent(s) 4,562,505
One or more foreign-born parents 4,102,990
Child is native 3,350,480
Child is foreign born 752,510
Children under age 6 with 2,802,560
Only native parent(s) 1,451,874
One or more foreign-born parents 1,350,686
Child is native 1,246,648
Child is foreign born 104,038
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 5,862,935
Only native parent(s) 3,110,631
One or more foreign-born parents 2,752,304
Child is native 2,103,832
Child is foreign born 648,472
Children in Low-Income Families* 3,618,200
Only native parents 1,391,962
One or more foreign-born parents 2,226,238
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 52.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 47.3%
Child is native 38.7%
Child is foreign born 8.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 51.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 48.2%
Child is native 44.5%
Child is foreign born 3.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 53.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 46.9%
Child is native 35.9%
Child is foreign born 11.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 38.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 61.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 7,339,599
Only native parent(s) 4,518,986
One or more foreign-born parents 2,820,613
Child is native 2,065,919
Child is foreign born 754,694
Children under age 6 with 2,721,307
Only native parent(s) 1,688,217
One or more foreign-born parents 1,033,090
Child is native 901,882
Child is foreign born 131,208
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 4,618,292
Only native parent(s) 2,830,769
One or more foreign-born parents 1,787,523
Child is native 1,164,037
Child is foreign born 623,486
Children in Low-Income Families* 2,844,587
Only native parents 1,333,615
One or more foreign-born parents 1,510,972
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 61.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.4%
Child is native 28.1%
Child is foreign born 10.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 62.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.0%
Child is native 33.1%
Child is foreign born 4.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 61.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.7%
Child is native 25.2%
Child is foreign born 13.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 46.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 53.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.