E.g., 07/24/2021
E.g., 07/24/2021
State Demographics Data - CA
 

California

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 10,564,220
% Foreign Born 26.7%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 19.2%
% change: 1990-2000 37.2%
Race (%)  
One race 97.8%
White
40.2%
Black or African American
1.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
34.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.5%
Other race
20.1%
Two or more races 2.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 5,123,794
% Latino 48.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.5%
5-17 3.4%
18-64 77.1%
65 and older 19.0%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

48.5
Gender (% female) 52.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 22.1%
Married 61.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 28,948,003
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 15.8%
% change: 1990-2000 7.3%
Race (%)  
One race 94.0%
White 66.4%
Black or African American 7.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.0%
Asian 7.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.4%
Other race 11.4%
Two or more races 6.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 10,451,088
% Latino 36.1%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 8.0%
5-17 21.3%
18-64 57.5%
65 and older 13.2%
Median Age 30.7
Gender (% female) 49.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 44.5%
Married 39.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.9%
Foreign Born
Number 8,864,255
% Foreign Born 26.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 25,007,393
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 6,458,825
% Foreign Born 21.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 23,301,196
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

10,564,220
Born in Africa 219,641
Born in Asia 4,244,004
Born in Europe 656,349
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,229,159
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 124,843
Born in Oceania 90,224
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

10,564,220
Europe 656,349
Northern Europe 158,924
United Kingdom
118,591
Ireland
14,345
Other Northern Europe
25,988
Western Europe 154,309
France
40,819
Germany
72,255
Other Western Europe
41,235
Southern Europe 77,185
Italy
27,840
Portugal
21,085
Other Southern Europe
28,260
Eastern Europe 264,930
Poland
24,757
Russia
73,131
Other Eastern Europe
167,042
Other Europe (no country specified) 1,001
Asia 4,244,004
Eastern Asia 1,390,483
China
968,199

China, excluding Taiwan

796,706

Taiwan

171,493
Japan
102,392
Korea
315,278
Other Eastern Asia
4,614
South Central Asia 896,549
India
522,371
Iran
212,629
Other South Central Asia
161,549
Southeastern Asia 1,659,762
Philippines
867,794
Vietnam
532,146
Other Southeastern Asia
259,822
Western Asia 285,788
Israel
31,658
Lebanon
31,520
Other Western Asia
222,610
Other Asia (no country specified) 11,422
Africa 219,641
Eastern Africa 72,456
Northern Africa
57,689
Western Africa
48,788
Middle and Southern Africa
32,331
Other Africa (no country specified)
8,377
Oceania 90,224
Australia and New Zealand subregion 29,880
Oceania (no country specified) 60,344
Americas 5,354,002
Latin America 5,229,159
Caribbean
70,416

Cuba

31,263

Jamaica

13,061

Other Caribbean

26,092
Central America
4,875,999

Mexico

3,951,224

El Salvador

446,414

Other Central America

478,361
South America
282,744

Brazil

51,555

Colombia

53,263

Other South America

177,926
Northern America 124,843
Canada
124,593
Other Northern America
250
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 4,038,362
1990-1999 2,331,481
2000-2009 2,309,655
Since 2010 1,884,722
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 2.1%
Born in Asia 40.2%
Born in Europe 6.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 49.5%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.2%
Born in Oceania 0.9%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 6.2%
Northern Europe 1.5%
United Kingdom 1.1%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 1.5%
France 0.4%
Germany 0.7%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 0.7%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 2.5%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.7%
Other Eastern Europe 1.6%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 40.2%
Eastern Asia 13.2%
China 9.2%
China, excluding Taiwan 7.5%
Taiwan 1.6%
Japan 1.0%
Korea 3.0%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 8.5%
India 4.9%
Iran 2.0%
Other South Central Asia 1.5%
Southeastern Asia 15.7%
Philippines 8.2%
Vietnam 5.0%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.5%
Western Asia 2.7%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 2.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 2.1%
Eastern Africa 0.7%
Northern Africa 0.5%
Western Africa 0.5%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 0.9%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.6%
Americas 50.7%
Latin America 49.5%
Caribbean 0.7%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 0.2%
Central America 46.2%
Mexico 37.4%
El Salvador 4.2%
Other Central America 4.5%
South America 2.7%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 0.5%
Other South America 1.7%
Northern America 1.2%
Canada 1.2%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 38.2%
1980-1989 22.1%
1990-1999 21.9%
Since 2000 17.8%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 8,864,255
Born in Africa 113,255
Born in Asia 2,918,642
Born in Europe 696,578
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,926,803
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 141,779
Cat28 67,131
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.3%
Born in Asia 32.9%
Born in Europe 7.9%
Born in Latin America 55.6%
Born in Northern America 1.6%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 6,194,042
Born in Africa 65,864
Born in Asia 2,000,601
Born in Europe 672,264
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,259,414
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 151,023
Cat21 44,876
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.1%
Born in Asia 32.3%
Born in Europe 10.9%
Born in Latin America 52.6%
Born in Northern America 2.4%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 10,564,220
Naturalized citizens 5,662,600
Noncitizens 4,901,620
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 5,662,600
Before 1990 1,189,739
1990-1999 1,307,282
2000-2009 1,655,196
2010-2014 714,620
Since 2015 795,763
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 53.6%
Noncitizens 46.4%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 21.0%
1980-1989 23.1%
1990-1999 29.2%
2000-2009 12.6%
Since 2010 14.1%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 8,864,255
Naturalized citizens 3,473,266
Noncitizens 5,390,989
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.2%
Noncitizens 60.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 6,458,825
Naturalized citizens 2,017,610
Noncitizens 4,441,215
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 31.2%
Noncitizens 68.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,850,045
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 144,468
% married among women who gave birth
83.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
16.6%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 6,764,113
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 306,503
% married among women who gave birth 64.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 35.7%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.50
Average family size 3.90
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.67
Average family size 3.30
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 8,443,527
Only native parent(s)
4,448,712
One or more foreign-born parents
3,994,815

Child is native

3,636,939

Child is foreign born

357,876
Children under age 6 with 2,711,253
Only native parent(s)
1,576,401
One or more foreign-born parents
1,134,852

Child is native

1,077,784

Child is foreign born

57,068
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 5,732,274
Only native parent(s)
2,872,311
One or more foreign-born parents
2,859,963

Child is native

2,559,155

Child is foreign born

300,808
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

3,077,628
Only native parents 1,329,021
One or more foreign-born parents 1,748,607
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 52.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 47.3%
Child is native 43.1%
Child is foreign born 4.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 58.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 41.9%
Child is native 39.8%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 50.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 49.9%
Child is native 44.6%
Child is foreign born 5.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 43.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 56.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 8,665,495
Only native parent(s) 4,562,505
One or more foreign-born parents 4,102,990
Child is native 3,350,480
Child is foreign born 752,510
Children under age 6 with 2,802,560
Only native parent(s) 1,451,874
One or more foreign-born parents 1,350,686
Child is native 1,246,648
Child is foreign born 104,038
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 5,862,935
Only native parent(s) 3,110,631
One or more foreign-born parents 2,752,304
Child is native 2,103,832
Child is foreign born 648,472
Children in Low-Income Families* 3,618,200
Only native parents 1,391,962
One or more foreign-born parents 2,226,238
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 52.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 47.3%
Child is native 38.7%
Child is foreign born 8.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 51.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 48.2%
Child is native 44.5%
Child is foreign born 3.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 53.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 46.9%
Child is native 35.9%
Child is foreign born 11.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 38.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 61.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 7,339,599
Only native parent(s) 4,518,986
One or more foreign-born parents 2,820,613
Child is native 2,065,919
Child is foreign born 754,694
Children under age 6 with 2,721,307
Only native parent(s) 1,688,217
One or more foreign-born parents 1,033,090
Child is native 901,882
Child is foreign born 131,208
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 4,618,292
Only native parent(s) 2,830,769
One or more foreign-born parents 1,787,523
Child is native 1,164,037
Child is foreign born 623,486
Children in Low-Income Families* 2,844,587
Only native parents 1,333,615
One or more foreign-born parents 1,510,972
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 61.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.4%
Child is native 28.1%
Child is foreign born 10.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 62.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.0%
Child is native 33.1%
Child is foreign born 4.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 61.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.7%
Child is native 25.2%
Child is foreign born 13.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 46.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 53.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.