E.g., 04/07/2020
E.g., 04/07/2020

State Demographics Data - CA

California

Demographics & Social
2018
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 10,625,980
% Foreign Born 26.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 19.9%
% change: 1990-2000 37.2%
Race (%)  
One race 97.8%
White
40.6%
Black or African American
1.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
34.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.4%
Other race
20.3%
Two or more races 2.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 5,208,800
% Latino 49.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.5%
5-17 3.5%
18-64 77.6%
65 and older 18.4%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

48
Gender (% female) 51.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 22.7%
Married 61.0%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 28,931,065
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 15.7%
% change: 1990-2000 7.3%
Race (%)  
One race 93.9%
White 66.4%
Black or African American 7.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.9%
Asian 7.5%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.4%
Other race 11.4%
Two or more races 6.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 10,331,342
% Latino 35.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 8.2%
5-17 21.4%
18-64 57.6%
65 and older 12.8%
Median Age 30.5
Gender (% female) 49.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 44.2%
Married 39.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.1%
Foreign Born
Number 8,864,255
% Foreign Born 26.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 25,007,393
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 6,458,825
% Foreign Born 21.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 23,301,196
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

10,625,936
Born in Africa 202,449
Born in Asia 4,222,408
Born in Europe 684,336
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,301,868
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 130,373
Born in Oceania 84,502
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

10,625,936
Europe 684,336
Northern Europe 175,223
United Kingdom
128,852
Ireland
16,888
Other Northern Europe
29,483
Western Europe 154,216
France
41,755
Germany
71,971
Other Western Europe
40,490
Southern Europe 89,150
Italy
34,155
Portugal
23,082
Other Southern Europe
31,913
Eastern Europe 263,263
Poland
21,740
Russia
66,196
Other Eastern Europe
175,327
Other Europe (no country specified) 2,484
Asia 4,222,408
Eastern Asia 1,406,599
China
979,340

China, excluding Taiwan

798,069

Taiwan

181,271
Japan
112,316
Korea
312,012
Other Eastern Asia
2,931
South Central Asia 894,908
India
532,306
Iran
199,633
Other South Central Asia
162,969
Southeastern Asia 1,622,362
Philippines
847,502
Vietnam
515,259
Other Southeastern Asia
259,601
Western Asia 287,092
Israel
32,919
Lebanon
28,274
Other Western Asia
225,899
Other Asia (no country specified) 11,447
Africa 202,449
Eastern Africa 61,782
Northern Africa
58,334
Western Africa
53,636
Middle and Southern Africa
23,333
Other Africa (no country specified)
5,364
Oceania 84,502
Australia and New Zealand subregion 29,221
Oceania (no country specified) 55,281
Americas 5,432,241
Latin America 5,301,868
Caribbean
72,966

Cuba

37,182

Jamaica

14,728

Other Caribbean

21,056
Central America
4,952,633

Mexico

4,048,020

El Salvador

461,944

Other Central America

442,669
South America
276,269

Brazil

45,949

Colombia

52,606

Other South America

177,714
Northern America 130,373
Canada
129,859
Other Northern America
514
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 4,080,627
1990-1999 2,354,234
2000-2009 2,362,247
Since 2010 1,828,872
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 1.9%
Born in Asia 39.7%
Born in Europe 6.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 49.9%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.2%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 6.4%
Northern Europe 1.6%
United Kingdom 1.2%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 1.5%
France 0.4%
Germany 0.7%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 0.8%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 2.5%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.6%
Other Eastern Europe 1.6%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 39.7%
Eastern Asia 13.2%
China 9.2%
China, excluding Taiwan 7.5%
Taiwan 1.7%
Japan 1.1%
Korea 2.9%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 8.4%
India 5.0%
Iran 1.9%
Other South Central Asia 1.5%
Southeastern Asia 15.3%
Philippines 8.0%
Vietnam 4.8%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.4%
Western Asia 2.7%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 2.1%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 1.9%
Eastern Africa 0.6%
Northern Africa 0.5%
Western Africa 0.5%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.2%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 0.8%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.5%
Americas 51.1%
Latin America 49.9%
Caribbean 0.7%
Cuba 0.3%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 0.2%
Central America 46.6%
Mexico 38.1%
El Salvador 4.3%
Other Central America 4.2%
South America 2.6%
Brazil 0.4%
Colombia 0.5%
Other South America 1.7%
Northern America 1.2%
Canada 1.2%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 38.4%
1980-1989 22.2%
1990-1999 22.2%
Since 2000 17.2%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 8,864,255
Born in Africa 113,255
Born in Asia 2,918,642
Born in Europe 696,578
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,926,803
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 141,779
Cat28 67,131
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.3%
Born in Asia 32.9%
Born in Europe 7.9%
Born in Latin America 55.6%
Born in Northern America 1.6%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 6,194,042
Born in Africa 65,864
Born in Asia 2,000,601
Born in Europe 672,264
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,259,414
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 151,023
Cat21 44,876
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.1%
Born in Asia 32.3%
Born in Europe 10.9%
Born in Latin America 52.6%
Born in Northern America 2.4%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 10,625,980
Naturalized citizens 5,577,936
Noncitizens 5,048,044
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 5,577,936
Before 1990 1,218,061
1990-1999 1,301,113
2000-2009 1,639,929
2010-2014 762,028
Since 2015 656,805
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 52.5%
Noncitizens 47.5%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 21.8%
1980-1989 23.3%
1990-1999 29.4%
2000-2009 13.7%
Since 2010 11.8%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 8,864,255
Naturalized citizens 3,473,266
Noncitizens 5,390,989
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.2%
Noncitizens 60.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 6,458,825
Naturalized citizens 2,017,610
Noncitizens 4,441,215
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 31.2%
Noncitizens 68.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,881,931
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 148,452
% married among women who gave birth
76.8%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
23.2%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 6,765,241
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 305,575
% married among women who gave birth 63.7%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 36.3%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 4
U.S. Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 4
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 8,576,341
Only native parent(s)
4,537,147
One or more foreign-born parents
4,039,194

Child is native

3,670,052

Child is foreign born

369,142
Children under age 6 with 2,789,122
Only native parent(s)
1,623,279
One or more foreign-born parents
1,165,843

Child is native

1,106,021

Child is foreign born

59,822
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 5,787,219
Only native parent(s)
2,913,868
One or more foreign-born parents
2,873,351

Child is native

2,564,031

Child is foreign born

309,320
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

3,286,959
Only native parents 1,440,647
One or more foreign-born parents 1,846,312
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 52.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 47.1%
Child is native 42.8%
Child is foreign born 4.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 58.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 41.8%
Child is native 39.7%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 50.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 49.6%
Child is native 44.3%
Child is foreign born 5.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 43.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 56.2%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 8,665,495
Only native parent(s) 4,562,505
One or more foreign-born parents 4,102,990
Child is native 3,350,480
Child is foreign born 752,510
Children under age 6 with 2,802,560
Only native parent(s) 1,451,874
One or more foreign-born parents 1,350,686
Child is native 1,246,648
Child is foreign born 104,038
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 5,862,935
Only native parent(s) 3,110,631
One or more foreign-born parents 2,752,304
Child is native 2,103,832
Child is foreign born 648,472
Children in Low-Income Families* 3,618,200
Only native parents 1,391,962
One or more foreign-born parents 2,226,238
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 52.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 47.3%
Child is native 38.7%
Child is foreign born 8.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 51.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 48.2%
Child is native 44.5%
Child is foreign born 3.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 53.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 46.9%
Child is native 35.9%
Child is foreign born 11.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 38.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 61.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 7,339,599
Only native parent(s) 4,518,986
One or more foreign-born parents 2,820,613
Child is native 2,065,919
Child is foreign born 754,694
Children under age 6 with 2,721,307
Only native parent(s) 1,688,217
One or more foreign-born parents 1,033,090
Child is native 901,882
Child is foreign born 131,208
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 4,618,292
Only native parent(s) 2,830,769
One or more foreign-born parents 1,787,523
Child is native 1,164,037
Child is foreign born 623,486
Children in Low-Income Families* 2,844,587
Only native parents 1,333,615
One or more foreign-born parents 1,510,972
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 61.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.4%
Child is native 28.1%
Child is foreign born 10.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 62.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.0%
Child is native 33.1%
Child is foreign born 4.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 61.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.7%
Child is native 25.2%
Child is foreign born 13.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 46.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 53.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.