E.g., 06/14/2024
E.g., 06/14/2024
State Demographics Data - CA
 

California

Demographics & Social
2022
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 10,428,025
% Foreign Born 26.7%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 17.6%
% change: 1990-2000 37.2%
Race (%)  
One race 82.1%
White
16.1%
Black or African American
1.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native
1.3%
Asian
35.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.4%
Other race
27.5%
Two or more races 17.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 5,010,643
% Latino 48.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.4%
5-17 3.4%
18-64 75.4%
65 and older 20.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

49.9
Gender (% female) 51.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 22.5%
Married 60.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 28,601,317
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 14.4%
% change: 1990-2000 7.3%
Race (%)  
One race 80.6%
White 47.2%
Black or African American 6.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.3%
Asian 8.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.4%
Other race 16.6%
Two or more races 19.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 10,721,541
% Latino 37.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.2%
5-17 21.1%
18-64 57.7%
65 and older 13.9%
Median Age 31.7
Gender (% female) 49.5%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 45.6%
Married 39.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.9%
Foreign Born
Number 8,864,255
% Foreign Born 26.2%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 25,007,393
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 6,458,825
% Foreign Born 21.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 23,301,196
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

10,427,985
Born in Africa 204,269
Born in Asia 4,243,771
Born in Europe 665,148
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 5,105,869
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 129,196
Born in Oceania 79,732
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

10,427,985
Europe 665,148
Northern Europe 157,550
United Kingdom
120,109
Ireland
13,837
Other Northern Europe
23,604
Western Europe 145,762
France
40,250
Germany
71,153
Other Western Europe
34,359
Southern Europe 82,766
Italy
29,679
Portugal
24,245
Other Southern Europe
28,842
Eastern Europe 277,612
Poland
20,563
Russia
73,087
Other Eastern Europe
183,962
Other Europe (no country specified) 1,458
Asia 4,243,771
Eastern Asia 1,385,280
China
963,754

China, excluding Taiwan

789,573

Taiwan

174,181
Japan
95,485
Korea
320,162
Other Eastern Asia
5,879
South Central Asia 981,587
India
579,387
Iran
216,689
Other South Central Asia
185,511
Southeastern Asia 1,575,647
Philippines
800,706
Vietnam
517,945
Other Southeastern Asia
256,996
Western Asia 293,308
Israel
33,151
Lebanon
28,989
Other Western Asia
231,168
Other Asia (no country specified) 7,949
Africa 204,269
Eastern Africa 58,990
Northern Africa 54,758
Western Africa 56,665
Middle and Southern Africa 28,254
Other Africa (no country specified) 5,602
Oceania 79,732
Australia and New Zealand subregion 29,632
Oceania (no country specified) 50,100
Americas 5,235,065
Latin America 5,105,869
Caribbean
68,633

Cuba

25,172

Jamaica

14,996

Other Caribbean

28,465
Central America
4,728,916

Mexico

3,820,641

El Salvador

422,589

Other Central America

485,686
South America
308,320

Brazil

55,394

Colombia

64,403

Other South America

188,523
Northern America 129,196
Canada
128,811
Other Northern America
385
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 3,662,280
1990-1999 2,171,394
2000-2009 2,195,635
Since 2010 2,398,716
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 2.0%
Born in Asia 40.7%
Born in Europe 6.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 49.0%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.2%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 6.4%
Northern Europe 1.5%
United Kingdom 1.2%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 1.4%
France 0.4%
Germany 0.7%
Other Western Europe 0.3%
Southern Europe 0.8%
Italy 0.3%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.3%
Eastern Europe 2.7%
Poland 0.2%
Russia 0.7%
Other Eastern Europe 1.8%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 40.7%
Eastern Asia 13.3%
China 9.2%
China, excluding Taiwan 7.6%
Taiwan 1.7%
Japan 0.9%
Korea 3.1%
Other Eastern Asia 0.1%
South Central Asia 9.4%
India 5.6%
Iran 2.1%
Other South Central Asia 1.8%
Southeastern Asia 15.1%
Philippines 7.7%
Vietnam 5.0%
Other Southeastern Asia 2.5%
Western Asia 2.8%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.3%
Other Western Asia 2.2%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 2.0%
Eastern Africa 0.6%
Northern Africa 0.5%
Western Africa 0.5%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 0.8%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.5%
Americas 50.2%
Latin America 49.0%
Caribbean 0.7%
Cuba 0.2%
Jamaica 0.1%
Other Caribbean 0.3%
Central America 45.3%
Mexico 36.6%
El Salvador 4.1%
Other Central America 4.7%
South America 3.0%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 0.6%
Other South America 1.8%
Northern America 1.2%
Canada 1.2%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 35.1%
1980-1989 20.8%
1990-1999 21.1%
Since 2000 23.0%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 8,864,255
Born in Africa 113,255
Born in Asia 2,918,642
Born in Europe 696,578
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 4,926,803
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 141,779
Cat28 67,131
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.3%
Born in Asia 32.9%
Born in Europe 7.9%
Born in Latin America 55.6%
Born in Northern America 1.6%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 6,194,042
Born in Africa 65,864
Born in Asia 2,000,601
Born in Europe 672,264
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,259,414
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 151,023
Cat21 44,876
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.1%
Born in Asia 32.3%
Born in Europe 10.9%
Born in Latin America 52.6%
Born in Northern America 2.4%
Born in Oceania 0.7%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 10,428,025
Naturalized citizens 5,676,038
Noncitizens 4,751,987
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 5,676,038
Before 1990 1,094,447
1990-1999 1,213,316
2000-2009 1,472,027
2010-2014 694,616
Since 2015 1,201,632
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 54.4%
Noncitizens 45.6%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 19.3%
1980-1989 21.4%
1990-1999 25.9%
2000-2009 12.2%
Since 2010 21.2%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 8,864,255
Naturalized citizens 3,473,266
Noncitizens 5,390,989
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.2%
Noncitizens 60.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 6,458,825
Naturalized citizens 2,017,610
Noncitizens 4,441,215
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 31.2%
Noncitizens 68.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 2,563,884
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 135,055
% married among women who gave birth
77.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
22.9%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 6,816,110
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 318,795
% married among women who gave birth 65.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 34.6%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.32
Average family size 3.72
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.57
Average family size 3.2
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.

 
Children under age 18 with 8,079,875
Only native parent(s)
4,405,399
One or more foreign-born parents
3,674,476

Child is native

3,325,794

Child is foreign born

348,682
Children under age 6 with 2,442,371
Only native parent(s)
1,464,506
One or more foreign-born parents
977,865

Child is native

928,209

Child is foreign born

49,656
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 5,637,504
Only native parent(s)
2,940,893
One or more foreign-born parents
2,696,611

Child is native

2,397,585

Child is foreign born

299,026
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

2,801,426
Only native parents 1,322,842
One or more foreign-born parents 1,478,584
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 54.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 45.5%
Child is native 41.2%
Child is foreign born 4.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 60.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 40.0%
Child is native 38.0%
Child is foreign born 2.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 52.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 47.8%
Child is native 42.5%
Child is foreign born 5.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 47.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 52.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 8,665,495
Only native parent(s) 4,562,505
One or more foreign-born parents 4,102,990
Child is native 3,350,480
Child is foreign born 752,510
Children under age 6 with 2,802,560
Only native parent(s) 1,451,874
One or more foreign-born parents 1,350,686
Child is native 1,246,648
Child is foreign born 104,038
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 5,862,935
Only native parent(s) 3,110,631
One or more foreign-born parents 2,752,304
Child is native 2,103,832
Child is foreign born 648,472
Children in Low-Income Families* 3,618,200
Only native parents 1,391,962
One or more foreign-born parents 2,226,238
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 52.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 47.3%
Child is native 38.7%
Child is foreign born 8.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 51.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 48.2%
Child is native 44.5%
Child is foreign born 3.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 53.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 46.9%
Child is native 35.9%
Child is foreign born 11.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 38.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 61.5%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 7,339,599
Only native parent(s) 4,518,986
One or more foreign-born parents 2,820,613
Child is native 2,065,919
Child is foreign born 754,694
Children under age 6 with 2,721,307
Only native parent(s) 1,688,217
One or more foreign-born parents 1,033,090
Child is native 901,882
Child is foreign born 131,208
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 4,618,292
Only native parent(s) 2,830,769
One or more foreign-born parents 1,787,523
Child is native 1,164,037
Child is foreign born 623,486
Children in Low-Income Families* 2,844,587
Only native parents 1,333,615
One or more foreign-born parents 1,510,972
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 61.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.4%
Child is native 28.1%
Child is foreign born 10.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 62.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.0%
Child is native 33.1%
Child is foreign born 4.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 61.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.7%
Child is native 25.2%
Child is foreign born 13.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 46.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 53.1%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • Race and Hispanic origin: In preparation for the 2020 Decennial Census, the Census Bureau has made some improvements and changes in how the respondents were asked about their race and Hispanic origin on the 2020 decennial Census form. The goal was to achieve a more accurate portrait of how U.S. residents self-identify. The same changes in the questionnaire design were implemented in the subsequent ACS as well. Note that the racial composition of the U.S. population in the current ACS looks different from pre-2020 data. For instance, the proportion of people who reported “two or more races” has increased, while the proportion of “white alone” decreased, reflecting both the growth of a more racially diverse population and the changes in the questionnaire design. Race and Hispanic origin comparisons between the current ACS and pre-2020 data should be made with caution, taking into account the changes in the questionnaire design. For more details, visit the Census Bureau’s Resource Library.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children: The data here include children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau has included children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.