E.g., 07/29/2021
E.g., 07/29/2021
State Demographics Data - NY
 

New York

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 4,360,291
% Foreign Born 22.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 12.7%
% change: 1990-2000 35.6%
Race (%)  
One race 96.6%
White
33.2%
Black or African American
19.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
26.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
16.6%
Two or more races 3.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 1,373,963
% Latino 31.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.5%
5-17 4.3%
18-64 74.8%
65 and older 20.4%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

48.1
Gender (% female) 53.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 25.6%
Married 56.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 15,093,270
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -0.1%
% change: 1990-2000 -0.2%
Race (%)  
One race 96.7%
White 71.9%
Black or African American 14.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.4%
Asian 3.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 6.2%
Two or more races 3.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 2,375,294
% Latino 15.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.3%
5-17 18.0%
18-64 58.8%
65 and older 15.9%
Median Age 35
Gender (% female) 50.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 42.7%
Married 40.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.6%
Foreign Born
Number 3,868,133
% Foreign Born 20.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 15,108,324
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 2,851,861
% Foreign Born 15.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 15,138,594
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

4,360,291
Born in Africa 197,904
Born in Asia 1,324,358
Born in Europe 661,760
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,105,700
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 53,025
Born in Oceania 17,544
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

4,360,291
Europe 661,760
Northern Europe 92,243
United Kingdom
58,553
Ireland
24,295
Other Northern Europe
9,395
Western Europe 81,298
France
22,986
Germany
37,444
Other Western Europe
20,868
Southern Europe 132,546
Italy
82,655
Portugal
8,859
Other Southern Europe
41,032
Eastern Europe 353,363
Poland
65,306
Russia
79,779
Other Eastern Europe
208,278
Other Europe (no country specified) 2,310
Asia 1,324,358
Eastern Asia 592,728
China
482,728

China, excluding Taiwan

455,016

Taiwan

27,712
Japan
24,928
Korea
84,745
Other Eastern Asia
327
South Central Asia 437,923
India
166,724
Iran
17,000
Other South Central Asia
254,199
Southeastern Asia 174,176
Philippines
91,472
Vietnam
27,358
Other Southeastern Asia
55,346
Western Asia 114,082
Israel
26,892
Lebanon
7,280
Other Western Asia
79,910
Other Asia (no country specified) 5,449
Africa 197,904
Eastern Africa 21,814
Northern Africa
43,147
Western Africa
104,774
Middle and Southern Africa
16,188
Other Africa (no country specified)
11,981
Oceania 17,544
Australia and New Zealand subregion 16,838
Oceania (no country specified) 706
Americas 2,158,725
Latin America 2,105,700
Caribbean
1,045,525

Cuba

22,246

Jamaica

229,318

Other Caribbean

793,961
Central America
487,936

Mexico

205,865

El Salvador

107,724

Other Central America

174,347
South America
572,239

Brazil

32,065

Colombia

109,400

Other South America

430,774
Northern America 53,025
Canada
52,321
Other Northern America
704
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 1,372,521
1990-1999 997,101
2000-2009 994,353
Since 2010 996,316
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 4.5%
Born in Asia 30.4%
Born in Europe 15.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 48.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.2%
Born in Oceania 0.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 15.2%
Northern Europe 2.1%
United Kingdom 1.3%
Ireland 0.6%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 1.9%
France 0.5%
Germany 0.9%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 3.0%
Italy 1.9%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.9%
Eastern Europe 8.1%
Poland 1.5%
Russia 1.8%
Other Eastern Europe 4.8%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.1%
Asia 30.4%
Eastern Asia 13.6%
China 11.1%
China, excluding Taiwan 10.4%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 0.6%
Korea 1.9%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 10.0%
India 3.8%
Iran 0.4%
Other South Central Asia 5.8%
Southeastern Asia 4.0%
Philippines 2.1%
Vietnam 0.6%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.3%
Western Asia 2.6%
Israel 0.6%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.8%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 4.5%
Eastern Africa 0.5%
Northern Africa 1.0%
Western Africa 2.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.4%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.4%
Oceania (no country specified) N
Americas 49.5%
Latin America 48.3%
Caribbean 24.0%
Cuba 0.5%
Jamaica 5.3%
Other Caribbean 18.2%
Central America 11.2%
Mexico 4.7%
El Salvador 2.5%
Other Central America 4.0%
South America 13.1%
Brazil 0.7%
Colombia 2.5%
Other South America 9.9%
Northern America 1.2%
Canada 1.2%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 31.5%
1980-1989 22.9%
1990-1999 22.8%
Since 2000 22.8%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 3,868,133
Born in Africa 116,936
Born in Asia 916,597
Born in Europe 879,307
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,891,612
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 55,962
Cat28 7,680
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.0%
Born in Asia 23.7%
Born in Europe 22.7%
Born in Latin America 48.9%
Born in Northern America 1.4%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 2,692,871
Born in Africa 55,819
Born in Asia 556,662
Born in Europe 842,395
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,174,849
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 58,142
Cat21 5,004
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.1%
Born in Asia 20.7%
Born in Europe 31.3%
Born in Latin America 43.6%
Born in Northern America 2.2%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 4,360,291
Naturalized citizens 2,596,160
Noncitizens 1,764,131
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 2,596,160
Before 1990 520,599
1990-1999 552,067
2000-2009 738,423
2010-2014 375,152
Since 2015 409,919
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 59.5%
Noncitizens 40.5%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 20.1%
1980-1989 21.3%
1990-1999 28.4%
2000-2009 14.5%
Since 2010 15.8%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 3,868,133
Naturalized citizens 1,783,744
Noncitizens 2,084,389
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.1%
Noncitizens 53.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 2,851,861
Naturalized citizens 1,297,020
Noncitizens 1,554,841
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.5%
Noncitizens 54.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,175,378
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 57,327
% married among women who gave birth
77.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
22.5%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 3,455,492
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 160,386
% married among women who gave birth 68.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 31.5%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.98
Average family size 3.50
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.38
Average family size 3.08
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 3,807,538
Only native parent(s)
2,425,682
One or more foreign-born parents
1,381,856

Child is native

1,200,118

Child is foreign born

181,738
Children under age 6 with 1,273,622
Only native parent(s)
828,196
One or more foreign-born parents
445,426

Child is native

418,993

Child is foreign born

26,433
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,533,916
Only native parent(s)
1,597,486
One or more foreign-born parents
936,430

Child is native

781,125

Child is foreign born

155,305
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

1,368,226
Only native parents 806,330
One or more foreign-born parents 561,896
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 63.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 36.3%
Child is native 31.5%
Child is foreign born 4.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 65.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 35.0%
Child is native 32.9%
Child is foreign born 2.1%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 63.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 37.0%
Child is native 30.8%
Child is foreign born 6.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 58.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 41.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 4,417,334
Only native parent(s) 3,089,671
One or more foreign-born parents 1,327,663
Child is native 1,045,461
Child is foreign born 282,202
Children under age 6 with 1,413,576
Only native parent(s) 981,101
One or more foreign-born parents 432,475
Child is native 398,136
Child is foreign born 34,339
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 3,003,758
Only native parent(s) 2,108,570
One or more foreign-born parents 895,188
Child is native 647,325
Child is foreign born 247,863
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,681,554
Only native parents 1,063,562
One or more foreign-born parents 617,992
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.1%
Child is native 23.7%
Child is foreign born 6.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.6%
Child is native 28.2%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.8%
Child is native 21.6%
Child is foreign born 8.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 63.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 36.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 4,031,575
Only native parent(s) 3,070,395
One or more foreign-born parents 961,180
Child is native 725,064
Child is foreign born 236,116
Children under age 6 with 1,425,439
Only native parent(s) 1,105,162
One or more foreign-born parents 320,277
Child is native 280,946
Child is foreign born 39,331
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,606,136
Only native parent(s) 1,965,233
One or more foreign-born parents 640,903
Child is native 444,118
Child is foreign born 196,785
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,438,999
Only native parents 1,035,797
One or more foreign-born parents 403,202
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 76.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.8%
Child is native 18.0%
Child is foreign born 5.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.5%
Child is native 19.7%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.6%
Child is native 17.0%
Child is foreign born 7.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.