E.g., 12/04/2020
E.g., 12/04/2020

State Demographics Data - NY

New York

Demographics & Social
2018
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 4,447,165
% Foreign Born 22.8%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 15.0%
% change: 1990-2000 35.6%
Race (%)  
One race 96.8%
White
33.5%
Black or African American
19.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
26.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
17.2%
Two or more races 3.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 1,414,639
% Latino 31.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.5%
5-17 4.1%
18-64 75.9%
65 and older 19.5%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

47.5
Gender (% female) 53.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 25.6%
Married 56.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.8%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 15,095,044
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -0.1%
% change: 1990-2000 -0.2%
Race (%)  
One race 96.7%
White 72.1%
Black or African American 14.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.4%
Asian 3.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 6.1%
Two or more races 3.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 2,337,884
% Latino 15.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.4%
5-17 18.2%
18-64 58.9%
65 and older 15.5%
Median Age 35
Gender (% female) 50.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 42.4%
Married 41.0%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.6%
Foreign Born
Number 3,868,133
% Foreign Born 20.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 15,108,324
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 2,851,861
% Foreign Born 15.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 15,138,594
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

4,447,165
Born in Africa 226,101
Born in Asia 1,309,309
Born in Europe 698,833
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,138,990
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 58,602
Born in Oceania 15,330
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

4,447,165
Europe 698,833
Northern Europe 105,133
United Kingdom
65,319
Ireland
29,100
Other Northern Europe
10,714
Western Europe 88,626
France
30,037
Germany
41,051
Other Western Europe
17,538
Southern Europe 140,816
Italy
85,609
Portugal
10,631
Other Southern Europe
44,576
Eastern Europe 362,211
Poland
68,680
Russia
76,712
Other Eastern Europe
216,819
Other Europe (no country specified) 2,047
Asia 1,309,309
Eastern Asia 595,720
China
483,374

China, excluding Taiwan

447,128

Taiwan

36,246
Japan
29,571
Korea
82,676
Other Eastern Asia
99
South Central Asia 426,002
India
160,427
Iran
18,136
Other South Central Asia
247,439
Southeastern Asia 163,515
Philippines
85,744
Vietnam
25,991
Other Southeastern Asia
51,780
Western Asia 120,821
Israel
28,669
Lebanon
8,379
Other Western Asia
83,773
Other Asia (no country specified) 3,251
Africa 226,101
Eastern Africa 26,114
Northern Africa
47,667
Western Africa
121,281
Middle and Southern Africa
13,864
Other Africa (no country specified)
17,175
Oceania 15,330
Australia and New Zealand subregion 14,772
Oceania (no country specified) 558
Americas 2,197,592
Latin America 2,138,990
Caribbean
1,072,497

Cuba

22,679

Jamaica

207,036

Other Caribbean

842,782
Central America
484,162

Mexico

223,333

El Salvador

104,507

Other Central America

156,322
South America
582,331

Brazil

27,776

Colombia

103,499

Other South America

451,056
Northern America 58,602
Canada
58,299
Other Northern America
303
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 1,420,800
1990-1999 1,004,173
2000-2009 1,036,734
Since 2010 985,458
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 5.1%
Born in Asia 29.4%
Born in Europe 15.7%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 48.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.3%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 15.7%
Northern Europe 2.4%
United Kingdom 1.5%
Ireland 0.7%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 2.0%
France 0.7%
Germany 0.9%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 3.2%
Italy 1.9%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 1.0%
Eastern Europe 8.1%
Poland 1.5%
Russia 1.7%
Other Eastern Europe 4.9%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 29.4%
Eastern Asia 13.4%
China 10.9%
China, excluding Taiwan 10.1%
Taiwan 0.8%
Japan 0.7%
Korea 1.9%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 9.6%
India 3.6%
Iran 0.4%
Other South Central Asia 5.6%
Southeastern Asia 3.7%
Philippines 1.9%
Vietnam 0.6%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.2%
Western Asia 2.7%
Israel 0.6%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.9%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 5.1%
Eastern Africa 0.6%
Northern Africa 1.1%
Western Africa 2.7%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.4%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 49.4%
Latin America 48.1%
Caribbean 24.1%
Cuba 0.5%
Jamaica 4.7%
Other Caribbean 19.0%
Central America 10.9%
Mexico 5.0%
El Salvador 2.3%
Other Central America 3.5%
South America 13.1%
Brazil 0.6%
Colombia 2.3%
Other South America 10.1%
Northern America 1.3%
Canada 1.3%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 31.9%
1980-1989 22.6%
1990-1999 23.3%
Since 2000 22.2%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 3,868,133
Born in Africa 116,936
Born in Asia 916,597
Born in Europe 879,307
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,891,612
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 55,962
Cat28 7,680
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.0%
Born in Asia 23.7%
Born in Europe 22.7%
Born in Latin America 48.9%
Born in Northern America 1.4%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 2,692,871
Born in Africa 55,819
Born in Asia 556,662
Born in Europe 842,395
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,174,849
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 58,142
Cat21 5,004
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.1%
Born in Asia 20.7%
Born in Europe 31.3%
Born in Latin America 43.6%
Born in Northern America 2.2%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 4,447,165
Naturalized citizens 2,596,988
Noncitizens 1,850,177
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 2,596,988
Before 1990 541,005
1990-1999 556,666
2000-2009 750,378
2010-2014 397,505
Since 2015 351,434
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 58.4%
Noncitizens 41.6%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 20.8%
1980-1989 21.4%
1990-1999 28.9%
2000-2009 15.3%
Since 2010 13.5%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 3,868,133
Naturalized citizens 1,783,744
Noncitizens 2,084,389
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.1%
Noncitizens 53.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 2,851,861
Naturalized citizens 1,297,020
Noncitizens 1,554,841
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.5%
Noncitizens 54.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,228,010
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 65,111
% married among women who gave birth
79.5%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
20.5%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 3,453,866
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 150,935
% married among women who gave birth 69.0%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 31.0%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 4
U.S. Born
Average household size 2
Average family size 3
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 3,857,145
Only native parent(s)
2,414,040
One or more foreign-born parents
1,443,105

Child is native

1,265,544

Child is foreign born

177,561
Children under age 6 with 1,289,787
Only native parent(s)
817,684
One or more foreign-born parents
472,103

Child is native

448,069

Child is foreign born

24,034
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,567,358
Only native parent(s)
1,596,356
One or more foreign-born parents
971,002

Child is native

817,475

Child is foreign born

153,527
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

1,453,765
Only native parents 822,508
One or more foreign-born parents 631,257
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 62.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 37.4%
Child is native 32.8%
Child is foreign born 4.6%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 63.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 36.6%
Child is native 34.7%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 62.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 37.8%
Child is native 31.8%
Child is foreign born 6.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 56.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 43.4%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 4,417,334
Only native parent(s) 3,089,671
One or more foreign-born parents 1,327,663
Child is native 1,045,461
Child is foreign born 282,202
Children under age 6 with 1,413,576
Only native parent(s) 981,101
One or more foreign-born parents 432,475
Child is native 398,136
Child is foreign born 34,339
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 3,003,758
Only native parent(s) 2,108,570
One or more foreign-born parents 895,188
Child is native 647,325
Child is foreign born 247,863
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,681,554
Only native parents 1,063,562
One or more foreign-born parents 617,992
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.1%
Child is native 23.7%
Child is foreign born 6.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.6%
Child is native 28.2%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.8%
Child is native 21.6%
Child is foreign born 8.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 63.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 36.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 4,031,575
Only native parent(s) 3,070,395
One or more foreign-born parents 961,180
Child is native 725,064
Child is foreign born 236,116
Children under age 6 with 1,425,439
Only native parent(s) 1,105,162
One or more foreign-born parents 320,277
Child is native 280,946
Child is foreign born 39,331
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,606,136
Only native parent(s) 1,965,233
One or more foreign-born parents 640,903
Child is native 444,118
Child is foreign born 196,785
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,438,999
Only native parents 1,035,797
One or more foreign-born parents 403,202
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 76.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.8%
Child is native 18.0%
Child is foreign born 5.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.5%
Child is native 19.7%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.6%
Child is native 17.0%
Child is foreign born 7.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.