E.g., 06/20/2019
E.g., 06/20/2019

State Demographics Data - NY

New York

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 4,540,381
% Foreign Born 22.9%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 17.4%
% change: 1990-2000 35.6%
Race (%)  
One race 97.2%
White
33.2%
Black or African American
19.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
26.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
17.7%
Two or more races 2.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 1,446,240
% Latino 31.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.6%
5-17 4.4%
18-64 76.2%
65 and older 18.9%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

47.1
Gender (% female) 53.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 26.8%
Married 55.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 18.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 15,309,018
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 1.3%
% change: 1990-2000 -0.2%
Race (%)  
One race 96.9%
White 72.0%
Black or African American 14.8%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.4%
Asian 3.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 6.3%
Two or more races 3.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 2,365,414
% Latino 15.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.4%
5-17 18.3%
18-64 59.3%
65 and older 15.1%
Median Age 34.6
Gender (% female) 51.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 43.0%
Married 40.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.5%
Foreign Born
Number 3,868,133
% Foreign Born 20.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 15,108,324
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 2,851,861
% Foreign Born 15.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 15,138,594
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

4,540,381
Born in Africa 203,259
Born in Asia 1,347,278
Born in Europe 718,185
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,203,767
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 53,566
Born in Oceania 14,326
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 China (exc. Taiwan)
Country #2 Jamaica
Country #3 Mexico
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

4,540,381
Europe 718,185
Northern Europe 98,802
United Kingdom
61,235
Ireland
28,007
Other Northern Europe
9,560
Western Europe 92,839
France
26,153
Germany
43,111
Other Western Europe
23,575
Southern Europe 147,347
Italy
90,696
Portugal
11,226
Other Southern Europe
45,425
Eastern Europe 376,450
Poland
64,753
Russia
77,220
Other Eastern Europe
234,477
Other Europe (no country specified) 2,747
Asia 1,347,278
Eastern Asia 637,586
China
519,182

China, excluding Taiwan

490,678

Taiwan

28,504
Japan
27,522
Korea
90,688
Other Eastern Asia
194
South Central Asia 422,617
India
161,801
Iran
16,509
Other South Central Asia
244,307
Southeastern Asia 166,627
Philippines
85,522
Vietnam
25,382
Other Southeastern Asia
55,723
Western Asia 115,795
Israel
29,396
Lebanon
6,531
Other Western Asia
79,868
Other Asia (no country specified) 4,653
Africa 203,259
Eastern Africa 22,764
Northern Africa
39,468
Western Africa
113,944
Middle and Southern Africa
14,089
Other Africa (no country specified)
12,994
Oceania 14,326
Australia and New Zealand subregion 13,174
Oceania (no country specified) 1,152
Americas 2,257,333
Latin America 2,203,767
Caribbean
1,115,293

Cuba

26,875

Jamaica

238,716

Other Caribbean

849,702
Central America
496,919

Mexico

214,514

El Salvador

118,481

Other Central America

163,924
South America
591,555

Brazil

22,911

Colombia

109,467

Other South America

459,177
Northern America 53,566
Canada
53,050
Other Northern America
516
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 1,480,597
1990-1999 1,045,885
2000-2009 1,110,048
Since 2010 903,851
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 4.5%
Born in Asia 29.7%
Born in Europe 15.8%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 48.5%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.2%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 8.90%
Country #2 5.50%
Country #3 5.5
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 15.8%
Northern Europe 2.2%
United Kingdom 1.3%
Ireland 0.6%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 2.0%
France 0.6%
Germany 0.9%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 3.2%
Italy 2.0%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 1.0%
Eastern Europe 8.3%
Poland 1.4%
Russia 1.7%
Other Eastern Europe 5.2%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.1%
Asia 29.7%
Eastern Asia 14.0%
China 11.4%
China, excluding Taiwan 10.8%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 0.6%
Korea 2.0%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 9.3%
India 3.6%
Iran 0.4%
Other South Central Asia 5.4%
Southeastern Asia 3.7%
Philippines 1.9%
Vietnam 0.6%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.2%
Western Asia 2.6%
Israel 0.6%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 1.8%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 4.5%
Eastern Africa 0.5%
Northern Africa 0.9%
Western Africa 2.5%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 49.7%
Latin America 48.5%
Caribbean 24.6%
Cuba 0.6%
Jamaica 5.3%
Other Caribbean 18.7%
Central America 10.9%
Mexico 4.7%
El Salvador 2.6%
Other Central America 3.6%
South America 13.0%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 2.4%
Other South America 10.1%
Northern America 1.2%
Canada 1.2%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 32.6%
1980-1989 23.0%
1990-1999 24.4%
Since 2000 19.9%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 3,868,133
Born in Africa 116,936
Born in Asia 916,597
Born in Europe 879,307
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,891,612
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 55,962
Cat28 7,680
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Dominican Republic
Country #2 China (exc. Taiwan)
Country #3 Jamaica
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.0%
Born in Asia 23.7%
Born in Europe 22.7%
Born in Latin America 48.9%
Born in Northern America 1.4%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.5
Country #2 7.00%
Country #3 5.9
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 2,692,871
Born in Africa 55,819
Born in Asia 556,662
Born in Europe 842,395
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,174,849
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 58,142
Cat21 5,004
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 516
Country #2 Italy
Country #3 Jamaica
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.1%
Born in Asia 20.7%
Born in Europe 31.3%
Born in Latin America 43.6%
Born in Northern America 2.2%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 8.40%
Country #2 6.60%
Country #3 5.00%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 4,540,381
Naturalized citizens 2,555,306
Noncitizens 1,985,075
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 2,555,306
Before 1980 272,034
1980-1989 274,369
1990-1999 565,194
2000-2009 767,333
Since 2010 676,376
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 56.3%
Noncitizens 43.7%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 10.6%
1980-1989 10.7%
1990-1999 22.1%
2000-2009 30.0%
Since 2010 26.5%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 3,868,133
Naturalized citizens 1,783,744
Noncitizens 2,084,389
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.1%
Noncitizens 53.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 2,851,861
Naturalized citizens 1,297,020
Noncitizens 1,554,841
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.5%
Noncitizens 54.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,262,043
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 70,349
% married among women who gave birth
77.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
22.8%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 3,537,137
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 148,865
% married among women who gave birth 65.4%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 34.6%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.15
Average family size 3.7
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.45
Average family size 3.15
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 3,947,433
Only native parent(s)
2,477,593
One or more foreign-born parents
1,469,840

Child is native

1,273,692

Child is foreign born

196,148
Children under age 6 with 1,321,414
Only native parent(s)
830,153
One or more foreign-born parents
491,261

Child is native

459,302

Child is foreign born

31,959
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,626,019
Only native parent(s)
1,647,440
One or more foreign-born parents
978,579

Child is native

814,390

Child is foreign born

164,189
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

1,535,305
Only native parents 868,630
One or more foreign-born parents 666,675
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 62.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 37.2%
Child is native 32.3%
Child is foreign born 5.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 62.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 37.2%
Child is native 34.8%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 62.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 37.3%
Child is native 31.0%
Child is foreign born 6.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 56.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 43.4%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 4,417,334
Only native parent(s) 3,089,671
One or more foreign-born parents 1,327,663
Child is native 1,045,461
Child is foreign born 282,202
Children under age 6 with 1,413,576
Only native parent(s) 981,101
One or more foreign-born parents 432,475
Child is native 398,136
Child is foreign born 34,339
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 3,003,758
Only native parent(s) 2,108,570
One or more foreign-born parents 895,188
Child is native 647,325
Child is foreign born 247,863
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,681,554
Only native parents 1,063,562
One or more foreign-born parents 617,992
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.1%
Child is native 23.7%
Child is foreign born 6.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.6%
Child is native 28.2%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.8%
Child is native 21.6%
Child is foreign born 8.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 63.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 36.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 4,031,575
Only native parent(s) 3,070,395
One or more foreign-born parents 961,180
Child is native 725,064
Child is foreign born 236,116
Children under age 6 with 1,425,439
Only native parent(s) 1,105,162
One or more foreign-born parents 320,277
Child is native 280,946
Child is foreign born 39,331
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,606,136
Only native parent(s) 1,965,233
One or more foreign-born parents 640,903
Child is native 444,118
Child is foreign born 196,785
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,438,999
Only native parents 1,035,797
One or more foreign-born parents 403,202
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 76.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.8%
Child is native 18.0%
Child is foreign born 5.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.5%
Child is native 19.7%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.6%
Child is native 17.0%
Child is foreign born 7.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.