E.g., 06/27/2024
E.g., 06/27/2024
State Demographics Data - NY
 

New York

Demographics & Social
2022
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 4,459,752
% Foreign Born 22.7%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 15.3%
% change: 1990-2000 35.6%
Race (%)  
One race 87.1%
White
21.9%
Black or African American
17.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native
1.0%
Asian
26.8%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
20.4%
Two or more races 12.9%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 1,447,418
% Latino 32.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.5%
5-17 4.2%
18-64 73.1%
65 and older 22.3%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

49.5
Gender (% female) 52.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 25.8%
Married 55.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 19.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 15,217,399
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 0.7%
% change: 1990-2000 -0.2%
Race (%)  
One race 90.7%
White 65.0%
Black or African American 13.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.5%
Asian 3.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 7.6%
Two or more races 9.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 2,419,881
% Latino 15.9%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.8%
5-17 18.0%
18-64 58.3%
65 and older 16.9%
Median Age 35.5
Gender (% female) 50.6%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 43.4%
Married 40.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 15.8%
Foreign Born
Number 3,868,133
% Foreign Born 20.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
U.S. Born
Number 15,108,324
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Custom text  
Foreign Born
Number 2,851,861
% Foreign Born 15.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 15,138,594
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

4,459,752
Born in Africa 241,843
Born in Asia 1,329,268
Born in Europe 655,816
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,160,446
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 58,674
Born in Oceania 13,705
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

4,459,752
Europe 655,816
Northern Europe 90,967
United Kingdom
54,091
Ireland
25,432
Other Northern Europe
11,444
Western Europe 85,417
France
26,648
Germany
38,684
Other Western Europe
20,085
Southern Europe 134,162
Italy
78,416
Portugal
9,933
Other Southern Europe
45,813
Eastern Europe 341,294
Poland
53,521
Russia
63,022
Other Eastern Europe
224,751
Other Europe (no country specified) 3,976
Asia 1,329,268
Eastern Asia 601,341
China
490,116

China, excluding Taiwan

462,688

Taiwan

27,428
Japan
28,399
Korea
82,663
Other Eastern Asia
163
South Central Asia 428,935
India
146,955
Iran
16,126
Other South Central Asia
265,854
Southeastern Asia 170,261
Philippines
88,656
Vietnam
24,548
Other Southeastern Asia
57,057
Western Asia 122,503
Israel
28,309
Lebanon
7,427
Other Western Asia
86,767
Other Asia (no country specified) 6,228
Africa 241,843
Eastern Africa 28,029
Northern Africa 51,435
Western Africa 133,528
Middle and Southern Africa 20,040
Other Africa (no country specified) 8,811
Oceania 13,705
Australia and New Zealand subregion 12,075
Oceania (no country specified) 1,630
Americas 2,219,120
Latin America 2,160,446
Caribbean
1,048,454

Cuba

18,197

Jamaica

224,376

Other Caribbean

805,881
Central America
483,495

Mexico

219,146

El Salvador

101,743

Other Central America

162,606
South America
628,497

Brazil

30,665

Colombia

122,494

Other South America

475,338
Northern America 58,674
Canada
58,274
Other Northern America
400
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 1,308,993
1990-1999 913,743
2000-2009 968,699
Since 2010 1,268,317
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 5.4%
Born in Asia 29.8%
Born in Europe 14.7%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 48.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.3%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 14.7%
Northern Europe 2.0%
United Kingdom 1.2%
Ireland 0.6%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 1.9%
France 0.6%
Germany 0.9%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 3.0%
Italy 1.8%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 1.0%
Eastern Europe 7.7%
Poland 1.2%
Russia 1.4%
Other Eastern Europe 5.0%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.1%
Asia 29.8%
Eastern Asia 13.5%
China 11.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 10.4%
Taiwan 0.6%
Japan 0.6%
Korea 1.9%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 9.6%
India 3.3%
Iran 0.4%
Other South Central Asia 6.0%
Southeastern Asia 3.8%
Philippines 2.0%
Vietnam 0.6%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.3%
Western Asia 2.7%
Israel 0.6%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.9%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 5.4%
Eastern Africa 0.6%
Northern Africa 1.2%
Western Africa 3.0%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.4%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.2%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) N
Americas 49.8%
Latin America 48.4%
Caribbean 23.5%
Cuba 0.4%
Jamaica 5.0%
Other Caribbean 18.1%
Central America 10.8%
Mexico 4.9%
El Salvador 2.3%
Other Central America 3.6%
South America 14.1%
Brazil 0.7%
Colombia 2.7%
Other South America 10.7%
Northern America 1.3%
Canada 1.3%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 29.4%
1980-1989 20.5%
1990-1999 21.7%
Since 2000 28.4%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 3,868,133
Born in Africa 116,936
Born in Asia 916,597
Born in Europe 879,307
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,891,612
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 55,962
Cat28 7,680
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.0%
Born in Asia 23.7%
Born in Europe 22.7%
Born in Latin America 48.9%
Born in Northern America 1.4%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 2,692,871
Born in Africa 55,819
Born in Asia 556,662
Born in Europe 842,395
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,174,849
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 58,142
Cat21 5,004
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.1%
Born in Asia 20.7%
Born in Europe 31.3%
Born in Latin America 43.6%
Born in Northern America 2.2%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 4,459,752
Naturalized citizens 2,713,596
Noncitizens 1,746,156
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 2,713,596
Before 1990 494,525
1990-1999 521,487
2000-2009 669,581
2010-2014 358,868
Since 2015 669,135
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 60.8%
Noncitizens 39.2%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 18.2%
1980-1989 19.2%
1990-1999 24.7%
2000-2009 13.2%
Since 2010 24.7%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 3,868,133
Naturalized citizens 1,783,744
Noncitizens 2,084,389
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.1%
Noncitizens 53.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 2,851,861
Naturalized citizens 1,297,020
Noncitizens 1,554,841
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.5%
Noncitizens 54.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,125,481
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 68,538
% married among women who gave birth
77.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
22.8%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 3,461,304
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 164,423
% married among women who gave birth 67.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 32.9%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.87
Average family size 3.41
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.3
Average family size 3
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.

 
Children under age 18 with 3,777,900
Only native parent(s)
2,360,000
One or more foreign-born parents
1,417,900

Child is native

1,237,750

Child is foreign born

180,150
Children under age 6 with 1,200,854
Only native parent(s)
771,365
One or more foreign-born parents
429,489

Child is native

406,615

Child is foreign born

22,874
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,577,046
Only native parent(s)
1,588,635
One or more foreign-born parents
988,411

Child is native

831,135

Child is foreign born

157,276
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

1,384,328
Only native parents 788,516
One or more foreign-born parents 595,812
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 62.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 37.5%
Child is native 32.8%
Child is foreign born 4.8%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 64.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 35.8%
Child is native 33.9%
Child is foreign born 1.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 61.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.4%
Child is native 32.3%
Child is foreign born 6.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 57.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 43.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 4,417,334
Only native parent(s) 3,089,671
One or more foreign-born parents 1,327,663
Child is native 1,045,461
Child is foreign born 282,202
Children under age 6 with 1,413,576
Only native parent(s) 981,101
One or more foreign-born parents 432,475
Child is native 398,136
Child is foreign born 34,339
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 3,003,758
Only native parent(s) 2,108,570
One or more foreign-born parents 895,188
Child is native 647,325
Child is foreign born 247,863
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,681,554
Only native parents 1,063,562
One or more foreign-born parents 617,992
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.1%
Child is native 23.7%
Child is foreign born 6.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.6%
Child is native 28.2%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.8%
Child is native 21.6%
Child is foreign born 8.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 63.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 36.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 4,031,575
Only native parent(s) 3,070,395
One or more foreign-born parents 961,180
Child is native 725,064
Child is foreign born 236,116
Children under age 6 with 1,425,439
Only native parent(s) 1,105,162
One or more foreign-born parents 320,277
Child is native 280,946
Child is foreign born 39,331
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,606,136
Only native parent(s) 1,965,233
One or more foreign-born parents 640,903
Child is native 444,118
Child is foreign born 196,785
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,438,999
Only native parents 1,035,797
One or more foreign-born parents 403,202
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 76.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.8%
Child is native 18.0%
Child is foreign born 5.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.5%
Child is native 19.7%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.6%
Child is native 17.0%
Child is foreign born 7.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • Race and Hispanic origin: In preparation for the 2020 Decennial Census, the Census Bureau has made some improvements and changes in how the respondents were asked about their race and Hispanic origin on the 2020 decennial Census form. The goal was to achieve a more accurate portrait of how U.S. residents self-identify. The same changes in the questionnaire design were implemented in the subsequent ACS as well. Note that the racial composition of the U.S. population in the current ACS looks different from pre-2020 data. For instance, the proportion of people who reported “two or more races” has increased, while the proportion of “white alone” decreased, reflecting both the growth of a more racially diverse population and the changes in the questionnaire design. Race and Hispanic origin comparisons between the current ACS and pre-2020 data should be made with caution, taking into account the changes in the questionnaire design. For more details, visit the Census Bureau’s Resource Library.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children: The data here include children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau has included children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.