E.g., 02/20/2018
E.g., 02/20/2018

State Demographics Data - NY

New York

Demographics & Social
2016
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 4,536,115
% Foreign Born 23.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2016 17.3%
% change: 1990-2000 35.6%
Race (%)  
One race 97.0%
White
33.7%
Black or African American
19.3%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.3%
Asian
25.9%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
17.8%
Two or more races 3.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 1,462,933
% Latino 32.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.5%
5-17 4.6%
18-64 76.9%
65 and older 18.1%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

46.3
Gender (% female) 52.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 27.8%
Married 54.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.8%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 15,209,174
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 0.7%
% change: 1990-2000 -0.2%
Race (%)  
One race 96.8%
White 72.3%
Black or African American 14.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.4%
Asian 3.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 6.3%
Two or more races 3.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 2,284,681
% Latino 15.0%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 7.5%
5-17 18.5%
18-64 59.5%
65 and older 14.5%
Median Age 34.4
Gender (% female) 51.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 42.8%
Married 40.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 16.9%
Foreign Born
Number 3,868,133
% Foreign Born 20.4%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 15,108,324
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 2,851,861
% Foreign Born 15.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 15,138,594
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

4,536,115
Born in Africa 205,802
Born in Asia 1,317,956
Born in Europe 711,674
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 2,230,556
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 56,493
Born in Oceania 13,634
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 China (exc. Taiwan)
Country #2 Jamaica
Country #3 Mexico
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

4,536,115
Europe 711,674
Northern Europe 95,180
United Kingdom
55,170
Ireland
28,587
Other Northern Europe
11,423
Western Europe 93,446
France
26,176
Germany
45,294
Other Western Europe
21,976
Southern Europe 145,305
Italy
93,307
Portugal
9,797
Other Southern Europe
42,201
Eastern Europe 375,705
Poland
75,903
Russia
69,725
Other Eastern Europe
230,077
Other Europe (no country specified) 2,038
Asia 1,317,956
Eastern Asia 614,637
China
486,134

China, excluding Taiwan

452,939

Taiwan

33,195
Japan
35,257
Korea
92,972
Other Eastern Asia
274
South Central Asia 411,755
India
160,257
Iran
20,666
Other South Central Asia
230,832
Southeastern Asia 167,714
Philippines
89,803
Vietnam
26,816
Other Southeastern Asia
51,095
Western Asia 121,766
Israel
29,445
Lebanon
8,374
Other Western Asia
83,947
Other Asia (no country specified) 2,084
Africa 205,802
Eastern Africa 23,695
Northern Africa
42,191
Western Africa
107,591
Middle and Southern Africa
17,206
Other Africa (no country specified)
15,119
Oceania 13,634
Australia and New Zealand subregion 12,274
Oceania (no country specified) 1,360
Americas 2,287,049
Latin America 2,230,556
Caribbean
1,128,695

Cuba

24,663

Jamaica

237,852

Other Caribbean

866,180
Central America
521,320

Mexico

241,710

El Salvador

104,420

Other Central America

175,190
South America
580,541

Brazil

26,011

Colombia

103,612

Other South America

450,918
Northern America 56,493
Canada
55,887
Other Northern America
606
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 1,511,751
1990-1999 1,068,927
2000-2009 1,142,449
Since 2010 812,988
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 4.5%
Born in Asia 29.1%
Born in Europe 15.7%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 49.2%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.2%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 8.90%
Country #2 5.50%
Country #3 5.50
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 15.7%
Northern Europe 2.1%
United Kingdom 1.2%
Ireland 0.6%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.1%
France 0.6%
Germany 1.0%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 3.2%
Italy 2.1%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.9%
Eastern Europe 8.3%
Poland 1.7%
Russia 1.5%
Other Eastern Europe 5.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 29.1%
Eastern Asia 13.5%
China 10.7%
China, excluding Taiwan 10.0%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 0.8%
Korea 2.0%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 9.1%
India 3.5%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 5.1%
Southeastern Asia 3.7%
Philippines 2.0%
Vietnam 0.6%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.1%
Western Asia 2.7%
Israel 0.6%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.9%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.0%
Africa 4.5%
Eastern Africa 0.5%
Northern Africa 0.9%
Western Africa 2.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.4%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.3%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.0%
Americas 50.4%
Latin America 49.2%
Caribbean 24.9%
Cuba 0.5%
Jamaica 5.2%
Other Caribbean 19.1%
Central America 11.5%
Mexico 5.3%
El Salvador 2.3%
Other Central America 3.9%
South America 12.8%
Brazil 0.6%
Colombia 2.3%
Other South America 9.9%
Northern America 1.2%
Canada 1.2%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 33.3%
1980-1989 23.6%
1990-1999 25.2%
Since 2000 17.9%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 3,868,133
Born in Africa 116,936
Born in Asia 916,597
Born in Europe 879,307
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,891,612
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 55,962
Cat28 7,680
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Dominican Republic
Country #2 China (exc. Taiwan)
Country #3 Jamaica
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.0%
Born in Asia 23.7%
Born in Europe 22.7%
Born in Latin America 48.9%
Born in Northern America 1.4%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 10.50
Country #2 7.00%
Country #3 5.90
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 2,692,871
Born in Africa 55,819
Born in Asia 556,662
Born in Europe 842,395
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,174,849
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 58,142
Cat21 5,004
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Dominican Republic
Country #2 Italy
Country #3 Jamaica
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.1%
Born in Asia 20.7%
Born in Europe 31.3%
Born in Latin America 43.6%
Born in Northern America 2.2%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 8.40%
Country #2 6.60%
Country #3 5.00%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 4,536,115
Naturalized citizens 2,513,779
Noncitizens 2,022,336
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 2,513,779
Before 1980 279,008
1980-1989 275,592
1990-1999 569,545
2000-2009 797,285
Since 2010 592,349
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 55.4%
Noncitizens 44.6%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 11.1%
1980-1989 11.0%
1990-1999 22.7%
2000-2009 31.7%
Since 2010 23.6%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 3,868,133
Naturalized citizens 1,783,744
Noncitizens 2,084,389
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.1%
Noncitizens 53.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 2,851,861
Naturalized citizens 1,297,020
Noncitizens 1,554,841
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.5%
Noncitizens 54.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,276,340
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 69,032
% married among women who gave birth
75.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
24.8%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 3,544,866
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 156,798
% married among women who gave birth 62.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 37.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.17
Average family size 3.75
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.47
Average family size 3.18
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 3,977,729
Only native parent(s)
2,474,333
One or more foreign-born parents
1,503,396

Child is native

1,303,759

Child is foreign born

199,637
Children under age 6 with 1,327,999
Only native parent(s)
826,334
One or more foreign-born parents
501,665

Child is native

473,098

Child is foreign born

28,567
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,649,730
Only native parent(s)
1,647,999
One or more foreign-born parents
1,001,731

Child is native

830,661

Child is foreign born

171,070
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

1,567,101
Only native parents 848,856
One or more foreign-born parents 718,245
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 62.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 37.8%
Child is native 32.8%
Child is foreign born 5.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 62.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 37.8%
Child is native 35.6%
Child is foreign born 2.2%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 62.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 37.8%
Child is native 31.3%
Child is foreign born 6.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 54.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 45.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 4,417,334
Only native parent(s) 3,089,671
One or more foreign-born parents 1,327,663
Child is native 1,045,461
Child is foreign born 282,202
Children under age 6 with 1,413,576
Only native parent(s) 981,101
One or more foreign-born parents 432,475
Child is native 398,136
Child is foreign born 34,339
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 3,003,758
Only native parent(s) 2,108,570
One or more foreign-born parents 895,188
Child is native 647,325
Child is foreign born 247,863
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,681,554
Only native parents 1,063,562
One or more foreign-born parents 617,992
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.1%
Child is native 23.7%
Child is foreign born 6.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 69.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 30.6%
Child is native 28.2%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 70.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 29.8%
Child is native 21.6%
Child is foreign born 8.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 63.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 36.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 4,031,575
Only native parent(s) 3,070,395
One or more foreign-born parents 961,180
Child is native 725,064
Child is foreign born 236,116
Children under age 6 with 1,425,439
Only native parent(s) 1,105,162
One or more foreign-born parents 320,277
Child is native 280,946
Child is foreign born 39,331
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,606,136
Only native parent(s) 1,965,233
One or more foreign-born parents 640,903
Child is native 444,118
Child is foreign born 196,785
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,438,999
Only native parents 1,035,797
One or more foreign-born parents 403,202
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 76.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 23.8%
Child is native 18.0%
Child is foreign born 5.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 77.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.5%
Child is native 19.7%
Child is foreign born 2.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 75.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 24.6%
Child is native 17.0%
Child is foreign born 7.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 72.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 28.0%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2016 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Matthew Sobek, Trent Alexander, Catherine A. Fitch, Ronald Goeken, Patricia Kelly Hall, Miriam King, and Chad Ronnander, "Integrated Public Use Microdata Series: Version 4.0" (Machine-readable database, Minnesota Population Center [producer and distributor], 2011).

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2016 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2016 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.