E.g., 04/06/2020
E.g., 04/06/2020

State Demographics Data - FL

Florida

Demographics & Social
2018
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 4,475,431
% Foreign Born 21.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 67.6%
% change: 1990-2000 60.6%
Race (%)  
One race 97.7%
White
65.1%
Black or African American
15.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
9.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
7.2%
Two or more races 2.3%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 2,586,358
% Latino 57.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.6%
5-17 4.9%
18-64 72.9%
65 and older 21.6%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

48.4
Gender (% female) 52.9%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 23.2%
Married 53.9%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 22.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 16,823,894
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 26.4%
% change: 1990-2000 18.1%
Race (%)  
One race 97.0%
White 77.2%
Black or African American 16.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 1.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 2.3%
Two or more races 3.0%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 2,976,094
% Latino 17.7%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.6%
5-17 17.1%
18-64 56.2%
65 and older 20.2%
Median Age 39.1
Gender (% female) 50.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 35.0%
Married 43.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 21.8%
Foreign Born
Number 2,670,828
% Foreign Born 16.7%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 13,311,550
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 1,662,601
% Foreign Born 12.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 11,275,325
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

4,475,431
Born in Africa 71,673
Born in Asia 470,679
Born in Europe 422,628
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,383,130
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 117,432
Born in Oceania 9,889
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

4,475,431
Europe 422,628
Northern Europe 104,885
United Kingdom
82,439
Ireland
9,703
Other Northern Europe
12,743
Western Europe 98,622
France
18,044
Germany
60,013
Other Western Europe
20,565
Southern Europe 69,810
Italy
27,526
Portugal
11,926
Other Southern Europe
30,358
Eastern Europe 149,035
Poland
21,721
Russia
25,044
Other Eastern Europe
102,270
Other Europe (no country specified) 276
Asia 470,679
Eastern Asia 107,128
China
72,559

China, excluding Taiwan

65,748

Taiwan

6,811
Japan
12,430
Korea
21,932
Other Eastern Asia
207
South Central Asia 134,411
India
88,797
Iran
10,274
Other South Central Asia
35,340
Southeastern Asia 163,153
Philippines
83,569
Vietnam
51,435
Other Southeastern Asia
28,149
Western Asia 62,116
Israel
12,326
Lebanon
8,028
Other Western Asia
41,762
Other Asia (no country specified) 3,871
Africa 71,673
Eastern Africa 15,476
Northern Africa
22,805
Western Africa
18,375
Middle and Southern Africa
14,217
Other Africa (no country specified)
800
Oceania 9,889
Australia and New Zealand subregion 6,692
Oceania (no country specified) 3,197
Americas 3,500,562
Latin America 3,383,130
Caribbean
1,823,154

Cuba

1,034,226

Jamaica

216,077

Other Caribbean

572,851
Central America
671,135

Mexico

255,693

El Salvador

50,543

Other Central America

364,899
South America
888,841

Brazil

108,949

Colombia

284,954

Other South America

494,938
Northern America 117,432
Canada
115,710
Other Northern America
1,722
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 1,373,951
1990-1999 835,719
2000-2009 1,105,286
Since 2010 1,160,475
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 1.6%
Born in Asia 10.5%
Born in Europe 9.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 75.6%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.6%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 9.4%
Northern Europe 2.3%
United Kingdom 1.8%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 2.2%
France 0.4%
Germany 1.3%
Other Western Europe 0.5%
Southern Europe 1.6%
Italy 0.6%
Portugal 0.3%
Other Southern Europe 0.7%
Eastern Europe 3.3%
Poland 0.5%
Russia 0.6%
Other Eastern Europe 2.3%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 10.5%
Eastern Asia 2.4%
China 1.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 1.5%
Taiwan 0.2%
Japan 0.3%
Korea 0.5%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 3.0%
India 2.0%
Iran 0.2%
Other South Central Asia 0.8%
Southeastern Asia 3.6%
Philippines 1.9%
Vietnam 1.1%
Other Southeastern Asia 0.6%
Western Asia 1.4%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 0.9%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 1.6%
Eastern Africa 0.3%
Northern Africa 0.5%
Western Africa 0.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.0%
Oceania 0.2%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.1%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 78.2%
Latin America 75.6%
Caribbean 40.7%
Cuba 23.1%
Jamaica 4.8%
Other Caribbean 12.8%
Central America 15.0%
Mexico 5.7%
El Salvador 1.1%
Other Central America 8.2%
South America 19.9%
Brazil 2.4%
Colombia 6.4%
Other South America 11.1%
Northern America 2.6%
Canada 2.6%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 30.7%
1980-1989 18.7%
1990-1999 24.7%
Since 2000 25.9%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 2,670,828
Born in Africa 34,495
Born in Asia 231,976
Born in Europe 355,427
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,943,781
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 100,158
Cat28 4,957
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.3%
Born in Asia 8.7%
Born in Europe 13.3%
Born in Latin America 72.8%
Born in Northern America 3.8%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 1,589,453
Born in Africa 14,856
Born in Asia 116,278
Born in Europe 302,436
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,073,631
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 78,474
Cat21 3,778
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.9%
Born in Asia 7.3%
Born in Europe 19.0%
Born in Latin America 67.5%
Born in Northern America 4.9%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 4,475,431
Naturalized citizens 2,545,885
Noncitizens 1,929,546
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 2,545,885
Before 1990 566,719
1990-1999 429,426
2000-2009 722,821
2010-2014 474,118
Since 2015 352,801
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 56.9%
Noncitizens 43.1%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 22.3%
1980-1989 16.9%
1990-1999 28.4%
2000-2009 18.6%
Since 2010 13.9%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 2,670,828
Naturalized citizens 1,207,502
Noncitizens 1,463,326
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.2%
Noncitizens 54.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,662,601
Naturalized citizens 713,505
Noncitizens 949,096
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 42.9%
Noncitizens 57.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,143,619
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 65,046
% married among women who gave birth
70.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
29.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 3,563,979
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 165,786
% married among women who gave birth 55.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 44.4%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 4
U.S. Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 3
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 3,995,636
Only native parent(s)
2,630,280
One or more foreign-born parents
1,365,356

Child is native

1,146,192

Child is foreign born

219,164
Children under age 6 with 1,299,810
Only native parent(s)
870,404
One or more foreign-born parents
429,406

Child is native

392,352

Child is foreign born

37,054
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,695,826
Only native parent(s)
1,759,876
One or more foreign-born parents
935,950

Child is native

753,840

Child is foreign born

182,110
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

1,739,155
Only native parents 1,073,887
One or more foreign-born parents 665,268
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 65.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 34.2%
Child is native 28.7%
Child is foreign born 5.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 67.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 33.0%
Child is native 30.2%
Child is foreign born 2.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 65.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 34.7%
Child is native 28.0%
Child is foreign born 6.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 61.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 38.3%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 3,429,832
Only native parent(s) 2,508,617
One or more foreign-born parents 921,215
Child is native 719,439
Child is foreign born 201,776
Children under age 6 with 1,072,293
Only native parent(s) 780,885
One or more foreign-born parents 291,408
Child is native 265,992
Child is foreign born 25,416
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,357,539
Only native parent(s) 1,727,732
One or more foreign-born parents 629,807
Child is native 453,447
Child is foreign born 176,360
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,361,454
Only native parents 938,745
One or more foreign-born parents 422,709
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.9%
Child is native 21.0%
Child is foreign born 5.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.2%
Child is native 24.8%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.7%
Child is native 19.2%
Child is foreign born 7.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 69.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 31.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,722,076
Only native parent(s) 2,185,326
One or more foreign-born parents 536,750
Child is native 403,908
Child is foreign born 132,842
Children under age 6 with 967,967
Only native parent(s) 779,778
One or more foreign-born parents 188,189
Child is native 168,897
Child is foreign born 19,292
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,754,109
Only native parent(s) 1,405,548
One or more foreign-born parents 348,561
Child is native 235,011
Child is foreign born 113,550
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,131,688
Only native parents 875,824
One or more foreign-born parents 255,864
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.7%
Child is native 14.8%
Child is foreign born 4.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.4%
Child is native 17.4%
Child is foreign born 2.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.9%
Child is native 13.4%
Child is foreign born 6.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 77.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.6%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.