E.g., 07/29/2021
E.g., 07/29/2021
State Demographics Data - FL
 

Florida

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 4,526,428
% Foreign Born 21.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 69.5%
% change: 1990-2000 60.6%
Race (%)  
One race 97.8%
White
65.0%
Black or African American
16.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
9.3%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
6.7%
Two or more races 2.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 2,641,696
% Latino 58.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.6%
5-17 5.0%
18-64 72.5%
65 and older 21.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

48.7
Gender (% female) 52.8%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 23.3%
Married 54.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 22.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 16,951,309
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 27.3%
% change: 1990-2000 18.1%
Race (%)  
One race 96.9%
White 77.1%
Black or African American 15.9%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 1.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 2.5%
Two or more races 3.1%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 3,021,933
% Latino 17.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.5%
5-17 16.9%
18-64 55.8%
65 and older 20.7%
Median Age 39.3
Gender (% female) 50.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 34.8%
Married 43.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 22.0%
Foreign Born
Number 2,670,828
% Foreign Born 16.7%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 13,311,550
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 1,662,601
% Foreign Born 12.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 11,275,325
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

4,526,428
Born in Africa 77,379
Born in Asia 479,654
Born in Europe 406,368
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,448,124
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 107,157
Born in Oceania 7,746
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

4,526,428
Europe 406,368
Northern Europe 94,865
United Kingdom
75,748
Ireland
9,020
Other Northern Europe
10,097
Western Europe 91,420
France
17,987
Germany
55,560
Other Western Europe
17,873
Southern Europe 71,305
Italy
31,372
Portugal
8,949
Other Southern Europe
30,984
Eastern Europe 148,618
Poland
27,511
Russia
25,715
Other Eastern Europe
95,392
Other Europe (no country specified) 160
Asia 479,654
Eastern Asia 95,040
China
66,889

China, excluding Taiwan

57,849

Taiwan

9,040
Japan
8,878
Korea
19,100
Other Eastern Asia
173
South Central Asia 139,435
India
89,396
Iran
9,604
Other South Central Asia
40,435
Southeastern Asia 179,887
Philippines
83,635
Vietnam
64,751
Other Southeastern Asia
31,501
Western Asia 62,598
Israel
15,925
Lebanon
7,097
Other Western Asia
39,576
Other Asia (no country specified) 2,694
Africa 77,379
Eastern Africa 17,360
Northern Africa
23,729
Western Africa
22,435
Middle and Southern Africa
12,820
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,035
Oceania 7,746
Australia and New Zealand subregion 5,347
Oceania (no country specified) 2,399
Americas 3,555,281
Latin America 3,448,124
Caribbean
1,865,321

Cuba

1,041,040

Jamaica

225,619

Other Caribbean

598,662
Central America
666,645

Mexico

261,614

El Salvador

48,366

Other Central America

356,665
South America
916,158

Brazil

105,937

Colombia

294,260

Other South America

515,961
Northern America 107,157
Canada
106,660
Other Northern America
497
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 1,344,453
1990-1999 829,464
2000-2009 1,118,212
Since 2010 1,234,299
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 1.7%
Born in Asia 10.6%
Born in Europe 9.0%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 76.2%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.4%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 9.0%
Northern Europe 2.1%
United Kingdom 1.7%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 2.0%
France 0.4%
Germany 1.2%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 1.6%
Italy 0.7%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.7%
Eastern Europe 3.3%
Poland 0.6%
Russia 0.6%
Other Eastern Europe 2.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 10.6%
Eastern Asia 2.1%
China 1.5%
China, excluding Taiwan 1.3%
Taiwan 0.2%
Japan 0.2%
Korea 0.4%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 3.1%
India 2.0%
Iran 0.2%
Other South Central Asia 0.9%
Southeastern Asia 4.0%
Philippines 1.8%
Vietnam 1.4%
Other Southeastern Asia 0.7%
Western Asia 1.4%
Israel 0.4%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 0.9%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 1.7%
Eastern Africa 0.4%
Northern Africa 0.5%
Western Africa 0.5%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) N
Oceania 0.2%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.1%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.1%
Americas 78.5%
Latin America 76.2%
Caribbean 41.2%
Cuba 23.0%
Jamaica 5.0%
Other Caribbean 13.2%
Central America 14.7%
Mexico 5.8%
El Salvador 1.1%
Other Central America 7.9%
South America 20.2%
Brazil 2.3%
Colombia 6.5%
Other South America 11.4%
Northern America 2.4%
Canada 2.4%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 29.7%
1980-1989 18.3%
1990-1999 24.7%
Since 2000 27.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 2,670,828
Born in Africa 34,495
Born in Asia 231,976
Born in Europe 355,427
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,943,781
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 100,158
Cat28 4,957
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.3%
Born in Asia 8.7%
Born in Europe 13.3%
Born in Latin America 72.8%
Born in Northern America 3.8%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 1,589,453
Born in Africa 14,856
Born in Asia 116,278
Born in Europe 302,436
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,073,631
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 78,474
Cat21 3,778
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.9%
Born in Asia 7.3%
Born in Europe 19.0%
Born in Latin America 67.5%
Born in Northern America 4.9%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 4,526,428
Naturalized citizens 2,597,783
Noncitizens 1,928,645
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 2,597,783
Before 1990 548,171
1990-1999 430,203
2000-2009 693,389
2010-2014 428,102
Since 2015 497,918
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 57.4%
Noncitizens 42.6%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 21.1%
1980-1989 16.6%
1990-1999 26.7%
2000-2009 16.5%
Since 2010 19.2%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 2,670,828
Naturalized citizens 1,207,502
Noncitizens 1,463,326
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.2%
Noncitizens 54.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,662,601
Naturalized citizens 713,505
Noncitizens 949,096
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 42.9%
Noncitizens 57.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,150,557
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 57,223
% married among women who gave birth
74.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
25.1%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 3,566,641
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 148,633
% married among women who gave birth 59.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 40.7%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.10
Average family size 3.63
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.53
Average family size 3.17
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 3,971,020
Only native parent(s)
2,618,791
One or more foreign-born parents
1,352,229

Child is native

1,124,105

Child is foreign born

228,124
Children under age 6 with 1,274,181
Only native parent(s)
858,869
One or more foreign-born parents
415,312

Child is native

382,513

Child is foreign born

32,799
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,696,839
Only native parent(s)
1,759,922
One or more foreign-born parents
936,917

Child is native

741,592

Child is foreign born

195,325
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

1,668,436
Only native parents 1,053,250
One or more foreign-born parents 615,186
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 65.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 34.1%
Child is native 28.3%
Child is foreign born 5.7%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 67.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 32.6%
Child is native 30.0%
Child is foreign born 2.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 65.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 34.7%
Child is native 27.5%
Child is foreign born 7.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 63.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 36.9%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 3,429,832
Only native parent(s) 2,508,617
One or more foreign-born parents 921,215
Child is native 719,439
Child is foreign born 201,776
Children under age 6 with 1,072,293
Only native parent(s) 780,885
One or more foreign-born parents 291,408
Child is native 265,992
Child is foreign born 25,416
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,357,539
Only native parent(s) 1,727,732
One or more foreign-born parents 629,807
Child is native 453,447
Child is foreign born 176,360
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,361,454
Only native parents 938,745
One or more foreign-born parents 422,709
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.9%
Child is native 21.0%
Child is foreign born 5.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.2%
Child is native 24.8%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.7%
Child is native 19.2%
Child is foreign born 7.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 69.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 31.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,722,076
Only native parent(s) 2,185,326
One or more foreign-born parents 536,750
Child is native 403,908
Child is foreign born 132,842
Children under age 6 with 967,967
Only native parent(s) 779,778
One or more foreign-born parents 188,189
Child is native 168,897
Child is foreign born 19,292
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,754,109
Only native parent(s) 1,405,548
One or more foreign-born parents 348,561
Child is native 235,011
Child is foreign born 113,550
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,131,688
Only native parents 875,824
One or more foreign-born parents 255,864
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.7%
Child is native 14.8%
Child is foreign born 4.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.4%
Child is native 17.4%
Child is foreign born 2.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.9%
Child is native 13.4%
Child is foreign born 6.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 77.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.6%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.