E.g., 06/29/2024
E.g., 06/29/2024
State Demographics Data - FL
 

Florida

Demographics & Social
2022
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 4,817,273
% Foreign Born 21.7%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 80.4%
% change: 1990-2000 60.6%
Race (%)  
One race 60.3%
White
22.2%
Black or African American
15.1%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.6%
Asian
9.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.0%
Other race
13.2%
Two or more races 39.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 2,783,024
% Latino 57.8%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 5.4%
18-64 71.8%
65 and older 22.1%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

49.1
Gender (% female) 52.2%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 23.0%
Married 55.6%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 21.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 17,427,550
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 30.9%
% change: 1990-2000 18.1%
Race (%)  
One race 86.6%
White 65.3%
Black or African American 15.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.3%
Asian 1.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 4.7%
Two or more races 13.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 3,242,015
% Latino 18.6%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.1%
5-17 16.8%
18-64 55.6%
65 and older 21.4%
Median Age 39.8
Gender (% female) 50.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 34.4%
Married 45.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 20.1%
Foreign Born
Number 2,670,828
% Foreign Born 16.7%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 13,311,550
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 1,662,601
% Foreign Born 12.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 11,275,325
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

4,817,225
Born in Africa 91,262
Born in Asia 514,532
Born in Europe 433,081
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 3,651,743
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 118,093
Born in Oceania 8,514
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

4,817,225
Europe 433,081
Northern Europe 99,177
United Kingdom
78,965
Ireland
9,710
Other Northern Europe
10,502
Western Europe 94,678
France
21,235
Germany
54,350
Other Western Europe
19,093
Southern Europe 66,665
Italy
28,767
Portugal
7,960
Other Southern Europe
29,938
Eastern Europe 171,085
Poland
21,943
Russia
30,147
Other Eastern Europe
118,995
Other Europe (no country specified) 1,476
Asia 514,532
Eastern Asia 90,001
China
64,448

China, excluding Taiwan

55,490

Taiwan

8,958
Japan
7,544
Korea
18,009
Other Eastern Asia
N
South Central Asia 161,533
India
102,838
Iran
12,843
Other South Central Asia
45,852
Southeastern Asia 188,076
Philippines
93,985
Vietnam
60,210
Other Southeastern Asia
33,881
Western Asia 69,892
Israel
14,734
Lebanon
8,827
Other Western Asia
46,331
Other Asia (no country specified) 5,030
Africa 91,262
Eastern Africa 17,399
Northern Africa 33,230
Western Africa 17,913
Middle and Southern Africa 19,523
Other Africa (no country specified) 3,197
Oceania 8,514
Australia and New Zealand subregion 6,280
Oceania (no country specified) 2,234
Americas 3,769,836
Latin America 3,651,743
Caribbean
1,837,770

Cuba

984,658

Jamaica

226,708

Other Caribbean

626,404
Central America
707,442

Mexico

250,385

El Salvador

61,366

Other Central America

395,691
South America
1,106,531

Brazil

141,390

Colombia

315,275

Other South America

649,866
Northern America 118,093
Canada
116,521
Other Northern America
1,572
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 1,235,223
1990-1999 792,872
2000-2009 1,023,737
Since 2010 1,765,441
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 1.9%
Born in Asia 10.7%
Born in Europe 9.0%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 75.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.5%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 9.0%
Northern Europe 2.1%
United Kingdom 1.6%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.2%
Western Europe 2.0%
France 0.4%
Germany 1.1%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 1.4%
Italy 0.6%
Portugal 0.2%
Other Southern Europe 0.6%
Eastern Europe 3.6%
Poland 0.5%
Russia 0.6%
Other Eastern Europe 2.5%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 10.7%
Eastern Asia 1.9%
China 1.3%
China, excluding Taiwan 1.2%
Taiwan 0.2%
Japan 0.2%
Korea 0.4%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 3.4%
India 2.1%
Iran 0.3%
Other South Central Asia 1.0%
Southeastern Asia 3.9%
Philippines 2.0%
Vietnam 1.2%
Other Southeastern Asia 0.7%
Western Asia 1.5%
Israel 0.3%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 1.0%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 1.9%
Eastern Africa 0.4%
Northern Africa 0.7%
Western Africa 0.4%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.4%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 0.2%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.1%
Oceania (no country specified) N
Americas 78.3%
Latin America 75.8%
Caribbean 38.1%
Cuba 20.4%
Jamaica 4.7%
Other Caribbean 13.0%
Central America 14.7%
Mexico 5.2%
El Salvador 1.3%
Other Central America 8.2%
South America 23.0%
Brazil 2.9%
Colombia 6.5%
Other South America 13.5%
Northern America 2.5%
Canada 2.4%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 25.6%
1980-1989 16.5%
1990-1999 21.3%
Since 2000 36.6%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 2,670,828
Born in Africa 34,495
Born in Asia 231,976
Born in Europe 355,427
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,943,781
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 100,158
Cat28 4,957
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.3%
Born in Asia 8.7%
Born in Europe 13.3%
Born in Latin America 72.8%
Born in Northern America 3.8%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 1,589,453
Born in Africa 14,856
Born in Asia 116,278
Born in Europe 302,436
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 1,073,631
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 78,474
Cat21 3,778
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 0.9%
Born in Asia 7.3%
Born in Europe 19.0%
Born in Latin America 67.5%
Born in Northern America 4.9%
Born in Oceania 0.2%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 4,817,273
Naturalized citizens 2,792,284
Noncitizens 2,024,989
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 2,792,284
Before 1990 517,206
1990-1999 409,450
2000-2009 659,484
2010-2014 418,938
Since 2015 787,206
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 58.0%
Noncitizens 42.0%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 18.5%
1980-1989 14.7%
1990-1999 23.6%
2000-2009 15.0%
Since 2010 28.2%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 2,670,828
Naturalized citizens 1,207,502
Noncitizens 1,463,326
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 45.2%
Noncitizens 54.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 1,662,601
Naturalized citizens 713,505
Noncitizens 949,096
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 42.9%
Noncitizens 57.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,181,591
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 69,472
% married among women who gave birth
72.2%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
27.8%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 3,641,423
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 168,502
% married among women who gave birth 62.9%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 37.1%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.84
Average family size 3.29
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.35
Average family size 2.93
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.

 
Children under age 18 with 4,056,354
Only native parent(s)
2,625,940
One or more foreign-born parents
1,430,414

Child is native

1,166,953

Child is foreign born

263,461
Children under age 6 with 1,267,944
Only native parent(s)
837,086
One or more foreign-born parents
430,858

Child is native

393,294

Child is foreign born

37,564
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,788,410
Only native parent(s)
1,788,854
One or more foreign-born parents
999,556

Child is native

773,659

Child is foreign born

225,897
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers to children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau includes children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

1,591,781
Only native parents 949,527
One or more foreign-born parents 642,254
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 64.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 35.3%
Child is native 28.8%
Child is foreign born 6.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 66.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 34.0%
Child is native 31.0%
Child is foreign born 3.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 64.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 35.8%
Child is native 27.7%
Child is foreign born 8.1%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 59.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 40.3%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 3,429,832
Only native parent(s) 2,508,617
One or more foreign-born parents 921,215
Child is native 719,439
Child is foreign born 201,776
Children under age 6 with 1,072,293
Only native parent(s) 780,885
One or more foreign-born parents 291,408
Child is native 265,992
Child is foreign born 25,416
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 2,357,539
Only native parent(s) 1,727,732
One or more foreign-born parents 629,807
Child is native 453,447
Child is foreign born 176,360
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,361,454
Only native parents 938,745
One or more foreign-born parents 422,709
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.9%
Child is native 21.0%
Child is foreign born 5.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 72.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 27.2%
Child is native 24.8%
Child is foreign born 2.4%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 73.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 26.7%
Child is native 19.2%
Child is foreign born 7.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 69.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 31.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 2,722,076
Only native parent(s) 2,185,326
One or more foreign-born parents 536,750
Child is native 403,908
Child is foreign born 132,842
Children under age 6 with 967,967
Only native parent(s) 779,778
One or more foreign-born parents 188,189
Child is native 168,897
Child is foreign born 19,292
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 1,754,109
Only native parent(s) 1,405,548
One or more foreign-born parents 348,561
Child is native 235,011
Child is foreign born 113,550
Children in Low-Income Families* 1,131,688
Only native parents 875,824
One or more foreign-born parents 255,864
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.7%
Child is native 14.8%
Child is foreign born 4.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.4%
Child is native 17.4%
Child is foreign born 2.0%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 80.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 19.9%
Child is native 13.4%
Child is foreign born 6.5%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 77.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 22.6%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • Race and Hispanic origin: In preparation for the 2020 Decennial Census, the Census Bureau has made some improvements and changes in how the respondents were asked about their race and Hispanic origin on the 2020 decennial Census form. The goal was to achieve a more accurate portrait of how U.S. residents self-identify. The same changes in the questionnaire design were implemented in the subsequent ACS as well. Note that the racial composition of the U.S. population in the current ACS looks different from pre-2020 data. For instance, the proportion of people who reported “two or more races” has increased, while the proportion of “white alone” decreased, reflecting both the growth of a more racially diverse population and the changes in the questionnaire design. Race and Hispanic origin comparisons between the current ACS and pre-2020 data should be made with caution, taking into account the changes in the questionnaire design. For more details, visit the Census Bureau’s Resource Library.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Children: The data here include children between ages 0 and 17 (regardless of their nativity) who reside with at least one parent. This means that the number of children shown here is smaller than the overall number of U.S. children under 18. Since 2013, the U.S. Census Bureau has included children of same-sex married couples in its count of children in families and subfamilies.