E.g., 02/26/2024
E.g., 02/26/2024
State Language Data - FL
 

Florida

Language & Education
2022
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,784,104
Speak only English 18.5%
Speak English "very well" 36.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45.4%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 75.3%
% change: 1990-2000 67.8%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 2,784,740
Speak only English 21.8%
Speak English "very well" 42.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35.7%
Noncitizens 1,999,364
Speak only English 13.8%
Speak English "very well" 27.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 58.8%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 16,359,369
Speak only English 84.8%
Speak English ""very well"" 12.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.6%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 37.1%
% change: 1990-2000 42.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,647,037
Speak only English 20.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 32.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 46.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 12,396,566
Speak only English 88.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 8.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,645,860
Speak only English 24.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 30.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 44.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 10,437,494
Speak only English 91.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 6.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 3,193,544
Speak only English 2,283,858
Speak language other than English 909,686
Speak English "very well"
734,509
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
175,177
Speak Spanish 682,097
Speak English "very well"
544,890
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
137,207
Ages 18-64 13,155,515
Speak only English 8,710,739
Speak language other than English 4,444,776
Speak English "very well"
2,616,501
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,828,275
Speak Spanish 3,290,988
Speak English "very well"
1,853,188
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,437,800
65 and Older 4,794,414
Speak only English 3,764,255
Speak language other than English 1,030,159
Speak English "very well"
428,361
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
601,798
Speak Spanish 714,137
Speak English "very well"
259,804
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
454,333
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 71.5%
Speak language other than English 28.5%
Speak English "very well" 23.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 5.5%
Speak Spanish 21.4%
Speak English "very well" 17.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.3%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 66.2%
Speak language other than English 33.8%
Speak English "very well" 19.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 13.9%
Speak Spanish 25.0%
Speak English "very well" 14.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 10.9%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 78.5%
Speak language other than English 21.5%
Speak English "very well" 8.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 12.6%
Speak Spanish 14.9%
Speak English "very well" 5.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 9.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 21,143,473
Speak only English 14,758,852
Speak language other than English 6,384,621
Spanish 4,687,222
Speak English "very well" 2,657,882
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,029,340
French (Including Cajun) 104,481
Speak English "very well" 78,357
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26,124
Haitian 473,273
Speak English "very well" 292,068
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 181,205
Italian 43,321
Speak English "very well" 30,961
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12,360
Portuguese 177,213
Speak English "very well" 112,704
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 64,509
German 61,912
Speak English "very well" 54,311
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,601
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 15,503
Speak English "very well" 13,783
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,720
Russian 64,696
Speak English "very well" 39,167
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 25,529
Polish 22,383
Speak English "very well" 13,153
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,230
Other Slavic Languages 46,833
Speak English "very well" 31,942
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 14,891
Armenian 2,181
Speak English "very well" 1,284
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 897
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 12,671
Speak English "very well" 8,910
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,761
Gujarati 20,896
Speak English "very well" 14,063
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,833
Hindi 32,021
Speak English "very well" 26,879
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,142
Urdu 19,284
Speak English "very well" 14,073
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,211
Punjabi 3,311
Speak English "very well" 2,331
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 980
Bengali 18,544
Speak English "very well" 12,604
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,940
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 10,339
Speak English "very well" 5,815
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,524
Other Indo-European Languages 65,189
Speak English "very well" 46,080
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 19,109
Telugu 19,533
Speak English "very well" 15,644
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,889
Tamil 10,050
Speak English "very well" 8,336
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,714
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 13,981
Speak English "very well" 10,506
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,475
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 68,275
Speak English "very well" 32,397
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35,878
Japanese 11,894
Speak English "very well" 8,549
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,345
Korean 17,549
Speak English "very well" 8,275
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,274
Hmong 917
Speak English "very well" 508
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 409
Vietnamese 70,152
Speak English "very well" 29,873
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40,279
Khmer 3,978
Speak English "very well" 1,003
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,975
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 16,012
Speak English "very well" 7,920
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,092
Other Languages of Asia 16,840
Speak English "very well" 10,481
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,359
Tagalog (including Filipino) 80,209
Speak English "very well" 59,352
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20,857
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 9,015
Speak English "very well" 6,746
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,269
Arabic 80,430
Speak English "very well" 58,427
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22,003
Hebrew 22,033
Speak English "very well" 18,038
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,995
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 6,036
Speak English "very well" 3,853
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,183
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 12,481
Speak English "very well" 10,201
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,280
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 5,661
Speak English "very well" 4,227
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,434
Native Languages of North America 2,679
Speak English "very well" 1,701
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 978
Other and Unspecified Languages 35,623
Speak English "very well" 26,967
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,656
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 69.8%
Field 308 30.2%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 56.7%
Field 310 43.3%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 75.0%
Field 315 25.0%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 61.7%
Field 316 38.3%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 71.5%
Field 319 28.5%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 63.6%
Field 322 36.4%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 87.7%
Field 325 12.3%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 88.9%
Field 328 11.1%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 60.5%
Field 331 39.5%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 58.8%
Field 334 41.2%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 68.2%
Field 337 31.8%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 58.9%
Field 340 41.1%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 70.3%
Field 343 29.7%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 67.3%
Field 346 32.7%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 83.9%
Field 349 16.1%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 73.0%
Field 352 27.0%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 70.4%
Field 355 29.6%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 68.0%
Field 358 32.0%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 56.2%
Field 361 43.8%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 70.7%
Field 364 29.3%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 80.1%
Field 367 19.9%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 82.9%
Field 370 17.1%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 75.1%
Field 373 24.9%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 47.5%
Field 376 52.5%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 71.9%
Field 379 28.1%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 47.2%
Field 382 52.8%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 55.4%
Field 385 44.6%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 42.6%
Field 388 57.4%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 25.2%
Field 391 74.8%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 49.5%
Field 394 50.5%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 62.2%
Field 397 37.8%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 74.0%
Field 400 26.0%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 74.8%
Field 403 25.2%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 72.6%
Field 406 27.4%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 81.9%
Field 409 18.1%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 63.8%
Field 412 36.2%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 81.7%
Field 415 18.3%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 74.7%
Field 418 25.3%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 63.5%
Field 421 36.5%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 75.7%
Field 424 24.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,261,744
Less than high school diploma 18.4%
High school diploma or GED 26.9%
Some college or associate's degree 22.1%
Bachelor's degree 20.0%
Graduate or professional degree 12.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 48.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 25.2%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2022 5.2%
% change: 1990-2000 33.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2022 210.5%
% change: 1990-2000 112.1%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 2,623,702
Less than high school diploma 14.4%
High school diploma or GED 25.4%
Some college or associate's degree 24.9%
Bachelor's degree 21.2%
Graduate or professional degree 14%
Noncitizens (%) 1,638,042
Less than high school diploma 24.9%
High school diploma or GED 29.1%
Some college or associate's degree 17.5%
Bachelor's degree 17.9%
Graduate or professional degree 10.5%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 11,842,666
Less than high school diploma 7.1%
High school diploma or GED 27.2%
Some college or associate's degree 30.9%
Bachelor's degree 21.9%
Graduate or professional degree 13.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -43.0%
% change: 1990-2000 -14.0%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 104.1%
% change: 1990-2000 43.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,198,756
Less than high school diploma 34.0%
High school diploma or GED 22.9%
Some college or associate's degree 22.7%
Bachelor's degree 11.7%
Graduate or professional degree 8.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 33.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher 18.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 8,830,550
Less than high school diploma 16.6%
High school diploma or GED 30.2%
Some college or associate's degree 30.3%
Bachelor's degree 14.9%
Graduate or professional degree 8.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,376,543
Less than high school diploma 40.6%
High school diploma or GED 23.0%
Some college or associate's degree 21.1%
Bachelor's degree 8.9%
Graduate or professional degree 6.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 24.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 13.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 7,498,123
Less than high school diploma 22.8%
High school diploma or GED 31.6%
Some college or associate's degree 26.9%
Bachelor's degree 12.5%
Graduate or professional degree 6.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.