E.g., 06/14/2021
E.g., 06/14/2021
State Language Data - FL
 

Florida

Language & Education
2019
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,499,925
Speak only English 18.4%
Speak English "very well" 36.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45.5%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 65.4%
% change: 1990-2000 67.8%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 2,591,346
Speak only English 21.4%
Speak English "very well" 41.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36.8%
Noncitizens 1,908,579
Speak only English 14.4%
Speak English "very well" 28.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 57.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 15,846,664
Speak only English 84.3%
Speak English ""very well"" 13.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.5%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 25.7%
% change: 1990-2000 42.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,647,037
Speak only English 20.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 32.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 46.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 12,396,566
Speak only English 88.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 8.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,645,860
Speak only English 24.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 30.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 44.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 10,437,494
Speak only English 91.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 6.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 3,100,807
Speak only English 2,176,830
Speak language other than English 923,977
Speak English "very well"
784,790
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
139,187
Speak Spanish 709,195
Speak English "very well"
594,943
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
114,252
Ages 18-64 12,747,584
Speak only English 8,473,102
Speak language other than English 4,274,482
Speak English "very well"
2,557,063
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,717,419
Speak Spanish 3,199,397
Speak English "very well"
1,840,902
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,358,495
65 and Older 4,498,198
Speak only English 3,540,508
Speak language other than English 957,690
Speak English "very well"
367,407
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
590,283
Speak Spanish 662,770
Speak English "very well"
218,384
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
444,386
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 70.2%
Speak language other than English 29.8%
Speak English "very well" 25.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.5%
Speak Spanish 22.9%
Speak English "very well" 19.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.7%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 66.5%
Speak language other than English 33.5%
Speak English "very well" 20.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 13.5%
Speak Spanish 25.1%
Speak English "very well" 14.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 10.7%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 78.7%
Speak language other than English 21.3%
Speak English "very well" 8.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 13.1%
Speak Spanish 14.7%
Speak English "very well" 4.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 9.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 20,346,589
Speak only English 14,190,440
Speak language other than English 6,156,149
Spanish 4,571,362
Speak English "very well" 2,654,229
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,917,133
French (Including Cajun) 101,296
Speak English "very well" 82,387
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 18,909
Haitian 474,201
Speak English "very well" 302,297
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 171,904
Italian 46,517
Speak English "very well" 35,658
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,859
Portuguese 131,134
Speak English "very well" 80,534
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50,600
German 67,175
Speak English "very well" 57,860
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,315
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 14,722
Speak English "very well" 13,644
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,078
Russian 51,172
Speak English "very well" 31,146
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20,026
Polish 29,297
Speak English "very well" 19,000
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,297
Other Slavic Languages 36,478
Speak English "very well" 25,344
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11,134
Armenian 1,412
Speak English "very well" 1,056
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 356
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 10,508
Speak English "very well" 6,109
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,399
Gujarati 26,571
Speak English "very well" 17,735
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,836
Hindi 26,615
Speak English "very well" 21,600
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,015
Urdu 20,632
Speak English "very well" 16,859
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,773
Punjabi 3,195
Speak English "very well" 2,709
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 486
Bengali 16,616
Speak English "very well" 11,019
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,597
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 8,242
Speak English "very well" 5,889
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,353
Other Indo-European Languages 53,679
Speak English "very well" 39,711
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,968
Telugu 13,180
Speak English "very well" 8,805
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,375
Tamil 5,830
Speak English "very well" 4,582
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,248
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 11,819
Speak English "very well" 9,083
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,736
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 75,976
Speak English "very well" 35,393
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40,583
Japanese 11,929
Speak English "very well" 8,488
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,441
Korean 17,820
Speak English "very well" 10,019
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,801
Hmong 1,048
Speak English "very well" 965
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 83
Vietnamese 73,342
Speak English "very well" 29,521
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 43,821
Khmer 5,888
Speak English "very well" 2,768
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,120
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 15,171
Speak English "very well" 6,670
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,501
Other Languages of Asia 12,912
Speak English "very well" 6,754
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,158
Tagalog (including Filipino) 67,576
Speak English "very well" 45,622
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21,954
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 9,607
Speak English "very well" 6,327
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,280
Arabic 63,797
Speak English "very well" 45,644
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 18,153
Hebrew 22,424
Speak English "very well" 20,374
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,050
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 3,081
Speak English "very well" 2,501
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 580
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 11,099
Speak English "very well" 8,898
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,201
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 6,558
Speak English "very well" 4,977
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,581
Native Languages of North America 2,715
Speak English "very well" 2,550
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 165
Other and Unspecified Languages 33,553
Speak English "very well" 24,533
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,020
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 69.7%
Field 308 30.3%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 58.1%
Field 310 41.9%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 81.3%
Field 315 18.7%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 63.7%
Field 316 36.3%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 76.7%
Field 319 23.3%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 61.4%
Field 322 38.6%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 86.1%
Field 325 13.9%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 92.7%
Field 328 7.3%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 60.9%
Field 331 39.1%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 64.9%
Field 334 35.1%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 69.5%
Field 337 30.5%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 74.8%
Field 340 25.2%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 58.1%
Field 343 41.9%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 66.7%
Field 346 33.3%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 81.2%
Field 349 18.8%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 81.7%
Field 352 18.3%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 84.8%
Field 355 15.2%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 66.3%
Field 358 33.7%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 71.5%
Field 361 28.5%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 74.0%
Field 364 26.0%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 66.8%
Field 367 33.2%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 78.6%
Field 370 21.4%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 76.9%
Field 373 23.1%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 46.6%
Field 376 53.4%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 71.2%
Field 379 28.8%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 56.2%
Field 382 43.8%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 92.1%
Field 385 7.9%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 40.3%
Field 388 59.7%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 47.0%
Field 391 53.0%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 44.0%
Field 394 56.0%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 52.3%
Field 397 47.7%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 67.5%
Field 400 32.5%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 65.9%
Field 403 34.1%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 71.5%
Field 406 28.5%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 90.9%
Field 409 9.1%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 81.2%
Field 412 18.8%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 80.2%
Field 415 19.8%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 75.9%
Field 418 24.1%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 93.9%
Field 421 6.1%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 73.1%
Field 424 26.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,015,651
Less than high school diploma 20.5%
High school diploma or GED 27.1%
Some college or associate's degree 22.5%
Bachelor's degree 18.7%
Graduate or professional degree 11.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 45.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 25.2%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2019 10.2%
% change: 1990-2000 33.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2019 167.7%
% change: 1990-2000 112.1%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 2,430,395
Less than high school diploma 17.1%
High school diploma or GED 25.8%
Some college or associate's degree 25.4%
Bachelor's degree 19.6%
Graduate or professional degree 12.1%
Noncitizens (%) 1,585,256
Less than high school diploma 25.7%
High school diploma or GED 29.2%
Some college or associate's degree 18.1%
Bachelor's degree 17.2%
Graduate or professional degree 9.8%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 11,468,851
Less than high school diploma 8.5%
High school diploma or GED 28.8%
Some college or associate's degree 31.7%
Bachelor's degree 19.5%
Graduate or professional degree 11.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -33.9%
% change: 1990-2000 -14.0%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 75.7%
% change: 1990-2000 43.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,198,756
Less than high school diploma 34.0%
High school diploma or GED 22.9%
Some college or associate's degree 22.7%
Bachelor's degree 11.7%
Graduate or professional degree 8.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 33.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher 18.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 8,830,550
Less than high school diploma 16.6%
High school diploma or GED 30.2%
Some college or associate's degree 30.3%
Bachelor's degree 14.9%
Graduate or professional degree 8.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,376,543
Less than high school diploma 40.6%
High school diploma or GED 23.0%
Some college or associate's degree 21.1%
Bachelor's degree 8.9%
Graduate or professional degree 6.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 24.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 13.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 7,498,123
Less than high school diploma 22.8%
High school diploma or GED 31.6%
Some college or associate's degree 26.9%
Bachelor's degree 12.5%
Graduate or professional degree 6.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.