E.g., 08/13/2018
E.g., 08/13/2018

Country Resource - Iran

Iran

IR
  • Population.......................................................................82,021,564 (July 2017 est.)
  • Population growth rate: ...............................................................1.24% (2017 est.)
  • Birth rate...................................................17.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
  • Death rate...................................................5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
  • Net migration rate..................................-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
  • Ethnic groups...............Persian, Azeri, Kurd, Lur, Baloch, Arab, Turkmen and Turkic tribes

CIA World Factbook

Nearly 6 million Afghans fled after violence erupted in the late 1970s, primarily to Iran and Pakistan. While millions returned after the collapse of the Taliban in 2001, the security situation has since deteriorated and the government struggles to meet the needs of vulnerable populations, particularly the internally displaced. This country profile explores Afghanistan’s complex migration and displacement history as well as ongoing challenges.

Recent Activity

Governments on the receiving end of migrants and refugees reinforced their commitment to returns in 2017, sending or coercing migrants to move back to impoverished or violent homelands. The Dominican Republic pushed out some 70,000 Haitians and native born of Haitian descent, while more than 500,000 Afghans left Iran and Pakistan. Though many of these migrants chose to return, in practice the line between forced and voluntary returns is blurry.

Nearly 6 million Afghans fled after violence erupted in the late 1970s, primarily to Iran and Pakistan. While millions returned after the collapse of the Taliban in 2001, the security situation has since deteriorated and the government struggles to meet the needs of vulnerable populations, particularly the internally displaced. This country profile explores Afghanistan’s complex migration and displacement history as well as ongoing challenges.

Iran has long connected the great civilizations of Asia, the Near East and the Mediterranean. But since the Islamic Revolution, hundreds of thousands of highly skilled Iranians have emigrated while millions of refugees from Afghanistan and Iraq have entered the country. Shirin Hakimzadeh takes a detailed look at Iran's past and present migration issues.