E.g., 10/18/2018
E.g., 10/18/2018

Country Resource - Austria

Austria

AT
  • Population.......................................................................8,754,413 (July 2017 est.)
  • Population growth rate .............................................................0.47% (2017 est.)
  • Birth rate....................................................9.5 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
  • Death rate...................................................9.6 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
  • Net migration rate...............................4.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
  • Ethnic groups.........Austrians 91.1%, former Yugoslavs 4% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Serbs, and Bosniaks), Turks 1.6%, Germans 0.9%, other or unspecified 2.4% (2001 census)

CIA World Factbook

Recent policies — some more restrictive, some more liberal — reflect Austria's continuing ambivalence about immigration.

Recent Activity

In 2017, nationalists in Europe and the United States continued seizing on public concerns about immigration and diversity, making gains in pushing their agendas. While their success at the polls was mixed, nativist politicians have succeeded in reshaping broader migration debates, with growing political fragmentation and mistrust of establishment parties making it easier for them to break through.

Faced with a flexible, diverse, and seemingly ubiquitous smuggling industry, governments have struggled to respond. Smuggling and trafficking networks, while hardly new phenomena, were put under a harsh spotlight in 2015 for their role as intermediaries in shaping the scale and flow of migrants and asylum seekers around the world.

Citizenship came under fire in new ways around the world in 2015, with attempts to both restrict who is eligible to become a citizen and who can be deprived of citizenship. Driven by fears of international terrorism, a number of countries proposed or passed legislation making it easier to narrow citizenship and broadening the range of offenses for which individuals can be stripped of their citizenship.

The language of migration and development—remittances, diaspora, brain drain, circular migration—has become standard among researchers and NGOs interested in development issues. In 2007, that language formally became part of the migration policy agenda, particularly in Europe.
A new law passed by Austria could make it more difficult to seek asylum in Austria, according to Veysel Oezcan of Humboldt University Berlin.
Recent policies — some more restrictive, some more liberal — reflect Austria's continuing ambivalence about immigration.
A government measure barring some asylum seekers from access to federal benefits has provoked sparring among Austria's political parties.
Reports
August 2018

Even as populist radical-right parties have experienced mixed electoral success, their ideas have gained traction in Europe and the United States. This report analyzes the economic, political, and social factors behind the rise in support for the radical-right agenda, and the impact of this trend on immigration policymaking and the broader political landscape on both sides of the Atlantic.