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WASHINGTON — In the wake of the migration crisis in Europe, a surge in Central American flows to the United States and movements elsewhere, policymakers are looking for new strategies to better manage migration. The events of 2015-2016 in Europe illustrated the shortcomings of unilateral approaches to migration, with policies aimed at closing borders often diverting rather than stemming flows, and resulting in more deadly conditions for migrants.
BRUSSELS — The failure of last week’s African Union-European Union summit to produce tangible commitments on migration, beyond a long-overdue plan to evacuate thousands of African migrants stranded in Libya, demonstrates the difficulty of partnerships that do not reflect the contexts and priorities of all partners, as a new report outlines.
WASHINGTON — With Congress facing growing calls to pass DREAM Act-type legislation before the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program expires, critics are arguing that legalization would spur vast new “chain migration” because DREAMers could eventually sponsor their family members for green cards. In fact, they argue that each unauthorized immigrant legalized via the DREAM Act could sponsor as many as 6.4 relatives, on average, for legal permanent residence.
Amid growing calls for Congress to pass DREAM Act-type legislation, critics are arguing that legalization would spur vast new "chain migration" because DREAMers could eventually sponsor their relatives for green cards. MPI estimates the numbers who could receive legal permanent residence as a result of sponsorship by DREAMers would be far lower, for a range of reasons explained in this commentary.
WASHINGTON — With as many as 1 million people forcibly returned to Afghanistan in 2016 alone and more than 5.2 million refugees assisted in their return to Afghanistan since the fall of the Taliban in 2002, the nature of return policies and reintegration assistance from European governments and others merit significant attention.
WASHINGTON — International migration has entered the mainstream of development thinking, and vice versa, only in recent years. These policy areas are now converging around a common goal—facilitating safe, orderly and regular migration—articulated in the United Nations’ 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and promised for the forthcoming Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration.
WASHINGTON — Amid a dramatic spike in the arrival on European shores of asylum seekers and migrants in 2015 and 2016, European policymakers set their sights on building or reinvigorating partnerships with origin and transit countries in North Africa as a means of bringing Mediterranean crossings under control.
Fact Sheet Also Offers Educational and Workforce Profile of Current DACA Recipients
WASHINGTON — With the phaseout of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program moving into full force next spring, the Migration Policy Institute (MPI) estimates that an average of 915 young unauthorized immigrants per day will lose their work authorization and protection from deportation beginning on March 6, 2018 through March 5, 2020.
BRUSSELS — As negotiators debate the post-Brexit futures of approximately 3 million European Union nationals living in the United Kingdom and 1 million British citizens resident on the continent, Migration Policy Institute Europe research reveals that these mobile citizens could face challenges in terms of future legal status as well as access to the labour market, social security and health care, whether a deal is agreed or not.
WASHINGTON — Foreign-born students who arrive in the United States during their secondary school years—whether as refugees, unaccompanied minors or via more typical immigration pathways—face daunting hurdles as they seek to juggle learning a new language and culture while also trying to quickly close knowledge gaps and get on track to pass the coursework required to graduate high school.
WASHINGTON — With the clock tolling towards the phaseout of the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program for the approximately 690,000 recipients who now have work authorization and protection from deportation, there are growing efforts in Congress to address the status for unauthorized immigrants brought to the United States as children.
WASHINGTON — Children under age 8 with at least one parent who speaks a language other than English at home—known as Dual Language Learners (DLLs)—represent 32 percent of the U.S. young child population and a growing share of children in most states. While these 11.5 million young learners stand to benefit disproportionately from high-quality early childhood education and care (ECEC) services, they are less likely than their peers to be enrolled in such programs; this may contribute to lags in kindergarten readiness and later academic achievement.
The Trump administration’s decision to set the refugee ceiling at 45,000 for fiscal 2018 marks the lowest level since the refugee resettlement program was created in 1980. At a time of record humanitarian pressures, with more than 22.5 million refugees worldwide, the United States appears to be abandoning its leadership role and other traditional resettlement countries are shouldering a bigger load, as this commentary explores.
No enterprise in the United States could survive if it only counted the costs of doing business and ignored the benefits side of the ledger. But that is exactly how some Trump administration officials are evaluating the refugee resettlement program, rejecting a well-researched Department of Health and Human Services report that finds refugees brought in $63 billion more revenue to governments than they cost over a ten-year period, as this commentary notes.
BRUSSELS — In the aftermath of the 2015 and 2016 migration crisis, governments and civil-society organisations across Europe are seeking new tools to ensure refugees are able to access protection in a safe and orderly way and to improve their integration prospects. A new Migration Policy Institute Europe policy brief published today examines the role that settlement through community-based or private sponsorship schemes could play in achieving these goals.
BRUSSELS — Amid the rush for solutions to Europe’s migration crisis, politicians and advocates alike have shown interest in opening additional legal channels of entry to improve the management of asylum flows and provide an alternative to the dangerous, unauthorised journeys many refugees undertake. But if policymakers are to make smart choices about how to implement new legal channels in the future, much more needs to be understood about how such pathways are used today.
By winding down DACA over six months, President Trump may have addressed a short-term political dilemma. But this action ensures debate will rage on in search of a lasting solution, as many in Congress and beyond recognize the loss of work authorization and deportation relief will affect not only DACA recipients and their families, but also employers, universities, and communities alike, as this commentary explores.
In this personal tribute, MPI Senior Fellow Doris Meissner honors Juan Osuna, who died in August 2017 after his recent retirement as Director of the Executive Office for Immigration Review, the nation's immigration court system. "As we at MPI ... contemplate work without his store of knowledge and fundamental human decency readily at hand, we mourn that his was a life cut too short, just as we honor him for a life well lived."
WASHINGTON — Three-quarters of the unauthorized immigrants over age 16 eligible for the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program were in the labor force, with 24 percent juggling both a job and college studies, a new Migration Policy Institute (MPI) issue brief finds.
WASHINGTON — Shifting migration patterns and labor strategies are reshaping the overwhelmingly foreign-born U.S. agricultural workforce, with a drop in the share of unauthorized workers and increased employer use of mechanization and the H-2A temporary agricultural worker program, a new Migration Policy Institute report shows.