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WASHINGTON — Children under age 8 with at least one parent who speaks a language other than English at home—known as Dual Language Learners (DLLs)—represent 32 percent of the U.S. young child population and a growing share of children in most states. While these 11.5 million young learners stand to benefit disproportionately from high-quality early childhood education and care (ECEC) services, they are less likely than their peers to be enrolled in such programs; this may contribute to lags in kindergarten readiness and later academic achievement.
The Trump administration’s decision to set the refugee ceiling at 45,000 for fiscal 2018 marks the lowest level since the refugee resettlement program was created in 1980. At a time of record humanitarian pressures, with more than 22.5 million refugees worldwide, the United States appears to be abandoning its leadership role and other traditional resettlement countries are shouldering a bigger load, as this commentary explores.
No enterprise in the United States could survive if it only counted the costs of doing business and ignored the benefits side of the ledger. But that is exactly how some Trump administration officials are evaluating the refugee resettlement program, rejecting a well-researched Department of Health and Human Services report that finds refugees brought in $63 billion more revenue to governments than they cost over a ten-year period, as this commentary notes.
BRUSSELS — In the aftermath of the 2015 and 2016 migration crisis, governments and civil-society organisations across Europe are seeking new tools to ensure refugees are able to access protection in a safe and orderly way and to improve their integration prospects. A new Migration Policy Institute Europe policy brief published today examines the role that settlement through community-based or private sponsorship schemes could play in achieving these goals.
BRUSSELS — Amid the rush for solutions to Europe’s migration crisis, politicians and advocates alike have shown interest in opening additional legal channels of entry to improve the management of asylum flows and provide an alternative to the dangerous, unauthorised journeys many refugees undertake. But if policymakers are to make smart choices about how to implement new legal channels in the future, much more needs to be understood about how such pathways are used today.
By winding down DACA over six months, President Trump may have addressed a short-term political dilemma. But this action ensures debate will rage on in search of a lasting solution, as many in Congress and beyond recognize the loss of work authorization and deportation relief will affect not only DACA recipients and their families, but also employers, universities, and communities alike, as this commentary explores.
In this personal tribute, MPI Senior Fellow Doris Meissner honors Juan Osuna, who died in August 2017 after his recent retirement as Director of the Executive Office for Immigration Review, the nation's immigration court system. "As we at MPI ... contemplate work without his store of knowledge and fundamental human decency readily at hand, we mourn that his was a life cut too short, just as we honor him for a life well lived."
WASHINGTON — Three-quarters of the unauthorized immigrants over age 16 eligible for the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program were in the labor force, with 24 percent juggling both a job and college studies, a new Migration Policy Institute (MPI) issue brief finds.
WASHINGTON — Shifting migration patterns and labor strategies are reshaping the overwhelmingly foreign-born U.S. agricultural workforce, with a drop in the share of unauthorized workers and increased employer use of mechanization and the H-2A temporary agricultural worker program, a new Migration Policy Institute report shows.
The RAISE Act endorsed by President Trump would have dramatic effects on family-based immigration to the United States, with disproportionate effects for immigrants from several countries in particular. While much focus has been given to the sponsors' pledge of "merit-based" immigration, the effects on the U.S. employment-based immigration system would be more modest in terms of outcomes, as this commentary explores.
WASHINGTON — The sharp increase in apprehensions of unaccompanied children in Mexico and the violent conditions from which many are fleeing have raised concerns about how well equipped Mexican immigration authorities are to protect child migrants, particularly as girls and those under age 12 represent a growing share. More than 50,000 children in transit to the United States from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras have been apprehended in Mexico since 2014 when the migration of unaccompanied minors reached crisis levels.
WASHINGTON — Bipartisan Senate legislation unveiled today could, if enacted, grant legal permanent residence to as many as 1.5 million unauthorized immigrants brought to the United States as children, according to Migration Policy Institute (MPI) analysis of key provisions outlined by the measure’s authors, Sens. Lindsey Graham (R-SC) and Richard Durbin (D-IL).
Initial reaction to the British government's offer regarding the post-Brexit treatment of EU nationals resident in the United Kingdom was sharply divergent, ranging from constructive to catastrophic. Examining the deal at a slightly longer remove, the proposal in many ways represents a thoughtful piece of immigration policy—albeit with some glaring holes and vague elements, as this commentary explores.
Legal analysis of the Supreme Court’s opinion allowing aspects of a controversial Trump administration executive order to take effect has largely focused on the travel ban on certain nationals from six predominantly Muslim countries. Less noticed was the justices' views with regards to the temporary suspension of the refugee resettlement program. This commentary explores the ruling's possible consequences on refugees.
BRUSSELS — The rapid arrival in 2015–2016 of historic numbers of newcomers to Europe, a significant share of whom are Muslim, has once again placed under the microscope the roles of religion, culture and identity in liberal democratic societies. As different value systems have come into close contact, conflict has sometimes resulted.
WASHINGTON — Mark H. Greenberg, who led the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services’ Administration for Children and Families (ACF) for three years and served in other high-ranking roles in the department, will become a senior fellow at the Migration Policy Institute in July, where he will focus on intersections between immigration issues and social services and social welfare policy.
A recent MPI study reveals that 48 percent of recent immigrants to the United States were college graduates, a sharp increase over earlier periods. How can the United States better leverage this brain gain? This commentary outlines some policies that could allow the United States to more fully utilize the professional and academic credentials that highly skilled immigrants have, for their benefit and that of the U.S. economy.
WASHINGTON — Some researchers have posited a “lottery effect,” whereby the integration outcomes of refugees vary based on the differing employment opportunities, housing cost and benefits available in states where newcomers are resettled. Yet a new Migration Policy Institute (MPI) report, which examines integration outcomes for five leading refugee groups in several key resettlement states, finds little evidence of a lottery effect within individual refugee groups based on state of residence.
Rising Migration from Asia Helps Fuel This New Brain Gain
WASHINGTON — Immigrant adults who have come to the United States since 2011 are far more likely to have a college degree than earlier groups of newcomers, the Migration Policy Institute (MPI) reveals in a new fact sheet published today. Almost half — 48 percent — of immigrant adults entering between 2011 and 2015 were college graduates.
BRUSSELS — In response to record levels of displacement, more governments around the world are resettling refugees and doing so in greater numbers. Amid growing scepticism toward immigration, and refugees in particular, policymakers now more than ever must ensure the efficiency and effectiveness of their resettlement systems. Yet, as a new Migration Policy Institute Europe report notes, the resettlement field lacks a tradition of comprehensive monitoring and evaluation, meaning that the evidence base available to inform policymakers’ actions is exceedingly thin.