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The United Nations has marked an important milestone: its members have agreed on the text of a wide-reaching agreement to cooperate on migration. The Global Compact for Safe, Orderly, and Regular Migration is a noteworthy step towards minimizing the chaos of unplanned large-scale movements and maximizing the benefits of migration, but as this commentary explains, its ultimate effectiveness will depend on the national actions it inspires.
BRUSSELS – Billions of euros will be spent on efforts to integrate refugees in Europe over the next few years, so it is vital that policymakers use solid methods to monitor their spending on these programmes, a new Migration Policy Institute Europe report argues.
WASHINGTON — While Geert Wilders and his radical-right, anti-immigration Party for Freedom (PVV) failed to secure a victory in the 2017 Dutch parliamentary elections, the country’s experience shows that electoral success and government office are not the only ways to shape policy outcomes.
WASHINGTON — Spikes in irregular migration have prompted policymakers in the European Union, United States and elsewhere to look beyond border management for ways to address the underlying factors that drive movement. From the 3.2 billion euros pledged for the EU Emergency Trust Fund for Africa to the U.S. decision to commit $750 million for Central America through the Alliance for Prosperity, policymakers are thinking about how they can incorporate migration into development spending and vice versa.
WASHINGTON — Though elections in Austria, Germany and France in 2017 and recent electoral outcomes in Italy and Hungary have demonstrated the rising power of radical-right parties in Europe, the phenomenon is hardly new in most Nordic countries. Denmark, Finland and Norway have radical-right parties that trace their roots back to at least the 1970s. And more recently, the Sweden Democrats established themselves at the national level in 2010.
BRUSSELS – The European Union needs to boost its institutional capacity to predict and handle future volatility in migration to ease the sense of crisis hanging over national leaders, argues a new report from the Migration Policy Institute Europe.
Heads of government attending the European Summit this Thursday and Friday will discuss a range of issues, from strengthening external border controls to shifting responsibility for individual asylum claims. But in this discussion, the capacity of the EU institutions to respond to crisis has been largely absent.
European leaders have settled on a recurring proposition to address the ongoing political crisis on migration: the creation of asylum processing centers beyond EU borders. The plans championed by various EU leaders are diverse, the details fuzzy. What they have in common is a near-universal focus on shifting responsibility for dealing with refugees and migrants upstream, as this commentary examines.
Even as some pundits assess President Trump's temporary end to family separation as a defeat, the deeper reality is being lost: The administration’s plan to detain all asylum seekers at the U.S.-Mexico border, including families, is now on its way to completion. The “catch-and-release” that Donald Trump rails against is, at least in part, effectively over for now, though the price tag is a long way from being tallied, as this commentary explains.
In exchange for resolving the status of DREAMers, the White House and its congressional allies are demanding billions of dollars for a border wall and additional enforcement, sharp limits on asylum, cuts to legal immigration, and more. But what would the two bills expected to be voted on by the House do in terms of extending temporary or permanent status to DREAMers? This commentary offers estimates.
Amid significant tensions over migration that could fracture Chancellor Angela Merkel's governing coalition, a new "migration master plan" set to be unveiled by Interior Minister Horst Seehofer reportedly involves turning asylum seekers back at German borders and refusing them entry. This commentary explores the potential implications of the proposal, which has prompted concern about the ramifications for the Common European Asylum System.
The House is set to vote on two bills that would largely dismantle the U.S. asylum system at the southern border by significantly narrowing grounds to apply for asylum, eliminating protections for the vast majority of unaccompanied minors, and unilaterally declaring Mexico a safe third country. The result would be a sharp reduction in the number of people permitted to seek humanitarian protection, as this commentary explains.
U.S., State Estimates of Benefits Use by Noncitizens, Naturalized Citizens & U.S. Born Offered
Monthly apprehension statistics at the Southwest border have become a preoccupation for the Trump administration, which compares the 2018 numbers to 2017 and declares a crisis. Yet it was 2017, when the "Trump effect" temporarily paused illegal crossings, that was the outlier. Recent trends have reverted to the pattern seen in 2016, a result notable at a time of very low U.S. unemployment, as this commentary explores.
WASHINGTON – While much recent discussion of the U.S. relationship with Mexico has focused on the Trump administration’s intent to build a wall on the border and further stiffen immigration control policies, Migration Policy Institute (MPI) President Andrew Selee paints a more nuanced picture of the deepening cultural, social and economic ties between the two countries in a forthcoming book that shows how these connections are shaping the future of both countries.
The European Commission has proposed an 89.5 billion-euro fund to combat irregular migration by investing heavily in countries outside the European Union. This commentary argues the ultimate aims of the policy remain obscure, and with some of the money to be drawn from development aid funds is certain to raise tensions between institutions with conflicting goals and mandates.
WASHINGTON – The Trump administration has significantly revved up the immigration enforcement machinery in the U.S. interior, with arrests and deportations up about 40 percent in its first eight months over a year earlier. Yet pushback from California and cities such as Chicago, New York, Boston and Seattle makes it quite unlikely that U.S.
BRUSSELS — National and local authorities across the European Union need to move swiftly to clarify the status of British citizens living on their territory after Brexit, or risk making a mess of the recently agreed deal on citizens’ rights, a new Migration Policy Institute Europe and Goldsmiths, University of London report warns.
WASHINGTON — With large numbers of refugees and asylum seekers arriving in Europe and North America in recent years, many of the youngest arrivals have experienced trauma and stress that pose serious risks to their development. Early childhood education and care (ECEC) programs provide an important means by which receiving countries can mitigate many of the risks these young children face, thereby supporting their healthy development and boosting their longer-term education trajectories and integration success.
WASHINGTON – A number of countries have been revisiting issues related to family-based immigration. At the height of the 2015-2016 European migration crisis, Germany and Sweden introduced restrictions on the family reunification rights of some recently arrived asylum seekers. And in the United States, the Trump administration and some Republicans in Congress are questioning the continued primacy of family reunification in the U.S. immigration system.
WASHINGTON – With demand for H-1B high-skilled visas far outstripping supply, employers are gearing up to mail in applications on April 2, the day the lottery opens this year for 85,000 of the temporary visas. But most H-1B visas are awarded outside the cap, with an average 212,000 such petitions approved annually in the last five years. A new Migration Policy Institute issue brief finds that the rising demand for uncapped H-1Bs is driven in large measure by the delays employers face in getting a green card for their H-1B workers.