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WASHINGTON — Diversity is on the rise across the United States, where young children growing up with one or more parents speaking a language other than English at home now make up nearly one-third of the U.S. child population age 8 and under. With growing numbers of languages spoken in these homes and greater variation in origins, race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status, this “superdiversity” has significant implications for the early childhood education and care (ECEC) programs, schools and other systems that serve Dual Language Learners (DLLs).
Even as the 1.8 million number swirls in the discussion of how many DREAMers would be placed on a path to citizenship, proposals debated in the Senate in February 2018 would have resulted in the legalization of smaller numbers, as this commentary explains. It offers estimates of potential beneficiaries of several Senate proposals, including one backed by the White House, and analysis of key criteria.
On paper, the Diversity Visa Program is not set up to bring in the highly skilled; applicants need only a high school diploma (or equivalent) or two years of mid-level work experience. Yet as this commentary explains, the green-card lottery has become a channel for entry of the highly skilled—with half of recipients coming to the United States in recent years having a college degree.
WASHINGTON —The Migration Policy Institute’s online journal, the Migration Information Source, today published its annual compilation of some of the most frequently sought-after statistics on immigration and immigrants in the United States. Using authoritative data sources, the article offers a look at the country’s nearly 44 million immigrants, and situates immigration trends in both the present day and historically.
BRUSSELS — With predictions that more than one-quarter of the school-aged population in Europe will have a migrant background by the early 2020s, school systems designed for ‘traditional’ learners are fast becoming out of date, a new Migration Policy Institute Europe report finds. Supporting diverse learners requires a structural overhaul of education systems, but most European countries have focused on good practices and small-scale initiatives, not wholesale workforce and systemic change.
BRUSSELS — Amid neighbourhood ethnic tensions and terrorist attacks in a number of major European cities, governments across Europe have renewed their interest in civic education programmes to foster a sense of social responsibility and common values in young people, with the aim of protecting them from alienation and radicalisation.
The White House immigration plan offered as a solution to resolve the fate of DREAMers seeks legal immigration cuts unlike any seen since 1924. In addition to a decrease of up to 40 percent in family-sponsored immigration, the proposal demands vast increases in enforcement and a retrenchment in protections for those seeking humanitarian relief. In exchange, one-sixth of the unauthorized population could gain legal status.
European policymakers are fixated on reform of the Dublin Regulation, the contentious rules that carve up responsibility for asylum claims between EU states. They see it not only as a long-term prophylactic against future fluctuations in irregular migration, but as a marker of the success or failure of solidarity in Europe overall. Yet rather than doggedly working to salvage Dublin, policymakers need to stop and consider why they regard it as so integral to European cooperation, as this commentary explores.
WASHINGTON – With President Trump reaching his one-year anniversary in office on January 20, the Migration Policy Institute (MPI) in a pair of new reports analyzes the changes his administration has made across the U.S. immigration system, as well as the diverging policy responses by state and local governments in areas including law enforcement, education and health and social services.
WASHINGTON — As policymakers in Europe and other high-income countries search for ways to reduce unmanaged migration, they are paying new attention to addressing the drivers of migration, in particular the lack of economic opportunities in countries of origin.
The logic, embedded in the European Commission’s 2015 European Agenda on Migration for example, suggests that if development assistance can improve livelihood prospects in countries of migrant origin, outward migration will decrease.
WASHINGTON — James W. Ziglar, who was Commissioner of the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) during the George W. Bush administration, has been selected as chairman of the Migration Policy Institute’s Board of Trustees.
Ziglar, who served as INS commissioner in 2001-2002 until the agency was dissolved and its missions transferred to the new Department of Homeland Security, succeeds Bishop Nicholas DiMarzio, who served as chairman of the Board of Trustees for 10 years. Bishop DiMarzio remains on the board.
WASHINGTON — On the campaign trail, Donald Trump made immigration the centerpiece of his campaign, promising to build a “big, beautiful wall” across the 2,000-mile U.S.-Mexico border, round up 2 million to 3 million noncitizens with criminal records, impose an ideological test and “extreme” vetting for would-be immigrants and much more. In the year since the election that propelled the Republican into the White House, how has the Trump administration’s record matched up with the rhetoric?
WASHINGTON — Amid debate over legalization for unauthorized immigrants who came to the United States as children, concern has been raised that these DREAMers, once legalized, would take jobs away from U.S. citizens, in particular black and other minority populations. A new Migration Policy Institute (MPI) commentary, which examines the characteristics of DREAMers and the similarly aged U.S.
The debate over the future of DACA participants and the passage of legislation to legalize them and a broader cohort of DREAMers features a number of arguments pro and con. Opposition centers in part on the premise of widespread labor market competition between DREAMers and the U.S. born, particularly minorities. But as as this commentary explains, analysis shows that the case is a weak one.
WASHINGTON — In the wake of the migration crisis in Europe, a surge in Central American flows to the United States and movements elsewhere, policymakers are looking for new strategies to better manage migration. The events of 2015-2016 in Europe illustrated the shortcomings of unilateral approaches to migration, with policies aimed at closing borders often diverting rather than stemming flows, and resulting in more deadly conditions for migrants.
BRUSSELS — The failure of last week’s African Union-European Union summit to produce tangible commitments on migration, beyond a long-overdue plan to evacuate thousands of African migrants stranded in Libya, demonstrates the difficulty of partnerships that do not reflect the contexts and priorities of all partners, as a new report outlines.
WASHINGTON — With Congress facing growing calls to pass DREAM Act-type legislation before the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program expires, critics are arguing that legalization would spur vast new “chain migration” because DREAMers could eventually sponsor their family members for green cards. In fact, they argue that each unauthorized immigrant legalized via the DREAM Act could sponsor as many as 6.4 relatives, on average, for legal permanent residence.
Amid growing calls for Congress to pass DREAM Act-type legislation, critics are arguing that legalization would spur vast new "chain migration" because DREAMers could eventually sponsor their relatives for green cards. MPI estimates the numbers who could receive legal permanent residence as a result of sponsorship by DREAMers would be far lower, for a range of reasons explained in this commentary.
WASHINGTON — With as many as 1 million people forcibly returned to Afghanistan in 2016 alone and more than 5.2 million refugees assisted in their return to Afghanistan since the fall of the Taliban in 2002, the nature of return policies and reintegration assistance from European governments and others merit significant attention.
WASHINGTON — International migration has entered the mainstream of development thinking, and vice versa, only in recent years. These policy areas are now converging around a common goal—facilitating safe, orderly and regular migration—articulated in the United Nations’ 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and promised for the forthcoming Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration.