Towards a Whole-of-Society Approach to Receiving and Settling Newcomers in Europe
The fever appears to have broken in Europe, as the seemingly endless flows of migrants and asylum seekers have abated. But this is a fragile, and possibly illusory, calm. As public services and communities grapple with the scale, pace, and evolving nature of migration flows, several countries feel that they are doing far more than their fair share.
Despite the sense that too many crises are unfolding at once, some countries and sectors of society remain optimistic that newcomers will inject vital human capital into aging workforces. But despite the fact that some groups have performed remarkably well, the general story across the continent is one of persistent socioeconomic gaps between natives and migrants, adding to a vicious cycle that makes it harder for newcomers and their offspring to thrive.
This report considers how integration challenges in Europe differ from, and complicate, existing challenges of fragmentation and social unrest in European countries. It assesses where integration has worked—and where it hasn’t—and analyzes the prognosis for the most recent cohort of newcomers.
II. Current Integration Trends: Where Is Integration Working and Not Working?
A. Labor Market Integration
B. Second-Generation Immigrants and Newly Arrived Children
C. Social Integration
III. Future Integration Trends: How Will New Arrivals Fare?
A. Scale, Character, and Needs of the Newest Cohorts
B. Changing Labor Markets and Labor Needs
C. Aging, Demographic Change, and the Future of Welfare Systems
IV. Policy Approaches
A. A Work-Focused Yet Holistic Approach to Integration
B. An Early, Proactive Approach to Integration
C. A Whole-of-Government Approach to Integration
D. A Whole-of-Society Response to Integration
V. Situating Integration in Migration Policies that Build Public Trust