E.g., 04/21/2021
E.g., 04/21/2021
State Language Data - UT
 

Utah

Language & Education
2019
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 273,812
Speak only English 15.7%
Speak English "very well" 44.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 39.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 38.9%
% change: 1990-2000 313.7%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 119,021
Speak only English 22.3%
Speak English "very well" 48%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29.7%
Noncitizens 154,791
Speak only English 10.7%
Speak English "very well" 41.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 47.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,686,263
Speak only English 91.0%
Speak English ""very well"" 8.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -0.2%
% change: 1990-2000 21.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 155,012
Speak only English 18.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 31.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,868,863
Speak only English 93.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 5.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 56,509
Speak only English 31.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 34.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 33.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,495,290
Speak only English 94.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 4.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 684,425
Speak only English 585,846
Speak language other than English 98,579
Speak English "very well"
85,717
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
12,862
Speak Spanish 75,533
Speak English "very well"
66,046
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
9,487
Ages 18-64 1,910,452
Speak only English 1,569,683
Speak language other than English 340,769
Speak English "very well"
233,378
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
107,391
Speak Spanish 220,964
Speak English "very well"
142,274
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
78,690
65 and Older 365,198
Speak only English 330,780
Speak language other than English 34,418
Speak English "very well"
18,441
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
15,977
Speak Spanish 18,359
Speak English "very well"
8,039
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
10,320
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 85.6%
Speak language other than English 14.4%
Speak English "very well" 12.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.9%
Speak Spanish 11.0%
Speak English "very well" 9.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.4%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 82.2%
Speak language other than English 17.8%
Speak English "very well" 12.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 5.6%
Speak Spanish 11.6%
Speak English "very well" 7.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.1%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 90.6%
Speak language other than English 9.4%
Speak English "very well" 5.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.4%
Speak Spanish 5.0%
Speak English "very well" 2.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 2,960,075
Speak only English 2,486,309
Speak language other than English 473,766
Spanish 314,856
Speak English "very well" 216,359
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 98,497
French (Including Cajun) 9,323
Speak English "very well" 8,752
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 571
Haitian 875
Speak English "very well" 525
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 350
Italian 2,511
Speak English "very well" 2,301
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 210
Portuguese 14,070
Speak English "very well" 10,230
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,840
German 9,090
Speak English "very well" 7,796
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,294
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 1,545
Speak English "very well" 1,370
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 175
Russian 1,776
Speak English "very well" 1,667
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 109
Polish 832
Speak English "very well" 713
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 119
Other Slavic Languages 8,941
Speak English "very well" 6,888
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,053
Armenian 238
Speak English "very well" 164
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 74
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 1,690
Speak English "very well" 956
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 734
Gujarati 417
Speak English "very well" 417
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Hindi 4,019
Speak English "very well" 3,882
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 137
Urdu 1,988
Speak English "very well" 1,948
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40
Punjabi 1,711
Speak English "very well" 980
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 731
Bengali 571
Speak English "very well" 288
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 283
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 2,428
Speak English "very well" 2,276
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 152
Other Indo-European Languages 5,651
Speak English "very well" 4,937
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 714
Telugu 1,131
Speak English "very well" 928
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 203
Tamil 843
Speak English "very well" 843
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 1,651
Speak English "very well" 1,439
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 212
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 16,414
Speak English "very well" 11,394
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,020
Japanese 6,486
Speak English "very well" 5,266
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,220
Korean 4,116
Speak English "very well" 1,872
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,244
Hmong 304
Speak English "very well" 208
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 96
Vietnamese 6,465
Speak English "very well" 3,734
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,731
Khmer 1,869
Speak English "very well" 898
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 971
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 4,674
Speak English "very well" 2,517
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,157
Other Languages of Asia 2,123
Speak English "very well" 1,046
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,077
Tagalog (including Filipino) 8,306
Speak English "very well" 6,947
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,359
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 14,573
Speak English "very well" 12,604
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,969
Arabic 2,909
Speak English "very well" 1,835
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,074
Hebrew 112
Speak English "very well" 112
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 4,678
Speak English "very well" 2,840
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,838
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 402
Speak English "very well" 369
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 33
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 3,235
Speak English "very well" 2,431
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 804
Native Languages of North America 9,418
Speak English "very well" 6,573
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,845
Other and Unspecified Languages 1,525
Speak English "very well" 1,231
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 294
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 84.0%
Field 308 16.0%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 68.7%
Field 310 31.3%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 93.9%
Field 315 6.1%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 60.0%
Field 316 40.0%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 91.6%
Field 319 8.4%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 72.7%
Field 322 27.3%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 85.8%
Field 325 14.2%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 88.7%
Field 328 11.3%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 93.9%
Field 331 6.1%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 85.7%
Field 334 14.3%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 77.0%
Field 337 23.0%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 68.9%
Field 340 31.1%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 56.6%
Field 343 43.4%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 100.0%
Field 346 N
Field 349 100%
Field 349 96.6%
Field 349 3.4%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 98.0%
Field 352 2.0%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 57.3%
Field 355 42.7%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 50.4%
Field 358 49.6%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 93.7%
Field 361 6.3%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 87.4%
Field 364 12.6%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 82.1%
Field 367 17.9%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 100.0%
Field 370 N
Field 373 100%
Field 373 87.2%
Field 373 12.8%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 69.4%
Field 376 30.6%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 81.2%
Field 379 18.8%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 45.5%
Field 382 54.5%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 68.4%
Field 385 31.6%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 57.8%
Field 388 42.2%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 48.0%
Field 391 52.0%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 53.9%
Field 394 46.1%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 49.3%
Field 397 50.7%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 83.6%
Field 400 16.4%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 86.5%
Field 403 13.5%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 63.1%
Field 406 36.9%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 100.0%
Field 409 N
Field 412 100%
Field 412 60.7%
Field 412 39.3%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 91.8%
Field 415 8.2%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 75.1%
Field 418 24.9%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 69.8%
Field 421 30.2%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 80.7%
Field 424 19.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 229,891
Less than high school diploma 23.8%
High school diploma or GED 25.7%
Some college or associate's degree 23.7%
Bachelor's degree 16.5%
Graduate or professional degree 10.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 41.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 9.3%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2019 42.3%
% change: 1990-2000 228.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2019 164.1%
% change: 1990-2000 133.1%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 107,799
Less than high school diploma 21.3%
High school diploma or GED 23.9%
Some college or associate's degree 26%
Bachelor's degree 16.7%
Graduate or professional degree 12%
Noncitizens (%) 122,092
Less than high school diploma 26%
High school diploma or GED 27.2%
Some college or associate's degree 21.7%
Bachelor's degree 16.2%
Graduate or professional degree 8.8%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,681,701
Less than high school diploma 4.7%
High school diploma or GED 22.8%
Some college or associate's degree 36.7%
Bachelor's degree 24.4%
Graduate or professional degree 11.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -28.5%
% change: 1990-2000 -10.3%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 110.9%
% change: 1990-2000 48.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 108,708
Less than high school diploma 35.4%
High school diploma or GED 20.5%
Some college or associate's degree 22.7%
Bachelor's degree 12.2%
Graduate or professional degree 9.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 26.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 7.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,091,783
Less than high school diploma 10.0%
High school diploma or GED 24.9%
Some college or associate's degree 38.8%
Bachelor's degree 18.0%
Graduate or professional degree 8.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 44,276
Less than high school diploma 26.5%
High school diploma or GED 22.8%
Some college or associate's degree 28.2%
Bachelor's degree 13.0%
Graduate or professional degree 9.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 854,536
Less than high school diploma 14.3%
High school diploma or GED 27.3%
Some college or associate's degree 35.9%
Bachelor's degree 15.8%
Graduate or professional degree 6.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.