E.g., 10/27/2020
E.g., 10/27/2020

State Language Data - NE

Nebraska

Language & Education
2018
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 137,280
Speak only English 14.4%
Speak English "very well" 32.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 53.3%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 79.7%
% change: 1990-2000 375.1%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 55,483
Speak only English 21.1%
Speak English "very well" 35.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 43.1%
Noncitizens 81,797
Speak only English 9.9%
Speak English "very well" 29.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 60.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,660,832
Speak only English 94.9%
Speak English ""very well"" 4.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -12.5%
% change: 1990-2000 30.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 72,948
Speak only English 15.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 28.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 55.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,521,752
Speak only English 95.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 26,274
Speak only English 32.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 32.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,430,963
Speak only English 96.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 343,730
Speak only English 299,152
Speak language other than English 44,578
Speak English "very well"
33,748
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
10,830
Speak Spanish 33,218
Speak English "very well"
26,400
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
6,818
Ages 18-64 1,150,384
Speak only English 1,006,866
Speak language other than English 143,518
Speak English "very well"
72,437
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
71,081
Speak Spanish 90,159
Speak English "very well"
42,358
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
47,801
65 and Older 303,998
Speak only English 290,498
Speak language other than English 13,500
Speak English "very well"
7,315
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
6,185
Speak Spanish 6,232
Speak English "very well"
3,408
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
2,824
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 87.0%
Speak language other than English 13.0%
Speak English "very well" 9.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.2%
Speak Spanish 9.7%
Speak English "very well" 7.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.0%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 87.5%
Speak language other than English 12.5%
Speak English "very well" 6.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.2%
Speak Spanish 7.8%
Speak English "very well" 3.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.2%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 95.6%
Speak language other than English 4.4%
Speak English "very well" 2.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.0%
Speak Spanish 2.1%
Speak English "very well" 1.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 1,798,112
Speak only English 1,596,516
Speak language other than English 201,596
Spanish 129,609
Speak English "very well" 72,166
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 57,443
French (Including Cajun) 3,623
Speak English "very well" 2,375
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,248
Haitian 68
Speak English "very well" 68
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Italian 336
Speak English "very well" 290
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 46
Portuguese 1,678
Speak English "very well" 127
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,551
German 4,629
Speak English "very well" 4,126
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 503
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 979
Speak English "very well" 609
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 370
Russian 2,498
Speak English "very well" 1,409
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,089
Polish 416
Speak English "very well" 416
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Slavic Languages 2,691
Speak English "very well" 1,943
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 748
Armenian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 1,137
Speak English "very well" 674
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 463
Gujarati 609
Speak English "very well" 514
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 95
Hindi 1,744
Speak English "very well" 1,688
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 56
Urdu 489
Speak English "very well" 313
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 176
Punjabi 143
Speak English "very well" 93
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50
Bengali 83
Speak English "very well" 83
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 2,115
Speak English "very well" 1,296
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 819
Other Indo-European Languages 4,230
Speak English "very well" 3,300
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 930
Telugu 2,153
Speak English "very well" 1,826
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 327
Tamil 1,006
Speak English "very well" 613
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 393
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 608
Speak English "very well" 498
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 110
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 4,054
Speak English "very well" 1,685
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,369
Japanese 1,212
Speak English "very well" 791
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 421
Korean 1,592
Speak English "very well" 632
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 960
Hmong 210
Speak English "very well" 183
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 27
Vietnamese 5,715
Speak English "very well" 2,077
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,638
Khmer N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 1,291
Speak English "very well" 737
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 554
Other Languages of Asia 7,158
Speak English "very well" 1,774
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,384
Tagalog (including Filipino) 2,508
Speak English "very well" 1,464
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,044
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 1,764
Speak English "very well" 1,015
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 749
Arabic 4,569
Speak English "very well" 3,068
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,501
Hebrew 102
Speak English "very well" 25
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 77
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 2,727
Speak English "very well" 407
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,320
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 1,074
Speak English "very well" 705
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 369
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 4,603
Speak English "very well" 2,774
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,829
Native Languages of North America 1,201
Speak English "very well" 1,165
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36
Other and Unspecified Languages 972
Speak English "very well" 571
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 401
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 88.8%
Field 308 11.2%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 55.7%
Field 310 44.3%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 65.6%
Field 315 34.4%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 100.0%
Field 316 N
Field 319 100%
Field 319 86.3%
Field 319 13.7%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 7.6%
Field 322 92.4%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 89.1%
Field 325 10.9%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 62.2%
Field 328 37.8%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 56.4%
Field 331 43.6%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 100.0%
Field 334 N
Field 337 100%
Field 337 72.2%
Field 337 27.8%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 N
Field 340 N
Field 343 100%
Field 343 59.3%
Field 343 40.7%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 84.4%
Field 346 15.6%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 96.8%
Field 349 3.2%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 64.0%
Field 352 36.0%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 65.0%
Field 355 35.0%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 100.0%
Field 358 N
Field 361 100%
Field 361 61.3%
Field 361 38.7%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 78.0%
Field 364 22.0%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 84.8%
Field 367 15.2%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 60.9%
Field 370 39.1%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 81.9%
Field 373 18.1%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 41.6%
Field 376 58.4%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 65.3%
Field 379 34.7%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 39.7%
Field 382 60.3%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 87.1%
Field 385 12.9%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 36.3%
Field 388 63.7%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 N
Field 391 N
Field 394 100%
Field 394 57.1%
Field 394 42.9%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 24.8%
Field 397 75.2%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 58.4%
Field 400 41.6%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 57.5%
Field 403 42.5%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 67.1%
Field 406 32.9%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 24.5%
Field 409 75.5%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 14.9%
Field 412 85.1%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 65.6%
Field 415 34.4%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 60.3%
Field 418 39.7%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 97.0%
Field 421 3.0%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 58.7%
Field 424 41.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 111,774
Less than high school diploma 35.4%
High school diploma or GED 22.2%
Some college or associate's degree 18.0%
Bachelor's degree 14.4%
Graduate or professional degree 10.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 36.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.7%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2018 60.4%
% change: 1990-2000 220.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2018 180.4%
% change: 1990-2000 85.3%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 48,430
Less than high school diploma 29%
High school diploma or GED 22.4%
Some college or associate's degree 21.4%
Bachelor's degree 16%
Graduate or professional degree 11.2%
Noncitizens (%) 63,344
Less than high school diploma 40.2%
High school diploma or GED 22.1%
Some college or associate's degree 15.4%
Bachelor's degree 13.2%
Graduate or professional degree 9.1%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,154,666
Less than high school diploma 6.0%
High school diploma or GED 26.1%
Some college or associate's degree 34.7%
Bachelor's degree 22.0%
Graduate or professional degree 11.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -43.0%
% change: 1990-2000 -30.4%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 53.8%
% change: 1990-2000 37.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 50,911
Less than high school diploma 48.4%
High school diploma or GED 18.4%
Some college or associate's degree 14.1%
Bachelor's degree 10.5%
Graduate or professional degree 8.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 17.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,036,170
Less than high school diploma 11.6%
High school diploma or GED 31.9%
Some college or associate's degree 32.4%
Bachelor's degree 17.0%
Graduate or professional degree 7.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 21,571
Less than high school diploma 35.6%
High school diploma or GED 22.3%
Some college or associate's degree 17.7%
Bachelor's degree 11.9%
Graduate or professional degree 12.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 4.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 2.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 973,054
Less than high school diploma 17.8%
High school diploma or GED 35.4%
Some college or associate's degree 28.1%
Bachelor's degree 13.0%
Graduate or professional degree 5.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.