E.g., 01/19/2022
E.g., 01/19/2022
State Language Data - NE
 

Nebraska

Language & Education
2019
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 139,711
Speak only English 10.8%
Speak English "very well" 34.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 55.1%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 89.2%
% change: 1990-2000 375.1%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 58,902
Speak only English 14.9%
Speak English "very well" 42.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 42.8%
Noncitizens 80,809
Speak only English 7.9%
Speak English "very well" 28%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 64.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,665,146
Speak only English 94.7%
Speak English ""very well"" 4.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -20.2%
% change: 1990-2000 30.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 72,948
Speak only English 15.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 28.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 55.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,521,752
Speak only English 95.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 26,274
Speak only English 32.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 32.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,430,963
Speak only English 96.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 345,545
Speak only English 297,402
Speak language other than English 48,143
Speak English "very well"
34,131
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
14,012
Speak Spanish 35,281
Speak English "very well"
26,369
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
8,912
Ages 18-64 1,147,017
Speak only English 996,841
Speak language other than English 150,176
Speak English "very well"
80,377
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
69,799
Speak Spanish 95,243
Speak English "very well"
48,363
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
46,880
65 and Older 312,295
Speak only English 298,513
Speak language other than English 13,782
Speak English "very well"
6,970
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
6,812
Speak Spanish 7,068
Speak English "very well"
3,356
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
3,712
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 86.1%
Speak language other than English 13.9%
Speak English "very well" 9.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.1%
Speak Spanish 10.2%
Speak English "very well" 7.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.6%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 86.9%
Speak language other than English 13.1%
Speak English "very well" 7.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 6.1%
Speak Spanish 8.3%
Speak English "very well" 4.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.1%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 95.6%
Speak language other than English 4.4%
Speak English "very well" 2.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.2%
Speak Spanish 2.3%
Speak English "very well" 1.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 1,804,857
Speak only English 1,592,756
Speak language other than English 212,101
Spanish 137,592
Speak English "very well" 78,088
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 59,504
French (Including Cajun) 3,673
Speak English "very well" 2,990
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 683
Haitian 269
Speak English "very well" 269
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Italian 506
Speak English "very well" 480
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26
Portuguese 1,187
Speak English "very well" 948
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 239
German 3,954
Speak English "very well" 3,392
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 562
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 150
Speak English "very well" 150
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Russian 2,083
Speak English "very well" 1,619
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 464
Polish 882
Speak English "very well" 794
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 88
Other Slavic Languages 1,758
Speak English "very well" 1,249
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 509
Armenian 60
Speak English "very well" 60
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 1,771
Speak English "very well" 1,110
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 661
Gujarati 49
Speak English "very well" 49
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Hindi 2,406
Speak English "very well" 2,061
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 345
Urdu 338
Speak English "very well" 338
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Punjabi N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Bengali 175
Speak English "very well" 70
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 105
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 1,963
Speak English "very well" 1,324
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 639
Other Indo-European Languages 2,074
Speak English "very well" 962
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,112
Telugu 1,499
Speak English "very well" 1,104
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 395
Tamil 735
Speak English "very well" 735
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 110
Speak English "very well" 110
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 3,796
Speak English "very well" 1,771
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,025
Japanese 2,002
Speak English "very well" 704
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,298
Korean 2,083
Speak English "very well" 1,455
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 628
Hmong 137
Speak English "very well" 43
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 94
Vietnamese 9,667
Speak English "very well" 3,917
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,750
Khmer 300
Speak English "very well" 236
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 64
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 1,054
Speak English "very well" 504
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 550
Other Languages of Asia 4,968
Speak English "very well" 1,315
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,653
Tagalog (including Filipino) 1,319
Speak English "very well" 1,072
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 247
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 1,257
Speak English "very well" 1,108
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 149
Arabic 6,465
Speak English "very well" 4,305
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,160
Hebrew 13
Speak English "very well" 13
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 7,297
Speak English "very well" 2,175
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,122
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 1,083
Speak English "very well" 1,042
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 41
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 6,431
Speak English "very well" 2,977
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,454
Native Languages of North America 751
Speak English "very well" 751
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other and Unspecified Languages 244
Speak English "very well" 188
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 56
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 88.2%
Field 308 11.8%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 56.8%
Field 310 43.2%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 81.4%
Field 315 18.6%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 100.0%
Field 316 N
Field 319 100%
Field 319 94.9%
Field 319 5.1%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 79.9%
Field 322 20.1%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 85.8%
Field 325 14.2%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 77.7%
Field 331 22.3%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 90.0%
Field 334 10.0%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 71.0%
Field 337 29.0%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 100.0%
Field 340 N
Field 343 100%
Field 343 62.7%
Field 343 37.3%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 100.0%
Field 346 N
Field 349 100%
Field 349 85.7%
Field 349 14.3%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 100.0%
Field 352 N
Field 355 100%
Field 355 N
Field 355 N
Field 358 100%
Field 358 40.0%
Field 358 60.0%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 67.4%
Field 361 32.6%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 46.4%
Field 364 53.6%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 73.6%
Field 367 26.4%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 100.0%
Field 370 N
Field 373 100%
Field 373 100.0%
Field 373 N
Field 376 100%
Field 376 46.7%
Field 376 53.3%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 35.2%
Field 379 64.8%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 69.9%
Field 382 30.1%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 31.4%
Field 385 68.6%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 40.5%
Field 388 59.5%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 78.7%
Field 391 21.3%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 47.8%
Field 394 52.2%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 26.5%
Field 397 73.5%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 81.3%
Field 400 18.7%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 88.1%
Field 403 11.9%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 66.6%
Field 406 33.4%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 100.0%
Field 409 N
Field 412 100%
Field 412 29.8%
Field 412 70.2%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 96.2%
Field 415 3.8%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 46.3%
Field 418 53.7%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 100.0%
Field 421 N
Field 424 100%
Field 424 77.0%
Field 424 23.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 109,975
Less than high school diploma 37.0%
High school diploma or GED 22.5%
Some college or associate's degree 16.5%
Bachelor's degree 13.8%
Graduate or professional degree 10.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 40.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.2%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2019 65.1%
% change: 1990-2000 220.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2019 169.9%
% change: 1990-2000 85.3%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 50,893
Less than high school diploma 31.1%
High school diploma or GED 23.5%
Some college or associate's degree 22.1%
Bachelor's degree 15%
Graduate or professional degree 8.3%
Noncitizens (%) 59,082
Less than high school diploma 42.1%
High school diploma or GED 21.7%
Some college or associate's degree 11.8%
Bachelor's degree 12.8%
Graduate or professional degree 11.6%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,161,795
Less than high school diploma 5.2%
High school diploma or GED 26.0%
Some college or associate's degree 34.7%
Bachelor's degree 22.5%
Graduate or professional degree 11.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -49.8%
% change: 1990-2000 -30.4%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 59.0%
% change: 1990-2000 37.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 50,911
Less than high school diploma 48.4%
High school diploma or GED 18.4%
Some college or associate's degree 14.1%
Bachelor's degree 10.5%
Graduate or professional degree 8.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 17.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,036,170
Less than high school diploma 11.6%
High school diploma or GED 31.9%
Some college or associate's degree 32.4%
Bachelor's degree 17.0%
Graduate or professional degree 7.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 21,571
Less than high school diploma 35.6%
High school diploma or GED 22.3%
Some college or associate's degree 17.7%
Bachelor's degree 11.9%
Graduate or professional degree 12.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 4.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 2.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 973,054
Less than high school diploma 17.8%
High school diploma or GED 35.4%
Some college or associate's degree 28.1%
Bachelor's degree 13.0%
Graduate or professional degree 5.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.