E.g., 04/13/2021
E.g., 04/13/2021

State Demographics Data - MO

Missouri

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 262,047
% Foreign Born 4.3%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 73.3%
% change: 1990-2000 80.8%
Race (%)  
One race 97.8%
White
40.1%
Black or African American
11.7%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.4%
Asian
33.4%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
1.1%
Other race
11.1%
Two or more races 2.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 71,876
% Latino 27.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.9%
5-17 7.2%
18-64 79.1%
65 and older 12.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

41
Gender (% female) 51.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 24.7%
Married 61.4%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,875,381
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 7.9%
% change: 1990-2000 8.2%
Race (%)  
One race 97.2%
White 83.7%
Black or African American 11.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.4%
Asian 0.7%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 0.8%
Two or more races 2.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 192,458
% Latino 3.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.2%
5-17 16.8%
18-64 59.6%
65 and older 17.4%
Median Age 38.7
Gender (% female) 51.0%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 31.0%
Married 48.5%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 20.5%
Foreign Born
Number 151,196
% Foreign Born 2.7%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,444,015
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 83,633
% Foreign Born 1.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 5,033,440
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

262,047
Born in Africa 24,250
Born in Asia 102,736
Born in Europe 45,332
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 81,516
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4,506
Born in Oceania 3,707
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

262,047
Europe 45,332
Northern Europe 6,808
United Kingdom
5,395
Ireland
526
Other Northern Europe
887
Western Europe 9,331
France
1,325
Germany
6,932
Other Western Europe
1,074
Southern Europe 4,965
Italy
2,181
Portugal
23
Other Southern Europe
2,761
Eastern Europe 24,117
Poland
1,642
Russia
4,175
Other Eastern Europe
18,300
Other Europe (no country specified) 111
Asia 102,736
Eastern Asia 33,683
China
25,075

China, excluding Taiwan

22,888

Taiwan

2,187
Japan
1,570
Korea
6,993
Other Eastern Asia
45
South Central Asia 31,213
India
22,404
Iran
1,669
Other South Central Asia
7,140
Southeastern Asia 26,267
Philippines
12,356
Vietnam
10,518
Other Southeastern Asia
3,393
Western Asia 11,169
Israel
534
Lebanon
553
Other Western Asia
10,082
Other Asia (no country specified) 404
Africa 24,250
Eastern Africa 10,637
Northern Africa
1,825
Western Africa
6,491
Middle and Southern Africa
3,567
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,730
Oceania 3,707
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,266
Oceania (no country specified) 2,441
Americas 86,022
Latin America 81,516
Caribbean
10,927

Cuba

2,493

Jamaica

4,274

Other Caribbean

4,160
Central America
58,868

Mexico

38,945

El Salvador

2,902

Other Central America

17,021
South America
11,721

Brazil

1,852

Colombia

2,585

Other South America

7,284
Northern America 4,506
Canada
4,506
Other Northern America
N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 57,430
1990-1999 50,286
2000-2009 66,711
Since 2010 87,620
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 9.3%
Born in Asia 39.2%
Born in Europe 17.3%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 31.1%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.7%
Born in Oceania 1.4%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 17.3%
Northern Europe 2.6%
United Kingdom 2.1%
Ireland 0.2%
Other Northern Europe 0.3%
Western Europe 3.6%
France 0.5%
Germany 2.6%
Other Western Europe 0.4%
Southern Europe 1.9%
Italy 0.8%
Portugal N
Other Southern Europe 1.1%
Eastern Europe 9.2%
Poland 0.6%
Russia 1.6%
Other Eastern Europe 7.0%
Other Europe (no country specified) N
Asia 39.2%
Eastern Asia 12.9%
China 9.6%
China, excluding Taiwan 8.7%
Taiwan 0.8%
Japan 0.6%
Korea 2.7%
Other Eastern Asia N
South Central Asia 11.9%
India 8.5%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 2.7%
Southeastern Asia 10.0%
Philippines 4.7%
Vietnam 4.0%
Other Southeastern Asia 1.3%
Western Asia 4.3%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 3.8%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.2%
Africa 9.3%
Eastern Africa 4.1%
Northern Africa 0.7%
Western Africa 2.5%
Middle and Southern Africa 1.4%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.7%
Oceania 1.4%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.5%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.9%
Americas 32.8%
Latin America 31.1%
Caribbean 4.2%
Cuba 1.0%
Jamaica 1.6%
Other Caribbean 1.6%
Central America 22.5%
Mexico 14.9%
El Salvador 1.1%
Other Central America 6.5%
South America 4.5%
Brazil 0.7%
Colombia 1.0%
Other South America 2.8%
Northern America 1.7%
Canada 1.7%
Other Northern America N
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 21.9%
1980-1989 19.2%
1990-1999 25.5%
Since 2000 33.4%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 151,196
Born in Africa 8,453
Born in Asia 52,733
Born in Europe 43,101
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 39,048
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 6,280
Cat28 1,580
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 5.6%
Born in Asia 34.9%
Born in Europe 28.5%
Born in Latin America 25.8%
Born in Northern America 4.2%
Born in Oceania 1.0%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 80,805
Born in Africa 2,813
Born in Asia 28,249
Born in Europe 32,959
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 11,424
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 4,467
Cat21 893
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 3.5%
Born in Asia 35.0%
Born in Europe 40.8%
Born in Latin America 14.1%
Born in Northern America 5.5%
Born in Oceania 1.1%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 262,047
Naturalized citizens 134,410
Noncitizens 127,637
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 134,410
Before 1990 27,926
1990-1999 19,443
2000-2009 39,092
2010-2014 20,070
Since 2015 27,879
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 51.3%
Noncitizens 48.7%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 20.8%
1980-1989 14.5%
1990-1999 29.1%
2000-2009 14.9%
Since 2010 20.7%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 151,196
Naturalized citizens 61,786
Noncitizens 89,410
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 40.9%
Noncitizens 59.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 83,633
Naturalized citizens 45,683
Noncitizens 37,950
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 54.6%
Noncitizens 45.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 81,135
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 4,483
% married among women who gave birth
79.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
20.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,319,387
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 71,945
% married among women who gave birth 68.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 31.9%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 2.86
Average family size 3.49
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.40
Average family size 3.01
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,279,142
Only native parent(s)
1,165,178
One or more foreign-born parents
113,964

Child is native

98,995

Child is foreign born

14,969
Children under age 6 with 416,471
Only native parent(s)
380,980
One or more foreign-born parents
35,491

Child is native

32,837

Child is foreign born

2,654
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 862,671
Only native parent(s)
784,198
One or more foreign-born parents
78,473

Child is native

66,158

Child is foreign born

12,315
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

490,437
Only native parents 440,102
One or more foreign-born parents 50,335
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.9%
Child is native 7.7%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 91.5%
One or more foreign-born parents 8.5%
Child is native 7.9%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 90.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 9.1%
Child is native 7.7%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 89.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 10.3%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,364,420
Only native parent(s) 1,303,802
One or more foreign-born parents 60,618
Child is native 46,993
Child is foreign born 13,625
Children under age 6 with 429,524
Only native parent(s) 406,647
One or more foreign-born parents 22,877
Child is native 20,416
Child is foreign born 2,461
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 934,896
Only native parent(s) 897,155
One or more foreign-born parents 37,741
Child is native 26,577
Child is foreign born 11,164
Children in Low-Income Families* 505,358
Only native parents 481,012
One or more foreign-born parents 24,346
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.4%
Child is native 3.4%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 94.7%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.3%
Child is native 4.8%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 96.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.0%
Child is native 2.8%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 95.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,266,907
Only native parent(s) 1,231,342
One or more foreign-born parents 35,565
Child is native 29,591
Child is foreign born 5,974
Children under age 6 with 430,629
Only native parent(s) 419,518
One or more foreign-born parents 11,111
Child is native 9,913
Child is foreign born 1,198
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 836,278
Only native parent(s) 811,824
One or more foreign-born parents 24,454
Child is native 19,678
Child is foreign born 4,776
Children in Low-Income Families* 502,971
Only native parents 488,467
One or more foreign-born parents 14,504
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.8%
Child is native 2.3%
Child is foreign born 0.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.6%
Child is native 2.3%
Child is foreign born 0.3%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 97.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.9%
Child is native 2.4%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 97.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 2.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.