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MPI-EUI Human Rights Research
The number of refugees and people in need of protection has increased over the last decade, while fewer and fewer have actually been recognized and granted settlement. The pressure to protect and resettle more people is expected to intensify as a result of the economic crisis.
Migration Policy Institute Research
While generous in many respects, the U.S. refugee protection system has become less robust over the last two decades amid heightened security reviews, inadequate coordination between government and NGOs, and unresolved policy tensions between the goals of protecting the most vulnerable and of refugee integration. This report examines U.S. legal and policy responses to those seeking protection in the United States and addresses the barriers, gaps, and opportunities that exist in the refugee protection regime.
For decades, some immigrant-receiving countries have experimented with policies designed to encourage unauthorized immigrants to leave without the cost, legal barriers, and political obstacles that result from removals or forced returns. These initiatives—known as pay-to-go, noncoercive, voluntary, assisted voluntary, or nonforced returns—generally offer paid travel and/or a financial incentive in order to persuade target populations to cooperate with immigration authorities. The authors examine the programs’ long history of failure on the ground, but conclude that such initiatives could be an important part of the policy toolkit to reduce illegal immigration with proper experimentation and evaluation.