From Fingerprinting to Visa-Free Travel: New Frontiers in U.S. and E.U. Border Security
WASHINGTON -- The United States and Europe are moving toward creating a single security space. Ever-increasing economic and political integration of the European Union and deeper economic and security partnerships among the United States, Canada, and Mexico are creating new models of border management. At the same time, concerns about attempts by terrorists to exploit easier access between countries on either side of the Atlantic are creating friction, and illegal migration and transnational criminal enterprises are eliciting greater strategic reassessment of, and investment in, border and immigration policies.
Room for Progress: Reinventing Euro-Atlantic Borders for a New Strategic Environment, a new MPI report by Deborah W. Meyers, Rey Koslowski and Susan Ginsburg, describes the latest developments in three elements of U.S. and E.U. border management: the recently established enforcement agencies, benefits and limitations of new information technology, and contentious developments surrounding visa-free travel policy.
|Highlights of ways in which U.S. and E.U. border control converge and diverge include:|
Ultimately, the authors suggest that U.S. and E.U. policymakers must engage in greater dialogue on the new security systems and structures they are developing, as well as enhance international cooperation on border management, specifically institutional, technological and visa arrangements, if they are to realize their shared goal of securing national and regional borders.