E.g., 11/26/2020
E.g., 11/26/2020

Profile of the Unauthorized Population - NJ

Profile of the Unauthorized Population:
New Jersey

DemographicsEstimate% of Total
Unauthorized Population 425,000 100%
Top Countries of Birth
Mexico 87,000 21%
India 48,000 11%
Dominican Republic 31,000 7%
Guatemala 31,000 7%
El Salvador 30,000 7%
Regions of Birth
Mexico and Central America 179,000 42%
Caribbean 45,000 11%
South America 79,000 19%
Europe/Canada/Oceania 27,000 6%
Asia 84,000 20%
Africa 10,000 2%
Years of U.S. Residence
Less than 5 104,000 25%
5 to 9 98,000 23%
10 to 14 99,000 23%
15 to 19 86,000 20%
20 or more 37,000 9%
Age
Under 16 24,000 6%
16 to 24 62,000 15%
25 to 34 134,000 32%
35 to 44 121,000 28%
45 to 54 53,000 13%
55 and over 32,000 7%
Gender
Female 196,000 46%
FamilyEstimate% of Total
Parental Status
Population ages 15 and older 404,000 100%
Reside with at least one U.S.-citizen child under 18 131,000 32%
Reside with noncitizen children only under 18 27,000 7%
Reside with no children 246,000 61%
Marital Status
Population ages 15 and older 404,000 100%
Never married 174,000 43%
Married to a U.S. citizen 56,000 14%
Married to a legal permanent resident (LPR) 27,000 7%
Married to non-U.S. citizen/non-LPR 91,000 22%
Divorced, separated, widowed 57,000 14%
Education and LanguageEstimate% of Total
School Enrollment of Children and Youth
Population ages 3 to 17 29,000 100%
Enrolled 25,000 89%
Not enrolled 3,000 11%
Population ages 3 to 12 16,000 100%
Enrolled 14,000 87%
Not enrolled- -
Population ages 13 to 17 13,000 100%
Enrolled 12,000 91%
Not enrolled- -
Population ages 18 to 24 55,000 100%
Enrolled 23,000 41%
Not enrolled 33,000 59%
Educational Attainment of Adults
Population ages 25 and older 340,000 100%
0-5 grade 33,000 10%
6-8 grade 40,000 12%
9-12 grade 34,000 10%
High school diploma or equivalent 96,000 28%
Some college or associate’s degree 44,000 13%
Bachelor’s, graduate, or professional degree 92,000 27%
English Proficiency
Population ages 5 and older 422,000 100%
Speak only English 35,000 8%
Speak English "very well" 114,000 27%
Speak English "well" 96,000 23%
Speak English "not well"/"not at all" 178,000 42%
Top 5 Languages Spoken at Home
Population ages 5 and older 422,000 100%
Spanish 269,000 64%
English 35,000 8%
Portuguese 12,000 3%
Hindi 12,000 3%
Chinese 11,000 3%
WorkforceEstimate% of Total
Labor Force Participation
Civilian population ages 16 and older 401,000 100%
Employed 275,000 69%
Unemployed 19,000 5%
Not in the labor force 107,000 27%
Top Industries of Employment
Civilian employed population ages 16 and older 275,000 100%
Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services 45,000 16%
Accommodation and food services, arts, entertainment, and recreation 43,000 16%
Construction 42,000 15%
Manufacturing 29,000 10%
Retail trade 28,000 10%
EconomicsEstimate% of Total
Family Income
Below 50% of the poverty level 43,000 10%
50-99% of the poverty level 48,000 11%
100-149% of the poverty level 63,000 15%
150-199% of the poverty level 53,000 13%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 217,000 51%
Access to Health Insurance
Uninsured 238,000 56%
Home Ownership*
Homeowner 90,000 21%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Source: Migration Policy Institute (MPI) analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data from the 2014-18 American Community Survey (ACS) pooled, and the 2008 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), drawing on a methodology developed in consultation with James Bachmeier of Temple University and Jennifer Van Hook of The Pennsylvania State University, Population Research Institute.

Note: For U.S., state, and county estimates of the unauthorized population potentially eligible for the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, click here.

Data-related notes
* “Homeowners” are unauthorized immigrants residing in homes that are owned, not rented.

+ Includes the following Colorado counties: Adams, Broomfield, Clear Creek, Douglas, Elbert, Gilpin, and Jefferson, as well as portions of Arapahoe, Boulder, and Weld counties.

++ NECTAs refer to New England City and Town Areas, geographic entities defined by the U.S. Census Bureau for use as alternatives to counties in the six-state New England region.

  1. Estimate for China includes Hong Kong but excludes Taiwan; estimate for Korea includes South Korea and North Korea.
  2. “School Enrollment of Children and Youth” refers to unauthorized immigrants who reported attending school or college at any time in the three months prior to the survey.
  3. For languages, “Chinese” includes Mandarin, Cantonese, and other Chinese languages; “English” includes English, Jamaican Creole, Krio, Pidgin Krio, and other English-based Creole languages; “French” includes French, Patois, and Cajun; “Pacific Island languages” includes Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, Sebuano, Chamorro, Guamanian, Marshallese, Trukese, Tongan, and other Austronesian languages, but excludes Tagalog and Filipino, which are reported separately; “Portuguese” includes Portuguese and Cape Verdean Creole; “Sub-Saharan African” includes Swahili or other Bantu languages, Mande, Fulani, Kru, and other unspecified African languages; “Tagalog” includes Tagalog and Filipino.
  4.  For industries, “Other services” are miscellaneous services, not including the following services listed separately: (1) professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services; (2) educational services; (3) health and social services; and (4) accommodation and food services, arts, entertainment, and recreation.
  5.  “-” estimates are zero, not applicable, or not displayed due to small sample size.
  6. Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding.

Methodology in Brief:

MPI’s method uses information from the SIPP to assign legal status to noncitizens in the ACS. In the SIPP, noncitizens report whether they currently have lawful permanent resident (LPR) status—i.e., a green card. Those without LPR status may be recent refugees, temporary visitors (e.g., international students or high-skilled H-1B workers), or unauthorized immigrants. Our method maps characteristics such as country of birth, year of U.S. entry, age, gender, and educational attainment between the two surveys, and those noncitizens in the ACS who have characteristics similar to those reporting LPR status in the SIPP are coded as LPRs in the ACS. The remaining noncitizens—who are similar in characteristics to those not reporting LPR status in the SIPP—are classified as either unauthorized or legal temporary migrants, depending on whether they meet the qualifications for H-1B and the other temporary visa classifications. Estimates of unauthorized immigrants are weighted to match control totals (benchmarks) for immigrants from a set of origin countries and world regions. These control totals are calculated by subtracting the number of legal immigrants from the total of all immigrants for each country and region that are captured in the ACS data. The number of legal immigrants is estimated by adding up all legal admissions from each country and region in every year—using Department of Homeland Security administrative data—and then reducing this number to account for deaths and emigration of legal immigrants. Finally, the unauthorized immigrant population estimates are adjusted upward slightly to account for the undercount of this population in the ACS.

MPI’s overall method was developed in consultation with James Bachmeier of Temple University and Jennifer Van Hook of The Pennsylvania State University, Population Research Institute. For more detail on the methods, see MPI, “MPI Methodology for Assigning Legal Status to Noncitizen Respondents in U.S. Census Bureau Survey Data.” The control totals were developed by Jennifer Van Hook. These estimates have the same sampling and coverage errors as any other survey-based estimates that rely on ACS and other Census Bureau data.