E.g., 12/04/2020
E.g., 12/04/2020

Profile of the Unauthorized Population - FL

Profile of the Unauthorized Population:
Florida

DemographicsEstimate% of Total
Unauthorized Population 732,000 100%
Top Countries of Birth
Mexico 160,000 22%
Honduras 59,000 8%
Guatemala 59,000 8%
Colombia 57,000 8%
Venezuela 53,000 7%
Regions of Birth
Mexico and Central America 334,000 46%
Caribbean 95,000 13%
South America 195,000 27%
Europe/Canada/Oceania 53,000 7%
Asia 48,000 7%
Africa 7,000 1%
Years of U.S. Residence
Less than 5 229,000 31%
5 to 9 143,000 20%
10 to 14 153,000 21%
15 to 19 140,000 19%
20 or more 67,000 9%
Age
Under 16 50,000 7%
16 to 24 112,000 15%
25 to 34 205,000 28%
35 to 44 191,000 26%
45 to 54 103,000 14%
55 and over 70,000 10%
Gender
Female 346,000 47%
FamilyEstimate% of Total
Parental Status
Population ages 15 and older 687,000 100%
Reside with at least one U.S.-citizen child under 18 191,000 28%
Reside with noncitizen children only under 18 53,000 8%
Reside with no children 443,000 64%
Marital Status
Population ages 15 and older 687,000 100%
Never married 276,000 40%
Married to a U.S. citizen 109,000 16%
Married to a legal permanent resident (LPR) 42,000 6%
Married to non-U.S. citizen/non-LPR 137,000 20%
Divorced, separated, widowed 122,000 18%
Education and LanguageEstimate% of Total
School Enrollment of Children and Youth
Population ages 3 to 17 59,000 100%
Enrolled 53,000 89%
Not enrolled 6,000 11%
Population ages 3 to 12 33,000 100%
Enrolled 28,000 86%
Not enrolled 5,000 14%
Population ages 13 to 17 26,000 100%
Enrolled 25,000 94%
Not enrolled- -
Population ages 18 to 24 101,000 100%
Enrolled 44,000 43%
Not enrolled 57,000 57%
Educational Attainment of Adults
Population ages 25 and older 569,000 100%
0-5 grade 69,000 12%
6-8 grade 63,000 11%
9-12 grade 55,000 10%
High school diploma or equivalent 150,000 26%
Some college or associate’s degree 96,000 17%
Bachelor’s, graduate, or professional degree 136,000 24%
English Proficiency
Population ages 5 and older 723,000 100%
Speak only English 82,000 11%
Speak English "very well" 186,000 26%
Speak English "well" 164,000 23%
Speak English "not well"/"not at all" 292,000 40%
Top 5 Languages Spoken at Home
Population ages 5 and older 723,000 100%
Spanish 491,000 68%
English 83,000 12%
Haitian Creole 45,000 6%
Portuguese 27,000 4%
Chinese 9,000 1%
WorkforceEstimate% of Total
Labor Force Participation
Civilian population ages 16 and older 681,000 100%
Employed 437,000 64%
Unemployed 35,000 5%
Not in the labor force 208,000 31%
Top Industries of Employment
Civilian employed population ages 16 and older 437,000 100%
Construction 99,000 23%
Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services 72,000 16%
Accommodation and food services, arts, entertainment, and recreation 71,000 16%
Retail trade 40,000 9%
Other services (except public administration) 34,000 8%
EconomicsEstimate% of Total
Family Income
Below 50% of the poverty level 88,000 12%
50-99% of the poverty level 107,000 15%
100-149% of the poverty level 126,000 17%
150-199% of the poverty level 106,000 14%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 305,000 42%
Access to Health Insurance
Uninsured 437,000 60%
Home Ownership*
Homeowner 215,000 29%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Source: Migration Policy Institute (MPI) analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data from the 2014-18 American Community Survey (ACS) pooled, and the 2008 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), drawing on a methodology developed in consultation with James Bachmeier of Temple University and Jennifer Van Hook of The Pennsylvania State University, Population Research Institute.

Note: For U.S., state, and county estimates of the unauthorized population potentially eligible for the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, click here.

Data-related notes
* “Homeowners” are unauthorized immigrants residing in homes that are owned, not rented.

+ Includes the following Colorado counties: Adams, Broomfield, Clear Creek, Douglas, Elbert, Gilpin, and Jefferson, as well as portions of Arapahoe, Boulder, and Weld counties.

++ NECTAs refer to New England City and Town Areas, geographic entities defined by the U.S. Census Bureau for use as alternatives to counties in the six-state New England region.

  1. Estimate for China includes Hong Kong but excludes Taiwan; estimate for Korea includes South Korea and North Korea.
  2. “School Enrollment of Children and Youth” refers to unauthorized immigrants who reported attending school or college at any time in the three months prior to the survey.
  3. For languages, “Chinese” includes Mandarin, Cantonese, and other Chinese languages; “English” includes English, Jamaican Creole, Krio, Pidgin Krio, and other English-based Creole languages; “French” includes French, Patois, and Cajun; “Pacific Island languages” includes Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, Sebuano, Chamorro, Guamanian, Marshallese, Trukese, Tongan, and other Austronesian languages, but excludes Tagalog and Filipino, which are reported separately; “Portuguese” includes Portuguese and Cape Verdean Creole; “Sub-Saharan African” includes Swahili or other Bantu languages, Mande, Fulani, Kru, and other unspecified African languages; “Tagalog” includes Tagalog and Filipino.
  4.  For industries, “Other services” are miscellaneous services, not including the following services listed separately: (1) professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services; (2) educational services; (3) health and social services; and (4) accommodation and food services, arts, entertainment, and recreation.
  5.  “-” estimates are zero, not applicable, or not displayed due to small sample size.
  6. Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding.

Methodology in Brief:

MPI’s method uses information from the SIPP to assign legal status to noncitizens in the ACS. In the SIPP, noncitizens report whether they currently have lawful permanent resident (LPR) status—i.e., a green card. Those without LPR status may be recent refugees, temporary visitors (e.g., international students or high-skilled H-1B workers), or unauthorized immigrants. Our method maps characteristics such as country of birth, year of U.S. entry, age, gender, and educational attainment between the two surveys, and those noncitizens in the ACS who have characteristics similar to those reporting LPR status in the SIPP are coded as LPRs in the ACS. The remaining noncitizens—who are similar in characteristics to those not reporting LPR status in the SIPP—are classified as either unauthorized or legal temporary migrants, depending on whether they meet the qualifications for H-1B and the other temporary visa classifications. Estimates of unauthorized immigrants are weighted to match control totals (benchmarks) for immigrants from a set of origin countries and world regions. These control totals are calculated by subtracting the number of legal immigrants from the total of all immigrants for each country and region that are captured in the ACS data. The number of legal immigrants is estimated by adding up all legal admissions from each country and region in every year—using Department of Homeland Security administrative data—and then reducing this number to account for deaths and emigration of legal immigrants. Finally, the unauthorized immigrant population estimates are adjusted upward slightly to account for the undercount of this population in the ACS.

MPI’s overall method was developed in consultation with James Bachmeier of Temple University and Jennifer Van Hook of The Pennsylvania State University, Population Research Institute. For more detail on the methods, see MPI, “MPI Methodology for Assigning Legal Status to Noncitizen Respondents in U.S. Census Bureau Survey Data.” The control totals were developed by Jennifer Van Hook. These estimates have the same sampling and coverage errors as any other survey-based estimates that rely on ACS and other Census Bureau data.