Linking Migrant Reintegration Assistance and Development Goals
Migration and development are deeply linked. The level of social and economic development in a country shapes why and where people move, and the movement of people affects development in countries of origin, transit, and destination. For migrants returning to their countries of origin, conditions in the communities to which they return shape their employment prospects, access to public services, and other important parts of re-establishing their lives.
Recognizing that reintegration does not happen in a vacuum, European policymakers involved in assisted voluntary return and reintegration (AVRR) programs and some origin-country governments have increasingly pushed to add a development angle to reintegration projects. By improving social and economic conditions for returnees and the communities in which they live, these efforts aim to foster sustainable reintegration, boost local development, and reduce the likelihood that returnees will migrate again. However, the path to achieving these intersecting goals is unclear.
This issue brief examines the potential benefits of connecting reintegration projects more closely with development goals, mapping existing approaches to creating such links as well as these approaches’ limitations. The brief also outlines measures that could help future policies and programs overcome common hurdles.
2 Unpacking the Links between Reintegration Projects and Development
A. Individual-Focused Reintegration Projects
B. Community-Based Reintegration Projects
C. Capacity-Building Assistance
D. Connections between Reintegration and Development Programming
3 Obstacles to Further Linking Reintegration and Development Programs
A. Balancing Pressing, Individual Needs and Long-Term Development Goals
B. Coordinating across Policy Portfolios
C. Engaging Origin-Country Actors Effectively
D. Gathering Evidence on the Intersection of Reintegration and Development