E.g., 12/06/2022
E.g., 12/06/2022
Dual Language Learners: Key Characteristics and Considerations for Early Childhood Programs
Fact Sheets
October 2022

Dual Language Learners: Key Characteristics and Considerations for Early Childhood Programs

Dual Language Learners (DLLs)—that is, young children who have at least one parent who speaks a language other than English in the home—make up a large and growing share of U.S. children ages 0 to 5. This is the case both nationwide and in many states. And while Spanish is the top language in DLLs’ households, dozens of other languages are also spoken, reflecting the diversity within this population.

Related Resources

Other resources produced by MPI's National Center on Immigrant Integration Policy as part of this project include:

  • A policy brief examining federal and state language access policies in the early childhood field, and opportunities to improve language access to boost DLLs’ participation in high-quality ECEC services

This series of fact sheets shares important characteristics of DLLs’ families that should be considered in early childhood education and care (ECEC) program and policy design and implementation, and particularly in efforts to adress barriers that have led DLLs to enroll in such programs at lower rates than non-DLL children. Among other things, the fact sheets look at languages spoken, household income, parental education, and access to the internet and computers. This information is based on MPI analysis of data from the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey, and the 25 states featured are those with the largest DLL populations.

Read the state fact sheets below:

Arizona

Massachusetts

Oregon

California

Michigan

Pennsylvania

Colorado

Minnesota

Tennessee

Connecticut

Nevada

Texas

Florida

New Jersey

Utah

Georgia

New Mexico

Virginia

Illinois

New York State

Washington State

Indiana

North Carolina

 

Maryland

Ohio