Global Remittances Guide
Remittances are among the most tangible links between migration and development. They are larger than foreign direct investment and official development assistance received by low- and middle-income countries. In 2022, low- and middle-income countries received $647 billion in remittances via official channels, the World Bank estimates.
The tools below present data on remittances. Select one of the maps below to visualize global remittance flows between 1980 and 2022, numerically or as a share of GDP. Learn about remittance trends since 1980 and the relationships between remittance-sending and -receiving countries.
Note: Remittances are the sum of two components: 1) the total income of migrant workers and other international migrants; and 2) personal transfers (cash and in-kind transfers) between residents and nonresidents. Read more about definitions and the data compiled by the World Bank here: https://migrationdataportal.org/themes/remittances. The World Bank data only capture remittances sent through formal channels such as banks and money transfer operators. Currently, no uniform and authoritative historical data on informal flows exist. Given the widespread use of informal channels, the data should be regarded as underestimates of total flows.