Digital Humanitarianism: How Tech Entrepreneurs Are Supporting Refugee Integration
The 2015–16 period has seen an explosion of social and technological innovation to address the refugee crisis and the massive numbers of asylum seekers and migrants arriving in Europe and beyond. The breakneck speed and volume of these new ideas reflect the unique selling point of the tech industry: its ability to move quickly and collaborate across borders. Technology is transforming every stage of the refugee’s journey, from the decision to leave home to the process of settling into a new home.
The best established of these innovations can be grouped under three general aims: 1) helping newcomers navigate local services; 2) getting them into work or training; and 3) providing access to community-based housing and services. Yet this report finds that many new tools have failed to live up to their promise, in part because of extensive duplication in the sector, limited understanding of refugees’ needs, and funding and organizational limitations.
The speed of the tech response has outpaced policy debate, and many digital efforts are poorly connected with traditional, offline services or with mainstream policy, the authors find. Policymakers could better channel the streams of innovation by identifying particular problems that could benefit from a tech solution, foster support for the most promising innovations with follow-up funding or incubation support, and invite tech entrepreneurs into integration policy discussions, among other recommendations.
II. Technology and the Refugee Crisis
III. Promising Innovations to Support Refugee Integration
A. Support in Navigating Local Services
B. Innovations to Get Newcomers into Work or Training
C. Community-Based Housing and Services
IV. Where Are the Gaps? Lessons for Tech Entrepreneurs
A. Education and Multilingual Classrooms
B. Credential Recognition
C. Entrepreneurship and Financing
V. Where Are the Opportunities? Lessons for Policymakers
A. Challenge Prizes—Stimulating New Ideas
B. Follow-On Funding and Incubation—Supporting and Scaling What Works
C. Innovative Models of Procurement—Helping Innovators Win Government Contracts
D. Information Sharing and Convening—Creating New Partnerships for Change
VI. Conclusions and Recommendations