E.g., 08/27/2016
E.g., 08/27/2016

Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) Data Tools

Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) Data Tools

Learn about populations eligible for the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program nationally and in top states and counties. The two data tools offered here provide estimates as of 2016 for DACA-eligible unauthorized immigrant youth as well as application rates and top countries of origin. Estimates are provided for three groups: (1) those who meet all eligibility criteria, (2) those who meet all but the education criteria, and (3) children who will age into eligibility. The data are for the DACA program launched in 2012. The first tool offers DACA-eligible population estimates for 41 states and 118 counties, as well as application rates and top countries of origin. The second tool displays eligible population estimates at the U.S. level for 18 origin countries, as well as application rates by country of origin. Click on a state, on the top tool, to access state and county-level data.


For notes and sources, please see below second data tool.



MPI estimates of the DACA-eligible population as of 2016 include unauthorized immigrant youth who had been in the United States since 2007, were under the age of 16 at the time of their arrival in the United States, and were under the age of 31 as of 2012. Three populations are estimated: (1) Immediately eligible youth met both age and educational criteria (i.e., they were ages 15 to 34 in 2016 and were either enrolled in school or had at least a high school diploma or equivalent). (2) Youth eligible but for education were those ages 15 to 34 in 2016 who did not have a high school diploma or equivalent and were not enrolled in school. (3) Children eligible in the future met the age-at-arrival requirements but were ages 7 to 14 in 2016, and will become eligible when they reach age 15 provided they stay in school. To capture the population eligible to apply as of 2016 based on the 2014 data source, MPI “aged-in” the otherwise eligible 13- and 14-year-olds into two groups. Using high school dropout rates of Latino youth, a portion was assigned to the eligible but for education group. The remaining majority was assigned to the immediately eligible population. Eligibility due to adult-education program enrollment and ineligibility due to criminal history or lack of continuous U.S. presence were not modeled due to lack of data.

The immediately eligible application rate refers to the share of the immediately eligible population (the first group) who had applied and whose applications were accepted by U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) as of March 31, 2016. The potentially eligible application rate is the share of the immediately eligible plus the eligible but for education population (the first and second populations combined) who have applied.

The 18 national-origin groups included in the tool were selected based on a combination of factors including estimated population size, sample size, and the availability of application data from USCIS. The government reported no data for DACA applicants from China and Vietnam as of March 2016 since the numbers of applications from those two countries were too small to report.

Totals may not add up due to rounding. Percentages are calculated based on unrounded numbers and may not match those calculated based on rounded numbers.

Sources: Migration Policy Institute (MPI) analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data from the 2014 American Community Survey (ACS), 2010-14 ACS pooled, and the 2008 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) with legal status assignments by James Bachmeier and Colin Hammar of Temple University and Jennifer Van Hook of The Pennsylvania State University, Population Research Institute; USCIS, “Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals Process (Through Fiscal Year 2016, 2nd Qtr),” www.uscis.gov/tools/reports-studies/immigration-forms-data/data-set-form-i-821d-deferred-action-childhood-arrivals.


James Bachmeier and Colin Hammar at Temple University analyzed the data on legal status of immigrants that provide the basis for these estimates. Jennifer Van Hook at The Pennsylvania State University advised in developing the methodology.