Unauthorized Immigrant Populations by Country and Region, Top State and County Destinations, 2009-13


Unauthorized Immigrant Populations by Country and Region, Top State and County Destinations, 2009-13

This interactive map, based on Migration Policy Institute (MPI) estimates, shows the top state and county destinations for unauthorized immigrants in the United States based on their country or region of origin. The map also provides estimates of unauthorized immigrants who are potentially eligible for the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) or Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and Lawful Permanent Residents (DAPA) programs. Select a country or region from the dropdown menu to learn where immigrants from that geography settle primarily. Hover over a state to get state population estimates and deferred action eligibility. The top county concentrations are displayed with bubbles, sized according to the estimated unauthorized population in each county. (Hover over individual bubbles for county estimates.)


* indicates estimates for immigrant youth eligible for the original Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program as announced in 2012.

‡ indicates estimates for immigrants eligible for the DACA expansions and Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and Lawful Permanent Residents (DAPA) as announced in November 2014.

1) The estimates of unauthorized immigrants considered eligible for one of the two deferred action programs are based on characteristics available in the analyzed U.S. Census Bureau data; some might not be eligible due to disqualifying criminal convictions, lack of continuous U.S. residence, or other factors that could not be modeled in the data employed here. Note that these estimates use commonly accepted benchmarks from other research studies to determine the size of the unauthorized population and response rates to surveys. These estimates have the same sampling and coverage errors as any other survey-based estimates that rely on American Community Survey (ACS) and other Census Bureau data. For more detail on the methodology, see DACA at the Two-Year Mark: A National and State Profile of Youth Eligible and Applying for Deferred Action (Washington, DC: Migration Policy Institute, 2014).

2) The population eligible for DAPA, as announced in November 2014, includes unauthorized immigrants residing continuously in the United States since January 2010 and who are parents of U.S. citizens or legal permanent residents (regardless of the child's age). The estimates for the DAPA program exclude individuals eligible for the DACA program.

3) The population immediately eligible for DACA meets the age, age at arrival, year of arrival, and education requirements. This population excludes individuals who will age into eligibility when they reach their 15th birthday as well as those who lack a high school education and are not currently enrolled in school, but who may become eligible for DACA if they enroll in a qualifying adult education program.

4) The DACA eligibility expansions announced in November 2014 included eliminating of the maximum age of 30 and moving forward the date of initial required residence from June 2007 to January 2010.                          

5) Totals may not add up due to rounding.  Percentages are calculated on unrounded numbers and may not match those calculated based on the rounded numbers.                            


Migration Policy Institute (MPI) analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data from the 2013 American Community Survey (ACS), 2009-2013 ACS pooled, and the 2008 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) by Colin Hammar and James Bachmeier of Temple University and Jennifer Van Hook of The Pennsylvania State University, Population Research Institute.