E.g., 04/03/2020
E.g., 04/03/2020

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Research & Analysis

Coronavirus (COVID-19) Research & Analysis

Governments around the world have turned to migration management tools—such as border closures, travel restrictions, and in a few cases bars on new asylum applications—initially in hopes of keeping the COVID-19 virus from entering their countries, and later at the pandemic stage as part of a wider suite of mobility restrictions.
 
These fast-moving policy changes, some likely to be short term in nature, others leaving a permanent mark on immigration systems, are being analyzed by MPI and MPI Europe researchers. All research and analysis they generate on point to the novel coronavirus pandemic is gathered here. With more analysis and webinars planned, this site will be updated frequently.
 

COMMENTARY: A Race Against the Clock: Meeting Seasonal Labor Needs in the Age of COVID-19
As governments have reacted to the coronavirus pandemic by closing borders, seasonal workers have been kept out, raising a pressing question: who is going to produce the food amid agricultural labor shortages? Policymakers in the Asia Pacific, Europe, and North America have responded by seeking to recruit residents, lengthen stays for already present seasonal workers, and find ways to continue admitting foreign seasonal labor, as this commentary explores.
RELATED EXPERT PODCAST: Meeting Seasonal Labor Needs in the Age of COVID-19

WEBINAR: COVID-19 in Latin America: Tackling Health Care & Other Impacts for Vulnerable Migrant Populations
Public health and migration experts join on this webchat to analyze the impact that COVID-19 preventative measures will have on vulnerable immigrants and refugees in Latin America, with a particular look at Colombia as a case study. Speakers also discuss how policymakers and international organizations can include migrant populations in their emergency response plans.

FACT SHEET: Immigrant Workers: Vital to the U.S. COVID-19 Response, Disproportionately Vulnerable
Six million immigrant workers are at the frontlines of keeping U.S. residents healthy and fed during the COVID-19 pandemic, representing disproportionate shares of physicians, home health aides, and retail-store pharmacists, for example. They also are over-represented in sectors most immediately devastated by mass layoffs, yet many will have limited access to safety-net systems and to federal relief, as this fact sheet details.

ARTICLE: Crisis within a Crisis: Immigration in the United States in a Time of COVID-19
The global COVID-19 pandemic has brought into sharp focus the intersection of U.S. immigration and public health policy, and the unique challenges that immigrants face. This article analyzes the Trump administration’s introduction of some of the most stringent immigration restrictions in modern times, the often disparate fallout of the outbreak on immigrant communities, the status of federal immigration agency operations, and more.

WEBINAR: Migration & Coronavirus: A Complicated Nexus Between Migration Management and Public Health
This webinar, organized by MPI and the Zolberg Institute on Migration and Mobility at The New School, discusses the state of play around the globe surrounding COVID-19 and assesses where migration management and enforcement tools may be useful and where they may be ill-suited to advancing public health goals. The audio and video of the webinar are available here.

COMMENTARY: Coronavirus Is Spreading across Borders, But It Is Not a Migration Problem
Travel bans, border closures, and other migration management tools did not prove effective at blocking COVID-19 from spreading across international borders. Yet as governments have shifted from containment to mitigation with the coronavirus now in community transmission in many countries, these restrictions are a logical part of the policy toolkit in the context of social distancing and restricting all forms of human movement, as this commentary explores.


Related Resources

ARTICLE: When Outbreaks Go Global: Migration and Public Health in a Time of Zika
News of the Zika virus outbreak in Latin America has raised alarm bells, resulting in scattered calls for tighter restrictions on international entries to the United States. Evidence shows, however, that closing borders and restrictions on international travel tend to have little impact on the spread of infectious diseases. This feature article explores the linkages between public health and migration in the Americas.

ARTICLE: Building Borders around Ebola
Fears regarding the spread of the deadly Ebola virus following an outbreak in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone prompted governments around the world to regulate travel from and within West Africa. Travel bans, airport health screenings, closed borders, and traveler quarantines were among the policies implemented. International organizations argue such restrictions drive possibly symptomatic travelers to illegally bypass borders and encourage dishonesty in the exit screening process.

ARTICLE: Ebola Outbreak Rekindles Debate on Restricting Admissions to the United States on Health Grounds
The outbreak of Ebola in West Africa, with three cases diagnosed in the United States, has generated tremendous public fear and anxiety in the United States and other countries. The Obama administration has restricted air travel from West Africa to five airports with enhanced screening, amid calls for a complete travel ban. The Policy Beat examines the use of U.S. immigration controls to halt the spread of disease.

ARTICLE: Immigrant Health-Care Workers in the United States
Approximately 2 million immigrants work in health-care occupations in the United States, comprising nearly 17 percent of the 12.4 million doctors, nurses, dentists, and other health-care professionals. Learn more about immigrant health-care workers in the United States with this data-rich article, including top occupations nationally and by state, countries of origin, educational levels, visa pathways, and much more.