Bilateral Remittance Flows


Bilateral Remittance Flows

This tool displays the most recently available estimates of remittance flows between countries in 2021 and provides mid-year 2020 estimates of the relevant international migrant population. When remittance inflows are selected, the tool gives the receiving country's emigrant population in the sending country (and the opposite for outflows). For example, when remittance inflows and Mexico are selected, the Mexican emigrant population in the United States will be displayed along with remittances from the United States. Points on the map represent countries with available data. Click on a data point to view the top 10 countries in terms of bilateral remittance inflow or outflow. The list can also be sorted according to the largest immigrant and emigrant populations. When no data point is selected, the largest receiving or sending countries display by default.


1) For more information on the UN Population Division’s methodology to estimate the size of immigrant and emigrant populations, visit:

2) The UN Population Division may base its population estimates on projections from national-level data collected in earlier years.

3) Bilateral remittance estimates are based on the methodology developed by Dilip Ratha and William Shaw, South-South Migration and Remittances (Washington, DC: World Bank, 2007), The remittance data are for 2021, disaggregated using host-country and origin-country incomes, and estimated migrant stocks from 2021. See additional notes here:


Migration Policy Institute (MPI) tabulations of data from the KNOMAD/World Bank Bilateral Remittance Matrix 2021, December 2022. Available here:; and MPI tabulation of data from the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division, International Migrant Stock 2020: Destination and Origin, Table 1: International Migrant Stock at Mid-Year by Sex and by Region, Country or Area of Destination and Origin. Available here: