E.g., 11/20/2018
E.g., 11/20/2018

Profile of the Unauthorized Population - County Data

Profile of the Unauthorized Population:
Los Angeles County, CA

DemographicsEstimate% of Total
Unauthorized Population 1,051,000 100%
Top Countries of Birth
Mexico 633,000 60%
El Salvador 106,000 10%
Guatemala 90,000 9%
Philippines 37,000 4%
China 33,000 3%
Regions of Birth
Mexico and Central America 858,000 82%
Caribbean--
South America 16,000 2%
Europe/Canada/Oceania 22,000 2%
Asia 146,000 14%
Africa 6,000 1%
Years of U.S. Residence
Less than 5 118,000 11%
5 to 9 166,000 16%
10 to 14 225,000 21%
15 to 19 177,000 17%
20 or more 363,000 35%
Age
Under 16 56,000 5%
16 to 24 125,000 12%
25 to 34 246,000 23%
35 to 44 269,000 26%
45 to 54 198,000 19%
55 and over 156,000 15%
Gender
Female 501,000 48%
FamilyEstimate% of Total
Parental Status
Population ages 15 and older 1,005,000 100%
Reside with at least one U.S.-citizen child under 18 278,000 28%
Reside with noncitizen children only under 18 66,000 7%
Reside with no children 661,000 66%
Marital Status
Population ages 15 and older 1,005,000 100%
Never married 447,000 44%
Married to a U.S. citizen 93,000 9%
Married to a legal permanent resident (LPR) 61,000 6%
Married to non-U.S. citizen/non-LPR 201,000 20%
Divorced, separated, widowed 203,000 20%
Education and LanguageEstimate% of Total
School Enrollment of Children and Youth
Population ages 3 to 17 79,000 100%
Enrolled 73,000 92%
Not enrolled 6,000 8%
Population ages 3 to 12 29,000100%
Enrolled 26,000 89%
Not enrolled 3,000 11%
Population ages 13 to 17 50,000 100%
Enrolled 47,000 94%
Not enrolled 3,000 6%
Population ages 18 to 24 100,000 100%
Enrolled 39,000 39%
Not enrolled 60,000 61%
Educational Attainment of Adults
Population ages 25 and older 869,000 100%
0-5 grade 133,000 15%
6-8 grade 178,000 21%
9-12 grade 161,000 18%
High school diploma or GED 195,000 22%
Some college or associate’s degree 109,000 13%
Bachelor’s, graduate, or professional degree 92,000 11%
English Proficiency
Population ages 5 and older 1,045,000 100%
Speak only English 53,000 5%
Speak English "very well" 246,000 24%
Speak English "well" 207,000 20%
Speak English "not well"/"not at all" 540,000 52%
Top 5 Languages Spoken at Home
Population ages 5 and older 1,045,000 100%
Spanish 845,000 81%
English 53,000 5%
Chinese 37,000 4%
Tagalog 32,000 3%
Korean 23,000 2%
WorkforceEstimate% of Total
Labor Force Participation
Civilian population ages 16 and older 994,000 100%
Employed 656,000 66%
Unemployed 58,000 6%
Not in the labor force 281,000 28%
Top Industries of Employment
Civilian employed population ages 16 and older 656,000 100%
Manufacturing 123,000 19%
Accommodation and food services, arts, entertainment, and recreation 115,000 18%
Construction 89,000 14%
Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services 88,000 13%
Retail trade 79,000 12%
EconomicsEstimate% of Total
Family Income
Below 50% of the poverty level 118,000 11%
50-99% of the poverty level 191,000 18%
100-149% of the poverty level 198,000 19%
150-199% of the poverty level 169,000 16%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 374,000 36%
Access to Health Insurance
Uninsured 527,000 50%
Home Ownership*
Homeowner 247,000 24%

 

Source: Migration Policy Institute (MPI) analysis of U.S. Census Bureau data from the pooled 2012-16 American Community Survey (ACS) and the 2008 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), drawing on a methodology developed in consultation with James Bachmeier of Temple University and Jennifer Van Hook of The Pennsylvania State University, Population Research Institute.

Note: For U.S., state, and county estimates of the unauthorized population potentially eligible for the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) program, click here.

Data-related notes
* “Homeowners” are unauthorized immigrants residing in homes that are owned, not rented.

+ Includes the following Colorado counties: Adams, Broomfield, Clear Creek, Douglas, Elbert, Gilpin, and Jefferson, as well as portions of Arapahoe, Boulder, and Weld counties.

++ NECTAs refer to New England City and Town Areas, geographic entities defined by the U.S. Census Bureau for use as alternatives to counties in the six-state New England region.

  1. Estimate for China includes Hong Kong but excludes Taiwan; estimate for Korea includes South Korea and North Korea.
  2. “School Enrollment of Children and Youth” refers to unauthorized immigrants who reported attending school or college at any time in the three months prior to the survey.
  3. For languages, “Chinese” includes Mandarin, Cantonese, and other Chinese languages; “English” includes English, Jamaican Creole, Krio, Pidgin Krio, and other English-based Creole languages; “French” includes French, Patois, and Cajun; “Pacific Island languages” includes Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, Sebuano, Chamorro, Guamanian, Marshallese, Trukese, Tongan, and other Austronesian languages, but excludes Tagalog and Filipino, which are reported separately; “Portuguese” includes Portuguese and Cape Verdean Creole; “Sub-Saharan African” includes Swahili or other Bantu languages, Mande, Fulani, Kru, and other unspecified African languages; “Tagalog” includes Tagalog and Filipino.
  4. For industries, “Other services” are miscellaneous services, not including the following services listed separately: (1) professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste management services; (2) educational services; (3) health and social services; and (4) accommodation and food services, arts, entertainment, and recreation.
  5.  “-” estimates are zero, not applicable, or not displayed due to small sample size.
  6. Percentages may not add up to 100 due to rounding.

Methodology in Brief:
MPI’s method uses information from the SIPP to assign legal status to noncitizens in the ACS. In the SIPP, noncitizens report whether they currently have lawful permanent resident (LPR) status—i.e., a green card. Those without LPR status may be recent refugees, temporary visitors (e.g., students or high-skilled H-1B workers), or unauthorized immigrants. Our method maps characteristics such as country of birth, year of U.S. entry, age, gender, and educational attainment between the two surveys, and those noncitizens in the ACS who have characteristics similar to those reporting LPR status in the SIPP are coded as LPRs in the ACS. The remaining noncitizens—who are similar in characteristics to those not reporting LPR status in the SIPP—are classified as either unauthorized or legal temporary migrants, depending on whether they meet the qualifications for H-1B and the other temporary visa classifications. This method was developed in consultation with James Bachmeier of Temple University and Jennifer Van Hook of The Pennsylvania State University, Population Research Institute. For more detail on the methods, see Jeanne Batalova, Sarah Hooker, Randy Capps, and James D. Bachmeier, DACA at the Two-Year Mark: A National and State Profile of Youth Eligible and Applying for Deferred Action (Washington, DC: MPI, 2014). Please note that these estimates use commonly accepted benchmarks from other research studies to determine the size of the unauthorized population and response rates to surveys. These estimates have the same sampling and coverage errors as any other survey-based estimates that rely on ACS and other Census Bureau data.