E.g., 09/20/2021
E.g., 09/20/2021
State Language Data - WI
 

Wisconsin

Language & Education
2019
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 292,262
Speak only English 23.7%
Speak English "very well" 38.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38.1%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 29.4%
% change: 1990-2000 109.6%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 134,573
Speak only English 32.5%
Speak English "very well" 40.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 27.3%
Noncitizens 157,689
Speak only English 16.2%
Speak English "very well" 36.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 47.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,202,914
Speak only English 95.0%
Speak English ""very well"" 4.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -22.3%
% change: 1990-2000 21.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 189,590
Speak only English 21.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 33.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,832,483
Speak only English 95.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 114,883
Speak only English 29.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 34.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,408,663
Speak only English 95.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 936,154
Speak only English 832,825
Speak language other than English 103,329
Speak English "very well"
85,329
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
18,000
Speak Spanish 66,905
Speak English "very well"
57,572
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
9,333
Ages 18-64 3,539,126
Speak only English 3,206,572
Speak language other than English 332,554
Speak English "very well"
210,371
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
122,183
Speak Spanish 177,443
Speak English "very well"
103,408
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
74,035
65 and Older 1,019,896
Speak only English 975,112
Speak language other than English 44,784
Speak English "very well"
24,727
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
20,057
Speak Spanish 16,774
Speak English "very well"
8,191
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
8,583
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 89.0%
Speak language other than English 11.0%
Speak English "very well" 9.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.9%
Speak Spanish 7.1%
Speak English "very well" 6.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.0%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 90.6%
Speak language other than English 9.4%
Speak English "very well" 5.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.5%
Speak Spanish 5.0%
Speak English "very well" 2.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.1%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 95.6%
Speak language other than English 4.4%
Speak English "very well" 2.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.0%
Speak Spanish 1.6%
Speak English "very well" 0.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 5,495,176
Speak only English 5,014,509
Speak language other than English 480,667
Spanish 261,122
Speak English "very well" 169,171
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 91,951
French (Including Cajun) 7,730
Speak English "very well" 7,036
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 694
Haitian 601
Speak English "very well" 409
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 192
Italian 4,073
Speak English "very well" 3,064
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,009
Portuguese 1,246
Speak English "very well" 626
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 620
German 29,768
Speak English "very well" 24,621
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,147
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 10,170
Speak English "very well" 5,986
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,184
Russian 6,398
Speak English "very well" 4,358
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,040
Polish 5,727
Speak English "very well" 4,060
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,667
Other Slavic Languages 5,302
Speak English "very well" 3,163
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,139
Armenian 537
Speak English "very well" 524
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 982
Speak English "very well" 568
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 414
Gujarati 1,708
Speak English "very well" 1,326
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 382
Hindi 7,586
Speak English "very well" 6,472
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,114
Urdu 7,154
Speak English "very well" 5,252
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,902
Punjabi 2,323
Speak English "very well" 1,519
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 804
Bengali 1,868
Speak English "very well" 905
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 963
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 3,608
Speak English "very well" 2,957
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 651
Other Indo-European Languages 7,764
Speak English "very well" 4,708
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,056
Telugu 3,667
Speak English "very well" 2,786
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 881
Tamil 2,603
Speak English "very well" 2,317
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 286
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 1,856
Speak English "very well" 1,856
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 15,660
Speak English "very well" 7,001
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8,659
Japanese 2,768
Speak English "very well" 2,119
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 649
Korean 2,977
Speak English "very well" 1,997
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 980
Hmong 38,938
Speak English "very well" 25,232
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,706
Vietnamese 4,442
Speak English "very well" 1,725
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,717
Khmer 2,261
Speak English "very well" 1,811
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 450
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 3,052
Speak English "very well" 1,326
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,726
Other Languages of Asia 7,174
Speak English "very well" 3,991
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,183
Tagalog (including Filipino) 6,772
Speak English "very well" 4,754
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,018
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 1,980
Speak English "very well" 1,818
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 162
Arabic 9,300
Speak English "very well" 7,210
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,090
Hebrew 687
Speak English "very well" 355
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 332
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 2,450
Speak English "very well" 1,103
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,347
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 2,060
Speak English "very well" 1,466
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 594
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 1,545
Speak English "very well" 840
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 705
Native Languages of North America 3,518
Speak English "very well" 2,807
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 711
Other and Unspecified Languages 1,290
Speak English "very well" 1,188
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 102
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 91.3%
Field 308 8.7%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 64.8%
Field 310 35.2%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 91.0%
Field 315 9.0%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 68.1%
Field 316 31.9%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 75.2%
Field 319 24.8%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 50.2%
Field 322 49.8%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 82.7%
Field 325 17.3%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 58.9%
Field 328 41.1%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 68.1%
Field 331 31.9%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 70.9%
Field 334 29.1%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 59.7%
Field 337 40.3%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 97.6%
Field 340 2.4%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 57.8%
Field 343 42.2%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 77.6%
Field 346 22.4%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 85.3%
Field 349 14.7%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 73.4%
Field 352 26.6%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 65.4%
Field 355 34.6%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 48.4%
Field 358 51.6%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 82.0%
Field 361 18.0%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 60.6%
Field 364 39.4%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 76.0%
Field 367 24.0%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 89.0%
Field 370 11.0%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 100.0%
Field 373 N
Field 376 100%
Field 376 44.7%
Field 376 55.3%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 76.6%
Field 379 23.4%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 67.1%
Field 382 32.9%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 64.8%
Field 385 35.2%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 38.8%
Field 388 61.2%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 80.1%
Field 391 19.9%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 43.4%
Field 394 56.6%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 55.6%
Field 397 44.4%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 70.2%
Field 400 29.8%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 91.8%
Field 403 8.2%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 77.5%
Field 406 22.5%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 51.7%
Field 409 48.3%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 45.0%
Field 412 55.0%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 71.2%
Field 415 28.8%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 54.4%
Field 418 45.6%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 79.8%
Field 421 20.2%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 92.1%
Field 424 7.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 245,247
Less than high school diploma 24.7%
High school diploma or GED 23.6%
Some college or associate's degree 19.2%
Bachelor's degree 16.7%
Graduate or professional degree 15.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 20.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.3%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2019 24.1%
% change: 1990-2000 33.1%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2019 112.7%
% change: 1990-2000 84.4%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 117,909
Less than high school diploma 18.3%
High school diploma or GED 22.2%
Some college or associate's degree 23.9%
Bachelor's degree 19.5%
Graduate or professional degree 16.1%
Noncitizens (%) 127,338
Less than high school diploma 30.6%
High school diploma or GED 25%
Some college or associate's degree 14.9%
Bachelor's degree 14.1%
Graduate or professional degree 15.4%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,770,038
Less than high school diploma 6.1%
High school diploma or GED 30.9%
Some college or associate's degree 31.7%
Bachelor's degree 20.9%
Graduate or professional degree 10.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -51.0%
% change: 1990-2000 -25.1%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 58.8%
% change: 1990-2000 40.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 140,065
Less than high school diploma 34.9%
High school diploma or GED 19.8%
Some college or associate's degree 18.6%
Bachelor's degree 13.6%
Graduate or professional degree 13.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 9.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,334,153
Less than high school diploma 14.1%
High school diploma or GED 35.2%
Some college or associate's degree 28.5%
Bachelor's degree 15.3%
Graduate or professional degree 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 94,162
Less than high school diploma 38.9%
High school diploma or GED 20.5%
Some college or associate's degree 19.0%
Bachelor's degree 10.4%
Graduate or professional degree 11.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 5.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,997,056
Less than high school diploma 20.9%
High school diploma or GED 37.7%
Some college or associate's degree 23.7%
Bachelor's degree 12.1%
Graduate or professional degree 5.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.