E.g., 07/19/2019
E.g., 07/19/2019

State Language Data - WI

Wisconsin

Language & Education
2017
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 286,210
Speak only English 22.5%
Speak English "very well" 36.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 35.9%
% change: 1990-2000 109.6%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 133,952
Speak only English 30.7%
Speak English "very well" 40%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29.3%
Noncitizens 152,258
Speak only English 15.4%
Speak English "very well" 33.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 51.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,175,288
Speak only English 95.2%
Speak English ""very well"" 3.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -19.6%
% change: 1990-2000 21.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 189,590
Speak only English 21.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 33.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,832,483
Speak only English 95.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 114,883
Speak only English 29.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 34.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,408,663
Speak only English 95.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 945,376
Speak only English 843,664
Speak language other than English 101,712
Speak English "very well"
77,230
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
24,482
Speak Spanish 64,633
Speak English "very well"
51,797
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
12,836
Ages 18-64 3,559,938
Speak only English 3,236,708
Speak language other than English 323,230
Speak English "very well"
199,510
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
123,720
Speak Spanish 164,647
Speak English "very well"
92,900
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
71,747
65 and Older 956,184
Speak only English 912,267
Speak language other than English 43,917
Speak English "very well"
24,565
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
19,352
Speak Spanish 14,941
Speak English "very well"
7,472
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
7,469
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 89.2%
Speak language other than English 10.8%
Speak English "very well" 8.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.6%
Speak Spanish 6.8%
Speak English "very well" 5.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.4%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 90.9%
Speak language other than English 9.1%
Speak English "very well" 5.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.5%
Speak Spanish 4.6%
Speak English "very well" 2.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.0%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 95.4%
Speak language other than English 4.6%
Speak English "very well" 2.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.0%
Speak Spanish 1.6%
Speak English "very well" 0.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 5,461,498
Speak only English 4,992,639
Speak language other than English 468,859
Spanish 244,221
Speak English "very well" 152,169
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 92,052
French (Including Cajun) 7,260
Speak English "very well" 5,723
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,537
Haitian 504
Speak English "very well" 267
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 237
Italian 2,791
Speak English "very well" 1,545
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,246
Portuguese 3,149
Speak English "very well" 2,267
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 882
German 28,728
Speak English "very well" 22,572
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,156
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 10,858
Speak English "very well" 7,660
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,198
Russian 5,452
Speak English "very well" 3,532
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,920
Polish 6,556
Speak English "very well" 4,930
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,626
Other Slavic Languages 7,791
Speak English "very well" 4,901
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,890
Armenian 25
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 25
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 1,578
Speak English "very well" 1,206
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 372
Gujarati 2,827
Speak English "very well" 2,227
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 600
Hindi 7,663
Speak English "very well" 6,053
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,610
Urdu 3,957
Speak English "very well" 3,123
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 834
Punjabi 3,590
Speak English "very well" 1,938
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,652
Bengali 1,692
Speak English "very well" 1,589
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 103
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 5,895
Speak English "very well" 3,824
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,071
Other Indo-European Languages 8,753
Speak English "very well" 6,204
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,549
Telugu 4,572
Speak English "very well" 3,752
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 820
Tamil 2,406
Speak English "very well" 1,731
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 675
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 2,825
Speak English "very well" 2,457
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 368
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 15,250
Speak English "very well" 8,286
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,964
Japanese 1,613
Speak English "very well" 1,152
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 461
Korean 4,248
Speak English "very well" 2,152
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,096
Hmong 39,116
Speak English "very well" 24,620
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 14,496
Vietnamese 5,409
Speak English "very well" 2,717
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,692
Khmer 373
Speak English "very well" 256
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 117
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 3,275
Speak English "very well" 1,160
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,115
Other Languages of Asia 7,382
Speak English "very well" 3,412
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,970
Tagalog (including Filipino) 4,417
Speak English "very well" 3,105
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,312
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 2,623
Speak English "very well" 867
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,756
Arabic 7,540
Speak English "very well" 3,922
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,618
Hebrew 1,012
Speak English "very well" 952
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 60
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 3,614
Speak English "very well" 1,344
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,270
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 3,265
Speak English "very well" 2,537
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 728
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 1,316
Speak English "very well" 652
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 664
Native Languages of North America 4,253
Speak English "very well" 3,630
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 623
Other and Unspecified Languages 1,060
Speak English "very well" 871
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 189
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 91.4%
Field 308 8.6%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 62.3%
Field 310 37.7%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 78.8%
Field 315 21.2%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 53.0%
Field 316 47.0%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 55.4%
Field 319 44.6%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 72.0%
Field 322 28.0%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 78.6%
Field 325 21.4%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 70.5%
Field 328 29.5%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 64.8%
Field 331 35.2%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 75.2%
Field 334 24.8%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 62.9%
Field 337 37.1%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 N
Field 340 100.0%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 76.4%
Field 343 23.6%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 78.8%
Field 346 21.2%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 79.0%
Field 349 21.0%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 78.9%
Field 352 21.1%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 54.0%
Field 355 46.0%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 93.9%
Field 358 6.1%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 64.9%
Field 361 35.1%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 70.9%
Field 364 29.1%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 82.1%
Field 367 17.9%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 71.9%
Field 370 28.1%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 87.0%
Field 373 13.0%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 54.3%
Field 376 45.7%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 71.4%
Field 379 28.6%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 50.7%
Field 382 49.3%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 62.9%
Field 385 37.1%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 50.2%
Field 388 49.8%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 68.6%
Field 391 31.4%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 35.4%
Field 394 64.6%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 46.2%
Field 397 53.8%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 70.3%
Field 400 29.7%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 33.1%
Field 403 66.9%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 52.0%
Field 406 48.0%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 94.1%
Field 409 5.9%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 37.2%
Field 412 62.8%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 77.7%
Field 415 22.3%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 49.5%
Field 418 50.5%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 85.4%
Field 421 14.6%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 82.2%
Field 424 17.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 239,365
Less than high school diploma 25.5%
High school diploma or GED 22.6%
Some college or associate's degree 17.4%
Bachelor's degree 17.3%
Graduate or professional degree 17.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 20.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.9%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2017 25.2%
% change: 1990-2000 33.1%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2017 120.3%
% change: 1990-2000 84.4%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 116,829
Less than high school diploma 17%
High school diploma or GED 23.2%
Some college or associate's degree 21.8%
Bachelor's degree 19.2%
Graduate or professional degree 18.9%
Noncitizens (%) 122,536
Less than high school diploma 33.7%
High school diploma or GED 22%
Some college or associate's degree 13.3%
Bachelor's degree 15.5%
Graduate or professional degree 15.5%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,718,866
Less than high school diploma 6.5%
High school diploma or GED 31.2%
Some college or associate's degree 32.2%
Bachelor's degree 19.9%
Graduate or professional degree 10.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -48.8%
% change: 1990-2000 -25.1%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 50.9%
% change: 1990-2000 40.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 140,065
Less than high school diploma 34.9%
High school diploma or GED 19.8%
Some college or associate's degree 18.6%
Bachelor's degree 13.6%
Graduate or professional degree 13.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 9.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,334,153
Less than high school diploma 14.1%
High school diploma or GED 35.2%
Some college or associate's degree 28.5%
Bachelor's degree 15.3%
Graduate or professional degree 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 94,162
Less than high school diploma 38.9%
High school diploma or GED 20.5%
Some college or associate's degree 19.0%
Bachelor's degree 10.4%
Graduate or professional degree 11.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 5.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,997,056
Less than high school diploma 20.9%
High school diploma or GED 37.7%
Some college or associate's degree 23.7%
Bachelor's degree 12.1%
Graduate or professional degree 5.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.