E.g., 11/21/2019
E.g., 11/21/2019

State Language Data - VT

Vermont

Language & Education
2017
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 27,754
Speak only English 36.3%
Speak English "very well" 42.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21.4%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 21.9%
% change: 1990-2000 35.6%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 15,485
Speak only English 43.4%
Speak English "very well" 40%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 16.6%
Noncitizens 12,505
Speak only English 32%
Speak English "very well" 35.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 32.6%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 565,807
Speak only English 97.2%
Speak English ""very well"" 2.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.3%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -63.8%
% change: 1990-2000 2.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 22,729
Speak only English 44.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 33.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 552,113
Speak only English 96.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 17,243
Speak only English 46.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 32.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 499,924
Speak only English 95.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 87,659
Speak only English 83,009
Speak language other than English 4,650
Speak English "very well"
3,622
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,028
Speak Spanish 1,192
Speak English "very well"
1,048
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
144
Ages 18-64 388,752
Speak only English 364,347
Speak language other than English 24,405
Speak English "very well"
18,897
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
5,508
Speak Spanish 4,801
Speak English "very well"
3,635
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,166
65 and Older 117,150
Speak only English 112,809
Speak language other than English 4,341
Speak English "very well"
3,322
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,019
Speak Spanish 529
Speak English "very well"
364
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
165
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 94.7%
Speak language other than English 5.3%
Speak English "very well" 4.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.2%
Speak Spanish 1.4%
Speak English "very well" 1.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.2%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 93.7%
Speak language other than English 6.3%
Speak English "very well" 4.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.4%
Speak Spanish 1.2%
Speak English "very well" 0.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.3%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 96.3%
Speak language other than English 3.7%
Speak English "very well" 2.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.9%
Speak Spanish 0.5%
Speak English "very well" 0.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 594,807
Speak only English 561,646
Speak language other than English 33,161
Spanish 5,878
Speak English "very well" 4,792
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,086
French (Including Cajun) 8,558
Speak English "very well" 7,194
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,364
Haitian 121
Speak English "very well" 42
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 79
Italian 812
Speak English "very well" 683
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 129
Portuguese 221
Speak English "very well" 199
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22
German 2,156
Speak English "very well" 1,969
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 187
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 580
Speak English "very well" 551
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29
Russian 784
Speak English "very well" 443
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 341
Polish 612
Speak English "very well" 515
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 97
Other Slavic Languages 1,762
Speak English "very well" 1,304
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 458
Armenian 96
Speak English "very well" 87
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 191
Speak English "very well" 129
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 62
Gujarati 131
Speak English "very well" 120
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11
Hindi 302
Speak English "very well" 245
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 57
Urdu 171
Speak English "very well" 149
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22
Punjabi 84
Speak English "very well" 48
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36
Bengali 159
Speak English "very well" 159
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 2,094
Speak English "very well" 964
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,130
Other Indo-European Languages 1,335
Speak English "very well" 1,070
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 265
Telugu 13
Speak English "very well" 13
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Tamil N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 57
Speak English "very well" 51
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 1,894
Speak English "very well" 1,001
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 893
Japanese 364
Speak English "very well" 165
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 199
Korean 409
Speak English "very well" 315
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 94
Hmong N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Vietnamese 654
Speak English "very well" 358
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 296
Khmer 28
Speak English "very well" 7
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 195
Speak English "very well" 105
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 90
Other Languages of Asia 304
Speak English "very well" 157
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 147
Tagalog (including Filipino) 503
Speak English "very well" 374
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 129
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 110
Speak English "very well" 58
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 52
Arabic 759
Speak English "very well" 332
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 427
Hebrew 129
Speak English "very well" 129
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 796
Speak English "very well" 489
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 307
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 167
Speak English "very well" 148
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 19
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 265
Speak English "very well" 117
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 148
Native Languages of North America 102
Speak English "very well" 102
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other and Unspecified Languages 365
Speak English "very well" 311
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 54
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 94.4%
Field 308 5.6%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 81.5%
Field 310 18.5%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 84.1%
Field 315 15.9%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 34.7%
Field 316 65.3%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 84.1%
Field 319 15.9%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 90.0%
Field 322 10.0%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 91.3%
Field 325 8.7%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 95.0%
Field 328 5.0%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 56.5%
Field 331 43.5%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 84.2%
Field 334 15.8%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 74.0%
Field 337 26.0%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 90.6%
Field 340 9.4%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 67.5%
Field 343 32.5%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 91.6%
Field 346 8.4%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 81.1%
Field 349 18.9%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 87.1%
Field 352 12.9%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 57.1%
Field 355 42.9%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 100.0%
Field 358 N
Field 361 100%
Field 361 46.0%
Field 361 54.0%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 80.1%
Field 364 19.9%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 100.0%
Field 367 N
Field 370 100%
Field 370 N
Field 370 N
Field 373 100%
Field 373 89.5%
Field 373 10.5%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 52.9%
Field 376 47.1%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 45.3%
Field 379 54.7%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 77.0%
Field 382 23.0%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 N
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 54.7%
Field 388 45.3%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 25.0%
Field 391 75.0%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 53.8%
Field 394 46.2%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 51.6%
Field 397 48.4%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 74.4%
Field 400 25.6%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 52.7%
Field 403 47.3%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 43.7%
Field 406 56.3%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 100.0%
Field 409 N
Field 412 100%
Field 412 61.4%
Field 412 38.6%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 88.6%
Field 415 11.4%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 44.2%
Field 418 55.8%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 100.0%
Field 421 N
Field 424 100%
Field 424 85.2%
Field 424 14.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 22,290
Less than high school diploma 15.4%
High school diploma or GED 13.9%
Some college or associate's degree 18.0%
Bachelor's degree 25.7%
Graduate or professional degree 27.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 10.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 7.0%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2017 -14.6%
% change: 1990-2000 -17.5%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2017 63.4%
% change: 1990-2000 72.6%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 13,150
Less than high school diploma 12.2%
High school diploma or GED 19.8%
Some college or associate's degree 24.7%
Bachelor's degree 20.4%
Graduate or professional degree 22.9%
Noncitizens (%) 9,078
Less than high school diploma 19.1%
High school diploma or GED 17.3%
Some college or associate's degree 18.5%
Bachelor's degree 21.7%
Graduate or professional degree 23.4%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 416,977
Less than high school diploma 7.0%
High school diploma or GED 29.8%
Some college or associate's degree 25.7%
Bachelor's degree 22.3%
Graduate or professional degree 15.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -42.1%
% change: 1990-2000 -19.0%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 39.5%
% change: 1990-2000 37.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 18,849
Less than high school diploma 21.3%
High school diploma or GED 18.7%
Some college or associate's degree 21.8%
Bachelor's degree 18.3%
Graduate or professional degree 19.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 7.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 383,269
Less than high school diploma 13.1%
High school diploma or GED 33.3%
Some college or associate's degree 24.4%
Bachelor's degree 18.8%
Graduate or professional degree 10.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 15,321
Less than high school diploma 31.8%
High school diploma or GED 23.7%
Some college or associate's degree 17.3%
Bachelor's degree 16.1%
Graduate or professional degree 11.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 7.3%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 336,904
Less than high school diploma 18.3%
High school diploma or GED 34.8%
Some college or associate's degree 22.5%
Bachelor's degree 15.3%
Graduate or professional degree 9.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.