E.g., 08/09/2020
E.g., 08/09/2020

State Language Data - VT

Vermont

Language & Education
2018
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 30,700
Speak only English 45.1%
Speak English "very well" 32.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22.1%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 38.9%
% change: 1990-2000 35.6%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 15,679
Speak only English 42%
Speak English "very well" 40.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17.6%
Noncitizens 13,113
Speak only English 33.5%
Speak English "very well" 35.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 566,789
Speak only English 97.1%
Speak English ""very well"" 2.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.4%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -42.6%
% change: 1990-2000 2.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 22,729
Speak only English 44.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 33.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 552,113
Speak only English 96.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 17,243
Speak only English 46.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 32.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 499,924
Speak only English 95.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 86,717
Speak only English 82,369
Speak language other than English 4,348
Speak English "very well"
3,172
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,176
Speak Spanish 1,192
Speak English "very well"
796
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
396
Ages 18-64 386,897
Speak only English 365,682
Speak language other than English 21,215
Speak English "very well"
16,248
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
4,967
Speak Spanish 5,178
Speak English "very well"
4,163
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,015
65 and Older 123,875
Speak only English 116,164
Speak language other than English 7,711
Speak English "very well"
4,533
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
3,178
Speak Spanish 900
Speak English "very well"
597
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
303
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 95.0%
Speak language other than English 5.0%
Speak English "very well" 3.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.4%
Speak Spanish 1.4%
Speak English "very well" 0.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.5%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 94.5%
Speak language other than English 5.5%
Speak English "very well" 4.2%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.3%
Speak Spanish 1.3%
Speak English "very well" 1.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.3%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 93.8%
Speak language other than English 6.2%
Speak English "very well" 3.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.6%
Speak Spanish 0.7%
Speak English "very well" 0.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 595,301
Speak only English 561,094
Speak language other than English 34,207
Spanish 6,451
Speak English "very well" 5,228
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,223
French (Including Cajun) 8,371
Speak English "very well" 6,979
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,392
Haitian 132
Speak English "very well" 37
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 95
Italian 803
Speak English "very well" 712
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 91
Portuguese 216
Speak English "very well" 195
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21
German 2,200
Speak English "very well" 2,076
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 124
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 535
Speak English "very well" 496
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 39
Russian 759
Speak English "very well" 472
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 287
Polish 592
Speak English "very well" 498
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 94
Other Slavic Languages 1,765
Speak English "very well" 1,252
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 513
Armenian 126
Speak English "very well" 114
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 180
Speak English "very well" 127
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 53
Gujarati 133
Speak English "very well" 121
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12
Hindi 182
Speak English "very well" 132
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50
Urdu 167
Speak English "very well" 149
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 18
Punjabi 105
Speak English "very well" 60
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 45
Bengali 155
Speak English "very well" 155
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 2,306
Speak English "very well" 1,019
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,287
Other Indo-European Languages 1,281
Speak English "very well" 1,086
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 195
Telugu 75
Speak English "very well" 75
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Tamil N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 55
Speak English "very well" 45
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 2,230
Speak English "very well" 1,209
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,021
Japanese 505
Speak English "very well" 235
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 270
Korean 425
Speak English "very well" 356
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 69
Hmong N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Vietnamese 562
Speak English "very well" 288
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 274
Khmer 56
Speak English "very well" 17
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 39
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 202
Speak English "very well" 109
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 93
Other Languages of Asia 431
Speak English "very well" 254
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 177
Tagalog (including Filipino) 507
Speak English "very well" 408
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 99
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 146
Speak English "very well" 66
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 80
Arabic 652
Speak English "very well" 269
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 383
Hebrew 209
Speak English "very well" 171
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 684
Speak English "very well" 420
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 264
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 129
Speak English "very well" 116
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 329
Speak English "very well" 151
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 178
Native Languages of North America 170
Speak English "very well" 170
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other and Unspecified Languages 381
Speak English "very well" 329
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 52
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 94.3%
Field 308 5.7%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 81.0%
Field 310 19.0%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 83.4%
Field 315 16.6%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 28.0%
Field 316 72.0%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 88.7%
Field 319 11.3%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 90.3%
Field 322 9.7%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 94.4%
Field 325 5.6%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 92.7%
Field 328 7.3%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 62.2%
Field 331 37.8%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 84.1%
Field 334 15.9%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 70.9%
Field 337 29.1%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 90.5%
Field 340 9.5%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 70.6%
Field 343 29.4%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 91.0%
Field 346 9.0%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 72.5%
Field 349 27.5%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 89.2%
Field 352 10.8%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 57.1%
Field 355 42.9%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 100.0%
Field 358 N
Field 361 100%
Field 361 44.2%
Field 361 55.8%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 84.8%
Field 364 15.2%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 100.0%
Field 367 N
Field 370 100%
Field 370 N
Field 370 N
Field 373 100%
Field 373 81.8%
Field 373 18.2%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 54.2%
Field 376 45.8%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 46.5%
Field 379 53.5%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 83.8%
Field 382 16.2%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 N
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 51.2%
Field 388 48.8%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 30.4%
Field 391 69.6%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 54.0%
Field 394 46.0%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 58.9%
Field 397 41.1%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 80.5%
Field 400 19.5%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 45.2%
Field 403 54.8%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 41.3%
Field 406 58.7%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 81.8%
Field 409 18.2%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 61.4%
Field 412 38.6%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 89.9%
Field 415 10.1%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 45.9%
Field 418 54.1%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 100.0%
Field 421 N
Field 424 100%
Field 424 86.4%
Field 424 13.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 24,368
Less than high school diploma 12.1%
High school diploma or GED 16.6%
Some college or associate's degree 21.5%
Bachelor's degree 24.6%
Graduate or professional degree 25.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 10.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 7.0%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2018 -26.5%
% change: 1990-2000 -17.5%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2018 68.5%
% change: 1990-2000 72.6%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 13,557
Less than high school diploma 12.4%
High school diploma or GED 18.9%
Some college or associate's degree 23.6%
Bachelor's degree 20.8%
Graduate or professional degree 24.3%
Noncitizens (%) 9,427
Less than high school diploma 17.7%
High school diploma or GED 16.7%
Some college or associate's degree 17.7%
Bachelor's degree 23%
Graduate or professional degree 24.9%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 421,456
Less than high school diploma 6.2%
High school diploma or GED 29.3%
Some college or associate's degree 26.5%
Bachelor's degree 23.0%
Graduate or professional degree 15.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -48.2%
% change: 1990-2000 -19.0%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 43.1%
% change: 1990-2000 37.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 18,849
Less than high school diploma 21.3%
High school diploma or GED 18.7%
Some college or associate's degree 21.8%
Bachelor's degree 18.3%
Graduate or professional degree 19.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 7.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 383,269
Less than high school diploma 13.1%
High school diploma or GED 33.3%
Some college or associate's degree 24.4%
Bachelor's degree 18.8%
Graduate or professional degree 10.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 15,321
Less than high school diploma 31.8%
High school diploma or GED 23.7%
Some college or associate's degree 17.3%
Bachelor's degree 16.1%
Graduate or professional degree 11.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 7.3%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 336,904
Less than high school diploma 18.3%
High school diploma or GED 34.8%
Some college or associate's degree 22.5%
Bachelor's degree 15.3%
Graduate or professional degree 9.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.