E.g., 09/22/2021
E.g., 09/22/2021
State Language Data - SD
 

South Dakota

Language & Education
2019
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 35,783
Speak only English 27.5%
Speak English "very well" 34.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 159.9%
% change: 1990-2000 221.7%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 11,980
Speak only English 38.3%
Speak English "very well" 37%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24.7%
Noncitizens 19,368
Speak only English 15.8%
Speak English "very well" 32.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 51.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 790,017
Speak only English 97.2%
Speak English ""very well"" 2.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.5%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -65.9%
% change: 1990-2000 10.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 13,065
Speak only English 29.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 31.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 690,755
Speak only English 94.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 7,273
Speak only English 45.6%
"Speak English ""very well"" 32.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 632,802
Speak only English 94.1%
"Speak English ""very well"" 4.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 156,410
Speak only English 149,331
Speak language other than English 7,079
Speak English "very well"
4,620
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
2,459
Speak Spanish 2,137
Speak English "very well"
1,125
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,012
Ages 18-64 515,591
Speak only English 481,365
Speak language other than English 34,226
Speak English "very well"
21,187
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
13,039
Speak Spanish 12,047
Speak English "very well"
7,144
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
4,903
65 and Older 153,799
Speak only English 147,365
Speak language other than English 6,434
Speak English "very well"
4,560
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,874
Speak Spanish 1,647
Speak English "very well"
842
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
805
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 95.5%
Speak language other than English 4.5%
Speak English "very well" 3.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.6%
Speak Spanish 1.4%
Speak English "very well" 0.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.6%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 93.4%
Speak language other than English 6.6%
Speak English "very well" 4.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.5%
Speak Spanish 2.3%
Speak English "very well" 1.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.0%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 95.8%
Speak language other than English 4.2%
Speak English "very well" 3.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.2%
Speak Spanish 1.1%
Speak English "very well" 0.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 810,239
Speak only English 758,310
Speak language other than English 51,929
Spanish 16,458
Speak English "very well" 10,137
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,321
French (Including Cajun) 1,140
Speak English "very well" 902
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 238
Haitian 57
Speak English "very well" 48
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9
Italian 193
Speak English "very well" 163
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30
Portuguese 61
Speak English "very well" 61
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
German 5,164
Speak English "very well" 4,136
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,028
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 438
Speak English "very well" 401
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37
Russian 434
Speak English "very well" 292
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 142
Polish 38
Speak English "very well" 16
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22
Other Slavic Languages 1,413
Speak English "very well" 804
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 609
Armenian 3
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 151
Speak English "very well" 83
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 68
Gujarati 55
Speak English "very well" 29
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 26
Hindi 299
Speak English "very well" 234
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 65
Urdu 365
Speak English "very well" 353
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12
Punjabi N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Bengali 98
Speak English "very well" 98
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 1,432
Speak English "very well" 458
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 974
Other Indo-European Languages 557
Speak English "very well" 412
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 145
Telugu 322
Speak English "very well" 213
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 109
Tamil 5
Speak English "very well" 5
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 101
Speak English "very well" 42
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 59
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 1,312
Speak English "very well" 668
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 644
Japanese 217
Speak English "very well" 138
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 79
Korean 581
Speak English "very well" 351
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 230
Hmong 42
Speak English "very well" 12
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30
Vietnamese 673
Speak English "very well" 320
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 353
Khmer 141
Speak English "very well" 19
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 122
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 478
Speak English "very well" 188
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 290
Other Languages of Asia 2,028
Speak English "very well" 550
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,478
Tagalog (including Filipino) 1,064
Speak English "very well" 621
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 443
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 198
Speak English "very well" 88
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 110
Arabic 1,157
Speak English "very well" 749
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 408
Hebrew 26
Speak English "very well" 26
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 2,372
Speak English "very well" 993
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,379
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 456
Speak English "very well" 320
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 136
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 2,031
Speak English "very well" 1,110
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 921
Native Languages of North America 10,053
Speak English "very well" 8,873
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,180
Other and Unspecified Languages 316
Speak English "very well" 295
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 93.6%
Field 308 6.4%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 61.6%
Field 310 38.4%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 79.1%
Field 315 20.9%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 84.2%
Field 316 15.8%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 84.5%
Field 319 15.5%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 100.0%
Field 322 N
Field 325 100%
Field 325 80.1%
Field 325 19.9%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 91.6%
Field 328 8.4%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 67.3%
Field 331 32.7%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 42.1%
Field 334 57.9%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 56.9%
Field 337 43.1%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 N
Field 340 100.0%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 55.0%
Field 343 45.0%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 52.7%
Field 346 47.3%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 78.3%
Field 349 21.7%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 96.7%
Field 352 3.3%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 N
Field 355 N
Field 358 100%
Field 358 100.0%
Field 358 N
Field 361 100%
Field 361 32.0%
Field 361 68.0%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 74.0%
Field 364 26.0%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 66.1%
Field 367 33.9%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 100.0%
Field 370 N
Field 373 100%
Field 373 41.6%
Field 373 58.4%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 50.9%
Field 376 49.1%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 63.6%
Field 379 36.4%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 60.4%
Field 382 39.6%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 28.6%
Field 385 71.4%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 47.5%
Field 388 52.5%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 13.5%
Field 391 86.5%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 39.3%
Field 394 60.7%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 27.1%
Field 397 72.9%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 58.4%
Field 400 41.6%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 44.4%
Field 403 55.6%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 64.7%
Field 406 35.3%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 100.0%
Field 409 N
Field 412 100%
Field 412 41.9%
Field 412 58.1%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 70.2%
Field 415 29.8%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 54.7%
Field 418 45.3%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 88.3%
Field 421 11.7%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 93.4%
Field 424 6.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 27,675
Less than high school diploma 26.7%
High school diploma or GED 22.6%
Some college or associate's degree 20.5%
Bachelor's degree 19.4%
Graduate or professional degree 10.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 16.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.8%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2019 102.3%
% change: 1990-2000 33.5%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2019 240.4%
% change: 1990-2000 115.2%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 9,448
Less than high school diploma 17.8%
High school diploma or GED 25.5%
Some college or associate's degree 27.6%
Bachelor's degree 15.5%
Graduate or professional degree 13.6%
Noncitizens (%) 13,842
Less than high school diploma 34.5%
High school diploma or GED 25.7%
Some college or associate's degree 12.1%
Bachelor's degree 15.8%
Graduate or professional degree 11.9%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 560,354
Less than high school diploma 6.9%
High school diploma or GED 30.4%
Some college or associate's degree 32.9%
Bachelor's degree 20.7%
Graduate or professional degree 9.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -44.5%
% change: 1990-2000 -27.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 65.3%
% change: 1990-2000 41.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 10,394
Less than high school diploma 35.1%
High school diploma or GED 22.9%
Some college or associate's degree 18.4%
Bachelor's degree 10.9%
Graduate or professional degree 12.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 5.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 2.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 465,549
Less than high school diploma 15.1%
High school diploma or GED 33.2%
Some college or associate's degree 30.2%
Bachelor's degree 15.8%
Graduate or professional degree 5.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 6,221
Less than high school diploma 44.0%
High school diploma or GED 18.4%
Some college or associate's degree 19.3%
Bachelor's degree 9.6%
Graduate or professional degree 8.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher 1.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 421,391
Less than high school diploma 23.0%
High school diploma or GED 34.1%
Some college or associate's degree 26.0%
Bachelor's degree 12.3%
Graduate or professional degree 4.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.