E.g., 01/18/2021
E.g., 01/18/2021

State Language Data - SC

South Carolina

Language & Education
2018
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 252,942
Speak only English 26.6%
Speak English "very well" 34.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 101.3%
% change: 1990-2000 309.5%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 110,887
Speak only English 37.5%
Speak English "very well" 38.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24.2%
Noncitizens 142,055
Speak only English 18.1%
Speak English "very well" 31.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50.0%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,543,829
Speak only English 96.3%
Speak English ""very well"" 3.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.6%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -17.8%
% change: 1990-2000 32.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 113,829
Speak only English 25.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 32.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 42.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,634,840
Speak only English 96.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 47,910
Speak only English 39.0%
"Speak English ""very well"" 36.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,178,182
Speak only English 97.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 817,053
Speak only English 739,617
Speak language other than English 77,436
Speak English "very well"
63,061
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
14,375
Speak Spanish 55,215
Speak English "very well"
43,890
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
11,325
Ages 18-64 3,079,964
Speak only English 2,833,932
Speak language other than English 246,032
Speak English "very well"
146,640
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
99,392
Speak Spanish 155,439
Speak English "very well"
85,494
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
69,945
65 and Older 899,754
Speak only English 869,845
Speak language other than English 29,909
Speak English "very well"
18,109
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
11,800
Speak Spanish 12,263
Speak English "very well"
7,668
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
4,595
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 90.5%
Speak language other than English 9.5%
Speak English "very well" 7.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.8%
Speak Spanish 6.8%
Speak English "very well" 5.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.4%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 92.0%
Speak language other than English 8.0%
Speak English "very well" 4.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.2%
Speak Spanish 5.0%
Speak English "very well" 2.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.3%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 96.7%
Speak language other than English 3.3%
Speak English "very well" 2.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.3%
Speak Spanish 1.4%
Speak English "very well" 0.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 4,796,771
Speak only English 4,443,394
Speak language other than English 353,377
Spanish 222,917
Speak English "very well" 137,052
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 85,865
French (Including Cajun) 10,772
Speak English "very well" 9,259
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,513
Haitian 498
Speak English "very well" 443
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 55
Italian 4,737
Speak English "very well" 3,605
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,132
Portuguese 5,925
Speak English "very well" 3,239
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,686
German 17,620
Speak English "very well" 14,826
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,794
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 2,049
Speak English "very well" 1,958
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 91
Russian 5,423
Speak English "very well" 3,943
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,480
Polish 1,315
Speak English "very well" 1,143
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 172
Other Slavic Languages 2,745
Speak English "very well" 1,875
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 870
Armenian 285
Speak English "very well" 285
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 1,600
Speak English "very well" 744
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 856
Gujarati 5,243
Speak English "very well" 3,489
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,754
Hindi 6,109
Speak English "very well" 4,121
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,988
Urdu 575
Speak English "very well" 525
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50
Punjabi 458
Speak English "very well" 124
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 334
Bengali 441
Speak English "very well" 280
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 161
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 758
Speak English "very well" 607
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 151
Other Indo-European Languages 3,986
Speak English "very well" 3,305
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 681
Telugu 902
Speak English "very well" 491
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 411
Tamil 828
Speak English "very well" 567
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 261
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 1,844
Speak English "very well" 1,729
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 115
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 13,110
Speak English "very well" 7,148
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,962
Japanese 2,310
Speak English "very well" 982
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,328
Korean 3,657
Speak English "very well" 1,607
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,050
Hmong 1,027
Speak English "very well" 734
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 293
Vietnamese 10,533
Speak English "very well" 4,353
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,180
Khmer 891
Speak English "very well" 182
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 709
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 2,012
Speak English "very well" 1,220
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 792
Other Languages of Asia 1,873
Speak English "very well" 922
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 951
Tagalog (including Filipino) 8,795
Speak English "very well" 6,363
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,432
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 726
Speak English "very well" 697
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29
Arabic 2,915
Speak English "very well" 2,066
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 849
Hebrew 1,308
Speak English "very well" 1,283
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 25
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 553
Speak English "very well" 434
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 119
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 1,297
Speak English "very well" 1,197
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 100
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 1,725
Speak English "very well" 1,655
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 70
Native Languages of North America 949
Speak English "very well" 726
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 223
Other and Unspecified Languages 2,666
Speak English "very well" 2,631
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 92.6%
Field 308 7.4%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 61.5%
Field 310 38.5%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 86.0%
Field 315 14.0%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 89.0%
Field 316 11.0%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 76.1%
Field 319 23.9%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 54.7%
Field 322 45.3%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 84.1%
Field 325 15.9%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 95.6%
Field 328 4.4%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 72.7%
Field 331 27.3%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 86.9%
Field 334 13.1%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 68.3%
Field 337 31.7%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 100.0%
Field 340 N
Field 343 100%
Field 343 46.5%
Field 343 53.5%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 66.5%
Field 346 33.5%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 67.5%
Field 349 32.5%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 91.3%
Field 352 8.7%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 27.1%
Field 355 72.9%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 63.5%
Field 358 36.5%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 80.1%
Field 361 19.9%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 82.9%
Field 364 17.1%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 54.4%
Field 367 45.6%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 68.5%
Field 370 31.5%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 93.8%
Field 373 6.2%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 54.5%
Field 376 45.5%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 42.5%
Field 379 57.5%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 43.9%
Field 382 56.1%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 71.5%
Field 385 28.5%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 41.3%
Field 388 58.7%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 20.4%
Field 391 79.6%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 60.6%
Field 394 39.4%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 49.2%
Field 397 50.8%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 72.3%
Field 400 27.7%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 96.0%
Field 403 4.0%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 70.9%
Field 406 29.1%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 98.1%
Field 409 1.9%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 78.5%
Field 412 21.5%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 92.3%
Field 415 7.7%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 95.9%
Field 418 4.1%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 76.5%
Field 421 23.5%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 98.7%
Field 424 1.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 214,054
Less than high school diploma 21.6%
High school diploma or GED 26.6%
Some college or associate's degree 18.9%
Bachelor's degree 18.8%
Graduate or professional degree 14.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 11.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 7.1%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2018 78.8%
% change: 1990-2000 221.0%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2018 181.6%
% change: 1990-2000 135.4%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 99,292
Less than high school diploma 10.5%
High school diploma or GED 23.8%
Some college or associate's degree 26.2%
Bachelor's degree 22.7%
Graduate or professional degree 16.8%
Noncitizens (%) 114,762
Less than high school diploma 31.2%
High school diploma or GED 28.9%
Some college or associate's degree 12.6%
Bachelor's degree 15.4%
Graduate or professional degree 11.9%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,278,301
Less than high school diploma 10.9%
High school diploma or GED 30.1%
Some college or associate's degree 31.0%
Bachelor's degree 17.9%
Graduate or professional degree 10.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -39.9%
% change: 1990-2000 -13.0%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 82.1%
% change: 1990-2000 45.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 87,078
Less than high school diploma 29.7%
High school diploma or GED 21.0%
Some college or associate's degree 20.5%
Bachelor's degree 15.6%
Graduate or professional degree 13.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 4.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,514,780
Less than high school diploma 23.6%
High school diploma or GED 30.2%
Some college or associate's degree 26.1%
Bachelor's degree 13.4%
Graduate or professional degree 6.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 38,835
Less than high school diploma 20.7%
High school diploma or GED 27.2%
Some college or associate's degree 24.6%
Bachelor's degree 14.4%
Graduate or professional degree 13.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 1.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,122,839
Less than high school diploma 32.1%
High school diploma or GED 29.5%
Some college or associate's degree 22.0%
Bachelor's degree 11.1%
Graduate or professional degree 5.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.