E.g., 04/14/2024
E.g., 04/14/2024
State Language Data - SC
 

South Carolina

Language & Education
2022
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 271,100
Speak only English 22.4%
Speak English "very well" 41.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36.0%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 100.8%
% change: 1990-2000 309.5%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 133,117
Speak only English 30.1%
Speak English "very well" 46.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 23.4%
Noncitizens 137,983
Speak only English 14.8%
Speak English "very well" 37%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 48.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,730,108
Speak only English 96.2%
Speak English ""very well"" 3.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 1.4%
% change: 1990-2000 32.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 113,829
Speak only English 25.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 32.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 42.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,634,840
Speak only English 96.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 47,910
Speak only English 39.0%
"Speak English ""very well"" 36.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,178,182
Speak only English 97.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 1.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 835,716
Speak only English 763,498
Speak language other than English 72,218
Speak English "very well"
55,735
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
16,483
Speak Spanish 53,020
Speak English "very well"
40,563
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
12,457
Ages 18-64 3,156,874
Speak only English 2,882,190
Speak language other than English 274,684
Speak English "very well"
175,502
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
99,182
Speak Spanish 163,781
Speak English "very well"
92,167
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
71,614
65 and Older 1,008,618
Speak only English 967,273
Speak language other than English 41,345
Speak English "very well"
25,226
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
16,119
Speak Spanish 18,787
Speak English "very well"
10,543
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
8,244
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 91.4%
Speak language other than English 8.6%
Speak English "very well" 6.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.0%
Speak Spanish 6.3%
Speak English "very well" 4.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.5%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 91.3%
Speak language other than English 8.7%
Speak English "very well" 5.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.1%
Speak Spanish 5.2%
Speak English "very well" 2.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.3%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 95.9%
Speak language other than English 4.1%
Speak English "very well" 2.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.6%
Speak Spanish 1.9%
Speak English "very well" 1.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 5,001,208
Speak only English 4,612,961
Speak language other than English 388,247
Spanish 235,588
Speak English "very well" 143,273
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 92,315
French (Including Cajun) 10,143
Speak English "very well" 8,918
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,225
Haitian 1,390
Speak English "very well" 1,276
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 114
Italian 5,776
Speak English "very well" 5,353
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 423
Portuguese 5,946
Speak English "very well" 4,210
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,736
German 14,874
Speak English "very well" 12,617
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,257
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 2,110
Speak English "very well" 2,110
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Russian 8,747
Speak English "very well" 5,275
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,472
Polish 1,931
Speak English "very well" 1,599
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 332
Other Slavic Languages 8,554
Speak English "very well" 5,761
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,793
Armenian 377
Speak English "very well" 377
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 2,086
Speak English "very well" 1,282
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 804
Gujarati 8,114
Speak English "very well" 4,754
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,360
Hindi 5,964
Speak English "very well" 5,324
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 640
Urdu 1,692
Speak English "very well" 1,208
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 484
Punjabi 2,407
Speak English "very well" 1,952
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 455
Bengali 1,323
Speak English "very well" 908
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 415
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 4,136
Speak English "very well" 3,475
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 661
Other Indo-European Languages 8,302
Speak English "very well" 6,167
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,135
Telugu 3,012
Speak English "very well" 2,026
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 986
Tamil 1,260
Speak English "very well" 1,260
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 1,837
Speak English "very well" 1,359
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 478
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 9,903
Speak English "very well" 7,553
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,350
Japanese 2,168
Speak English "very well" 1,325
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 843
Korean 3,554
Speak English "very well" 2,185
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,369
Hmong 1,572
Speak English "very well" 982
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 590
Vietnamese 4,915
Speak English "very well" 2,264
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,651
Khmer 1,606
Speak English "very well" 828
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 778
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 1,962
Speak English "very well" 871
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,091
Other Languages of Asia 1,836
Speak English "very well" 1,310
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 526
Tagalog (including Filipino) 8,983
Speak English "very well" 6,732
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,251
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 1,221
Speak English "very well" 782
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 439
Arabic 3,923
Speak English "very well" 3,023
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 900
Hebrew 603
Speak English "very well" 603
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 62
Speak English "very well" 62
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 4,165
Speak English "very well" 3,385
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 780
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 1,983
Speak English "very well" 1,049
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 934
Native Languages of North America 722
Speak English "very well" 385
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 337
Other and Unspecified Languages 3,500
Speak English "very well" 2,640
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 860
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 92.2%
Field 308 7.8%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 60.8%
Field 310 39.2%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 87.9%
Field 315 12.1%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 91.8%
Field 316 8.2%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 92.7%
Field 319 7.3%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 70.8%
Field 322 29.2%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 84.8%
Field 325 15.2%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 100.0%
Field 328 N
Field 331 100%
Field 331 60.3%
Field 331 39.7%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 82.8%
Field 334 17.2%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 67.3%
Field 337 32.7%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 100.0%
Field 340 N
Field 343 100%
Field 343 61.5%
Field 343 38.5%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 58.6%
Field 346 41.4%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 89.3%
Field 349 10.7%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 71.4%
Field 352 28.6%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 81.1%
Field 355 18.9%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 68.6%
Field 358 31.4%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 84.0%
Field 361 16.0%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 74.3%
Field 364 25.7%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 67.3%
Field 367 32.7%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 100.0%
Field 370 N
Field 373 100%
Field 373 74.0%
Field 373 26.0%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 76.3%
Field 376 23.7%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 61.1%
Field 379 38.9%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 61.5%
Field 382 38.5%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 62.5%
Field 385 37.5%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 46.1%
Field 388 53.9%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 51.6%
Field 391 48.4%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 44.4%
Field 394 55.6%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 71.4%
Field 397 28.6%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 74.9%
Field 400 25.1%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 64.0%
Field 403 36.0%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 77.1%
Field 406 22.9%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 100.0%
Field 409 N
Field 412 100%
Field 412 100.0%
Field 412 N
Field 415 100%
Field 415 81.3%
Field 415 18.7%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 52.9%
Field 418 47.1%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 53.3%
Field 421 46.7%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 75.4%
Field 424 24.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 238,187
Less than high school diploma 18.9%
High school diploma or GED 22.5%
Some college or associate's degree 21.1%
Bachelor's degree 19.1%
Graduate or professional degree 18.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 12.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 7.5%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2022 74.0%
% change: 1990-2000 221.0%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2022 257.2%
% change: 1990-2000 135.4%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 122,786
Less than high school diploma 11%
High school diploma or GED 19.6%
Some college or associate's degree 27.5%
Bachelor's degree 22.4%
Graduate or professional degree 19.5%
Noncitizens (%) 115,401
Less than high school diploma 27.3%
High school diploma or GED 25.5%
Some college or associate's degree 14.2%
Bachelor's degree 15.6%
Graduate or professional degree 17.3%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,426,735
Less than high school diploma 8.9%
High school diploma or GED 28.1%
Some college or associate's degree 30.8%
Bachelor's degree 19.8%
Graduate or professional degree 12.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -48.8%
% change: 1990-2000 -13.0%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 119.0%
% change: 1990-2000 45.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 87,078
Less than high school diploma 29.7%
High school diploma or GED 21.0%
Some college or associate's degree 20.5%
Bachelor's degree 15.6%
Graduate or professional degree 13.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 4.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,514,780
Less than high school diploma 23.6%
High school diploma or GED 30.2%
Some college or associate's degree 26.1%
Bachelor's degree 13.4%
Graduate or professional degree 6.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 38,835
Less than high school diploma 20.7%
High school diploma or GED 27.2%
Some college or associate's degree 24.6%
Bachelor's degree 14.4%
Graduate or professional degree 13.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 1.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,122,839
Less than high school diploma 32.1%
High school diploma or GED 29.5%
Some college or associate's degree 22.0%
Bachelor's degree 11.1%
Graduate or professional degree 5.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.