E.g., 07/08/2020
E.g., 07/08/2020

State Language Data - OK

Oklahoma

Language & Education
2018
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 234,380
Speak only English 15.5%
Speak English "very well" 35.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 48.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 75.8%
% change: 1990-2000 178.4%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 88,296
Speak only English 23.2%
Speak English "very well" 42%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 34.8%
Noncitizens 146,084
Speak only English 10.8%
Speak English "very well" 31.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 57.5%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,450,663
Speak only English 94.3%
Speak English ""very well"" 4.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -16.5%
% change: 1990-2000 20.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 129,664
Speak only English 17.3%
"Speak English ""very well"" 32.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,086,055
Speak only English 95.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 63,588
Speak only English 26.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 36.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 2,850,524
Speak only English 96.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 698,284
Speak only English 609,349
Speak language other than English 88,935
Speak English "very well"
74,175
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
14,760
Speak Spanish 72,322
Speak English "very well"
61,406
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
10,916
Ages 18-64 2,367,158
Speak only English 2,093,848
Speak language other than English 273,310
Speak English "very well"
160,448
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
112,862
Speak Spanish 185,588
Speak English "very well"
103,531
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
82,057
65 and Older 619,601
Speak only English 588,552
Speak language other than English 31,049
Speak English "very well"
15,828
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
15,221
Speak Spanish 13,497
Speak English "very well"
6,323
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
7,174
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 87.3%
Speak language other than English 12.7%
Speak English "very well" 10.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.1%
Speak Spanish 10.4%
Speak English "very well" 8.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.6%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 88.5%
Speak language other than English 11.5%
Speak English "very well" 6.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 4.8%
Speak Spanish 7.8%
Speak English "very well" 4.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.5%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 95.0%
Speak language other than English 5.0%
Speak English "very well" 2.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.5%
Speak Spanish 2.2%
Speak English "very well" 1.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 3,685,043
Speak only English 3,291,749
Speak language other than English 393,294
Spanish 271,407
Speak English "very well" 171,260
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 100,147
French (Including Cajun) 4,886
Speak English "very well" 3,703
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,183
Haitian 171
Speak English "very well" 171
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Italian 487
Speak English "very well" 379
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 108
Portuguese 2,031
Speak English "very well" 821
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,210
German 8,181
Speak English "very well" 6,434
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,747
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 1,903
Speak English "very well" 1,845
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 58
Russian 2,180
Speak English "very well" 1,224
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 956
Polish 243
Speak English "very well" 178
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 65
Other Slavic Languages 932
Speak English "very well" 609
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 323
Armenian 192
Speak English "very well" 192
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 2,639
Speak English "very well" 1,565
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,074
Gujarati 864
Speak English "very well" 570
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 294
Hindi 2,786
Speak English "very well" 2,186
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 600
Urdu 1,939
Speak English "very well" 1,491
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 448
Punjabi 99
Speak English "very well" 61
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38
Bengali 2,404
Speak English "very well" 2,062
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 342
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 2,006
Speak English "very well" 1,723
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 283
Other Indo-European Languages 1,746
Speak English "very well" 1,564
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 182
Telugu 1,747
Speak English "very well" 1,157
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 590
Tamil 1,794
Speak English "very well" 1,411
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 383
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 1,951
Speak English "very well" 1,330
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 621
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 9,936
Speak English "very well" 5,106
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,830
Japanese 1,696
Speak English "very well" 901
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 795
Korean 5,370
Speak English "very well" 2,623
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,747
Hmong 3,844
Speak English "very well" 2,927
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 917
Vietnamese 16,599
Speak English "very well" 7,464
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9,135
Khmer 73
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 73
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 2,749
Speak English "very well" 1,058
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,691
Other Languages of Asia 3,469
Speak English "very well" 1,326
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,143
Tagalog (including Filipino) 3,227
Speak English "very well" 2,362
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 865
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 1,833
Speak English "very well" 582
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,251
Arabic 6,655
Speak English "very well" 4,962
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,693
Hebrew 550
Speak English "very well" 544
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 934
Speak English "very well" 200
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 734
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 4,402
Speak English "very well" 2,938
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,464
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 4,086
Speak English "very well" 1,938
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,148
Native Languages of North America 13,749
Speak English "very well" 12,060
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,689
Other and Unspecified Languages 1,534
Speak English "very well" 1,524
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 89.3%
Field 308 10.7%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 63.1%
Field 310 36.9%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 75.8%
Field 315 24.2%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 100.0%
Field 316 N
Field 319 100%
Field 319 77.8%
Field 319 22.2%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 40.4%
Field 322 59.6%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 78.6%
Field 325 21.4%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 97.0%
Field 328 3.0%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 56.1%
Field 331 43.9%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 73.3%
Field 334 26.7%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 65.3%
Field 337 34.7%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 100.0%
Field 340 N
Field 343 100%
Field 343 59.3%
Field 343 40.7%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 66.0%
Field 346 34.0%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 78.5%
Field 349 21.5%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 76.9%
Field 352 23.1%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 61.6%
Field 355 38.4%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 85.8%
Field 358 14.2%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 85.9%
Field 361 14.1%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 89.6%
Field 364 10.4%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 66.2%
Field 367 33.8%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 78.7%
Field 370 21.3%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 68.2%
Field 373 31.8%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 51.4%
Field 376 48.6%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 53.1%
Field 379 46.9%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 48.8%
Field 382 51.2%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 76.1%
Field 385 23.9%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 45.0%
Field 388 55.0%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 N
Field 391 100.0%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 38.5%
Field 394 61.5%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 38.2%
Field 397 61.8%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 73.2%
Field 400 26.8%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 31.8%
Field 403 68.2%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 74.6%
Field 406 25.4%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 98.9%
Field 409 1.1%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 21.4%
Field 412 78.6%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 66.7%
Field 415 33.3%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 47.4%
Field 418 52.6%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 87.7%
Field 421 12.3%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 99.3%
Field 424 0.7%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 201,718
Less than high school diploma 35.4%
High school diploma or GED 24.1%
Some college or associate's degree 16.7%
Bachelor's degree 12.8%
Graduate or professional degree 11.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 23.7%
Bachelor's degree or higher 7.2%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2018 97.1%
% change: 1990-2000 123.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2018 124.7%
% change: 1990-2000 62.3%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 80,768
Less than high school diploma 25.5%
High school diploma or GED 22.7%
Some college or associate's degree 20.2%
Bachelor's degree 16.7%
Graduate or professional degree 14.9%
Noncitizens (%) 120,950
Less than high school diploma 41.9%
High school diploma or GED 25.1%
Some college or associate's degree 14.3%
Bachelor's degree 10.2%
Graduate or professional degree 8.4%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,405,895
Less than high school diploma 9.6%
High school diploma or GED 31.9%
Some college or associate's degree 32.7%
Bachelor's degree 17.0%
Graduate or professional degree 8.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -41.5%
% change: 1990-2000 -20.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 46.3%
% change: 1990-2000 24.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 92,075
Less than high school diploma 39.3%
High school diploma or GED 19.4%
Some college or associate's degree 18.0%
Bachelor's degree 12.6%
Graduate or professional degree 10.6%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 8.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,109,077
Less than high school diploma 18.6%
High school diploma or GED 32.2%
Some college or associate's degree 29.1%
Bachelor's degree 13.4%
Graduate or professional degree 6.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 49,487
Less than high school diploma 32.7%
High school diploma or GED 20.0%
Some college or associate's degree 20.6%
Bachelor's degree 13.9%
Graduate or professional degree 12.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 3.2%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 1,940,646
Less than high school diploma 25.5%
High school diploma or GED 30.6%
Some college or associate's degree 26.4%
Bachelor's degree 11.8%
Graduate or professional degree 5.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.