E.g., 08/15/2020
E.g., 08/15/2020

State Language Data - MT

Montana

Language & Education
2018
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 23,314
Speak only English 41.9%
Speak English "very well" 40.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 35.4%
% change: 1990-2000 27.9%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 11,969
Speak only English 58.2%
Speak English "very well" 31.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10.6%
Noncitizens 10,639
Speak only English 38%
Speak English "very well" 31.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 977,303
Speak only English 96.9%
Speak English ""very well"" 2.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.4%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -60.6%
% change: 1990-2000 4.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 16,136
Speak only English 53.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 27.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 18.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 831,226
Speak only English 95.6%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 13,586
Speak only English 55.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 26.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 723,868
Speak only English 95.6%
"Speak English ""very well"" 3.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 168,277
Speak only English 161,331
Speak language other than English 6,946
Speak English "very well"
5,995
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
951
Speak Spanish 2,983
Speak English "very well"
2,778
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
205
Ages 18-64 632,101
Speak only English 601,352
Speak language other than English 30,749
Speak English "very well"
25,441
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
5,308
Speak Spanish 12,512
Speak English "very well"
10,552
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,960
65 and Older 200,239
Speak only English 193,644
Speak language other than English 6,595
Speak English "very well"
4,943
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,652
Speak Spanish 1,670
Speak English "very well"
1,189
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
481
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 95.9%
Speak language other than English 4.1%
Speak English "very well" 3.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.6%
Speak Spanish 1.8%
Speak English "very well" 1.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.1%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 95.1%
Speak language other than English 4.9%
Speak English "very well" 4.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.8%
Speak Spanish 2.0%
Speak English "very well" 1.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.3%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 96.7%
Speak language other than English 3.3%
Speak English "very well" 2.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.8%
Speak Spanish 0.8%
Speak English "very well" 0.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.2%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 979,922
Speak only English 939,716
Speak language other than English 40,206
Spanish 14,762
Speak English "very well" 11,397
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,365
French (Including Cajun) 1,983
Speak English "very well" 1,662
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 321
Haitian 59
Speak English "very well" 59
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Italian 528
Speak English "very well" 470
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 58
Portuguese 323
Speak English "very well" 253
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 70
German 6,418
Speak English "very well" 5,347
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,071
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 752
Speak English "very well" 719
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 33
Russian 741
Speak English "very well" 487
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 254
Polish 191
Speak English "very well" 184
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7
Other Slavic Languages 283
Speak English "very well" 163
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 120
Armenian 22
Speak English "very well" 22
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 158
Speak English "very well" 128
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30
Gujarati N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Hindi 88
Speak English "very well" 72
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 16
Urdu 43
Speak English "very well" 33
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10
Punjabi 4
Speak English "very well" 4
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Bengali 26
Speak English "very well" 19
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 269
Speak English "very well" 99
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 170
Other Indo-European Languages 667
Speak English "very well" 552
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 115
Telugu 42
Speak English "very well" 42
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Tamil N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 1,378
Speak English "very well" 760
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 618
Japanese 526
Speak English "very well" 301
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 225
Korean 502
Speak English "very well" 210
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 292
Hmong 18
Speak English "very well" 18
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Vietnamese 284
Speak English "very well" 135
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 149
Khmer 2
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 301
Speak English "very well" 215
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 86
Other Languages of Asia 184
Speak English "very well" 122
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 62
Tagalog (including Filipino) 1,093
Speak English "very well" 820
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 273
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 351
Speak English "very well" 226
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 125
Arabic 425
Speak English "very well" 283
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 142
Hebrew 314
Speak English "very well" 283
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 31
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 39
Speak English "very well" 39
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 160
Speak English "very well" 158
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 123
Speak English "very well" 86
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37
Native Languages of North America 6,628
Speak English "very well" 5,893
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 735
Other and Unspecified Languages 519
Speak English "very well" 475
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 44
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 95.9%
Field 308 4.1%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 77.2%
Field 310 22.8%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 83.8%
Field 315 16.2%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 100.0%
Field 316 N
Field 319 100%
Field 319 89.0%
Field 319 11.0%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 78.3%
Field 322 21.7%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 83.3%
Field 325 16.7%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 95.6%
Field 328 4.4%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 65.7%
Field 331 34.3%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 96.3%
Field 334 3.7%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 57.6%
Field 337 42.4%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 100.0%
Field 340 N
Field 343 100%
Field 343 81.0%
Field 343 19.0%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 N
Field 346 N
Field 349 100%
Field 349 81.8%
Field 349 18.2%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 76.7%
Field 352 23.3%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 100.0%
Field 355 N
Field 358 100%
Field 358 73.1%
Field 358 26.9%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 36.8%
Field 361 63.2%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 82.8%
Field 364 17.2%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 100.0%
Field 367 N
Field 370 100%
Field 370 N
Field 370 N
Field 373 100%
Field 373 N
Field 373 N
Field 376 100%
Field 376 55.2%
Field 376 44.8%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 57.2%
Field 379 42.8%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 41.8%
Field 382 58.2%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 100.0%
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 47.5%
Field 388 52.5%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 N
Field 391 100.0%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 71.4%
Field 394 28.6%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 66.3%
Field 397 33.7%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 75.0%
Field 400 25.0%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 64.4%
Field 403 35.6%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 66.6%
Field 406 33.4%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 90.1%
Field 409 9.9%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 100.0%
Field 412 N
Field 415 100%
Field 415 98.8%
Field 415 1.3%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 69.9%
Field 418 30.1%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 88.9%
Field 421 11.1%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 91.5%
Field 424 8.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 19,544
Less than high school diploma 14.8%
High school diploma or GED 23.3%
Some college or associate's degree 28.5%
Bachelor's degree 20.2%
Graduate or professional degree 13.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 6.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 2.8%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2018 -3.2%
% change: 1990-2000 -33.1%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2018 71.0%
% change: 1990-2000 71.4%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 10,603
Less than high school diploma 12.1%
High school diploma or GED 23.6%
Some college or associate's degree 24.7%
Bachelor's degree 20.1%
Graduate or professional degree 19.4%
Noncitizens (%) 7,920
Less than high school diploma 16.8%
High school diploma or GED 22.5%
Some college or associate's degree 25.9%
Bachelor's degree 18.8%
Graduate or professional degree 16%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 716,217
Less than high school diploma 5.9%
High school diploma or GED 28.1%
Some college or associate's degree 34.4%
Bachelor's degree 20.7%
Graduate or professional degree 10.9%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -40.7%
% change: 1990-2000 -18.2%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 64.5%
% change: 1990-2000 39.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 13,330
Less than high school diploma 22.4%
High school diploma or GED 25.2%
Some college or associate's degree 23.7%
Bachelor's degree 16.4%
Graduate or professional degree 12.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 4.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 2.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 570,613
Less than high school diploma 12.5%
High school diploma or GED 31.6%
Some college or associate's degree 31.8%
Bachelor's degree 17.5%
Graduate or professional degree 6.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 11,989
Less than high school diploma 37.3%
High school diploma or GED 24.1%
Some college or associate's degree 20.0%
Bachelor's degree 11.1%
Graduate or professional degree 7.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 4.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 2.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 491,662
Less than high school diploma 17.7%
High school diploma or GED 33.5%
Some college or associate's degree 28.6%
Bachelor's degree 14.5%
Graduate or professional degree 5.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.