E.g., 09/22/2021
E.g., 09/22/2021
State Language Data - ME
 

Maine

Language & Education
2019
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 52,044
Speak only English 42.0%
Speak English "very well" 33.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 24.2%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 70.7%
% change: 1990-2000 -10.0%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 27,057
Speak only English 46.6%
Speak English "very well" 32.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 21.1%
Noncitizens 20,474
Speak only English 34.9%
Speak English "very well" 32.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 32.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,229,355
Speak only English 96.3%
Speak English ""very well"" 3.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.5%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -63.8%
% change: 1990-2000 -19.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 36,196
Speak only English 46.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 32.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,167,968
Speak only English 93.6%
"Speak English ""very well"" 5.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 36,677
Speak only English 48.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 29.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,105,885
Speak only English 91.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 6.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 183,540
Speak only English 177,445
Speak language other than English 6,095
Speak English "very well"
4,257
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,838
Speak Spanish 1,028
Speak English "very well"
502
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
526
Ages 18-64 811,881
Speak only English 765,766
Speak language other than English 46,115
Speak English "very well"
34,627
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
11,488
Speak Spanish 9,066
Speak English "very well"
7,160
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,906
65 and Older 285,978
Speak only English 262,070
Speak language other than English 23,908
Speak English "very well"
18,607
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
5,301
Speak Spanish 1,473
Speak English "very well"
1,138
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
335
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 96.7%
Speak language other than English 3.3%
Speak English "very well" 2.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.0%
Speak Spanish 0.6%
Speak English "very well" 0.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.3%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 94.3%
Speak language other than English 5.7%
Speak English "very well" 4.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.4%
Speak Spanish 1.1%
Speak English "very well" 0.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.2%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 91.6%
Speak language other than English 8.4%
Speak English "very well" 6.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.9%
Speak Spanish 0.5%
Speak English "very well" 0.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 1,271,457
Speak only English 1,194,145
Speak language other than English 77,312
Spanish 11,504
Speak English "very well" 9,018
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,486
French (Including Cajun) 34,473
Speak English "very well" 27,971
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,502
Haitian 331
Speak English "very well" 268
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 63
Italian 839
Speak English "very well" 770
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 69
Portuguese 1,585
Speak English "very well" 1,170
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 415
German 2,735
Speak English "very well" 2,367
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 368
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 601
Speak English "very well" 516
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 85
Russian 910
Speak English "very well" 667
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 243
Polish 638
Speak English "very well" 439
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 199
Other Slavic Languages 1,373
Speak English "very well" 954
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 419
Armenian 67
Speak English "very well" 45
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 389
Speak English "very well" 285
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 104
Gujarati 140
Speak English "very well" 117
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 23
Hindi 381
Speak English "very well" 342
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 39
Urdu 200
Speak English "very well" 148
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 52
Punjabi 12
Speak English "very well" 12
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Bengali 87
Speak English "very well" 68
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 19
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 292
Speak English "very well" 136
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 156
Other Indo-European Languages 1,975
Speak English "very well" 1,755
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 220
Telugu 177
Speak English "very well" 171
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6
Tamil 73
Speak English "very well" 67
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 77
Speak English "very well" 30
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 47
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 3,262
Speak English "very well" 1,578
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,684
Japanese 660
Speak English "very well" 507
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 153
Korean 387
Speak English "very well" 237
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 150
Hmong N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Vietnamese 955
Speak English "very well" 520
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 435
Khmer 1,408
Speak English "very well" 536
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 872
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 609
Speak English "very well" 311
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 298
Other Languages of Asia 192
Speak English "very well" 129
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 63
Tagalog (including Filipino) 1,395
Speak English "very well" 1,070
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 325
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 385
Speak English "very well" 221
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 164
Arabic 2,167
Speak English "very well" 1,075
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,092
Hebrew 184
Speak English "very well" 170
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 14
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 2,627
Speak English "very well" 1,431
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,196
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 310
Speak English "very well" 210
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 100
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 1,946
Speak English "very well" 1,002
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 944
Native Languages of North America 1,201
Speak English "very well" 1,146
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 55
Other and Unspecified Languages 765
Speak English "very well" 625
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 140
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 93.9%
Field 308 6.1%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 78.4%
Field 310 21.6%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 81.1%
Field 315 18.9%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 81.0%
Field 316 19.0%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 91.8%
Field 319 8.2%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 73.8%
Field 322 26.2%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 86.5%
Field 325 13.5%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 85.9%
Field 328 14.1%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 73.3%
Field 331 26.7%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 68.8%
Field 334 31.2%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 69.5%
Field 337 30.5%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 67.2%
Field 340 32.8%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 73.3%
Field 343 26.7%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 83.6%
Field 346 16.4%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 89.8%
Field 349 10.2%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 74.0%
Field 352 26.0%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 100.0%
Field 355 N
Field 358 100%
Field 358 78.2%
Field 358 21.8%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 46.6%
Field 361 53.4%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 88.9%
Field 364 11.1%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 96.6%
Field 367 3.4%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 91.8%
Field 370 8.2%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 39.0%
Field 373 61.0%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 48.4%
Field 376 51.6%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 76.8%
Field 379 23.2%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 61.2%
Field 382 38.8%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 N
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 54.5%
Field 388 45.5%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 38.1%
Field 391 61.9%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 51.1%
Field 394 48.9%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 67.2%
Field 397 32.8%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 76.7%
Field 400 23.3%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 57.4%
Field 403 42.6%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 49.6%
Field 406 50.4%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 92.4%
Field 409 7.6%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 54.5%
Field 412 45.5%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 67.7%
Field 415 32.3%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 51.5%
Field 418 48.5%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 95.4%
Field 421 4.6%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 81.7%
Field 424 18.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 44,977
Less than high school diploma 14.8%
High school diploma or GED 20.1%
Some college or associate's degree 24.1%
Bachelor's degree 22.1%
Graduate or professional degree 18.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 9.9%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.6%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2019 -20.8%
% change: 1990-2000 -33.2%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2019 131.1%
% change: 1990-2000 45.7%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 23,990
Less than high school diploma 16.2%
High school diploma or GED 22.9%
Some college or associate's degree 25.5%
Bachelor's degree 18.4%
Graduate or professional degree 16.9%
Noncitizens (%) 15,850
Less than high school diploma 15.4%
High school diploma or GED 23.3%
Some college or associate's degree 21%
Bachelor's degree 21%
Graduate or professional degree 19.3%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 946,175
Less than high school diploma 6.4%
High school diploma or GED 31.9%
Some college or associate's degree 28.8%
Bachelor's degree 20.7%
Graduate or professional degree 12.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -48.9%
% change: 1990-2000 -24.0%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 59.6%
% change: 1990-2000 37.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 31,340
Less than high school diploma 26.9%
High school diploma or GED 24.6%
Some college or associate's degree 23.1%
Bachelor's degree 13.4%
Graduate or professional degree 12.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 6.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 838,777
Less than high school diploma 14.1%
High school diploma or GED 36.7%
Some college or associate's degree 26.0%
Bachelor's degree 15.2%
Graduate or professional degree 8.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 33,265
Less than high school diploma 37.9%
High school diploma or GED 27.2%
Some college or associate's degree 18.5%
Bachelor's degree 9.2%
Graduate or professional degree 7.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 7.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 761,521
Less than high school diploma 20.5%
High school diploma or GED 37.7%
Some college or associate's degree 23.2%
Bachelor's degree 12.3%
Graduate or professional degree 6.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.