E.g., 10/27/2020
E.g., 10/27/2020

State Language Data - ME

Maine

Language & Education
2018
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 46,589
Speak only English 39.9%
Speak English "very well" 36.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 23.5%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 48.4%
% change: 1990-2000 -10.0%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 26,445
Speak only English 44.1%
Speak English "very well" 33.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22.5%
Noncitizens 20,897
Speak only English 34.3%
Speak English "very well" 31.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 33.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,228,405
Speak only English 95.9%
Speak English ""very well"" 3.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -50.2%
% change: 1990-2000 -19.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 36,196
Speak only English 46.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 32.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,167,968
Speak only English 93.6%
"Speak English ""very well"" 5.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 36,677
Speak only English 48.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 29.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,105,885
Speak only English 91.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 6.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 185,142
Speak only English 173,875
Speak language other than English 11,267
Speak English "very well"
9,486
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,781
Speak Spanish 1,923
Speak English "very well"
1,702
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
221
Ages 18-64 813,783
Speak only English 768,468
Speak language other than English 45,315
Speak English "very well"
32,450
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
12,865
Speak Spanish 7,390
Speak English "very well"
5,661
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,729
65 and Older 276,069
Speak only English 254,628
Speak language other than English 21,441
Speak English "very well"
16,833
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
4,608
Speak Spanish 1,091
Speak English "very well"
916
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
175
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 93.9%
Speak language other than English 6.1%
Speak English "very well" 5.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.0%
Speak Spanish 1.0%
Speak English "very well" 0.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.1%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 94.4%
Speak language other than English 5.6%
Speak English "very well" 4.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.6%
Speak Spanish 0.9%
Speak English "very well" 0.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.2%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 92.2%
Speak language other than English 7.8%
Speak English "very well" 6.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.7%
Speak Spanish 0.4%
Speak English "very well" 0.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 1,268,376
Speak only English 1,188,798
Speak language other than English 79,578
Spanish 11,461
Speak English "very well" 8,942
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,519
French (Including Cajun) 35,752
Speak English "very well" 28,648
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,104
Haitian 364
Speak English "very well" 314
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50
Italian 968
Speak English "very well" 835
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 133
Portuguese 1,538
Speak English "very well" 1,122
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 416
German 2,846
Speak English "very well" 2,454
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 392
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 694
Speak English "very well" 562
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 132
Russian 1,132
Speak English "very well" 835
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 297
Polish 642
Speak English "very well" 442
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 200
Other Slavic Languages 1,250
Speak English "very well" 894
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 356
Armenian 35
Speak English "very well" 33
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 509
Speak English "very well" 395
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 114
Gujarati 125
Speak English "very well" 108
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 17
Hindi 306
Speak English "very well" 279
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 27
Urdu 216
Speak English "very well" 180
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 36
Punjabi 11
Speak English "very well" 11
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Bengali 70
Speak English "very well" 40
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 352
Speak English "very well" 165
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 187
Other Indo-European Languages 2,060
Speak English "very well" 1,826
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 234
Telugu 196
Speak English "very well" 166
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 30
Tamil 161
Speak English "very well" 82
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 79
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 70
Speak English "very well" 32
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 3,480
Speak English "very well" 1,731
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,749
Japanese 824
Speak English "very well" 673
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 151
Korean 430
Speak English "very well" 254
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 176
Hmong N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Vietnamese 1,159
Speak English "very well" 580
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 579
Khmer 1,213
Speak English "very well" 450
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 763
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 441
Speak English "very well" 222
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 219
Other Languages of Asia 314
Speak English "very well" 133
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 181
Tagalog (including Filipino) 1,455
Speak English "very well" 1,105
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 350
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 353
Speak English "very well" 191
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 162
Arabic 2,508
Speak English "very well" 1,270
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,238
Hebrew 121
Speak English "very well" 110
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 2,462
Speak English "very well" 1,298
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,164
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 310
Speak English "very well" 211
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 99
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 1,801
Speak English "very well" 1,015
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 786
Native Languages of North America 1,202
Speak English "very well" 1,140
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 62
Other and Unspecified Languages 747
Speak English "very well" 637
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 110
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 93.7%
Field 308 6.3%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 78.0%
Field 310 22.0%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 80.1%
Field 315 19.9%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 86.3%
Field 316 13.7%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 86.3%
Field 319 13.7%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 73.0%
Field 322 27.0%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 86.2%
Field 325 13.8%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 81.0%
Field 328 19.0%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 73.8%
Field 331 26.2%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 68.8%
Field 334 31.2%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 71.5%
Field 337 28.5%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 94.3%
Field 340 5.7%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 77.6%
Field 343 22.4%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 86.4%
Field 346 13.6%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 91.2%
Field 349 8.8%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 83.3%
Field 352 16.7%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 100.0%
Field 355 N
Field 358 100%
Field 358 57.1%
Field 358 42.9%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 46.9%
Field 361 53.1%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 88.6%
Field 364 11.4%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 84.7%
Field 367 15.3%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 50.9%
Field 370 49.1%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 45.7%
Field 373 54.3%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 49.7%
Field 376 50.3%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 81.7%
Field 379 18.3%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 59.1%
Field 382 40.9%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 N
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 50.0%
Field 388 50.0%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 37.1%
Field 391 62.9%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 50.3%
Field 394 49.7%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 42.4%
Field 397 57.6%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 75.9%
Field 400 24.1%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 54.1%
Field 403 45.9%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 50.6%
Field 406 49.4%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 90.9%
Field 409 9.1%
Field 412 100%
Field 412 52.7%
Field 412 47.3%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 68.1%
Field 415 31.9%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 56.4%
Field 418 43.6%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 94.8%
Field 421 5.2%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 85.3%
Field 424 14.7%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 38,877
Less than high school diploma 17.8%
High school diploma or GED 22.5%
Some college or associate's degree 24.7%
Bachelor's degree 18.0%
Graduate or professional degree 17.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 10.1%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.4%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2018 -17.9%
% change: 1990-2000 -33.2%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2018 71.2%
% change: 1990-2000 45.7%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 23,110
Less than high school diploma 15.9%
High school diploma or GED 24.2%
Some college or associate's degree 25.9%
Bachelor's degree 17.6%
Graduate or professional degree 16.4%
Noncitizens (%) 15,948
Less than high school diploma 17.9%
High school diploma or GED 22.9%
Some college or associate's degree 20.5%
Bachelor's degree 21.8%
Graduate or professional degree 16.8%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 944,505
Less than high school diploma 6.5%
High school diploma or GED 31.8%
Some college or associate's degree 30.3%
Bachelor's degree 20.2%
Graduate or professional degree 11.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -48.1%
% change: 1990-2000 -24.0%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 52.3%
% change: 1990-2000 37.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 31,340
Less than high school diploma 26.9%
High school diploma or GED 24.6%
Some college or associate's degree 23.1%
Bachelor's degree 13.4%
Graduate or professional degree 12.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 6.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 838,777
Less than high school diploma 14.1%
High school diploma or GED 36.7%
Some college or associate's degree 26.0%
Bachelor's degree 15.2%
Graduate or professional degree 8.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 33,265
Less than high school diploma 37.9%
High school diploma or GED 27.2%
Some college or associate's degree 18.5%
Bachelor's degree 9.2%
Graduate or professional degree 7.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 7.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 761,521
Less than high school diploma 20.5%
High school diploma or GED 37.7%
Some college or associate's degree 23.2%
Bachelor's degree 12.3%
Graduate or professional degree 6.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.