E.g., 06/26/2019
E.g., 06/26/2019

State Language Data - ME

Maine

Language & Education
2017
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 45,303
Speak only English 41.5%
Speak English "very well" 33.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 25.5%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 56.3%
% change: 1990-2000 -10.0%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 26,522
Speak only English 44.3%
Speak English "very well" 33.3%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22.4%
Noncitizens 20,533
Speak only English 36.1%
Speak English "very well" 30.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 33.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,226,214
Speak only English 96.1%
Speak English ""very well"" 3.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.5%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -60.8%
% change: 1990-2000 -19.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 36,196
Speak only English 46.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 32.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 20.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,167,968
Speak only English 93.6%
"Speak English ""very well"" 5.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 36,677
Speak only English 48.7%
"Speak English ""very well"" 29.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 22.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 1,105,885
Speak only English 91.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 6.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 189,812
Speak only English 181,376
Speak language other than English 8,436
Speak English "very well"
6,514
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,922
Speak Spanish 2,486
Speak English "very well"
1,383
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,103
Ages 18-64 814,964
Speak only English 770,522
Speak language other than English 44,442
Speak English "very well"
33,549
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
10,893
Speak Spanish 7,446
Speak English "very well"
5,845
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
1,601
65 and Older 266,741
Speak only English 245,237
Speak language other than English 21,504
Speak English "very well"
16,247
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
5,257
Speak Spanish 1,428
Speak English "very well"
1,098
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
330
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 95.6%
Speak language other than English 4.4%
Speak English "very well" 3.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.0%
Speak Spanish 1.3%
Speak English "very well" 0.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.6%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 94.5%
Speak language other than English 5.5%
Speak English "very well" 4.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.3%
Speak Spanish 0.9%
Speak English "very well" 0.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.2%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 91.9%
Speak language other than English 8.1%
Speak English "very well" 6.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.0%
Speak Spanish 0.5%
Speak English "very well" 0.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.1%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 1,265,764
Speak only English 1,186,749
Speak language other than English 79,015
Spanish 11,186
Speak English "very well" 8,682
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,504
French (Including Cajun) 37,126
Speak English "very well" 29,816
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 7,310
Haitian 320
Speak English "very well" 283
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 37
Italian 1,012
Speak English "very well" 856
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 156
Portuguese 1,323
Speak English "very well" 987
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 336
German 2,959
Speak English "very well" 2,534
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 425
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 612
Speak English "very well" 474
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 138
Russian 1,139
Speak English "very well" 814
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 325
Polish 654
Speak English "very well" 413
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 241
Other Slavic Languages 986
Speak English "very well" 722
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 264
Armenian 39
Speak English "very well" 36
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 445
Speak English "very well" 310
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 135
Gujarati 220
Speak English "very well" 208
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12
Hindi 412
Speak English "very well" 387
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 25
Urdu 163
Speak English "very well" 128
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 35
Punjabi N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Bengali 37
Speak English "very well" 37
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 416
Speak English "very well" 246
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 170
Other Indo-European Languages 2,018
Speak English "very well" 1,745
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 273
Telugu 247
Speak English "very well" 239
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 8
Tamil 86
Speak English "very well" 39
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 47
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 31
Speak English "very well" 22
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 9
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 3,468
Speak English "very well" 1,733
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,735
Japanese 494
Speak English "very well" 368
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 126
Korean 432
Speak English "very well" 235
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 197
Hmong N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Vietnamese 1,213
Speak English "very well" 528
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 685
Khmer 1,237
Speak English "very well" 501
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 736
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 331
Speak English "very well" 252
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 79
Other Languages of Asia 305
Speak English "very well" 108
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 197
Tagalog (including Filipino) 1,431
Speak English "very well" 964
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 467
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 376
Speak English "very well" 217
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 159
Arabic 2,302
Speak English "very well" 1,051
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,251
Hebrew 137
Speak English "very well" 137
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 2,437
Speak English "very well" 1,286
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,151
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 362
Speak English "very well" 272
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 90
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 1,214
Speak English "very well" 646
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 568
Native Languages of North America 1,108
Speak English "very well" 1,035
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 73
Other and Unspecified Languages 737
Speak English "very well" 620
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 117
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 93.8%
Field 308 6.2%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 77.6%
Field 310 22.4%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 80.3%
Field 315 19.7%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 88.4%
Field 316 11.6%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 84.6%
Field 319 15.4%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 74.6%
Field 322 25.4%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 85.6%
Field 325 14.4%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 77.5%
Field 328 22.5%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 71.5%
Field 331 28.5%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 63.1%
Field 334 36.9%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 73.2%
Field 337 26.8%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 92.3%
Field 340 7.7%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 69.7%
Field 343 30.3%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 94.5%
Field 346 5.5%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 93.9%
Field 349 6.1%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 78.5%
Field 352 21.5%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 N
Field 355 N
Field 358 100%
Field 358 100.0%
Field 358 N
Field 361 100%
Field 361 59.1%
Field 361 40.9%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 86.5%
Field 364 13.5%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 96.8%
Field 367 3.2%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 45.3%
Field 370 54.7%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 71.0%
Field 373 29.0%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 50.0%
Field 376 50.0%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 74.5%
Field 379 25.5%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 54.4%
Field 382 45.6%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 N
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 43.5%
Field 388 56.5%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 40.5%
Field 391 59.5%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 76.1%
Field 394 23.9%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 35.4%
Field 397 64.6%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 67.4%
Field 400 32.6%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 57.7%
Field 403 42.3%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 45.7%
Field 406 54.3%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 100.0%
Field 409 N
Field 412 100%
Field 412 52.8%
Field 412 47.2%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 75.1%
Field 415 24.9%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 53.2%
Field 418 46.8%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 93.4%
Field 421 6.6%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 84.1%
Field 424 15.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 38,010
Less than high school diploma 15.4%
High school diploma or GED 24.1%
Some college or associate's degree 19.9%
Bachelor's degree 19.4%
Graduate or professional degree 21.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 7.8%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.0%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2017 -30.5%
% change: 1990-2000 -33.2%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2017 93.9%
% change: 1990-2000 45.7%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 23,148
Less than high school diploma 16%
High school diploma or GED 24.6%
Some college or associate's degree 24.6%
Bachelor's degree 18.2%
Graduate or professional degree 16.7%
Noncitizens (%) 15,698
Less than high school diploma 19.1%
High school diploma or GED 22.8%
Some college or associate's degree 21.4%
Bachelor's degree 20.6%
Graduate or professional degree 16%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 933,730
Less than high school diploma 7.4%
High school diploma or GED 31.2%
Some college or associate's degree 29.7%
Bachelor's degree 20.0%
Graduate or professional degree 11.7%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -41.9%
% change: 1990-2000 -24.0%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 52.2%
% change: 1990-2000 37.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 31,340
Less than high school diploma 26.9%
High school diploma or GED 24.6%
Some college or associate's degree 23.1%
Bachelor's degree 13.4%
Graduate or professional degree 12.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 6.6%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 838,777
Less than high school diploma 14.1%
High school diploma or GED 36.7%
Some college or associate's degree 26.0%
Bachelor's degree 15.2%
Graduate or professional degree 8.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 33,265
Less than high school diploma 37.9%
High school diploma or GED 27.2%
Some college or associate's degree 18.5%
Bachelor's degree 9.2%
Graduate or professional degree 7.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 7.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 3.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 761,521
Less than high school diploma 20.5%
High school diploma or GED 37.7%
Some college or associate's degree 23.2%
Bachelor's degree 12.3%
Graduate or professional degree 6.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.