E.g., 06/28/2020
E.g., 06/28/2020

State Language Data - LA

Louisiana

Language & Education
2018
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 192,539
Speak only English 18.2%
Speak English "very well" 33.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 48.1%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 103.2%
% change: 1990-2000 40.0%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 77,644
Speak only English 24.8%
Speak English "very well" 40.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 34.4%
Noncitizens 114,895
Speak only English 13.7%
Speak English "very well" 28.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 57.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,165,582
Speak only English 95.8%
Speak English ""very well"" 3.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.7%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -60.0%
% change: 1990-2000 -27.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 114,770
Speak only English 19.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 40.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 39.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,038,597
Speak only English 92.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 5.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 85,320
Speak only English 21.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 39.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,774,495
Speak only English 91.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 6.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 795,728
Speak only English 744,587
Speak language other than English 51,141
Speak English "very well"
38,817
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
12,324
Speak Spanish 32,675
Speak English "very well"
23,051
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
9,624
Ages 18-64 2,841,783
Speak only English 2,623,544
Speak language other than English 218,239
Speak English "very well"
126,982
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
91,257
Speak Spanish 109,286
Speak English "very well"
51,974
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
57,312
65 and Older 720,610
Speak only English 657,101
Speak language other than English 63,509
Speak English "very well"
45,882
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
17,627
Speak Spanish 13,269
Speak English "very well"
7,576
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
5,693
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 93.6%
Speak language other than English 6.4%
Speak English "very well" 4.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.5%
Speak Spanish 4.1%
Speak English "very well" 2.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.2%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 92.3%
Speak language other than English 7.7%
Speak English "very well" 4.5%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.2%
Speak Spanish 3.8%
Speak English "very well" 1.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.0%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 91.2%
Speak language other than English 8.8%
Speak English "very well" 6.4%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.4%
Speak Spanish 1.8%
Speak English "very well" 1.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 4,358,121
Speak only English 4,025,232
Speak language other than English 332,889
Spanish 155,230
Speak English "very well" 82,601
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 72,629
French (Including Cajun) 77,066
Speak English "very well" 66,282
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,784
Haitian 2,610
Speak English "very well" 2,347
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 263
Italian 1,607
Speak English "very well" 1,119
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 488
Portuguese 4,272
Speak English "very well" 3,226
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,046
German 4,272
Speak English "very well" 3,530
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 742
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 1,115
Speak English "very well" 1,065
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50
Russian 1,039
Speak English "very well" 1,011
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28
Polish 217
Speak English "very well" 217
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Slavic Languages 682
Speak English "very well" 563
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 119
Armenian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 1,428
Speak English "very well" 1,041
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 387
Gujarati 1,424
Speak English "very well" 774
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 650
Hindi 1,062
Speak English "very well" 647
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 415
Urdu 824
Speak English "very well" 545
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 279
Punjabi 331
Speak English "very well" 73
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 258
Bengali 848
Speak English "very well" 655
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 193
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 1,955
Speak English "very well" 947
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,008
Other Indo-European Languages 2,989
Speak English "very well" 2,398
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 591
Telugu 1,131
Speak English "very well" 774
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 357
Tamil 67
Speak English "very well" 67
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 1,129
Speak English "very well" 994
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 135
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 9,270
Speak English "very well" 4,678
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,592
Japanese 2,729
Speak English "very well" 2,077
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 652
Korean 1,762
Speak English "very well" 635
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,127
Hmong N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Vietnamese 24,495
Speak English "very well" 10,849
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,646
Khmer 1,625
Speak English "very well" 631
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 994
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 2,809
Speak English "very well" 1,489
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,320
Other Languages of Asia 334
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 334
Tagalog (including Filipino) 7,333
Speak English "very well" 4,919
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,414
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 724
Speak English "very well" 549
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 175
Arabic 13,836
Speak English "very well" 9,106
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,730
Hebrew 686
Speak English "very well" 686
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 343
Speak English "very well" 178
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 165
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 3,273
Speak English "very well" 2,891
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 382
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 1,153
Speak English "very well" 927
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 226
Native Languages of North America 567
Speak English "very well" 567
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other and Unspecified Languages 652
Speak English "very well" 623
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 29
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 92.4%
Field 308 7.6%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 53.2%
Field 310 46.8%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 86.0%
Field 315 14.0%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 89.9%
Field 316 10.1%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 69.6%
Field 319 30.4%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 75.5%
Field 322 24.5%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 82.6%
Field 325 17.4%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 95.5%
Field 328 4.5%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 97.3%
Field 331 2.7%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 100.0%
Field 334 N
Field 337 100%
Field 337 82.6%
Field 337 17.4%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 N
Field 340 N
Field 343 100%
Field 343 72.9%
Field 343 27.1%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 54.4%
Field 346 45.6%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 60.9%
Field 349 39.1%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 66.1%
Field 352 33.9%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 22.1%
Field 355 77.9%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 77.2%
Field 358 22.8%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 48.4%
Field 361 51.6%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 80.2%
Field 364 19.8%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 68.4%
Field 367 31.6%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 100.0%
Field 370 N
Field 373 100%
Field 373 88.0%
Field 373 12.0%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 50.5%
Field 376 49.5%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 76.1%
Field 379 23.9%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 36.0%
Field 382 64.0%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 N
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 44.3%
Field 388 55.7%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 38.8%
Field 391 61.2%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 53.0%
Field 394 47.0%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 N
Field 397 100.0%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 67.1%
Field 400 32.9%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 75.8%
Field 403 24.2%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 65.8%
Field 406 34.2%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 100.0%
Field 409 N
Field 412 100%
Field 412 51.9%
Field 412 48.1%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 88.3%
Field 415 11.7%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 80.4%
Field 418 19.6%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 100.0%
Field 421 N
Field 424 100%
Field 424 95.6%
Field 424 4.4%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 159,872
Less than high school diploma 26.0%
High school diploma or GED 26.2%
Some college or associate's degree 19.4%
Bachelor's degree 17.0%
Graduate or professional degree 11.5%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 9.4%
Bachelor's degree or higher 6.0%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2018 46.7%
% change: 1990-2000 41.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2018 59.6%
% change: 1990-2000 59.0%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 70,470
Less than high school diploma 18%
High school diploma or GED 26.6%
Some college or associate's degree 21.2%
Bachelor's degree 21.9%
Graduate or professional degree 12.2%
Noncitizens (%) 89,402
Less than high school diploma 32.2%
High school diploma or GED 25.9%
Some college or associate's degree 17.9%
Bachelor's degree 13%
Graduate or professional degree 10.9%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,965,861
Less than high school diploma 13.5%
High school diploma or GED 34.7%
Some college or associate's degree 27.7%
Bachelor's degree 15.8%
Graduate or professional degree 8.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -40.5%
% change: 1990-2000 -13.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 44.1%
% change: 1990-2000 26.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 96,383
Less than high school diploma 29.4%
High school diploma or GED 20.6%
Some college or associate's degree 20.5%
Bachelor's degree 15.6%
Graduate or professional degree 14.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 4.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,675,906
Less than high school diploma 25.2%
High school diploma or GED 32.8%
Some college or associate's degree 23.6%
Bachelor's degree 12.3%
Graduate or professional degree 6.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 68,409
Less than high school diploma 29.2%
High school diploma or GED 23.1%
Some college or associate's degree 21.5%
Bachelor's degree 12.9%
Graduate or professional degree 13.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,451,321
Less than high school diploma 31.8%
High school diploma or GED 31.9%
Some college or associate's degree 20.4%
Bachelor's degree 10.5%
Graduate or professional degree 5.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Delaware, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.