E.g., 06/21/2019
E.g., 06/21/2019

State Language Data - LA

Louisiana

Language & Education
2017
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 189,670
Speak only English 17.0%
Speak English "very well" 32.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50.8%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 111.2%
% change: 1990-2000 40.0%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 74,148
Speak only English 25.1%
Speak English "very well" 41.2%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 33.7%
Noncitizens 115,522
Speak only English 11.8%
Speak English "very well" 26.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 61.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,188,450
Speak only English 95.3%
Speak English ""very well"" 3.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -49.4%
% change: 1990-2000 -27.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 114,770
Speak only English 19.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 40.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 39.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 4,038,597
Speak only English 92.8%
"Speak English ""very well"" 5.4%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 85,320
Speak only English 21.9%
"Speak English ""very well"" 39.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 38.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 3,774,495
Speak only English 91.4%
"Speak English ""very well"" 6.0%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 803,029
Speak only English 754,020
Speak language other than English 49,009
Speak English "very well"
37,750
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
11,259
Speak Spanish 33,230
Speak English "very well"
24,788
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
8,442
Ages 18-64 2,878,980
Speak only English 2,641,141
Speak language other than English 237,839
Speak English "very well"
135,201
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
102,638
Speak Spanish 126,924
Speak English "very well"
58,140
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
68,784
65 and Older 696,111
Speak only English 628,642
Speak language other than English 67,469
Speak English "very well"
48,969
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
18,500
Speak Spanish 10,619
Speak English "very well"
6,031
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
4,588
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 93.9%
Speak language other than English 6.1%
Speak English "very well" 4.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.4%
Speak Spanish 4.1%
Speak English "very well" 3.1%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.1%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 91.7%
Speak language other than English 8.3%
Speak English "very well" 4.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.6%
Speak Spanish 4.4%
Speak English "very well" 2.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.4%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 90.3%
Speak language other than English 9.7%
Speak English "very well" 7.0%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.7%
Speak Spanish 1.5%
Speak English "very well" 0.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.7%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 4,378,120
Speak only English 4,023,803
Speak language other than English 354,317
Spanish 170,773
Speak English "very well" 88,959
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 81,814
French (Including Cajun) 87,004
Speak English "very well" 76,099
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 10,905
Haitian 3,866
Speak English "very well" 2,505
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,361
Italian 2,248
Speak English "very well" 1,920
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 328
Portuguese 2,851
Speak English "very well" 1,499
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,352
German 3,797
Speak English "very well" 2,897
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 900
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 281
Speak English "very well" 230
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 51
Russian 2,508
Speak English "very well" 1,755
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 753
Polish 182
Speak English "very well" 182
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Other Slavic Languages 1,172
Speak English "very well" 1,007
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 165
Armenian N
Speak English "very well" N
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 310
Speak English "very well" 222
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 88
Gujarati 90
Speak English "very well" 36
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 54
Hindi 2,574
Speak English "very well" 2,143
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 431
Urdu 2,886
Speak English "very well" 1,823
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,063
Punjabi 861
Speak English "very well" 626
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 235
Bengali 309
Speak English "very well" 166
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 143
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 3,943
Speak English "very well" 2,686
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,257
Other Indo-European Languages 1,989
Speak English "very well" 1,436
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 553
Telugu 1,017
Speak English "very well" 895
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 122
Tamil 437
Speak English "very well" 437
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 301
Speak English "very well" 242
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 59
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 9,670
Speak English "very well" 3,743
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,927
Japanese 1,286
Speak English "very well" 638
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 648
Korean 2,959
Speak English "very well" 860
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,099
Hmong 38
Speak English "very well" 38
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Vietnamese 24,835
Speak English "very well" 12,596
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12,239
Khmer 1,058
Speak English "very well" 395
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 663
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 2,658
Speak English "very well" 1,075
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,583
Other Languages of Asia 1,744
Speak English "very well" 538
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,206
Tagalog (including Filipino) 6,201
Speak English "very well" 3,904
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,297
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 1,791
Speak English "very well" 1,079
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 712
Arabic 6,534
Speak English "very well" 4,633
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,901
Hebrew 346
Speak English "very well" 346
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 941
Speak English "very well" 589
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 352
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 976
Speak English "very well" 588
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 388
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 2,192
Speak English "very well" 1,930
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 262
Native Languages of North America 445
Speak English "very well" 395
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 50
Other and Unspecified Languages 1,244
Speak English "very well" 808
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 436
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 91.9%
Field 308 8.1%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 52.1%
Field 310 47.9%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 87.5%
Field 315 12.5%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 64.8%
Field 316 35.2%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 85.4%
Field 319 14.6%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 52.6%
Field 322 47.4%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 76.3%
Field 325 23.7%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 81.9%
Field 328 18.1%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 70.0%
Field 331 30.0%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 100.0%
Field 334 N
Field 337 100%
Field 337 85.9%
Field 337 14.1%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 N
Field 340 N
Field 343 100%
Field 343 71.6%
Field 343 28.4%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 40.0%
Field 346 60.0%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 83.3%
Field 349 16.7%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 63.2%
Field 352 36.8%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 72.7%
Field 355 27.3%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 53.7%
Field 358 46.3%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 68.1%
Field 361 31.9%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 72.2%
Field 364 27.8%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 88.0%
Field 367 12.0%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 100.0%
Field 370 N
Field 373 100%
Field 373 80.4%
Field 373 19.6%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 38.7%
Field 376 61.3%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 49.6%
Field 379 50.4%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 29.1%
Field 382 70.9%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 100.0%
Field 385 N
Field 388 100%
Field 388 50.7%
Field 388 49.3%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 37.3%
Field 391 62.7%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 40.4%
Field 394 59.6%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 30.8%
Field 397 69.2%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 63.0%
Field 400 37.0%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 60.2%
Field 403 39.8%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 70.9%
Field 406 29.1%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 100.0%
Field 409 N
Field 412 100%
Field 412 62.6%
Field 412 37.4%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 60.2%
Field 415 39.8%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 88.0%
Field 418 12.0%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 88.8%
Field 421 11.2%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 65.0%
Field 424 35.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 161,022
Less than high school diploma 30.1%
High school diploma or GED 25.5%
Some college or associate's degree 17.6%
Bachelor's degree 15.0%
Graduate or professional degree 11.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 10.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.8%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2017 71.3%
% change: 1990-2000 41.8%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2017 51.4%
% change: 1990-2000 59.0%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 68,818
Less than high school diploma 21.4%
High school diploma or GED 25.9%
Some college or associate's degree 20.7%
Bachelor's degree 16.7%
Graduate or professional degree 15.2%
Noncitizens (%) 92,204
Less than high school diploma 36.6%
High school diploma or GED 25.1%
Some college or associate's degree 15.3%
Bachelor's degree 13.7%
Graduate or professional degree 9.3%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,959,255
Less than high school diploma 14.0%
High school diploma or GED 34.5%
Some college or associate's degree 27.8%
Bachelor's degree 15.5%
Graduate or professional degree 8.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -38.3%
% change: 1990-2000 -13.6%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 41.3%
% change: 1990-2000 26.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 96,383
Less than high school diploma 29.4%
High school diploma or GED 20.6%
Some college or associate's degree 20.5%
Bachelor's degree 15.6%
Graduate or professional degree 14.0%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 4.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,675,906
Less than high school diploma 25.2%
High school diploma or GED 32.8%
Some college or associate's degree 23.6%
Bachelor's degree 12.3%
Graduate or professional degree 6.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 68,409
Less than high school diploma 29.2%
High school diploma or GED 23.1%
Some college or associate's degree 21.5%
Bachelor's degree 12.9%
Graduate or professional degree 13.3%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 2.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 2,451,321
Less than high school diploma 31.8%
High school diploma or GED 31.9%
Some college or associate's degree 20.4%
Bachelor's degree 10.5%
Graduate or professional degree 5.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.