E.g., 04/21/2021
E.g., 04/21/2021
State Language Data - IN
 

Indiana

Language & Education
2019
2000
1990
English Proficiency

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 354,875
Speak only English 23.0%
Speak English "very well" 36.1%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 40.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 77.2%
% change: 1990-2000 157.2%
English Proficiency of the Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status (age 5 and older)*

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
Naturalized citizens 150,194
Speak only English 33.4%
Speak English "very well" 37.8%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 28.8%
Noncitizens 204,681
Speak only English 15.3%
Speak English "very well" 34.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 49.8%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,962,791
Speak only English 95.2%
Speak English ""very well"" 3.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 0.9%
Limited English Proficient (LEP) Population: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 -15.9%
% change: 1990-2000 12.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 182,751
Speak only English 21.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 33.7%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 44.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,475,067
Speak only English 96.0%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.9%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 96,004
Speak only English 31.2%
"Speak English ""very well"" 35.6%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 33.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
English Proficiency (age 5 and older) (%) 5,051,908
Speak only English 96.5%
"Speak English ""very well"" 2.5%
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (by age and English proficiency)

Note: The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English.

Number
Ages 5-17 1,152,868
Speak only English 1,031,266
Speak language other than English 121,602
Speak English "very well"
95,589
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
26,013
Speak Spanish 65,025
Speak English "very well"
53,569
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
11,456
Ages 18-64 4,080,326
Speak only English 3,691,427
Speak language other than English 388,899
Speak English "very well"
239,301
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
149,598
Speak Spanish 192,464
Speak English "very well"
110,280
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
82,184
65 and Older 1,084,472
Speak only English 1,038,156
Speak language other than English 46,316
Speak English "very well"
25,004
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
21,312
Speak Spanish 16,844
Speak English "very well"
8,861
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP)
7,983
%
65 and Older 100%
Speak only English 89.5%
Speak language other than English 10.5%
Speak English "very well" 8.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.3%
Speak Spanish 5.6%
Speak English "very well" 4.6%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 1.0%
Ages 18-64 100%
Speak only English 90.5%
Speak language other than English 9.5%
Speak English "very well" 5.9%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 3.7%
Speak Spanish 4.7%
Speak English "very well" 2.7%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.0%
Ages 5-17 100%
Speak only English 95.7%
Speak language other than English 4.3%
Speak English "very well" 2.3%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 2.0%
Speak Spanish 1.6%
Speak English "very well" 0.8%
Speak English less than "very well" (LEP) 0.7%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)

Note: 1) The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English "not at all," "not well," or "well" on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English "very well" are considered proficient in English. 2) Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Number
Total Household Population, Age 5 and Older 6,317,666
Speak only English 5,760,849
Speak language other than English 556,817
Spanish 274,333
Speak English "very well" 172,710
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 101,623
French (Including Cajun) 14,199
Speak English "very well" 10,272
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,927
Haitian 1,665
Speak English "very well" 950
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 715
Italian 3,630
Speak English "very well" 3,009
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 621
Portuguese 2,407
Speak English "very well" 2,264
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 143
German 38,558
Speak English "very well" 31,589
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,969
Yiddish, Pennsylvania Dutch or Other West Germanic Languages 38,881
Speak English "very well" 27,058
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 11,823
Russian 4,650
Speak English "very well" 2,944
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,706
Polish 5,303
Speak English "very well" 3,696
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,607
Other Slavic Languages 6,270
Speak English "very well" 4,124
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,146
Armenian 104
Speak English "very well" 51
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 53
Persian (including Farsi, Dari) 425
Speak English "very well" 391
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 34
Gujarati 4,311
Speak English "very well" 2,364
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,947
Hindi 9,383
Speak English "very well" 8,135
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,248
Urdu 4,608
Speak English "very well" 3,537
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,071
Punjabi 10,302
Speak English "very well" 4,617
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 5,685
Bengali 1,826
Speak English "very well" 1,178
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 648
Nepali, Marathi, or Other Indic Languages 2,308
Speak English "very well" 1,353
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 955
Other Indo-European Languages 5,420
Speak English "very well" 4,541
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 879
Telugu 2,074
Speak English "very well" 1,890
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 184
Tamil 2,412
Speak English "very well" 1,223
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,189
Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages 405
Speak English "very well" 300
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 105
Chinese (including Mandarin, Cantonese) 26,667
Speak English "very well" 14,337
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 12,330
Japanese 5,657
Speak English "very well" 3,333
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,324
Korean 10,396
Speak English "very well" 5,747
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 4,649
Hmong 643
Speak English "very well" 168
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 475
Vietnamese 8,900
Speak English "very well" 2,822
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 6,078
Khmer 620
Speak English "very well" 228
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 392
Thai, Lao, or Other Tai-Kadai Languages 2,254
Speak English "very well" 1,129
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,125
Other Languages of Asia 23,329
Speak English "very well" 10,043
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 13,286
Tagalog (including Filipino) 11,545
Speak English "very well" 8,281
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 3,264
Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages 4,193
Speak English "very well" 3,130
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,063
Arabic 11,876
Speak English "very well" 9,882
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,994
Hebrew 701
Speak English "very well" 701
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) N
Amharic, Somali, or Other Afro-Asiatic Languages 1,214
Speak English "very well" 880
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 334
Yoruba, Twi, Igbo, or Other Languages of Western Africa 7,766
Speak English "very well" 5,588
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 2,178
Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, and Southern Africa 3,987
Speak English "very well" 2,561
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 1,426
Native Languages of North America 1,967
Speak English "very well" 1,935
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 32
Other and Unspecified Languages 1,628
Speak English "very well" 933
Speak English less than “very well” (LEP) 695
%
Field 306 100%
Field 307 91.2%
Field 308 8.8%
Field 310 100%
Field 310 63.0%
Field 310 37.0%
Field 313 100%
Field 314 72.3%
Field 315 27.7%
Field 316 100%
Field 316 57.1%
Field 316 42.9%
Field 319 100%
Field 319 82.9%
Field 319 17.1%
Field 322 100%
Field 322 94.1%
Field 322 5.9%
Field 325 100%
Field 325 81.9%
Field 325 18.1%
Field 328 100%
Field 328 69.6%
Field 328 30.4%
Field 331 100%
Field 331 63.3%
Field 331 36.7%
Field 334 100%
Field 334 69.7%
Field 334 30.3%
Field 337 100%
Field 337 65.8%
Field 337 34.2%
Field 340 100%
Field 340 49.0%
Field 340 51.0%
Field 343 100%
Field 343 92.0%
Field 343 8.0%
Field 346 100%
Field 346 54.8%
Field 346 45.2%
Field 349 100%
Field 349 86.7%
Field 349 13.3%
Field 352 100%
Field 352 76.8%
Field 352 23.2%
Field 355 100%
Field 355 44.8%
Field 355 55.2%
Field 358 100%
Field 358 64.5%
Field 358 35.5%
Field 361 100%
Field 361 58.6%
Field 361 41.4%
Field 364 100%
Field 364 83.8%
Field 364 16.2%
Field 367 100%
Field 367 91.1%
Field 367 8.9%
Field 370 100%
Field 370 50.7%
Field 370 49.3%
Field 373 100%
Field 373 74.1%
Field 373 25.9%
Field 376 100%
Field 376 53.8%
Field 376 46.2%
Field 379 100%
Field 379 58.9%
Field 379 41.1%
Field 382 100%
Field 382 55.3%
Field 382 44.7%
Field 385 100%
Field 385 26.1%
Field 385 73.9%
Field 388 100%
Field 388 31.7%
Field 388 68.3%
Field 391 100%
Field 391 36.8%
Field 391 63.2%
Field 394 100%
Field 394 50.1%
Field 394 49.9%
Field 397 100%
Field 397 43.0%
Field 397 57.0%
Field 400 100%
Field 400 71.7%
Field 400 28.3%
Field 403 100%
Field 403 74.6%
Field 403 25.4%
Field 406 100%
Field 406 83.2%
Field 406 16.8%
Field 409 100%
Field 409 100.0%
Field 409 N
Field 412 100%
Field 412 72.5%
Field 412 27.5%
Field 415 100%
Field 415 72.0%
Field 415 28.0%
Field 418 100%
Field 418 64.2%
Field 418 35.8%
Field 421 100%
Field 421 98.4%
Field 421 1.6%
Field 424 100%
Field 424 57.3%
Field 424 42.7%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Educational Attainment Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 287,762
Less than high school diploma 26.5%
High school diploma or GED 21.9%
Some college or associate's degree 15.7%
Bachelor's degree 18.2%
Graduate or professional degree 17.8%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 16.3%
Bachelor's degree or higher 8.5%
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2019 67.9%
% change: 1990-2000 78.1%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2019 139.5%
% change: 1990-2000 81.9%
Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status (foreign-born adults, age 25 and older)

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Naturalized citizens (%) 129,298
Less than high school diploma 17.8%
High school diploma or GED 23.7%
Some college or associate's degree 20.1%
Bachelor's degree 19.3%
Graduate or professional degree 19%
Noncitizens (%) 158,464
Less than high school diploma 33.6%
High school diploma or GED 20.4%
Some college or associate's degree 12%
Bachelor's degree 17.2%
Graduate or professional degree 16.7%
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 4,214,253
Less than high school diploma 9.3%
High school diploma or GED 34.7%
Some college or associate's degree 29.6%
Bachelor's degree 17.2%
Graduate or professional degree 9.1%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Nothing  
Nothing  
Educational Attainment: Change over Time  
Adults with no high school diploma  
% change: 2000-2011 -40.4%
% change: 1990-2000 -20.4%
Adults with a bachelor's degree or higher  
% change: 2000-2011 57.6%
% change: 1990-2000 35.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 139,411
Less than high school diploma 32.6%
High school diploma or GED 20.6%
Some college or associate's degree 15.9%
Bachelor's degree 14.7%
Graduate or professional degree 16.2%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 6.5%
Bachelor's degree or higher 5.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,755,135
Less than high school diploma 17.5%
High school diploma or GED 37.9%
Some college or associate's degree 25.8%
Bachelor's degree 11.9%
Graduate or professional degree 6.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (age 25 and older) 81,108
Less than high school diploma 31.4%
High school diploma or GED 20.6%
Some college or associate's degree 18.8%
Bachelor's degree 12.9%
Graduate or professional degree 16.4%
% Foreign Born among Adults with  
Less than high school diploma 3.0%
Bachelor's degree or higher 4.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (age 25 and older) 3,409,029
Less than high school diploma 24.2%
High school diploma or GED 38.5%
Some college or associate's degree 22.0%
Bachelor's degree 9.0%
Graduate or professional degree 6.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term limited English proficient (LEP) refers to any person age 5 and older who reported speaking English “not at all,” “not well,” or “well” on their survey questionnaire. Persons who speak only English or who report speaking English “very well” are considered proficient in English.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “English proficiency of the foreign born by U.S. citizenship status” and “Educational Attainment by U.S. Citizenship Status”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 
  • For “Language Spoken at Home (detailed, by English proficiency)”: Data for Alaska, Arkansas, District of Columbia, Hawaii, Idaho, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, New Hampshire, North Dakota, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.