E.g., 09/20/2021
E.g., 09/20/2021
State Income Data - WI
 

Wisconsin

Income & Poverty
2019
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

289,216
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 64.8%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 31.1%
% change: 1990-2000 30.4%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 11.9%
With related children under age 18
15.6%
With related children under age 5
8.7%
Married-couple families 9.3%
With related children under age 18
11.2%
With related children under age 5
5.7%
Families with female householder, no husband present 27.2%
With related children under age 18
36.3%
With related children under age 5
32.2%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 133,968
Below 100% of the poverty level
8.3%
100-199% of the poverty level
16.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
75.0%
Noncitizens 155,248
Below 100% of the poverty level
20.0%
100-199% of the poverty level
24.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
55.8%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 112,453
Below 100% of the poverty level
14.9%
Born in Europe 47,627
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.5%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 111,484
Below 100% of the poverty level
15.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,386,341
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.2%
100-199% of the poverty level 14.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 75.1%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 31.6%
% change: 1990-2000 -10.8%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 5.9%
With related children under age 18
10.2%
With related children under age 5
9.9%
Married-couple families 2.4%
With related children under age 18
2.9%
With related children under age 5
2.1%
Families with female householder, no husband present 21.8%
With related children under age 18
29.7%
With related children under age 5
33.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 187,135
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 23.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 59.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,030,691
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 14.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 77.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 111,079
Below 100% of the poverty level 22.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 57.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 4,632,324
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 72.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 5,354,382
Below 100% of the poverty level 544,723
Speaks only English
4,883,931
Below 100% of the poverty level 465,564
Speaks Spanish
255,921
Below 100% of the poverty level 48,330
Speaks other Indo-European languages
103,676
Below 100% of the poverty level 13,599
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
90,483
Below 100% of the poverty level 12,786
Speaks other languages
20,371
Below 100% of the poverty level 4,444
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.2%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.5%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.9%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.1%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.1%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 21.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 138,028
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.2%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 14.1%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 19.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 24.7%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 18.6%
Earned $75,000 or more 18.4%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 62,000
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
1.1%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
8.8%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
16.5%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
28.3%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
20.9%
Earned $75,000 or more
22.3%
Noncitizens (%) 76,028
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
3.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
18.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
22.4%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
21.8%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
16.7%
Earned $75,000 or more
15.2%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $42,290
Female $38,057
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$47,368
Female
$41,692
Noncitizens  
Male
$39,251
Female
$32,303
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 2,010,794
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.2%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 8.3%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 14.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 23.2%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 27.1%
Earned $75,000 or more 22.8%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $53,021
Female $42,707
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $58,695
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $65,427
Noncitizens $50,059
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $64,598
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 50.7%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 68.3%
Noncitizens 31.7%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 68.1%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 292,453
With health insurance 79.2%
With private health insurance
62.5%
With public coverage
24.2%
No health insurance coverage 20.8%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 134,394
With health insurance 92.2%
With private health insurance
71.3%
With public coverage
33.4%
No health insurance coverage 7.8%
Noncitizens (%) 158,059
With health insurance 68.2%
With private health insurance
54.9%
With public coverage
16.3%
No health insurance coverage 31.8%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 5,458,951
With health insurance 95.1%
With private health insurance
75.0%
With public coverage
33.6%
No health insurance coverage 4.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.