E.g., 06/17/2024
E.g., 06/17/2024
State Income Data - US
 

United States

Income & Poverty
2022
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

45,612,749
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 18.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 67.7%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 16.2%
% change: 1990-2000 59.8%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 12.0%
With related children under age 18
15.9%
With related children under age 5
12.9%
Married-couple families 8.6%
With related children under age 18
10.2%
With related children under age 5
7.6%
Families with female householder, no husband present 24.4%
With related children under age 18
34.6%
With related children under age 5
34.8%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 24,320,294
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.4%
100-199% of the poverty level
15.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
74.5%
Noncitizens 21,292,455
Below 100% of the poverty level
17.8%
100-199% of the poverty level
22.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
60.0%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa 2,715,529
Below 100% of the poverty level
15.3%
Born in Asia 14,146,235
Below 100% of the poverty level
11.3%
Born in Europe 4,656,406
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 23,003,636
Below 100% of the poverty level
16.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 809,329
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.3%
Born in Oceania 281,526
Below 100% of the poverty level
13.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 279,908,721
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 15.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 72.2%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 22.8%
% change: 1990-2000 1.8%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 8.2%
With related children under age 18
12.9%
With related children under age 5
12.2%
Married-couple families 3.8%
With related children under age 18
4.5%
With related children under age 5
3.6%
Families with female householder, no husband present 23.4%
With related children under age 18
32.3%
With related children under age 5
36.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 30,814,517
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 23.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 59.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 243,605,258
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 71.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 19,174,687
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 22.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 59.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 222,019,863
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 70.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 307,467,820
Below 100% of the poverty level 37,810,518
Speaks only English
239,444,299
Below 100% of the poverty level 27,633,348
Speaks Spanish
41,326,296
Below 100% of the poverty level 6,882,474
Speaks other Indo-European languages
11,879,199
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,381,446
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
10,969,050
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,185,708
Speaks other languages
3,848,976
Below 100% of the poverty level 727,542
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.3%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.5%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.7%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.6%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.8%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 21,022,165
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.7%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.2%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 8.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 15.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 19.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 20.2%
Earned $75,000 or more 32.7%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 11,442,085
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
1.7%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
6.1%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
11.4%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
17.7%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
21.9%
Earned $75,000 or more
39.6%
Noncitizens (%) 9,580,080
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.0%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.8%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
11.3%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
19.4%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
21.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
18.1%
Earned $75,000 or more
24.5%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $54,816
Female $47,338
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$66,978
Female
$53,863
Noncitizens  
Male
$46,259
Female
$38,145
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 98,144,135
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 1.9%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 6.1%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 11.8%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 19.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 24.5%
Earned $75,000 or more 35.2%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $63,568
Female $51,773
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $75,489
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $84,157
Noncitizens $64,475
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $74,624
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 55.8%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 67.7%
Noncitizens 37.5%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 66.9%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 45,853,956
With health insurance 81.9%
With private health insurance
57.4%
With public coverage
32.2%
No health insurance coverage 18.1%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 24,320,580
With health insurance 92.7%
With private health insurance
65.0%
With public coverage
39.3%
No health insurance coverage 7.3%
Noncitizens (%) 21,533,376
With health insurance 69.6%
With private health insurance
48.9%
With public coverage
24.1%
No health insurance coverage 30.4%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 282,455,854
With health insurance 93.6%
With private health insurance
68.8%
With public coverage
38.0%
No health insurance coverage 6.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.