E.g., 08/24/2019
E.g., 08/24/2019

State Income Data - US

United States

Income & Poverty
2017
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

43,963,291
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 21.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 63.0%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 23.3%
% change: 1990-2000 59.8%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 14.0%
With related children under age 18
18.7%
With related children under age 5
14.1%
Married-couple families 10.0%
With related children under age 18
12.4%
With related children under age 5
8.9%
Families with female householder, no husband present 29.3%
With related children under age 18
40.0%
With related children under age 5
37.2%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 21,770,862
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.2%
100-199% of the poverty level
17.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
72.6%
Noncitizens 22,192,429
Below 100% of the poverty level
20.4%
100-199% of the poverty level
26.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
53.5%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa 2,256,927
Below 100% of the poverty level
19.1%
Born in Asia 13,724,791
Below 100% of the poverty level
13.2%
Born in Europe 4,748,931
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 22,169,815
Below 100% of the poverty level
17.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 803,159
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.0%
Born in Oceania 259,271
Below 100% of the poverty level
11.4%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 273,778,297
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 70.0%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 26.9%
% change: 1990-2000 1.8%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 8.6%
With related children under age 18
14.0%
With related children under age 5
14.3%
Married-couple families 3.7%
With related children under age 18
4.8%
With related children under age 5
4.1%
Families with female householder, no husband present 25.6%
With related children under age 18
34.8%
With related children under age 5
40.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 30,814,517
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 23.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 59.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 243,605,258
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 71.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 19,174,687
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 22.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 59.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 222,019,863
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 70.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 298,283,744
Below 100% of the poverty level 38,650,682
Speaks only English
232,888,503
Below 100% of the poverty level 27,458,482
Speaks Spanish
40,295,504
Below 100% of the poverty level 7,724,137
Speaks other Indo-European languages
11,129,231
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,373,621
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
10,630,280
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,309,898
Speaks other languages
3,340,226
Below 100% of the poverty level 784,544
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.0%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.8%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.2%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.3%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.3%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 23.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 19,521,097
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.7%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 4.1%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 17.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 18.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 18.2%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 17.1%
Earned $75,000 or more 23.0%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 10,072,107
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.8%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
12.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
15.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
18.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
20.7%
Earned $75,000 or more
28.9%
Noncitizens (%) 9,448,990
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
5.5%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
23.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
21.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
17.4%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
13.3%
Earned $75,000 or more
16.8%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $42,085
Female $36,625
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$52,318
Female
$42,475
Noncitizens  
Male
$35,658
Female
$28,460
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 91,392,450
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.8%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 11.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 15.2%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 20.2%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 23.1%
Earned $75,000 or more 25.6%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $52,281
Female $41,978
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $56,743
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $66,039
Noncitizens $47,321
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $60,786
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 52.4%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 65.6%
Noncitizens 34.7%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 65.9%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 44,185,725
With health insurance 80.2%
With private health insurance
56.8%
With public coverage
30.2%
No health insurance coverage 19.8%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 21,789,094
With health insurance 92.1%
With private health insurance
66.3%
With public coverage
36.8%
No health insurance coverage 7.9%
Noncitizens (%) 22,396,631
With health insurance 68.5%
With private health insurance
47.5%
With public coverage
23.8%
No health insurance coverage 31.5%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 276,589,289
With health insurance 93.0%
With private health insurance
69.4%
With public coverage
36.3%
No health insurance coverage 7.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with public health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.