E.g., 12/04/2022
E.g., 12/04/2022
State Income Data - US
 

United States

Income & Poverty
2019
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

44,346,929
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 66.4%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 11.4%
% change: 1990-2000 59.8%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 12.1%
With related children under age 18
16.3%
With related children under age 5
12.6%
Married-couple families 8.6%
With related children under age 18
10.6%
With related children under age 5
7.9%
Families with female householder, no husband present 25.9%
With related children under age 18
36.5%
With related children under age 5
34.3%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 22,994,229
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.7%
100-199% of the poverty level
15.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
74.6%
Noncitizens 21,352,700
Below 100% of the poverty level
18.0%
100-199% of the poverty level
24.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
57.6%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa 2,439,793
Below 100% of the poverty level
17.2%
Born in Asia 13,905,545
Below 100% of the poverty level
11.4%
Born in Europe 4,593,419
Below 100% of the poverty level
8.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 22,324,057
Below 100% of the poverty level
15.9%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 791,121
Below 100% of the poverty level
8.4%
Born in Oceania 292,892
Below 100% of the poverty level
11.7%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 275,771,862
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 71.8%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 18.1%
% change: 1990-2000 1.8%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 7.8%
With related children under age 18
13.1%
With related children under age 5
13.1%
Married-couple families 3.3%
With related children under age 18
4.3%
With related children under age 5
3.7%
Families with female householder, no husband present 23.7%
With related children under age 18
32.9%
With related children under age 5
38.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 30,814,517
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 23.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 59.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 243,605,258
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 71.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 19,174,687
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 22.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 59.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 222,019,863
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.5%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 70.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 301,116,629
Below 100% of the poverty level 36,032,407
Speaks only English
234,602,766
Below 100% of the poverty level 25,963,436
Speaks Spanish
40,972,653
Below 100% of the poverty level 6,925,376
Speaks other Indo-European languages
11,275,483
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,249,672
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
10,737,459
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,160,257
Speaks other languages
3,528,268
Below 100% of the poverty level 733,666
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.0%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.1%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.9%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.1%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.8%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 20.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 20,859,832
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.7%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 14.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 17.8%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 18.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 17.8%
Earned $75,000 or more 25.7%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 11,068,875
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.4%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
10.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
14.4%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
18.8%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
20.9%
Earned $75,000 or more
31.9%
Noncitizens (%) 9,790,957
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
4.5%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
19.8%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
21.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
18.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
14.3%
Earned $75,000 or more
18.8%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $46,591
Female $39,159
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$56,813
Female
$45,974
Noncitizens  
Male
$38,612
Female
$30,589
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 94,993,179
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.7%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.5%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 10.0%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 14.6%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 19.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 23.4%
Earned $75,000 or more 27.9%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $55,483
Female $44,584
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $63,550
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $72,468
Noncitizens $53,129
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $66,040
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 53.4%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 66.1%
Noncitizens 34.7%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 66.0%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 44,572,378
With health insurance 80.1%
With private health insurance
57.5%
With public coverage
29.6%
No health insurance coverage 19.9%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 23,002,416
With health insurance 91.5%
With private health insurance
65.9%
With public coverage
36.5%
No health insurance coverage 8.5%
Noncitizens (%) 21,569,962
With health insurance 67.9%
With private health insurance
48.5%
With public coverage
22.2%
No health insurance coverage 32.1%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 278,548,300
With health insurance 92.5%
With private health insurance
69.0%
With public coverage
36.3%
No health insurance coverage 7.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.