E.g., 01/18/2021
E.g., 01/18/2021

State Income Data - TN

Tennessee

Income & Poverty
2018
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

343,066
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.0%
100-199% of the poverty level 24.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 56.7%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 111.2%
% change: 1990-2000 257.9%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 18.7%
With related children under age 18
26.4%
With related children under age 5
20.4%
Married-couple families 15.2%
With related children under age 18
21.3%
With related children under age 5
13.9%
Families with female householder, no husband present 37.5%
With related children under age 18
50.0%
With related children under age 5
64.5%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 139,344
Below 100% of the poverty level
11.4%
100-199% of the poverty level
18.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
70.6%
Noncitizens 203,722
Below 100% of the poverty level
24.2%
100-199% of the poverty level
28.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
47.2%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 105,131
Below 100% of the poverty level
13.8%
Born in Europe 39,974
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 150,388
Below 100% of the poverty level
23.2%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 6,259,947
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 65.1%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 31.8%
% change: 1990-2000 -2.8%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 10.8%
With related children under age 18
17.6%
With related children under age 5
19.1%
Married-couple families 4.6%
With related children under age 18
6.0%
With related children under age 5
4.6%
Families with female householder, no husband present 30.7%
With related children under age 18
41.2%
With related children under age 5
55.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 156,696
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 60.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,392,320
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 67.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 56,016
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 18.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 66.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 4,671,618
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 21.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 63.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 6,208,290
Below 100% of the poverty level 905,664
Speaks only English
5,752,995
Below 100% of the poverty level 808,749
Speaks Spanish
258,995
Below 100% of the poverty level 61,751
Speaks other Indo-European languages
77,982
Below 100% of the poverty level 12,771
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
73,277
Below 100% of the poverty level 9,544
Speaks other languages
45,041
Below 100% of the poverty level 12,849
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.6%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.1%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 23.8%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.4%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.0%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 28.5%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 166,718
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.0%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 5.9%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 21.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 21.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 17.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 14.6%
Earned $75,000 or more 17.4%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 68,074
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
4.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
15.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
17.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
19.8%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
18.5%
Earned $75,000 or more
23.8%
Noncitizens (%) 98,644
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
7.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
24.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
24.2%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
16.1%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
11.9%
Earned $75,000 or more
13.0%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $36,992
Female $31,043
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$49,536
Female
$35,769
Noncitizens  
Male
$31,612
Female
$30,126
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 2,153,589
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.8%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.4%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 13.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 18.4%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 22.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 21.2%
Earned $75,000 or more 19.1%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $47,079
Female $37,510
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $50,172
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $67,324
Noncitizens $42,298
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $52,521
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 51.0%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 72.9%
Noncitizens 32.4%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 67.1%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 345,543
With health insurance 65.6%
With private health insurance
53.9%
With public coverage
17.6%
No health insurance coverage 34.4%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 138,994
With health insurance 87.8%
With private health insurance
72.0%
With public coverage
27.4%
No health insurance coverage 12.2%
Noncitizens (%) 206,549
With health insurance 50.6%
With private health insurance
41.7%
With public coverage
11.0%
No health insurance coverage 49.4%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 6,322,241
With health insurance 91.2%
With private health insurance
66.4%
With public coverage
38.2%
No health insurance coverage 8.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.