E.g., 01/18/2021
E.g., 01/18/2021

State Income Data - NM

New Mexico

Income & Poverty
2018
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

194,291
Below 100% of the poverty level 23.2%
100-199% of the poverty level 25.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 51.8%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 5.4%
% change: 1990-2000 55.6%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 24.3%
With related children under age 18
32.8%
With related children under age 5
38.0%
Married-couple families 18.3%
With related children under age 18
22.8%
With related children under age 5
29.6%
Families with female householder, no husband present 49.6%
With related children under age 18
63.6%
With related children under age 5
80.7%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 80,945
Below 100% of the poverty level
17.3%
100-199% of the poverty level
20.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
62.1%
Noncitizens 113,346
Below 100% of the poverty level
27.4%
100-199% of the poverty level
28.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
44.4%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Europe 11,917
Below 100% of the poverty level
11.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 148,390
Below 100% of the poverty level
26.8%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 1,857,468
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 21.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 59.1%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 26.6%
% change: 1990-2000 1.6%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 13.8%
With related children under age 18
21.4%
With related children under age 5
20.3%
Married-couple families 7.5%
With related children under age 18
9.7%
With related children under age 5
6.7%
Families with female householder, no husband present 31.3%
With related children under age 18
41.8%
With related children under age 5
46.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 147,918
Below 100% of the poverty level 28.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 30.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 40.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 1,638,592
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 22.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 60.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 77,175
Below 100% of the poverty level 35.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 29.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 35.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 1,400,571
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 23.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 57.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 1,935,423
Below 100% of the poverty level 366,471
Speaks only English
1,277,839
Below 100% of the poverty level 201,458
Speaks Spanish
509,091
Below 100% of the poverty level 123,983
Speaks other Indo-European languages
19,808
Below 100% of the poverty level 3,102
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
20,432
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,552
Speaks other languages
108,253
Below 100% of the poverty level 36,376
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.9%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.8%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 24.4%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.7%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 7.6%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 33.6%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 79,877
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 10.2%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 19.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 18.8%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 17.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 17.6%
Earned $75,000 or more 14.2%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 33,334
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
9.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
12.1%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
14.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
19.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
20.9%
Earned $75,000 or more
21.4%
Noncitizens (%) 46,543
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.7%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
10.8%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
25.0%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
22.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
15.2%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
15.3%
Earned $75,000 or more
9.0%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $37,408
Female $27,875
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$51,057
Female
$30,690
Noncitizens  
Male
$31,910
Female
$23,848
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 554,200
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.8%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 5.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 15.1%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 17.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 20.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 19.6%
Earned $75,000 or more 19.7%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $44,298
Female $36,309
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $37,181
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $47,629
Noncitizens $32,709
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $48,444
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 60.7%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 72.8%
Noncitizens 49.6%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 66.8%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 195,233
With health insurance 72.1%
With private health insurance
42.4%
With public coverage
36.4%
No health insurance coverage 27.9%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 80,906
With health insurance 89.7%
With private health insurance
55.5%
With public coverage
46.4%
No health insurance coverage 10.3%
Noncitizens (%) 114,327
With health insurance 59.7%
With private health insurance
33.2%
With public coverage
29.3%
No health insurance coverage 40.3%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 1,865,485
With health insurance 92.4%
With private health insurance
55.5%
With public coverage
50.8%
No health insurance coverage 7.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.