E.g., 09/20/2021
E.g., 09/20/2021
State Income Data - NM
 

New Mexico

Income & Poverty
2019
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

197,543
Below 100% of the poverty level 26.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 24.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 49.5%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 20.6%
% change: 1990-2000 55.6%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 23.8%
With related children under age 18
29.0%
With related children under age 5
21.6%
Married-couple families 21.2%
With related children under age 18
23.9%
With related children under age 5
26.5%
Families with female householder, no husband present 38.4%
With related children under age 18
50.7%
With related children under age 5
40.1%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 94,655
Below 100% of the poverty level
23.8%
100-199% of the poverty level
21.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
55.1%
Noncitizens 102,888
Below 100% of the poverty level
28.3%
100-199% of the poverty level
27.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
44.2%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Europe 11,606
Below 100% of the poverty level
20.2%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 148,598
Below 100% of the poverty level
28.7%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 1,855,762
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 61.9%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 14.6%
% change: 1990-2000 1.6%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 12.2%
With related children under age 18
20.4%
With related children under age 5
26.1%
Married-couple families 6.2%
With related children under age 18
9.7%
With related children under age 5
12.3%
Families with female householder, no husband present 27.1%
With related children under age 18
36.2%
With related children under age 5
47.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 147,918
Below 100% of the poverty level 28.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 30.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 40.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 1,638,592
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 22.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 60.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 77,175
Below 100% of the poverty level 35.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 29.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 35.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 1,400,571
Below 100% of the poverty level 19.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 23.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 57.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 1,938,877
Below 100% of the poverty level 340,643
Speaks only English
1,282,191
Below 100% of the poverty level 185,288
Speaks Spanish
513,443
Below 100% of the poverty level 120,395
Speaks other Indo-European languages
20,784
Below 100% of the poverty level 3,894
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
24,140
Below 100% of the poverty level 2,712
Speaks other languages
98,319
Below 100% of the poverty level 28,354
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.6%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.5%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 23.4%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.7%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.2%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 28.8%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 84,102
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.7%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 6.6%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 20.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 20.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 14.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 17.0%
Earned $75,000 or more 17.9%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 43,088
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.1%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
4.7%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
17.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
16.8%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
15.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
20.6%
Earned $75,000 or more
22.3%
Noncitizens (%) 41,014
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
3.2%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
8.6%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
23.9%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
23.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
14.3%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
13.3%
Earned $75,000 or more
13.3%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $38,313
Female $29,942
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$50,653
Female
$32,443
Noncitizens  
Male
$31,322
Female
$27,569
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 576,429
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.8%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 3.8%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 14.4%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 17.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 19.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 21.0%
Earned $75,000 or more 20.8%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $48,785
Female $37,154
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $38,877
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $42,702
Noncitizens $35,262
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $53,667
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 63.6%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 72.6%
Noncitizens 52.7%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 68.6%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 198,329
With health insurance 72.1%
With private health insurance
42.7%
With public coverage
36.2%
No health insurance coverage 27.9%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 94,629
With health insurance 86.7%
With private health insurance
51.7%
With public coverage
45.5%
No health insurance coverage 13.3%
Noncitizens (%) 103,700
With health insurance 58.8%
With private health insurance
34.4%
With public coverage
27.7%
No health insurance coverage 41.2%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 1,860,589
With health insurance 91.9%
With private health insurance
54.9%
With public coverage
51.6%
No health insurance coverage 8.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.