E.g., 08/15/2020
E.g., 08/15/2020

State Income Data - MT

Montana

Income & Poverty
2018
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

21,890
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 64.7%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 15.7%
% change: 1990-2000 27.1%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 8.1%
With related children under age 18
11.1%
With related children under age 5
10.6%
Married-couple families 5.0%
With related children under age 18
4.0%
With related children under age 5
7.1%
Families with female householder, no husband present 19.9%
With related children under age 18
46.9%
With related children under age 5
71.4%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 11,797
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.7%
100-199% of the poverty level
18.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
71.5%
Noncitizens 10,093
Below 100% of the poverty level
21.9%
100-199% of the poverty level
21.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
56.7%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Europe N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 994,517
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 19.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 66.5%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 6.4%
% change: 1990-2000 3.9%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 8.5%
With related children under age 18
14.4%
With related children under age 5
19.3%
Married-couple families 4.6%
With related children under age 18
6.6%
With related children under age 5
8.3%
Families with female householder, no husband present 28.8%
With related children under age 18
39.4%
With related children under age 5
53.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 16,172
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 24.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 57.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 864,628
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 23.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 62.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 12,182
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 25.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 55.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 759,751
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 23.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 60.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 976,875
Below 100% of the poverty level 124,133
Speaks only English
934,245
Below 100% of the poverty level 118,154
Speaks Spanish
16,823
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,541
Speaks other Indo-European languages
13,318
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,873
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
4,927
Below 100% of the poverty level 601
Speaks other languages
7,562
Below 100% of the poverty level 1,964
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.7%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.6%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.2%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.1%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.2%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 26.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 7,269
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.3%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 6.6%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 13.4%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 18.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 21.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 18.0%
Earned $75,000 or more 20.5%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 4,051
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
6.6%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
8.4%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
16.5%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
18.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
22.0%
Earned $75,000 or more
25.2%
Noncitizens (%) 3,218
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
2.0%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
6.7%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
19.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
20.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
23.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
13.0%
Earned $75,000 or more
14.6%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $48,429
Female $35,535
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$53,365
Female
$42,146
Noncitizens  
Male
$42,465
Female
$27,839
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 334,346
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.5%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 4.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 14.1%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 19.1%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 21.0%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 21.7%
Earned $75,000 or more 17.6%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $47,245
Female $35,668
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $50,240
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $54,958
Noncitizens $42,637
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $52,608
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 60.0%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 69.6%
Noncitizens 46.4%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 67.9%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 23,188
With health insurance 93.6%
With private health insurance
75.2%
With public coverage
31.6%
No health insurance coverage 6.4%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 13,410
With health insurance 94.1%
With private health insurance
72.1%
With public coverage
42.9%
No health insurance coverage 5.9%
Noncitizens (%) 9,778
With health insurance 93.0%
With private health insurance
79.5%
With public coverage
16.1%
No health insurance coverage 7.0%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 1,023,887
With health insurance 91.7%
With private health insurance
66.4%
With public coverage
40.4%
No health insurance coverage 8.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.