E.g., 01/18/2021
E.g., 01/18/2021

State Income Data - MA

Massachusetts

Income & Poverty
2018
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

1,169,856
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 69.9%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 41.1%
% change: 1990-2000 42.6%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 10.3%
With related children under age 18
13.7%
With related children under age 5
12.6%
Married-couple families 6.3%
With related children under age 18
7.1%
With related children under age 5
6.2%
Families with female householder, no husband present 22.9%
With related children under age 18
32.2%
With related children under age 5
34.7%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 634,003
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.8%
100-199% of the poverty level
14.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
75.3%
Noncitizens 535,853
Below 100% of the poverty level
17.0%
100-199% of the poverty level
19.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
63.5%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 351,736
Below 100% of the poverty level
13.1%
Born in Europe 230,210
Below 100% of the poverty level
8.5%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 452,080
Below 100% of the poverty level
16.0%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,495,227
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 11.4%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 79.3%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 10.1%
% change: 1990-2000 9.3%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 5.4%
With related children under age 18
9.1%
With related children under age 5
8.6%
Married-couple families 2.0%
With related children under age 18
2.1%
With related children under age 5
2.4%
Families with female householder, no husband present 18.9%
With related children under age 18
27.7%
With related children under age 5
31.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 754,192
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.6%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 68.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,397,068
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 11.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 79.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 551,812
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 18.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 68.0%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,244,571
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.1%
100-199% of the poverty level 11.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 80.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 6,315,992
Below 100% of the poverty level 617,981
Speaks only English
4,776,573
Below 100% of the poverty level 369,686
Speaks Spanish
599,698
Below 100% of the poverty level 138,789
Speaks other Indo-European languages
579,395
Below 100% of the poverty level 57,104
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
270,044
Below 100% of the poverty level 37,714
Speaks other languages
90,282
Below 100% of the poverty level 14,688
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.8%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 7.7%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 23.1%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.9%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.0%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.3%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 521,662
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.2%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 1.8%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 9.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 14.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 18.6%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 20.8%
Earned $75,000 or more 34.0%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 297,581
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
0.8%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
1.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
7.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
12.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
17.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
23.1%
Earned $75,000 or more
37.0%
Noncitizens (%) 224,081
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.5%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
13.0%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
15.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
19.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
17.7%
Earned $75,000 or more
29.9%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $60,053
Female $47,495
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$66,883
Female
$51,798
Noncitizens  
Male
$50,942
Female
$40,519
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 1,946,032
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 0.9%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 1.2%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 5.2%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 10.0%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 16.4%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 25.9%
Earned $75,000 or more 40.3%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $70,219
Female $57,486
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $70,660
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $75,095
Noncitizens $62,507
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $81,557
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 48.8%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 61.7%
Noncitizens 26.3%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 64.9%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 1,192,090
With health insurance 94.2%
With private health insurance
62.6%
With public coverage
40.4%
No health insurance coverage 5.8%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 639,798
With health insurance 96.9%
With private health insurance
67.9%
With public coverage
41.7%
No health insurance coverage 3.1%
Noncitizens (%) 552,292
With health insurance 91.0%
With private health insurance
56.5%
With public coverage
38.9%
No health insurance coverage 9.0%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 5,638,706
With health insurance 97.9%
With private health insurance
76.4%
With public coverage
35.8%
No health insurance coverage 2.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.