E.g., 03/04/2024
E.g., 03/04/2024
State Income Data - IN
 

Indiana

Income & Poverty
2022
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

405,059
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 63.4%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2022 118.7%
% change: 1990-2000 144.8%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 13.5%
With related children under age 18
15.9%
With related children under age 5
11.5%
Married-couple families 10.0%
With related children under age 18
12.0%
With related children under age 5
10.8%
Families with female householder, no husband present 25.2%
With related children under age 18
31.1%
With related children under age 5
N
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 176,809
Below 100% of the poverty level
9.9%
100-199% of the poverty level
18.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
72.0%
Noncitizens 228,250
Below 100% of the poverty level
20.2%
100-199% of the poverty level
23.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
56.7%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia 123,850
Below 100% of the poverty level
13.9%
Born in Europe 37,824
Below 100% of the poverty level
7.5%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 174,925
Below 100% of the poverty level
17.4%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 6,239,954
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.4%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.5%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 71.1%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 45.3%
% change: 1990-2000 -6.8%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 8.5%
With related children under age 18
13.4%
With related children under age 5
14.1%
Married-couple families 3.6%
With related children under age 18
4.2%
With related children under age 5
3.3%
Families with female householder, no husband present 27.3%
With related children under age 18
36.0%
With related children under age 5
44.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 186,368
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 64.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,725,763
Below 100% of the poverty level 9.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 74.4%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 91,349
Below 100% of the poverty level 13.0%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.8%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 69.2%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 5,290,531
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.8%
100-199% of the poverty level 18.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 70.9%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 6,253,556
Below 100% of the poverty level 763,211
Speaks only English
5,624,106
Below 100% of the poverty level 669,823
Speaks Spanish
321,014
Below 100% of the poverty level 55,483
Speaks other Indo-European languages
173,513
Below 100% of the poverty level 13,432
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
84,831
Below 100% of the poverty level 13,929
Speaks other languages
50,092
Below 100% of the poverty level 10,544
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 12.2%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.9%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 17.3%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 7.7%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.4%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 21.0%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 188,001
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 2.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 8.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 14.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 28.7%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 18.8%
Earned $75,000 or more 24.6%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 85,272
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.9%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
1.6%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
6.6%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
11.2%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
26.2%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
22.1%
Earned $75,000 or more
30.4%
Noncitizens (%) 102,729
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
3.2%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.2%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
10.0%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
17.7%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
30.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
16.1%
Earned $75,000 or more
19.8%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $47,895
Female $41,779
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$54,613
Female
$47,415
Noncitizens  
Male
$43,221
Female
$39,636
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 2,228,898
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.7%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 1.9%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 6.0%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 12.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 22.5%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 26.7%
Earned $75,000 or more 28.8%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $60,731
Female $46,611
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $64,476
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $74,617
Noncitizens $56,156
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $66,963
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 58.5%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 71.1%
Noncitizens 46.7%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 71.6%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 413,071
With health insurance 80.3%
With private health insurance
61.7%
With public coverage
24.7%
No health insurance coverage 19.7%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 178,936
With health insurance 90.5%
With private health insurance
69.1%
With public coverage
31.5%
No health insurance coverage 9.5%
Noncitizens (%) 234,135
With health insurance 72.5%
With private health insurance
56.0%
With public coverage
19.6%
No health insurance coverage 27.5%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 6,324,499
With health insurance 93.9%
With private health insurance
68.8%
With public coverage
37.6%
No health insurance coverage 6.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2022 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, click here. For ACS methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Matthew Sobek, Daniel Backman, Annie Chen, Grace Cooper, Stephanie Richards, Renae Rogers, and Megan Schouweiler. IPUMS USA: Version 14.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2023. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V14.0​.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2018-2022 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2022 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.