E.g., 09/22/2021
E.g., 09/22/2021
State Income Data - IA
 

Iowa

Income & Poverty
2019
2000
1990
Poverty

Note: Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing.

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%)

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

173,735
Below 100% of the poverty level 14.6%
100-199% of the poverty level 25.7%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 59.7%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 61.2%
% change: 1990-2000 65.1%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

 
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 13.2%
With related children under age 18
16.6%
With related children under age 5
17.8%
Married-couple families 7.3%
With related children under age 18
7.8%
With related children under age 5
16.0%
Families with female householder, no husband present 30.7%
With related children under age 18
41.9%
With related children under age 5
23.0%
Poverty by U.S. Citizenship Status (among the foreign born)  
Naturalized citizens 81,157
Below 100% of the poverty level
10.0%
100-199% of the poverty level
21.9%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
68.1%
Noncitizens 92,578
Below 100% of the poverty level
18.7%
100-199% of the poverty level
29.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level
52.2%
Foreign Born Living in Poverty by Region of Birth

Note: The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

 
Born in Africa N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Asia N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Europe 21,459
Below 100% of the poverty level
8.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N
Born in Oceania N
Below 100% of the poverty level
N

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 2,885,203
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.0%
100-199% of the poverty level 16.1%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 72.9%
People in Poverty: Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 33.1%
% change: 1990-2000 -19.5%
% Families in Poverty by Family Type  
All families (among those for whom poverty status is determined) 6.9%
With related children under age 18
11.1%
With related children under age 5
13.7%
Married-couple families 3.0%
With related children under age 18
3.8%
With related children under age 5
4.2%
Families with female householder, no husband present 24.7%
With related children under age 18
31.0%
With related children under age 5
43.6%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 87,414
Below 100% of the poverty level 18.0%
100-199% of the poverty level 25.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 56.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 2,741,171
Below 100% of the poverty level 8.7%
100-199% of the poverty level 17.2%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 74.1%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 41,609
Below 100% of the poverty level 22.9%
100-199% of the poverty level 22.3%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 54.8%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Population (for whom poverty status is determined) (%) 2,622,580
Below 100% of the poverty level 11.3%
100-199% of the poverty level 20.0%
At or above 200% of the poverty level 68.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Population (age 5 and older)
 
 
Poverty by Language Spoken at Home Number
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 2,871,774
Below 100% of the poverty level 313,503
Speaks only English
2,611,958
Below 100% of the poverty level 273,499
Speaks Spanish
128,666
Below 100% of the poverty level 20,197
Speaks other Indo-European languages
57,811
Below 100% of the poverty level 6,244
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages
48,018
Below 100% of the poverty level 7,762
Speaks other languages
25,321
Below 100% of the poverty level 5,801
%
Household population (among those for whom poverty status is determined, age 5 and older) 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.9%
Speaks only English 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.5%
Speaks only Spanish 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 15.7%
Speaks other Indo-European languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 10.8%
Speaks Asian or Pacific Island languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 16.2%
Speaks other languages 100%
Below 100% of the poverty level 22.9%
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Earnings

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older). Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 83,940
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.6%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.2%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 14.7%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 23.3%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 25.1%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 15.8%
Earned $75,000 or more 17.3%
Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) Earnings in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) by U.S. Citizenship  
Naturalized citizens (%) 43,877
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.4%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.3%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
11.1%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
23.4%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
22.9%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
17.7%
Earned $75,000 or more
21.1%
Noncitizens (%) 40,063
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss
1.8%
Earned $10,000-$14,999
2.0%
Earned $15,000-$24,999
18.5%
Earned $25,000-$34,999
23.2%
Earned $35,000-$49,999
27.4%
Earned $50,000-$74,999
13.8%
Earned $75,000 or more
13.2%
Median Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by Gender Foreign Born
Male $41,896
Female $31,811
Median Earnings of Foreign-Born Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars by U.S. Citizenship Status and Gender  
Naturalized citizens  
Male
$48,091
Female
$34,236
Noncitizens  
Male
$39,268
Female
$29,363
U.S. Born
Earnings of Full-Time, Year-Round Workers (age 16 and older) in the Current Year Inflation-Adjusted Dollars (%) 1,081,535
Earned $1-$9,999, or incurred a loss 1.8%
Earned $10,000-$14,999 2.5%
Earned $15,000-$24,999 8.8%
Earned $25,000-$34,999 15.5%
Earned $35,000-$49,999 23.3%
Earned $50,000-$74,999 26.7%
Earned $75,000 or more 21.4%
Nothing 1  
Nothing 2  
Nothing 3  
Nothing 4  
Nothing 5  
Nothing 6  
Nothing 7  
Nothing 8  
Nothing 9  
Nothing 10  
Nothing 11  
Nothing 12  
Nothing 13  
Nothing 14  
Nothing 15  
Nothing 16  
Nothing 17  
Native Born Native Born
Male $52,760
Female $41,159
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Median Household Income

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.

Foreign Born
Median Household Income $52,528
Median Household Income by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens $60,506
Noncitizens $43,615
U.S. Born
Median Household Income $62,202
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Home Ownership Rate

Note: 1) Refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households. 2) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 3) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Home Ownership Rate 49.6%
Home Ownership Rate by Householder's U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized citizens 64.7%
Noncitizens 32.6%
U.S. Born
Home Ownership Rate 71.9%
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
Health Insurance Coverage

Note: Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.

Foreign Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 176,343
With health insurance 83.3%
With private health insurance
62.9%
With public coverage
26.6%
No health insurance coverage 16.7%
Health Insurance Coverage by U.S. Citizenship Status  
Naturalized Citizens (%) 81,680
With health insurance 93.3%
With private health insurance
69.9%
With public coverage
32.4%
No health insurance coverage 6.7%
Noncitizens (%) 94,663
With health insurance 74.6%
With private health insurance
56.8%
With public coverage
21.6%
No health insurance coverage 25.4%
U.S. Born
Civilian noninstitutionalized population (%) 2,935,571
With health insurance 95.7%
With private health insurance
73.8%
With public coverage
36.6%
No health insurance coverage 4.3%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • Poverty status is not determined for unrelated individuals under the age of 15 (such as foster children) or for persons lacking conventional housing. 
  • The term “home ownership rate” refers to the percentage owner households represent among all occupied households.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Poverty,” “Earnings,” “Median Household Income,” and “Home Ownership Rate”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • In the “% Families in Poverty by Family Type” section, “related children” refer to “related children of the householder.”
  • “Health Insurance Coverage”: Private coverage includes employer- or union-provided insurance, insurance purchased directly, and TRICARE (the health program of the U.S. military) or other military health care. Public coverage includes Medicare, Medicaid, or another governmental medical assistance program, and Veterans Administration health care. Individuals can be covered by more than one type of insurance, and they can be covered by both private and public insurers. Since some people may hold both private and public health insurance coverage at the same time, estimates of those with private health insurance and those with public coverage may overlap. Their sum therefore may be greater than the total number of people with health insurance.