E.g., 04/24/2019
E.g., 04/24/2019

State Demographics Data - WI

Wisconsin

Demographics & Social
2017
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 288,052
% Foreign Born 5.0%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2017 48.7%
% change: 1990-2000 59.4%
Race (%)  
One race 98.2%
White
42.0%
Black or African American
5.2%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
34.0%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.4%
Other race
16.3%
Two or more races 1.8%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 98,830
% Latino 34.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.6%
5-17 6.9%
18-64 79.0%
65 and older 13.4%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

40.9
Gender (% female) 50.7%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 26.7%
Married 59.1%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 14.2%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,507,431
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 6.5%
% change: 1990-2000 8.4%
Race (%)  
One race 97.5%
White 87.5%
Black or African American 6.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.9%
Asian 1.1%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 1.4%
Two or more races 2.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 299,017
% Latino 5.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 6.0%
5-17 16.8%
18-64 60.5%
65 and older 16.7%
Median Age 39.3
Gender (% female) 50.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 32.7%
Married 49.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.6%
Foreign Born
Number 193,751
% Foreign Born 3.6%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,169,924
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 121,547
% Foreign Born 2.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,770,222
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

288,052
Born in Africa 13,264
Born in Asia 112,287
Born in Europe 48,948
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 103,714
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,473
Born in Oceania 2,366
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 India
Country #3 China (exc. Taiwan)
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

288,052
Europe 48,948
Northern Europe 7,380
United Kingdom
5,208
Ireland
388
Other Northern Europe
1,784
Western Europe 13,191
France
1,052
Germany
8,999
Other Western Europe
3,140
Southern Europe 3,521
Italy
2,046
Portugal
59
Other Southern Europe
1,416
Eastern Europe 24,624
Poland
5,291
Russia
4,539
Other Eastern Europe
14,794
Other Europe (no country specified) 232
Asia 112,287
Eastern Asia 25,753
China
17,672

China, excluding Taiwan

17,055

Taiwan

617
Japan
1,320
Korea
6,655
Other Eastern Asia
106
South Central Asia 35,837
India
29,834
Iran
1,693
Other South Central Asia
4,310
Southeastern Asia 42,922
Philippines
7,364
Vietnam
4,601
Other Southeastern Asia
30,957
Western Asia 7,009
Israel
559
Lebanon
229
Other Western Asia
6,221
Other Asia (no country specified) 766
Africa 13,264
Eastern Africa 6,089
Northern Africa
927
Western Africa
5,474
Middle and Southern Africa
565
Other Africa (no country specified)
209
Oceania 2,366
Australia and New Zealand subregion 954
Oceania (no country specified) 1,412
Americas 111,187
Latin America 103,714
Caribbean
4,598

Cuba

1,194

Jamaica

1,170

Other Caribbean

2,234
Central America
89,647

Mexico

81,635

El Salvador

592

Other Central America

7,420
South America
9,469

Brazil

2,112

Colombia

2,865

Other South America

4,492
Northern America 7,473
Canada
7,453
Other Northern America
20
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 77,330
1990-1999 60,722
2000-2009 81,999
Since 2010 68,001
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 4.6%
Born in Asia 39.0%
Born in Europe 17.0%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 36.0%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.6%
Born in Oceania 0.8%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 35
Country #2 5.80%
Country #3 5
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 17.0%
Northern Europe 2.6%
United Kingdom 1.8%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.6%
Western Europe 4.6%
France 0.4%
Germany 3.1%
Other Western Europe 1.1%
Southern Europe 1.2%
Italy 0.7%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.5%
Eastern Europe 8.5%
Poland 1.8%
Russia 1.6%
Other Eastern Europe 5.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.1%
Asia 39.0%
Eastern Asia 8.9%
China 6.1%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.9%
Taiwan 0.2%
Japan 0.5%
Korea 2.3%
Other Eastern Asia 0.0%
South Central Asia 12.4%
India 10.4%
Iran 0.6%
Other South Central Asia 1.5%
Southeastern Asia 14.9%
Philippines 2.6%
Vietnam 1.6%
Other Southeastern Asia 10.7%
Western Asia 2.4%
Israel 0.2%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 2.2%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.3%
Africa 4.6%
Eastern Africa 2.1%
Northern Africa 0.3%
Western Africa 1.9%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.2%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.1%
Oceania 0.8%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.5%
Americas 38.6%
Latin America 36.0%
Caribbean 1.6%
Cuba 0.4%
Jamaica 0.4%
Other Caribbean 0.8%
Central America 31.1%
Mexico 28.3%
El Salvador 0.2%
Other Central America 2.6%
South America 3.3%
Brazil 0.7%
Colombia 1.0%
Other South America 1.6%
Northern America 2.6%
Canada 2.6%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 26.8%
1980-1989 21.1%
1990-1999 28.5%
Since 2000 23.6%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 193,751
Born in Africa 4,812
Born in Asia 62,762
Born in Europe 52,213
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 65,683
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,228
Cat28 1,046
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 Mexico
Country #2 Laos
Country #3 Germany
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.5%
Born in Asia 32.4%
Born in Europe 26.9%
Born in Latin America 33.9%
Born in Northern America 3.7%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 27.7
Country #2 8.80%
Country #3 7.2
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 118,289
Born in Africa 2,305
Born in Asia 36,472
Born in Europe 56,589
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 16,593
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 5,764
Cat21 566
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 20
Country #2 Laos
Country #3 Mexico
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.9%
Born in Asia 30.8%
Born in Europe 47.8%
Born in Latin America 14.0%
Born in Northern America 4.9%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1 13.8
Country #2 10.5
Country #3 8.70%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 288,052
Naturalized citizens 134,202
Noncitizens 153,850
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 134,202
Before 1980 20,436
1980-1989 11,749
1990-1999 21,990
2000-2009 44,388
Since 2010 35,639
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.6%
Noncitizens 53.4%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 15.2%
1980-1989 8.8%
1990-1999 16.4%
2000-2009 33.1%
Since 2010 26.6%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 193,751
Naturalized citizens 76,223
Noncitizens 117,528
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.3%
Noncitizens 60.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 121,547
Naturalized citizens 63,611
Noncitizens 57,936
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 52.3%
Noncitizens 47.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 91,911
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 7,121
% married among women who gave birth
73.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
26.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,211,032
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 60,162
% married among women who gave birth 68.1%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 31.9%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2012-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.04
Average family size 3.62
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.37
Average family size 2.94
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,223,664
Only native parent(s)
1,088,532
One or more foreign-born parents
135,132

Child is native

120,998

Child is foreign born

14,134
Children under age 6 with 387,594
Only native parent(s)
344,504
One or more foreign-born parents
43,090

Child is native

40,013

Child is foreign born

3,077
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 836,070
Only native parent(s)
744,028
One or more foreign-born parents
92,042

Child is native

80,985

Child is foreign born

11,057
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

414,736
Only native parents 348,493
One or more foreign-born parents 66,243
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.0%
Child is native 9.9%
Child is foreign born 1.2%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.1%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 89.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.0%
Child is native 9.7%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 84.0%
One or more foreign-born parents 16.0%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,323,452
Only native parent(s) 1,236,514
One or more foreign-born parents 86,938
Child is native 67,598
Child is foreign born 19,340
Children under age 6 with 405,095
Only native parent(s) 375,296
One or more foreign-born parents 29,799
Child is native 26,721
Child is foreign born 3,078
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 918,357
Only native parent(s) 861,218
One or more foreign-born parents 57,139
Child is native 40,877
Child is foreign born 16,262
Children in Low-Income Families* 379,819
Only native parents 334,993
One or more foreign-born parents 44,826
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.6%
Child is native 5.1%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.4%
Child is native 6.6%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.2%
Child is native 4.5%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 88.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,260,067
Only native parent(s) 1,207,520
One or more foreign-born parents 52,547
Child is native 41,103
Child is foreign born 11,444
Children under age 6 with 427,544
Only native parent(s) 409,444
One or more foreign-born parents 18,100
Child is native 15,166
Child is foreign born 2,934
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 832,523
Only native parent(s) 798,076
One or more foreign-born parents 34,447
Child is native 25,937
Child is foreign born 8,510
Children in Low-Income Families* 434,545
Only native parents 409,071
One or more foreign-born parents 25,474
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%
Child is native 3.3%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.1%
Child is native 3.1%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 94.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2017 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2013-2017 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2017 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.