E.g., 04/02/2020
E.g., 04/02/2020

State Demographics Data - WI

Wisconsin

Demographics & Social
2018
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 297,928
% Foreign Born 5.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2018 53.8%
% change: 1990-2000 59.4%
Race (%)  
One race 96.8%
White
43.3%
Black or African American
5.0%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.1%
Asian
33.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.1%
Other race
14.7%
Two or more races 3.2%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 108,087
% Latino 36.3%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 1.0%
5-17 7.0%
18-64 79.0%
65 and older 13.0%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N Indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

40.5
Gender (% female) 48.1%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 26.1%
Married 60.8%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.1%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,515,640
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 6.7%
% change: 1990-2000 8.4%
Race (%)  
One race 97.5%
White 87.5%
Black or African American 6.4%
American Indian and Alaska Native 0.9%
Asian 1.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.0%
Other race 1.4%
Two or more races 2.5%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 295,746
% Latino 5.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 5.9%
5-17 16.7%
18-64 60.2%
65 and older 17.2%
Median Age 39.5
Gender (% female) 50.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 32.7%
Married 49.7%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.6%
Foreign Born
Number 193,751
% Foreign Born 3.6%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,169,924
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 121,547
% Foreign Born 2.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,770,222
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

297,928
Born in Africa 14,584
Born in Asia 112,620
Born in Europe 47,335
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 115,889
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 5,933
Born in Oceania 1,567
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year. The estimate for China excludes Taiwan.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

297,928
Europe 47,335
Northern Europe 8,085
United Kingdom
6,369
Ireland
416
Other Northern Europe
1,300
Western Europe 12,394
France
1,295
Germany
8,331
Other Western Europe
2,768
Southern Europe 3,944
Italy
1,766
Portugal
131
Other Southern Europe
2,047
Eastern Europe 22,850
Poland
3,821
Russia
3,761
Other Eastern Europe
15,268
Other Europe (no country specified) 62
Asia 112,620
Eastern Asia 24,934
China
16,520

China, excluding Taiwan

14,192

Taiwan

2,328
Japan
1,887
Korea
5,997
Other Eastern Asia
530
South Central Asia 34,303
India
26,268
Iran
1,365
Other South Central Asia
6,670
Southeastern Asia 44,405
Philippines
8,555
Vietnam
4,392
Other Southeastern Asia
31,458
Western Asia 8,171
Israel
1,044
Lebanon
475
Other Western Asia
6,652
Other Asia (no country specified) 807
Africa 14,584
Eastern Africa 4,507
Northern Africa
2,052
Western Africa
5,672
Middle and Southern Africa
941
Other Africa (no country specified)
1,412
Oceania 1,567
Australia and New Zealand subregion 1,027
Oceania (no country specified) 540
Americas 121,822
Latin America 115,889
Caribbean
7,736

Cuba

2,986

Jamaica

2,135

Other Caribbean

2,615
Central America
96,083

Mexico

86,109

El Salvador

1,428

Other Central America

8,546
South America
12,070

Brazil

1,831

Colombia

2,234

Other South America

8,005
Northern America 5,933
Canada
5,933
Other Northern America
0
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 70,959
1990-1999 64,927
2000-2009 82,963
Since 2010 79,079
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 4.9%
Born in Asia 37.8%
Born in Europe 15.9%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 38.9%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 2.0%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 15.9%
Northern Europe 2.7%
United Kingdom 2.1%
Ireland 0.1%
Other Northern Europe 0.4%
Western Europe 4.2%
France 0.4%
Germany 2.8%
Other Western Europe 0.9%
Southern Europe 1.3%
Italy 0.6%
Portugal 0.0%
Other Southern Europe 0.7%
Eastern Europe 7.7%
Poland 1.3%
Russia 1.3%
Other Eastern Europe 5.1%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.0%
Asia 37.8%
Eastern Asia 8.4%
China 5.5%
China, excluding Taiwan 4.8%
Taiwan 0.8%
Japan 0.6%
Korea 2.0%
Other Eastern Asia 0.2%
South Central Asia 11.5%
India 8.8%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 2.2%
Southeastern Asia 14.9%
Philippines 2.9%
Vietnam 1.5%
Other Southeastern Asia 10.6%
Western Asia 2.7%
Israel 0.4%
Lebanon 0.2%
Other Western Asia 2.2%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.3%
Africa 4.9%
Eastern Africa 1.5%
Northern Africa 0.7%
Western Africa 1.9%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.3%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.5%
Oceania 0.5%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.3%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.2%
Americas 40.9%
Latin America 38.9%
Caribbean 2.6%
Cuba 1.0%
Jamaica 0.7%
Other Caribbean 0.9%
Central America 32.3%
Mexico 28.9%
El Salvador 0.5%
Other Central America 2.9%
South America 4.1%
Brazil 0.6%
Colombia 0.7%
Other South America 2.7%
Northern America 2.0%
Canada 2.0%
Other Northern America 0.0%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 23.8%
1980-1989 21.8%
1990-1999 27.8%
Since 2000 26.5%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 193,751
Born in Africa 4,812
Born in Asia 62,762
Born in Europe 52,213
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 65,683
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,228
Cat28 1,046
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.5%
Born in Asia 32.4%
Born in Europe 26.9%
Born in Latin America 33.9%
Born in Northern America 3.7%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 118,289
Born in Africa 2,305
Born in Asia 36,472
Born in Europe 56,589
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 16,593
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 5,764
Cat21 566
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.9%
Born in Asia 30.8%
Born in Europe 47.8%
Born in Latin America 14.0%
Born in Northern America 4.9%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 297,928
Naturalized citizens 142,489
Noncitizens 155,439
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 142,489
Before 1990 29,634
1990-1999 22,390
2000-2009 47,770
2010-2014 24,970
Since 2015 17,725
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 47.8%
Noncitizens 52.2%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 20.8%
1980-1989 15.7%
1990-1999 33.5%
2000-2009 17.5%
Since 2010 12.4%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 193,751
Naturalized citizens 76,223
Noncitizens 117,528
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.3%
Noncitizens 60.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 121,547
Naturalized citizens 63,611
Noncitizens 57,936
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 52.3%
Noncitizens 47.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 88,234
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 6,794
% married among women who gave birth
70.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
29.7%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,211,263
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 61,949
% married among women who gave birth 69.3%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 30.7%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3
Average family size 4
U.S. Born
Average household size 2
Average family size 3
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,215,369
Only native parent(s)
1,072,585
One or more foreign-born parents
142,784

Child is native

125,366

Child is foreign born

17,418
Children under age 6 with 386,482
Only native parent(s)
339,471
One or more foreign-born parents
47,011

Child is native

43,684

Child is foreign born

3,327
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 828,887
Only native parent(s)
733,114
One or more foreign-born parents
95,773

Child is native

81,682

Child is foreign born

14,091
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

403,170
Only native parents 332,075
One or more foreign-born parents 71,095
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.3%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.7%
Child is native 10.3%
Child is foreign born 1.4%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.2%
Child is native 11.3%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.6%
Child is native 9.9%
Child is foreign born 1.7%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 82.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 17.6%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,323,452
Only native parent(s) 1,236,514
One or more foreign-born parents 86,938
Child is native 67,598
Child is foreign born 19,340
Children under age 6 with 405,095
Only native parent(s) 375,296
One or more foreign-born parents 29,799
Child is native 26,721
Child is foreign born 3,078
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 918,357
Only native parent(s) 861,218
One or more foreign-born parents 57,139
Child is native 40,877
Child is foreign born 16,262
Children in Low-Income Families* 379,819
Only native parents 334,993
One or more foreign-born parents 44,826
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.6%
Child is native 5.1%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.4%
Child is native 6.6%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.2%
Child is native 4.5%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 88.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,260,067
Only native parent(s) 1,207,520
One or more foreign-born parents 52,547
Child is native 41,103
Child is foreign born 11,444
Children under age 6 with 427,544
Only native parent(s) 409,444
One or more foreign-born parents 18,100
Child is native 15,166
Child is foreign born 2,934
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 832,523
Only native parent(s) 798,076
One or more foreign-born parents 34,447
Child is native 25,937
Child is foreign born 8,510
Children in Low-Income Families* 434,545
Only native parents 409,071
One or more foreign-born parents 25,474
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%
Child is native 3.3%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.1%
Child is native 3.1%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 94.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2018 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas, and Matthew Sobek. Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) USA: Version 8.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2018. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V8.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2014-2018 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2018 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau is excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.