E.g., 06/08/2021
E.g., 06/08/2021
State Demographics Data - WI
 

Wisconsin

Demographics & Social
2019
2000
1990
Demographics

Note: The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.

Foreign Born
Number 294,239
% Foreign Born 5.1%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2019 51.9%
% change: 1990-2000 59.4%
Race (%)  
One race 98.3%
White
44.8%
Black or African American
4.6%
American Indian and Alaska Native
0.2%
Asian
34.6%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander
0.2%
Other race
13.9%
Two or more races 1.7%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 107,162
% Latino 36.4%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 0.7%
5-17 7.1%
18-64 79.4%
65 and older 12.8%
Median Age

Note: 1) Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

41.6
Gender (% female) 50.4%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 26.8%
Married 59.3%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 13.9%

Note: The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.

U.S. Born
Number 5,528,195
% Foreign Born  
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011 6.9%
% change: 1990-2000 8.4%
Race (%)  
One race 97.6%
White 87.4%
Black or African American 6.5%
American Indian and Alaska Native 1.0%
Asian 1.2%
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander 0.1%
Other race 1.5%
Two or more races 2.4%
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Number 305,607
% Latino 5.5%
Age Groups (%)  
Under 5 5.9%
5-17 16.6%
18-64 59.8%
65 and older 17.8%
Median Age 39.7
Gender (% female) 50.3%
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
Never married 33.1%
Married 49.2%
Separated, divorced, or widowed 17.6%
Foreign Born
Number 193,751
% Foreign Born 3.6%
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
 
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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U.S. Born
Number 5,169,924
Population Change over Time  
% change: 2000-2011  
1990-2000  
Race (%)  
Latino Origin (of any race)  
Age Groups (%)  
Marital Status (15 and older) (%)  
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Foreign Born
Number 121,547
% Foreign Born 2.5%
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
Number 4,770,222
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Place of Birth Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at sea)

Note: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.

294,239
Born in Africa 11,329
Born in Asia 115,353
Born in Europe 48,134
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 112,700
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 5,726
Born in Oceania 997
Top 3 Countries of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

 
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth

Note: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.

294,239
Europe 48,134
Northern Europe 9,698
United Kingdom
6,418
Ireland
1,049
Other Northern Europe
2,231
Western Europe 11,657
France
640
Germany
8,551
Other Western Europe
2,466
Southern Europe 3,583
Italy
2,217
Portugal
124
Other Southern Europe
1,242
Eastern Europe 23,003
Poland
4,461
Russia
4,469
Other Eastern Europe
14,073
Other Europe (no country specified) 193
Asia 115,353
Eastern Asia 25,533
China
17,710

China, excluding Taiwan

15,771

Taiwan

1,939
Japan
1,948
Korea
5,379
Other Eastern Asia
496
South Central Asia 34,706
India
25,846
Iran
1,350
Other South Central Asia
7,510
Southeastern Asia 45,689
Philippines
10,528
Vietnam
4,838
Other Southeastern Asia
30,323
Western Asia 9,171
Israel
393
Lebanon
151
Other Western Asia
8,627
Other Asia (no country specified) 254
Africa 11,329
Eastern Africa 3,410
Northern Africa
661
Western Africa
4,347
Middle and Southern Africa
2,411
Other Africa (no country specified)
500
Oceania 997
Australia and New Zealand subregion 479
Oceania (no country specified) 518
Americas 118,426
Latin America 112,700
Caribbean
6,188

Cuba

1,094

Jamaica

1,765

Other Caribbean

3,329
Central America
95,720

Mexico

85,451

El Salvador

771

Other Central America

9,498
South America
10,792

Brazil

1,576

Colombia

2,291

Other South America

6,925
Northern America 5,726
Canada
5,552
Other Northern America
174
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1990 71,442
1990-1999 62,996
2000-2009 76,604
Since 2010 83,197
%
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 100%
Born in Africa 3.9%
Born in Asia 39.2%
Born in Europe 16.4%
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 38.3%
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 1.9%
Born in Oceania 0.3%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
Detailed Region/Country of Birth* 100%
Europe 16.4%
Northern Europe 3.3%
United Kingdom 2.2%
Ireland 0.4%
Other Northern Europe 0.8%
Western Europe 4.0%
France 0.2%
Germany 2.9%
Other Western Europe 0.8%
Southern Europe 1.2%
Italy 0.8%
Portugal N
Other Southern Europe 0.4%
Eastern Europe 7.8%
Poland 1.5%
Russia 1.5%
Other Eastern Europe 4.8%
Other Europe (no country specified) 0.1%
Asia 39.2%
Eastern Asia 8.7%
China 6.0%
China, excluding Taiwan 5.4%
Taiwan 0.7%
Japan 0.7%
Korea 1.8%
Other Eastern Asia 0.2%
South Central Asia 11.8%
India 8.8%
Iran 0.5%
Other South Central Asia 2.6%
Southeastern Asia 15.5%
Philippines 3.6%
Vietnam 1.6%
Other Southeastern Asia 10.3%
Western Asia 3.1%
Israel 0.1%
Lebanon 0.1%
Other Western Asia 2.9%
Other Asia (no country specified) 0.1%
Africa 3.9%
Eastern Africa 1.2%
Northern Africa 0.2%
Western Africa 1.5%
Middle and Southern Africa 0.8%
Other Africa (no country specified) 0.2%
Oceania 0.3%
Australia and New Zealand subregion 0.2%
Oceania (no country specified) 0.2%
Americas 40.2%
Latin America 38.3%
Caribbean 2.1%
Cuba 0.4%
Jamaica 0.6%
Other Caribbean 1.1%
Central America 32.5%
Mexico 29.0%
El Salvador 0.3%
Other Central America 3.2%
South America 3.7%
Brazil 0.5%
Colombia 0.8%
Other South America 2.4%
Northern America 1.9%
Canada 1.9%
Other Northern America 0.1%
Period of Entry into U.S.  
Before 1980 24.3%
1980-1989 21.4%
1990-1999 26.0%
Since 2000 28.3%
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 193,751
Born in Africa 4,812
Born in Asia 62,762
Born in Europe 52,213
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 65,683
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 7,228
Cat28 1,046
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 2.5%
Born in Asia 32.4%
Born in Europe 26.9%
Born in Latin America 33.9%
Born in Northern America 3.7%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Region of Birth (excluding born at the sea)* 118,289
Born in Africa 2,305
Born in Asia 36,472
Born in Europe 56,589
Born in Latin America (South America, Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean) 16,593
Born in Northern America (Canada, Bermuda, Greenland, and St. Pierre and Miquelon) 5,764
Cat21 566
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Region of birth 100%
Born in Africa 1.9%
Born in Asia 30.8%
Born in Europe 47.8%
Born in Latin America 14.0%
Born in Northern America 4.9%
Born in Oceania 0.5%
Top 3 Countries of Birth*  
Country #1
Country #2
Country #3
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
 
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Foreign Born
Naturalization Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 294,239
Naturalized citizens 135,228
Noncitizens 159,011
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 135,228
Before 1990 27,516
1990-1999 21,952
2000-2009 44,220
2010-2014 20,200
Since 2015 21,340
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 46.0%
Noncitizens 54.0%
Naturalized Citizens by Period of Naturalization 100%
Before 1980 20.3%
1980-1989 16.2%
1990-1999 32.7%
2000-2009 14.9%
Since 2010 15.8%
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 193,751
Naturalized citizens 76,223
Noncitizens 117,528
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 39.3%
Noncitizens 60.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Number
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 121,547
Naturalized citizens 63,611
Noncitizens 57,936
   
   
   
   
   
   
%
Foreign Born by U.S. Citizenship Status 100%
Naturalized citizens 52.3%
Noncitizens 47.7%
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fertility Foreign Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 92,793
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 6,581
% married among women who gave birth
78.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth
21.4%
U.S. Born
Female Population (ages 15-50) 1,206,058
Women (ages 15-50) who gave birth in the last 12 months 62,094
% married among women who gave birth 70.6%
% unmarried (never married, divorced, or widowed) among women who gave birth 29.4%
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
   
   
Household and Family Size

Note: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S Census Bureau’s pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS. 2) The letter N indicates that a number could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.

Foreign Born
Average household size 3.09
Average family size 3.71
U.S. Born
Average household size 2.34
Average family size 2.94
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
Foreign Born
   
   
U.S. Born
   
   
 
Population
Population
Population
Children under 18 Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.

 
Children under age 18 with 1,203,515
Only native parent(s)
1,061,651
One or more foreign-born parents
141,864

Child is native

126,597

Child is foreign born

15,267
Children under age 6 with 378,939
Only native parent(s)
336,852
One or more foreign-born parents
42,087

Child is native

39,679

Child is foreign born

2,408
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 824,576
Only native parent(s)
724,799
One or more foreign-born parents
99,777

Child is native

86,918

Child is foreign born

12,859
Children in Low-Income Families

Note: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. Beginning with the 2014 American Community Survey, the Census Bureau has excluded children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years. The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

391,258
Only native parents 320,606
One or more foreign-born parents 70,652
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents*  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.8%
Child is native 10.5%
Child is foreign born 1.3%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 88.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.1%
Child is native 10.5%
Child is foreign born 0.6%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 87.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 12.1%
Child is native 10.5%
Child is foreign born 1.6%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 81.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 18.1%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,323,452
Only native parent(s) 1,236,514
One or more foreign-born parents 86,938
Child is native 67,598
Child is foreign born 19,340
Children under age 6 with 405,095
Only native parent(s) 375,296
One or more foreign-born parents 29,799
Child is native 26,721
Child is foreign born 3,078
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 918,357
Only native parent(s) 861,218
One or more foreign-born parents 57,139
Child is native 40,877
Child is foreign born 16,262
Children in Low-Income Families* 379,819
Only native parents 334,993
One or more foreign-born parents 44,826
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.4%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.6%
Child is native 5.1%
Child is foreign born 1.5%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 92.6%
One or more foreign-born parents 7.4%
Child is native 6.6%
Child is foreign born 0.8%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 93.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 6.2%
Child is native 4.5%
Child is foreign born 1.8%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 88.2%
One or more foreign-born parents 11.8%
Number
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 1,260,067
Only native parent(s) 1,207,520
One or more foreign-born parents 52,547
Child is native 41,103
Child is foreign born 11,444
Children under age 6 with 427,544
Only native parent(s) 409,444
One or more foreign-born parents 18,100
Child is native 15,166
Child is foreign born 2,934
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 832,523
Only native parent(s) 798,076
One or more foreign-born parents 34,447
Child is native 25,937
Child is foreign born 8,510
Children in Low-Income Families* 434,545
Only native parents 409,071
One or more foreign-born parents 25,474
%
Children with Foreign- and Native-Born Parents  
Children under age 18 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%
Child is native 3.3%
Child is foreign born 0.9%
Children under age 6 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.8%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.2%
Child is native 3.5%
Child is foreign born 0.7%
Children between ages 6 and 17 with 100%
Only native parent(s) 95.9%
One or more foreign-born parents 4.1%
Child is native 3.1%
Child is foreign born 1.0%
Children in Low-Income Families* 100%
Only native parents 94.1%
One or more foreign-born parents 5.9%

Sources: Migration Policy Institute tabulations of the U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey (ACS) and Decennial Census. Unless stated otherwise, 2019 data are from the one-year ACS file. For information about ACS definitions, methodology, sampling error, and nonsampling error, click here. Estimates from 1990 and 2000 Decennial Census data as well as ACS microdata are from Steven Ruggles, Sarah Flood, Ronald Goeken, Josiah Grover, Erin Meyer, Jose Pacas and Matthew Sobek. IPUMS USA: Version 10.0 [dataset]. Minneapolis, MN: IPUMS, 2020. https://doi.org/10.18128/D010.V10.0.

Definitions

  • The term "foreign born" refers to people residing in the United States at the time of the population survey who were not U.S. citizens at birth. The foreign-born population includes naturalized U.S. citizens, lawful permanent immigrants (or green-card holders), refugees and asylees, certain legal nonimmigrants (including those on student, work, or some other temporary visas), and persons residing in the country without authorization.
  • The term "U.S. born" refers to people residing in the United States who were U.S. citizens in one of three categories: people born in one of the 50 states or the District of Columbia; people born in U.S. Insular Areas such as Puerto Rico or Guam; or people who were born abroad to at least one U.S. citizen parent.
  • The term "low-income families" refers to families with annual incomes below 200 percent of the federal poverty threshold.

Data-related notes

  • The letter N indicates that an estimate could not be provided by the Census Bureau because the number of sample cases was too small for this state.
  • For “Median Age” and “Household Size”: Data for Alaska, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming are from the U.S. Census Bureau's pooled 2015-2019 American Community Survey (ACS). Data for the United States overall and for the remaining states are from the 2019 ACS.
  • Region of birth: For 1990, 2000, and current ACS year, the total for the region of birth of the foreign born is different from the total foreign born. This is because the 1990 total excludes those who did not report a country of birth and those born at sea, while the 2000 census and the current ACS year totals exclude those born at sea.
  • Countries of birth: These are the largest countries of birth reported by the Census Bureau. Some countries are only listed as part of a larger geographic region. For example, those born in Somalia are included only among those born in Eastern Africa. Therefore, a few states may have larger populations of foreign-born persons born in countries not listed individually in census data. For each of the three years, countries of birth reflect geographic boundaries as of that year.
  • Beginning with the 2014 ACS, the Census Bureau has excluding children of same-sex married couples from the total number of children. This means that the total number of children may be smaller than in previous years.
  • Children of immigrants: Refers only to children under age 18 who resided with at least one parent. These figures do not include children under age 18 who reside in a home with no parents.